Industrilization spreads


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  • Mozes Brown would build the first factory in Pawtucket
    British mill worker Slater started Slater's Mill at Pawtucket, Rhode Island, in 1793 and went on to own thirteen textile mills

  • Only produced the thread and not the textile
  • Mechanized very dtage of the manufacture of cloth
  • The Lowell System or Waltham-Lowell System, named after Francis Cabot Lowell, was a paternalistic textile factory system of the early 19th century that employed mainly young women [age 15-35] from New England farms to increase efficiency, productivity and profits in ways different from other methods. Emphasis was placed on mechanization and standardization; the entire textile industry used this as a model, and machines using this system were sold to other mills. To successfully recruit female workers, it was in the best interest of the investors and managers to keep Lowell free of the filth, poverty, and social disorder prevalent in English factory towns. Lowell's textile workers were supervised on the job and at home with a formal set of rules and regulations. [1] The rules and regulations emphasized the maintenance of a proper environment: enforced curfews, encouraged church attendance, and maintained a high degree of cleanliness. Compared to many of the textile mills in England and France, Lowell's Mills were considered clean, and the workers lived and ate in well-kept company owned boardinghouses. Wages were good compared to the standards of the day.
  • US had many of the resources England which allowed for rail expansion

    1840 3k miles
    1865 35k
    1890 200k
  • Standard Oil
    Carnegie Steel control all aspects of production called…
  • French revolution and Napoleonic wars halted trade and caused inflation in France
  • Renowned for its coal and steel, Wallonia
    strong industrial growth since the Middle Ages
    heavy industry was the driving force behind the region's economy
    Wallonia was the birthplace of the industrial revolution on continental Europe
    Before railway construction on the Continent demanded huge quantities of malleable iron mainly for rails, for which low quality iron sufficed
    Wallonia was the only Continental region to follow the British model successfully
    Since the middle of the 1820s, numerous works comprising coke blast furnaces as well as puddling and rolling mills were built in the coal mining areas around Liège and Charleroi. Excelling all others, John Cockerill's factories at Seraing integrated all stages of production, from engineering to the supply of raw materials, as early in 1825

    become the 2nd industrial power in the world after England. But it is also pointed out by many researchers

    Demographic effects
    Wallonia was also the birthplace of a strong Socialist party and strong trade-unions in a particular sociological landscape.
  • Industrialization began in the region with the establishment of several iron works in the late 18th century within the borders of the present-day city of Oberhausen.
    locks built at Mülheim on the Ruhr allowed the expansion of coal mining further up the river and led to the expansion of Mülheim as a port
    By 1850, almost 300 coal mines were in operation in the region. The coal was processed in coking ovens into coke, which was needed to fuel the region’s blast furnaces, which produced iron and steel.
    Ruhr coal-mining district grew into the largest industrial region of Europe.
  • Picture caption:
    A barricade of the Commune de Paris—celebrated in march 1885 in Wallonia by a General strike March 18th, 1871.

    Spain’s Catalonia produced more cotton Belgium
    French growth measured and controlled avoided the problems of industrialization
    However- fostered worker riots

    The industrial revolution in France was a particular process for it did not correspond to the main model followed by other countries. Notably, most French historians considers that France did not go through a clear take-off [54]. Instead, France economic growth and industrialization process was slow and steady along the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries. However, some stages were identified by Maurice Lévy-Leboyer :
    French Revolution and Napoleonic wars (1789-1815),
    industrialization, along with Britain (1815-1860),
    economic slow (1860-1905),
    renewal of the growth after 1905.
  • Less than developed nation will need to feed the developed nations with raw material; this will cause an inequity between the haves and the have nots

    Russia Japan and US will become more imperial (the name of the next unit)

    Nation that relay on agricultural will be left behind whereas nations that shift to industry will lead in the 20th century.
  • Industrilization spreads

    1. 1. The United States Unused Section Space 5 Unused Section Space 4 Unused Section Space 3 Unused Section Space 2 Unused Section Space 1 Impact of Industrialization Europe Slides before 1st Section Divider
    2. 2. Industrialization Spreads
    3. 3. Industrial Development in the United States
    4. 4. Samuel Slater
    5. 5. Francis Cabot Lowell
    6. 6. U.S. technological developments
    7. 7. The Rise of Corporations
    8. 8. European Industrialization
    9. 9. Industrialization By 1850
    10. 10. Belgium
    11. 11. Germany
    12. 12. Elsewhere in Europe
    13. 13. The Impact of Industrialization
    14. 14. Industrialization in the U.S. and Europe Europe U.S.