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TIMSS

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TIMSS presentation

TIMSS presentation

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  • Animated countdown timer on textured background (Difficult) Tip : Some shape effects on this slide are created with the Combine Shapes commands. To access this command, you must add it to the Quick Access Toolbar, located above the File tab. To customize the Quick Access Toolbar, do the following: Click the arrow next to the Quick Access Toolbar, and then under Customize Quick Access Toolbar click More Commands . In the PowerPoint Options dialog box, in the Choose commands from list, select All Commands . In the list of commands, click Combine Shapes , and then click Add . To reproduce the donut shape effects on this slide, do the following: On the Home tab, in the Slides group, click Layout , and then click Blank . On the Insert tab, in the Illustrations group, click Shapes , and then under Basic Shapes click Donut . On the slide, drag to draw a donut. Drag the yellow sizing handle so that the donut is roughly 0.25” in thickness. Select the donut. Under Drawing Tools , on the Format tab, in the Size group, in the Height box enter 5” and in the Width box enter 5” . Also under Drawing Tools , on the Format tab, in the Shape Styles group, click Shape Outline and then click No Outline . On the Insert tab, in the Illustrations group, click Shapes , and then under Rectangles click Rectangle . On the slide, drag to draw a rectangle. Select the rectangle. Under Drawing Tools , on the Format tab, in the Size group, in the Height box enter 5.5” and in the Width box enter 0.08” . Also under Drawing Tools , on the Format tab, in the Shape Styles group, click Shape Outline and then click No Outline . Select the rectangle. On the Home tab, in the Clipboard group, click the arrow to the right of Copy , and then click Duplicate . Repeat this process this process 7 times for a total of 9 thin rectangles. Select a duplicate rectangle. Under Drawing Tools , on the Format tab, in the Size group, click the Size and Position dialog box launcher. In the Format Shape dialog box, click Size in the left pane, and in the Size pane, under Size and rotate , in the Rotation box enter 10 . Select another duplicate rectangle. Under Drawing Tools , on the Format tab, in the Size group, click the Size and Position dialog box launcher. In the Format Shape dialog box, click Size in the left pane, and in the Size pane, under Size and rotate , in the Rotation box enter 20 . Select another duplicate rectangle. Under Drawing Tools , on the Format tab, in the Size group, click the Size and Position dialog box launcher. In the Format Shape dialog box, click Size in the left pane, and in the Size pane, under Size and rotate , in the Rotation box enter 30 . Select another duplicate rectangle. Under Drawing Tools , on the Format tab, in the Size group, click the Size and Position dialog box launcher. In the Format Shape dialog box, click Size in the left pane, and in the Size pane, under Size and rotate , in the Rotation box enter 40 . Select another duplicate rectangle. Under Drawing Tools , on the Format tab, in the Size group, click the Size and Position dialog box launcher. In the Format Shape dialog box, click Size in the left pane, and in the Size pane, under Size and rotate , in the Rotation box enter 50 . Select another duplicate rectangle. Under Drawing Tools , on the Format tab, in the Size group, click the Size and Position dialog box launcher. In the Format Shape dialog box, click Size in the left pane, and in the Size pane, under Size and rotate , in the Rotation box enter 60 . Select another duplicate rectangle. Under Drawing Tools , on the Format tab, in the Size group, click the Size and Position dialog box launcher. In the Format Shape dialog box, click Size in the left pane, and in the Size pane, under Size and rotate , in the Rotation box enter 70 . Select the last duplicate rectangle. Under Drawing Tools , on the Format tab, in the Size group, click the Size and Position dialog box launcher. In the Format Shape dialog box, click Size in the left pane, and in the Size pane, under Size and rotate , in the Rotation box enter 80 . Press and hold CTRL, and then select all of the small thin rectangles. On the Quick Access Toolbar, click Combine Shapes , and then click Shape Union . Also on the Home tab, in the Clipboard group, click Copy , and then click Duplicate . Select the duplicate group of rectangles. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange , point to Rotate , and then click Rotate Right 90° . On the Home tab, in the Edit group, click Select , and then click Select All . Also on the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange , point to Align , and then do the following: Click Align to Slide . Click Align Middle . Click Align Center . Press and hold CTRL, select the donut shape, and then select the first group of rectangles. On the Quick Access Toolbar, click Combine Shapes , and then click Shape Subtract . Press and hold CTRL, select the donut shape, and then select the second group of rectangles. On the Quick Access Toolbar, click Combine Shapes , and then click Shape Subtract . On the Insert tab, in the Illustrations group, click Shapes , and then under Basic Shapes click Donut . On the slide, drag to draw a donut. Drag a sizing handle so that the donut is roughly 0.5” in thickness. Select the second donut. Under Drawing Tools , on the Format tab, in the Size group, in the Height box enter 5.21” and in the Width box enter 5.21” . Also under Drawing Tools , on the Format tab, in the Shape Styles group, click Shape Outline , and then click No Outline . Press and hold CTRL, select the second donut, and then select the first, segmented donut. On the Quick Access Toolbar, click Combine Shapes , and then click Shape Subtract . Select the remaining donut. Under Drawing Tools , on the Format tab, in the Shape Styles group, click the Format Shape dialog box launcher. In the Format