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  • 1. BIOENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT:
  • 2. BIOLOGICAL
    • Taken to mean all living creatures be they zoological or botanical.
  • 3. BIOENVIRONMENT:
    • Encompasses the Inorganic Biosphere that we inhabit; the inter-dependent Organic Life Forms and the Life Supporting Ecological Systems that have evolved to work in harmony in order to sustain Life.
  • 4. RESOURCE:
    • The human decision to use a material enables it to be labeled a resource.
    • (I. G. Simmons 1974).
  • 5. RESOURCE PROCESS :
    • The total flow of a material from its state in nature through its period of contact with man to its disposal can be termed a resource process.
    • (Firey 1960).
  • 6. Natural Resources Management:
    • Efforts made to achieve orderly and sustainable use of Natural Resources can be termed as the Management of Natural Resources.
  • 7. Bioenvironmental Management:
    • The attempt to minimize the impact on the environment of Natural Resource exploitation can be termed as Bioenvironmental Management.
  • 8. Goal of Natural Resource Management:
    • More oriented towards development and change rather than the preservation of nature. As a matter of simple economic sense resources are managed in order to keep them available.
  • 9. AWARENESS:
    • Growing awareness of the inter-dependence between living and non-living components of the natural world has led to the more dynamic concept of Bioenvironmental Management.
    • Bennett and Chorley 1978, Holling 1978).
  • 10. The Ecology of Natural Resources:
    • “ It is recognized that it is the bioenvironmental systems of the planet which provides resources and that any resource process must be rationally managed in order to ensure a sustained yield – preferably one which is capable of due increase, but in which the existence of limits is recognized”.
    • I. G. Simmons, 1974
  • 11. Sustainability:
    • Thus, it can be safely said that Natural Resource Management is the process of ensuring sustainability of resource exploitation.
  • 12. Life-Supporting Environment
    • On the other hand, Bioenvironmental Management if the process of ensuring the sustainability of the life-supporting environment.
  • 13. Aims of Bioenvironmental Management.
    • Reduction of the degree of stress, upon an ecosystem, from contamination or overuse.
    • Pursuit of short-term strategies that preserve long-term options while retaining a degree of flexibility.
  • 14. Manage/ Conserve/ Control:
    • However, it is this very long-term survival that has prompted Bioenvironmental Management.
    • Conservation broadly means using without using up. Pollution control is playing an expanding role in the Conservation Movement.
  • 15. Living Universe!
    • However, it is seldom realized that pollution is the end product of a destabilizing process of the biosphere on a global scale. The proponents of “Spaceship Earth Economy” as an alternate to the present “Cowboy Economy” are still far away from the concept of “Gaia” or the Living Planet in a Living Universe. While concepts may differ it is no longer avoidable to realize the fact that rank and short-term exploitation has to be stopped immediately.
  • 16. Countries Classification:
    • The contrast between the population-resource relationships of different types of countries allows the construction of regional classification of the type put forward by Zelinsky (1966).
  • 17. Most Unfortunate!
    • Pakistan lies in the type “D” category or most unfortunate group . Here there is no deficiency of appropriate technology. Rather it is not communicated to the “bewildered poor.”
  • 18. MSA:
    • Sub group within this group.
    • Most Seriously Affected.
  • 19. RAIN SNOW Evaporation from falling Rain Evaporation from Snow and Glaciers Evaporation from dew on plants Evaporation from Rivers & Lakes Evaporation from Soil Transpiration

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