Shape dialog box, click Fill in the left pane, in the Fill pane, click Gradient fill , and then do the following: Click the button next to Preset colors and then click Silver . In the Type list, select Linear . Also in the Format Shape dialog box, click Line Color in the left pane, and then in the Line Color pane click No line . Also in the Format Shape dialog box, click Shadow in the left pane, in the Shadow pane, click the button next to Presets , and then under Outer click Offset Center . Also in the Format Shape dialog box, click 3-D Format in the left pane, in the 3-D Format pane, under Bevel , click the button next to Top and then click Slope . On the Insert tab, in the Illustrations group, click Shapes , and then under Basic Shapes click Donut . On the slide, drag to draw a donut. Drag a sizing handle so that the donut is roughly 0.25” in thickness. Select the new donut. Under Drawing Tools , on the Format tab, in the Shape Styles group, click the Format Shape dialog box launcher. In the Format Shape dialog box, click Fill in the left pane, in the Fill pane, click the button next to Color , click More Colors , and then in the Colors dialog box, on the Custom tab, enter values for Red: 194 , Green: 10 , and Blue: 6 . Also in the Format Shape dialog box, click Line Color in the left pane, and then in the Line Color pane click No line . Also in the Format Shape dialog box, click Size in the left pane, in the Size pane, under Size and rotate , in the Height box enter 5.14” and in the Width box enter 5.14” . Select the new donut. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange , and then click Send Backward . Press and hold CTRL, and then select the two donuts. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange , point to Align , and then do the following: Click Align Selected Objects . Click Align Center . Click Align Middle . With both donuts selected, drag the donuts so that the top edge is roughly 1” from the top edge of the slide. To reproduce the other shape effects on this slide, do the following: On the Insert tab, in the Illustrations group, click Shapes , and then under Rectangles click Rectangle . On the slide, drag to draw a rectangle. Select the rectangle. On the Home tab, in the Drawing tab, click the Format Shape dialog box launcher. In the Format Shape dialog box, click Fill in the left pane, in the Fill pane, click Gradient fill , and then do the following: In the Type list, select Linear . In the Angle box, enter 90 . Under Gradient stops , click Add gradient stop or Remove gradient stop until three stops appear in the slider, then customize the gradient stops as follows: Select the first stop in the slider, and then do the following: In the Position box, enter 0% . Click the button next to Color , and then under Theme Colors click Black, Text 1 (first row, first option from the left). In the Transparency box, enter 75% . Select the next stop in the slider, and then do the following: In the Position box, enter 35% . Click the button next to Color , and then under Theme Colors click Black, Text 1 (first row, first option from the left). In the Transparency box, enter 0% . Select the last stop in the slider, and then do the following: In the Position box, enter 100% . Click the button next to Color , and then under Theme Colors click Black, Text 1 (first row, first option from the left). In the Transparency box, enter 100% . Also in the Format Shape dialog box, click Line Color in the left pane, and then in the Line Color pane click No line . Also in the Format Shape dialog box, click Size , and in the Height box enter 7.5 , and in the Width box enter 2.83 . On the slide, select the rectangle. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange , and then click Send Backward . Also on the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange , point to Align , and then click Align Middle and Align Center . To reproduce the text effects on this slide, do the following: On the Insert tab, in the Text group, click Text Box . On the slide, drag to draw a text box. Type “3” in the text box, and then select the text. On the Home tab, in the Font group, select Lucida Bright from the Font list, select White, Background 1 from the Font Color list, and then select 96 pt. from the Font Size list. Select the text box. On the Home tab, in the Clipboard group, click the arrow next to Copy , and then click Duplicate . Select the second text box. Change the text to “2.” Select the text box. On the Home tab, in the Clipboard group, click the arrow next to Copy , and then click Duplicate . Select the third text box. Change the text to “1.” Press and hold CTRL, and then select all three text boxes. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange , point to Align , and then do the following: Click Align Selected Objects . Click Align Middle . Click Align Center . With all three text boxes selected, position the text boxes in the center of the two donuts. To reproduce the animation effects on this slide, do the following: On the Home tab, in the Editing group, click Select , and then click Selection Pane . On the slide, select the silver, segmented donut. On the Animations tab, in the Advanced Animation group, click Add Animation , and then under Entrance click Grow & Turn . Also on the Animations tab, in the Timing group, do the following: In the Start list, select With Previous . In the Duration box, enter 1.00 . On the slide, select the gradient-fill rectangle. On the Animations tab, in the Advanced Animation group, click Add Animation , and then click More Entrance Effects . In the Add Entrance Effect dialog box, under Subtle , click Expand . Also on the Animations tab, in the Timing group, do the following: In the Start list, select With Previous . In the Duration box, enter 1.00 . On the slide, select the red, solid donut. On the Animations tab, in the Advanced Animation group, click Add Animation , and then under Entrance click Fade . Also on the Animations tab, in the Timing group, do the following: In the Start list, select After Previous . In the Duration box, enter 0.25 . In the Selection and Visibility pane, select the “3” text box. On the Animations tab, in the Advanced Animation group, click Add Animation , and then under Entrance click Fade . Also on the Animations tab, in the Timing group, in the Duration box enter 0.50 . Select the red, solid donut. On the Animations tab, in the Advanced Animation group, click Add Animation , and then under Exit click Wheel . Also on the Animations tab, in the Timing group, do the following: In the Start list, select With Previous . In the Duration box, enter 1.00 . In the Selection and Visibility pane, select the “3” text box. On the Animations tab, in the Advanced Animation group, click Add Animation , and then under Exit click Fade . Also on the Animations tab, in the Timing group, do the following: In the Start list, select With Previous . In the Duration box, enter 0.50 . In the Delay box, enter 0.50 . In the Selection and Visibility pane, select the solid red donut. On the Animations tab, in the Advanced Animation group, click Add Animation , and then under Entrance click Fade . Also on the Animations tab, in the Timing group, do the following: In the Start list, select With Previous . In the Duration box, enter 0.25 . In the Delay box, enter 1.00 . In the Selection and Visibility pane, select the “2” text box. On the Animations tab, in the Advanced Animation group, click Add Animation , and then under Entrance click Fade . Also on the Animations tab, in the Timing group, do the following: In the Start list, select With Previous . In the Duration box, enter 0.50 . In the Delay box, enter 1.00 . Select the red, solid donut. On the Animations tab, in the Advanced Animation group, click Add Animation , and then under Exit click Wheel . Also on the Animations tab, in the Timing group, do the following: In the Start list, select With Previous . In the Duration box, enter 1.00 . In the Selection and Visibility pane, select the “2” text box. On the Animations tab, in the Advanced Animation group, click Add Animation , and then under Exit click Fade . Also on the Animations tab, in the Timing group, do the following: In the Start list, select With Previous . In the Duration box, enter 0.50 . In the Delay box, enter 1.50 . In the Selection and Visibility pane, select the “1” text box. On the Animations tab, in the Advanced Animation group, click Add Animation , and then under Entrance click Fade. Also on the Animations tab, in the Timing group, do the following: In the Start list, select With Previous . In the Duration box, enter 0.50 . In the Delay box, enter 1.50 . In the Selection and Visibility pane, select the solid red donut. On the Animations tab, in the Advanced Animation group, click Add Animation , and then under Entrance click Fade . Also on the Animations tab, in the Timing group, do the following: In the Start list, select With Previous . In the Duration box, enter 0.25 . In the Delay box, enter 1.00 . In the Selection and Visibility pane, select the “1” text box. On the Animations tab, in the Advanced Animation group, click Add Animation , and then under Exit click Fade Also on the Animations tab, in the Timing group, do the following: In the Start list, select With Previous . In the Duration box, enter 0.50 . In the Delay box, enter 2.00 . Select the red, solid donut. On the Animations tab, in the Advanced Animation group, click Add Animation , and then under Exit click Wheel . Also on the Animations tab, in the Timing group, do the following: In the Start list, select With Previous . In the Duration box, enter 2.00 . To reproduce the background effects on this slide, do the following: On the Insert tab, in the Illustrations group, click Shapes , and then under Rectangles click Rectangle . On the slide, drag to draw a rectangle. Select the rectangle. Under Drawing Tools , on the Format tab, in the Shape Styles group, click the Format Shape dialog box. In the Format Shape dialog box, click Fill in the left pane, in the Fill pane, click Picture or texture fill , and then do the following: Click the button next to Texture and select Brown Marble (fourth row, first option from the left). Clear the Tile picture as texture box. Also in the Format Picture dialog box, click Line Color in the left pane, and in the Line Color pane, click No line . Also in the Format Picture dialog box, click Picture Corrections in the left pane, and in the Picture Corrections pane, under Brightness and contrast , do the following: In the Brightness box, enter -42%. In the Contrast Box, enter - 28% . Also in the Format Picture dialog box, click Picture Color in the left pane, and in the Picture Color pane, under Recolor , click the button next to Presets and then click Grayscale . Also in the Format Picture dialog box, click Artistic Effects in the left pane, and in the Artistic Effects pane, do the following: Click the button next to Artistic Effects and then click Blur . In the Radius box, enter 7 . Also in the Format Picture dialog box, click Size in the left pane, and then under Size and rotate do the following: In the Height box, enter 7.5 . In the Width box, enter 10 . On the slide, select the rectangle. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange , point to Align , and then click Align Middle and Align Center . On the Home tab, in the Clipboard group, click the arrow to the right of Copy , and then click Duplicate . Select the second, duplicate rectangle. Under Drawing Tools , on the Format tab, in the Shape Styles group, click the Format Shape dialog box launcher. In the Format Shape dialog box, click Fill in the left pane, in the Fill pane, in the Transparency box, enter 90% . Also in the Format Picture dialog box, click Picture Corrections in the left pane, and in the Picture Corrections pane, under Brightness and contrast , do the following: In the Brightness box, enter 12%. In the Contrast Box, enter 44% . Also in the Format Picture dialog box, click Artistic Effects in the left pane, and in the Artistic Effects pane, do the following: Click the button next to Artistic Effects and then click Blur . In the Radius box, enter 9 . On the slide, select the rectangle. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange , point to Align , and then click Align Middle and Align Center . On the Home tab, in the Clipboard group, click the arrow to the right of Copy , and then click Duplicate . Select the third, duplicate rectangle. Under Picture Tools , on the Format tab, in the Adjust group, click Reset Picture . Also under Picture Tools , on the Format tab, in the Picture Styles group, click the Format Picture dialog box launcher. In the Format Picture dialog box, click Fill in the left pane, and then in the Fill pane, do the following: Click the button next to Texture and then click Granite . Select Tile picture as texture . In the Transparency box, enter 94% . Also in the Format Picture dialog box, click Picture Corrections in the left pane, in the Picture Corrections pane, under Brightness and contrast , do the following: In the Brightness box, enter 2% . In the Contrast box, enter 70% . Also in the Format Picture dialog box, click Artistic Effects in the left pane, and then in the Artistic Effects pane, do the following: Click the button next to Artistic Effect and then click Photocopy . In the Detail box, enter 9 . On the slide, select the third rectangle. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange , point to Align , and then click Align Middle and Align Center . On the Home tab, in the Clipboard group, click the arrow to the right of Copy , and then click Duplicate . Select the fourth, duplicate rectangle. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click the Format Shape dialog box launcher. In the Format Picture dialog box, click Fill in the left pane, in the Fill pane, click Gradient fill , and then do the following: In the Type list, select Radial . In the Direction list, select From Center . Under Gradient stops , click Add gradient stop or Remove gradient stop until two stops appear on the slider. Customize the gradient stops as follows: Select the first stop in the slider, and then do the following: In the Position box, enter 0% . Click the button next to Color , and then under Theme Colors click Black, Text 1 (first row, second option from the left). In the Transparency box, enter 100% . Select the last stop in the slider, and then do the following: In the Position box, enter 100% . Click the button next to Color , and then under Theme Colors click Black, Text 1 (first row, second option from the left). In the Transparency box, enter 50% . On the slide, select the fourth rectangle. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange , point to Align , and then click Align Middle and Align Center . Also on the Home tab, in the Editing group, click Select , and then click Select All . Also on the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange , and then click Group . On the slide, select the grouped rectangles. Also on the Home tab, in the Clipboard group, click Cut . Also on the Home tab, in the Clipboard group, click the arrow below Paste , and select Paste Special . In the Paste Special dialog box, select Paste , and then under As , select Picture (PNG) . Also on the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange , point to Align and then click Align Middle and Align Center .

TIMSS TIMSS Presentation Transcript

  • SME 6044CONTEMPORARY ISSUES INMATHEMATICS EDUCATION Pensyarah : Prof. Dr. Marzita Puteh Fakulti Sains dan Matematik Universiti Pendidikan Sultan Idris
  • 123
  • MEMPERSEMBAHKAN… TIMSS TRENDS IN MATHEMATIC AND SCIENCE STUDY Fakulti Sains dan Matematik Universiti Pendidikan Sultan Idris
  • UPSI Universiti Pendidikan Sultan Idris QA UNIKL-MITEC TIMSS PENGENALAN
  • TIMSS ITEM 2 – MQA02 DOCUMENTS TIMSS atau nama penuhnya Trends InUPSI Universiti Pendidikan Sultan Idris International Mathematics and Science Study, merupakan kajian oleh IEA (The International Association for the Evaluation of Educational Achievement) yang berpusat di Amsterdam, Belanda.
  • LATAR BELAKANG ITEM 2 – MQA02 DOCUMENTS TIMSS merupakan laporan yangUPSI Universiti Pendidikan Sultan Idris membandingkan prestasi pencapaian matematik dan sains para pelajar sesebuah negara di peringkat dunia dan perbandingan ini dijalankan setiap empat tahun iaitu, 1995, 1999,2003, 2007, 2011 dan seterusnya. Mula dilaksanakan pada tahun 1995, TIMSS melaporkan setiap empat tahun terhadap pencapaian pelajar gred 4 dan gred 8.
  • LATAR BELAKANG ITEM 2 – MQA02 DOCUMENTS Beberapa negara yang mengambil bahagian dalamUPSI Universiti Pendidikan Sultan Idris TIMSS 2011 mempunyai data trend seluruh penilaian dari 1995 hingga 2011. TIMSS 2011 adalah kelima dalam siri IEA. Penilaian dilakukan ke atas pelajar – pelajar dari tahun 4 dan tingkatan 2.
  • LATAR BELAKANG ITEM 2 – MQA02 DOCUMENTS Data – data yang diperolehi melalui hasilUPSI Universiti Pendidikan Sultan Idris kajian TIMSS, menunjukkan tahap pencapaian pelajar-pelajar tahun 4 dan tingkatan 2 dalam matematik peringkat antarabangsa.
  • PENYERTAAN TIMSS ITEM 2 – MQA02 DOCUMENTSUPSI Universiti Pendidikan Sultan Idris 1995 1999 2003 2007 2011 41 38 46 59 77
  • OBJEKTIF ITEM 2 – MQA02 DOCUMENTS Tujuan TIMSS adalah untuk mengukur prestasiUPSI Universiti Pendidikan Sultan Idris pencapaian matematik dan sains para pelajar dari tahun 4 dan tingkatan 2 di peringkat antarabangsa DAN Penilaian pencapaian pelajar antarabangsa bertujuan untuk meningkatkan pengajaran dan pembelajaran dalam matematik dan sains.
  • ITEM 2 – MQA02 DOCUMENTS Kajian TIMSS membuka peluang kepada negaraUPSI Universiti Pendidikan Sultan Idris Malaysia untuk mengetahui potensi dan prestasi pelajar Malaysia dalam kalangan negara-negara peserta
  • ITEM 2 – MQA02 DOCUMENTS Kementerian Pendidikan Malaysia juga bolehUPSI Universiti Pendidikan Sultan Idris menggunakan hasil kajiannya ini untuk menilai dan menentukan keberkesanan kurikulum matematik dan sains yang sedang digunakan di sekolah-sekolah Rumusan hasil kajian TIMSS turut memberi peluang kepada Kementerian Pendidikan Pelajaran untuk peningkatan mutu kurikulum dan sistem pendidikan.
  • ITEM-ITEM PENILAIAN ITEM 2 – MQA02 DOCUMENTS TIMSS Kandungan item dan taraf ujian Matematik danUPSI Universiti Pendidikan Sultan Idris Sains antarabangsa ini diselaraskan untuk negara-negara yang menyertai penilaian tersebut (dengan persetujuan negara itu sendiri) bagi membolehkan perbandingan dibuat tentang tahap dan trend pencapaian Matematik dan Sains pelajar Gred 8 (Tingkatan 2).
  • PENILAIAN DOMAIN KANDUNGAN DAN DOMAIN ITEM 2 – MQA02 DOCUMENTS DAN KELAPAN KOGNITIF DI GRED KEEMPATUPSI Universiti Pendidikan Sultan Idris DOMAIN KANDUNGAN GRED 4 GRED 8 Number Number Geometric Shapes and Algebra Measures Data display Geometry Data and Chance
  • PENILAIAN DOMAIN KOGNITIF DI ITEM 2 – MQA02 DOCUMENTS GRED KEEMPAT DAN KELAPAN Domain pertama, mengetahui, merangkumi fakta, konsep, dan prosedur pelajar perlu tahu,UPSI Universiti Pendidikan Sultan Idris manakala yang kedua, memohon,memberi tumpuan kepada keupayaan pelajar untuk menggunakan pengetahuan dan konsep memahami untuk menyelesaikan masalah atau menjawab soalan. Domain ketiga merangkumi, penaakulan, melampaui penyelesaian masalah rutin ,merangkumi situasi yang tidak dikenali, konteks yang kompleks, dan pelbagai masalah.
  • BENCHMARK ITEM 2 – MQA02 DOCUMENTS Skor yang diperolehi oleh negara-negara yangUPSI Universiti Pendidikan Sultan Idris menyertai TIMSS akan menentukan kedudukan mereka di peringkat antarabangsa. Pencapaian prestasi dinilai mengikut
  • BENCHMARK ITEM 2 – MQA02 DOCUMENTS Advanced Benchmark (625) – Pelajar bolehUPSI Universiti Pendidikan Sultan Idris mengatur dan membuat kesimpulan daripada maklumat, membuat generalisasi dan menyelesaikan masalah bukan rutin. High Benchmark (550) – Pelajar boleh memohon pemahaman dan pengetahuan mereka dalam pelbagai situasi yang agak kompleks..
  • BENCHMARK ITEM 2 – MQA02 DOCUMENTS Intermediate Benchmark (475) – PelajarUPSI Universiti Pendidikan Sultan Idris boleh memohon pengetahuan matematik yang asas dalam situasi yang berterus terang. Low International Benchmark(400) – Pelajar mempunyai pengetahuan nombor bulat dan perpuluhan, operasi dan graf asas.
  • ITEM 2 –PENCAPAIAN SKOR MQA02 DOCUMENTS • Jadual dibawah menunjukkan prestasi pelajar di dalam kajian TIMSS 1999 hingga TIMSSUPSI Universiti Pendidikan Sultan Idris 2007: • Skor Purata Mata Pelajaran Matematik TIMSS BAHASA SKOR KEDUDUKAN NEGARA 1999 MELAYU 519 16 2003 MELAYU 508 10 2007 MELAYU 474 20 INGGERIS 2011
  • ISU ITEM 2 – MQA02 DOCUMENTSUPSI Universiti Pendidikan Sultan Idris PENDIDIKAN FORMAL DAN TIDAK FORMAL WUJUD DI SETIAP PELUSUK DUNIA
  • ISU ITEM 2 – MQA02 DOCUMENTSUPSI Universiti Pendidikan Sultan Idris PERBEZAAN SISTEM PENDIDIKAN ANTARA NEGARA TIDAK MENGUBAH MAKSUD PENDIDIKAN UNTUK MEMAJUKAN HIDUP INI DARI GENERASI KE GENERASI http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=k2adO
  • ISU ITEM 2 – MQA02 DOCUMENTSUPSI Universiti Pendidikan Sultan Idris Pendidikan memainkan peranan utama dalam memperkukuh daya saing negara dan membina 1Malaysia.
  • ISU ITEM 2 – MQA02 DOCUMENTS Menurut, Timb. Perdana Menteri, Tan SriUPSI Universiti Pendidikan Sultan Idris Dato’ Haji Muhyiddin bin Mohd Yassin, Menteri Pelajaran Malaysia telah menunjukkan pencapaian kemajuan yang memberangsangkan dalam sistem pendidikan semenjak 50+tahun lepas . Pada hari ini, kadar literasi golongan dewasa di Malaysia melebihi 92%.
  • ISU ITEM 2 – MQA02 DOCUMENTS Namun, kita masih perlu berusaha bagi meningkatkan pencapaian pendidikanUPSI Universiti Pendidikan Sultan Idris Negara. Hal ini dibuktikan dengan pencapaian pelajar Malaysia dalam keputusan TIMSS (kajian antarabangsa pendidikan sains dan matematik) yang menunjukkan penurunan berbanding dengan negara seperti HongKong, Singapura dan Korea Selatan
  • ISU ITEM 2 – MQA02 DOCUMENTS Keadaan ini perlu diberi perhatian utama keranaUPSI Universiti Pendidikan Sultan Idris kualiti pendidikan tinggi berkolerasi terus dengan pertumbuhan ekonomi negara dalam jangkamasa panjang. Sekiranya tiada usaha dijalankan untuk melonjakkan standard pendidikan ke tahap yang lebih tinggi, maka Malaysia menghadapi risiko ketinggalan dalam pendidikan pada masa ini dan kurang berdaya saing pada masa hadapan
  • ISU ITEM 2 – MQA02 DOCUMENTS Critical Issues in MathematicsUPSI Universiti Pendidikan Sultan Idris Education : Professor Alan Bishop http://ebookee.org/Critical-Issues-in-M
  • ISU ITEM 2 – MQA02 DOCUMENTS Enam isu kritikal, setiapnya, amatUPSI Universiti Pendidikan Sultan Idris penting dalam pembangunan penyelidikan pendidikan matematik, dikaji semula dan dimasukkan ke dalam perbincangan mengenai perkembangan semasa.
  • ISU ITEM 2 – MQA02 DOCUMENTS i) Keputusan guru membuat ii) ruang / visualisasi geometri,UPSI Universiti Pendidikan Sultan Idris iii) guru dan penyelidikan, iv) aspek budaya / sosial pendidikan matematik, v) isu-isu sosiopolitik, dan vi) nilai-nilai yang berkhidmat sebagai isu-isu asas yang dibincangkan dalam peperiksaan pendidikan matematik lebih lima puluh tahun yang lalu yang lalu.
  • ISU-ISU SEMASA MATEMATIK ITEM 2 – MQA02 DOCUMENTS BERDASARKAN TIMSS 1. Bahasa (PPSMI)UPSI Universiti Pendidikan Sultan Idris 2. Tahap Kompetensi Guru 3. Sikap Pelajar
  • UPSI Universiti Pendidikan Sultan Idris QA UNIKL-MITEC TIMSS ISU BAHASA
  • KAJIAN LITERATUR ITEM 2 – MQA02 DOCUMENTS 1 Pelajar menghadapi pelbagai masalah dalam kemahiran mengira danUPSI Universiti Pendidikan Sultan Idris menyelesaikan masalah (Mohd Sarif dan Abdul Razak, 1996; Abedi, Lord and Plummer, 1995; Cocking and Chipman 1998; Madison, 1990). Perlaksanaan pengajaran Sains dan Matematik dalam bahasa Inggeris menambah satu lagi masalah kepada pelajar (Mohini, 2008; Aziz, 2004)
  • KAJIAN LITERATUR ITEM 2 – MQA02 DOCUMENTS 2 pembelajaran dan pentaksiran English Language 6) Learner dengan menggunakan bahasa Inggeris telah A bedi (200UPSI Universiti Pendidikan Sultan Idris menyekat pencapaian pelajar dalam matematik. mencadangkan penggunaan bahasa ibunda 996) sebagai bahasa pengujian untuk mengatasi Stansfield (1 masalah tersebut. menterjemahkan item ujian daripada bahasa Inggeris ) kepada bahasa ibunda tidak memberi manfaat kepada Ab edi (2006 pelajar sekiranya bahasa pengantar adalah bahasa Inggeris. item dalam bahasa ibunda telah mengelirukan ) Lord (1980 pelajar yang mempelajari konsep dalam bahasa Inggeris kerana mereka mungkin tidak biasa dengan terminologi yang digunakan
  • UPSI Universiti Pendidikan Sultan Idris ITEM 2 – MQA02 DOCUMENTS ULASAN TIMSS
  • KESAN PENGGUNAAN BAHASA KELUARGA ITEM 2 – MQA02 DOCUMENTS TERHADAP PENCAPAIAN TIMSS 2007 Negara % Pelajar yg kerap % Sekolah dimana 90% 2007 menggunakan bahasa pelajar menggunakan ujian di rumah bahasa ujian di sekolahUPSI Universiti Pendidikan Sultan Idris 1. China Taipei 83 40 598 2. Korea 95 100 597 3. Singapura 47 75 593 4. Hong Kong 91 100 572 5. Jepun 98 69 570 Skala Purata 500 TIMSS 20. Malaysia 64 38 474 28..Lebanon 20 12 449 29. Thailand 67 85 441 46. Tunisia 22 85 420 47. Ghana 31 1 309
  • KAJIAN KES ITEM 2 – MQA02 DOCUMENTS Singapura (Yeung et. al, 2011) : Pelajar lelaki Melayu kurang bermotivasi untuk berbahasa Inggeris. IniUPSI Universiti Pendidikan Sultan Idris mempengaruhi penguasaan mereka terhadap matapelajaran Matematik. Cara mengatasi : Meningkatkan motivasi pelajar Afrika Selatan (Howey et.al, 2000) : Pelajar tidak dapat menguasai Matematik dalam Bahasa Inggeris tetapi mereka mengakui bahawa Bahasa Inggeris sangat penting dalam pembangunan matematik Cara mengatasi : •Meningkatkan penguasaan Bahasa Inggeris pelajar •Guru menyampaikan pembelajaran dalam bahasa yang mudah.
  • PPSMI ITEM 2 – MQA02 DOCUMENTS Bermula pada sesi persekolahan 2003UPSI Universiti Pendidikan Sultan Idris Menimbulkan polemik dan ketegangan di kalangan masyarakat (PEMBINA,2009) Menyebabkan keputusan ujian TIMSS (2007) menurun (Tuah & Mohini, 2010) Jurang semakin besar antara (May & Ong, 2010) 2.Pelajar bandar dan luar bandar 3.Pelajar cemerlang dan kurang cemerlang
  • ITEM CONTOH SOALAN TIMSS 2 – MQA02 DOCUMENTS Joe knows that a pen costs 1 zed more than a pencil. His friend bought 2UPSI Universiti Pendidikan Sultan Idris pens and 3 pencils for 17 zeds. How many zeds will Joe need to buy 1 pen and 2 pencils Negara Peratus Kredit Penuh China Taipei 68% Purata Antarabangsa 18% Malaysia 14% Penggunaan bahasa adalah prasyarat bagi pengiraan dan penyelesaian masalah berayat matematik (Miller & Mercer, 1997)
  • ITEM CONTOH SOALAN TIMSS 2 – MQA02 DOCUMENTSUPSI Universiti Pendidikan Sultan Idris In this diagram, CD=CE. What is the value of x? A. 40 B. 50 C. 60 D.70 Negara Peratus Kredit Penuh Singapura 75% Malaysia 36% Purata Antarabangsa 32%
  • PPSMI - FAKTOR GURU ITEM 2 – MQA02 DOCUMENTS MEMARTABATKAN BAHASA MELAYU, MEMANTAPKAN BAHASA INGGERIS: TAWARAN BARU SISTEM PENDIDIKAN MALAYSIAUPSI Universiti Pendidikan Sultan Idris (8 JULAI 2009) Hanya 8 % guru yakin untuk mengajar Sains dan Matematik dalam bahasa Inggeris. Hanya 58 % masa yang diperuntukkan untuk PPSMI telah digunakan oleh guru dalam mata pelajaran sains dan matematik. Selebihnya guru tetap / terpaksa menggunakan bahasa Melayu. Sekolah berhadapan masalah kekurangan guru yang fasih bahasa Inggeris untuk mengajar kedua-dua mata pelajaran itu
  • PPSMI - LANGKAH KERAJAAN ITEM 2 – MQA02 DOCUMENTS UNESCO menyokong Kajian dan pengajaran bahasa ibunda pemantauanUPSI Universiti Pendidikan Sultan Idris sebagai medium untuk pelaksanaan memperbaiki kualiti pendidikan PPSMI dan meja dengan cara meningkatkan pengetahuan dan pengalaman bulat PPSMI para pelajar dan guru. *Sumber : UNESCO 2003 Pemansuhan PPSMI diumumkan oleh Menteri Pelajaran Malaysia, Tan Sri Muhyiddin Yassin pada 8 Julai 2009 Kabinet memutuskan pelaksanaan MBMMBI
  • ITEM 2 – MQA02 MBMMBI DOCUMENTSUPSI Universiti Pendidikan Sultan Idris *Sumber : KPM
  • ITEM 2 – MQA02 DOCUMENTSUPSI Universiti Pendidikan Sultan Idris ISU TAHAP KOMPETENSI GURU
  • ITEM 2 – MQA02 DOCUMENTSUPSI Universiti Pendidikan Sultan Idris Fadhlina (2008), kemahiran professional guru berdasarkan amalan profesionalisme, pengetahuan , kefahaman dan kemahiran pengajaran dan pembelajaran.
  • ITEM 2 – MQA02 DOCUMENTS Menurut Spitzbeg (1991) ,UPSI Universiti Pendidikan Sultan Idris model interpersonal kompetensi mengandungi tiga kompenan iaitu motivasi , pengetahuan dan kebolehan berinteraksi di antara dua pihak semasa perbualan.
  • UPSI Universiti Pendidikan Sultan Idris ITEM 2 – MQA02 DOCUMENTS
  • UPSI Universiti Pendidikan Sultan Idris ITEM 2 – MQA02 DOCUMENTS
  • UPSI Universiti Pendidikan Sultan Idris ITEM 2 – MQA02 DOCUMENTS
  • ITEM 2 – MQA02 DOCUMENTSUPSI Universiti Pendidikan Sultan Idris -Menurut Jumaat(2004) penggunaan bahasa inggeris dalam matapelajaran sains dan matematik masih paras 60% (guru menggunakan dwi bahasa) dan alat bantu mengajar seperti laptop dan LCD memberi impak kepada pemahaman pelajar. -Wan Moktar (2007) sebahagiaan reponden setuju guru banyak melakukan perbincangan semasa pembelajaran dan pengajaran matematik
  • ITEM 2 – MQA02 DOCUMENTSUPSI Universiti Pendidikan Sultan Idris ISU SIKAP PELAJAR
  • SIKAP PELAJAR TERHADAP MATEMATIK ITEM 2 – MQA02 DOCUMENTS TIMSS 2007UPSI Universiti Pendidikan Sultan Idris Sikap kebanyakan pelajar terhadap Matematik Nilai yang diletakkan bagi subjek Matematik bagi membantu mereka memperbaiki kehidupan mereka Keyakinan mempelajari Matematik
  • SIKAP – MQA02 DOCUMENTS ITEM 2 PELAJAR TERHADAP MATEMATIK Keyakinan Mempelajari MatematikUPSI Universiti Pendidikan Sultan Idris 1 TIMSS membina Index of Students’ Self- Confidence in Learning Mathematics (SCM). 2 Hasil (Kajian ke atas pelajar gred 8): Tahap Indeks Pencapaian purata Tinggi: 43% 492 Sederhana: 37% 433 Rendah: 20% 412
  • SIKAP – MQA02 DOCUMENTS ITEM 2 PELAJAR TERHADAP MATEMATIK Keyakinan Mempelajari MatematikUPSI Universiti Pendidikan Sultan Idris 1. Pencapaian Malaysia: Tahap Peratusan Beza % Markah Indeks Indeks dengan Purata TIMSS 2003 Tinggi 27% -11 521 Sederhana 50% +5 458 Rendah 23% +6 453
  • SIKAP – MQA02 DOCUMENTS ITEM 2 PELAJAR TERHADAP MATEMATIK UNDERSTANDING THE GAP IN MATHEMATICS ACHIEVEMENTS OFUPSI Universiti Pendidikan Sultan Idris MALAYSIAN STUDENTS Noor Azina Ismail University of Malaya, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia Sumber: Journal of Educational Research; May/June 2009, Vol.102 Issue 5, p389-394, 6p, 2 charts
  • SIKAP – MQA02 DOCUMENTS ITEM 2 PELAJAR TERHADAP MATEMATIK Ringkasan:UPSI Universiti Pendidikan Sultan Idris  Malaysia menduduki tempat ke-10 dari 43 negara dari hasil dapatan TIMSS 2003.  Menurut I. V. S. Mullis, M. O. Martin, E. J. Gonzalez, & S. J. Chrostowski,2004 dipetik dari jurnal Noor Azina Ismail, pencapaian Matematik pelajar di Malaysia bergantung kepada: 4. Keyakinan diri mempelajari Matematik 5. Mempunyai buku yang banyak di rumah 6. Kerap menggunakan komputer 7. Bukan berbangsa Melayu
  • SIKAP – MQA02 DOCUMENTS ITEM 2 PELAJAR TERHADAP MATEMATIK Tujuan kajian:UPSI Universiti Pendidikan Sultan Idris  Mangenalpasti faktor yang membezakan pelajar berpencapaian tinggi dan rendah di kalangan pelajar Malaysia.  Mengenalpasti hubungan antara pencapaian Matematik dengan faktor-faktor yang dikaji. (keyakinan diri, bilangan buku di rumah, penggunaan komputer & bahasa)
  • SIKAP – MQA02 DOCUMENTS ITEM 2 PELAJAR TERHADAP MATEMATIK Keputusan:UPSI Universiti Pendidikan Sultan Idris  69% ibu bapa tamat pengajian di peringkat menengah sahaja.  65% berazam menamatkan pengajian di universiti.  1/3 pelajar kadang-kadang atau tidak bercakap bahasa ujian di rumah.  39% berkeyakinan mempelajari Matematik  78% menghargai subjek Matematik
  • SIKAP – MQA02 DOCUMENTS ITEM 2 PELAJAR TERHADAP MATEMATIK Kesimpulan & Cadangan: Faktor utama pencapaian MatematikUPSI Universiti Pendidikan Sultan Idris di kalangan pelajar Malaysia:  Keyakinan diri mempelajari Matematik  Kekerapan menggunakan komputer  Bahasa  Bilangan buku di rumah
  • SIKAP – MQA02 DOCUMENTS ITEM 2 PELAJAR TERHADAP MATEMATIK 1. Keyakinan diri mempelajari Matematik:UPSI Universiti Pendidikan Sultan Idris  Indeks keyakinan = pencapaian  Cadangan kepada guru: iv. Menunjukkan sikap yang positif terhadap Matematik. v. Memperbaiki strategi pengajaran
  • SIKAP – MQA02 DOCUMENTS ITEM 2 PELAJAR TERHADAP MATEMATIK 2. Kekerapan menggunakan komputer:  Pelajar yang kerap menggunakan komputerUPSI Universiti Pendidikan Sultan Idris mendapat markah lebih dari markah purata antarabangsa.  Cadangan: iv. Ibu bapa membeli komputer dan menggalakkan mereka menggunakannya untuk tujuan pembelajaran. v. Guru memaksimumkan penggunaan komputer dalam P&P.
  • SIKAP PELAJAR TERHADAP MATEMATIK ITEM 2 – MQA02 DOCUMENTS 1. Jumlah buku di rumah:UPSI Universiti Pendidikan Sultan Idris  Cadangan: iii. Ibu bapa membeli lebih banyak buku ilmiah terutamanya Matematik. iv. Sekolah dan pihak terbabit perlu memperbanyakkan buku-buku dan rujukan terkini di perpustakaan.
  • SIKAP PELAJAR TERHADAP MATEMATIK ITEM 2 – MQA02 DOCUMENTS 1. Bahasa: Pelajar yang bercakap bahasa ujian tidakUPSI Universiti Pendidikan Sultan Idris  ramai mendapat markah melebihi markah purata antarabangsa.  Ujian bagi kajian TIMSS 2003 menggunakan bahasa Melayu.  Pencapaian pelajar bangsa Cina dan India lebih baik dari bangsa Melayu.  Cadangan: Kajian kelemahan pelajar Melayu dalam Matematik.
  • SEKIAN TERIMA KASIH… Fakulti Sains dan Matematik Universiti Pendidikan Sultan Idris