As opposed to the Neolithic Revolution, which took centuries
Scientific farmer 1701 seed drill
Industrialization- machine production of goods Requires natural resources Water & Coal fuel Iron & ore Machines and tools Rivers transportation Harbors trade
Britain’s Earliest Transportation Infrastructure
John Kay’s flying shuttle- doubled spinning efficiency James Hargreaves’s spinning jenny- 8 threads at a time- came out of as contest named after his daughter Samuel Crompton’s spinning mule- stronger more fine thread Cotton harvested in colonialism America, processed in England leads to an explosion of production Increased productivity
Eli Whitney’s cotton gin- never got rich Easy to make easy to pirate
John McAdams- paved drainable roads turnpikes
Men sometimes drowned in potholes Inland lighthouse was once built
1705, Earliest steam engine, extremely fuel in efficient James Watt develops the 1st efficient steam engine Partners with Matthew Boulton, an entrepreneur Robert Fulton orders a steam engine from Boulton & Watt, used for his ship the Clermont on the Hudson river James Watt (1736-1819) Scottish (1736-1819) improvements to the steam engine making it practical for large-scale industrial use. 1764 Watt was given a Newcomen steam engine to repair. realized that it wasted energy. Modifications separate cooling chamber for the steam that made the engine much more efficient.
Richard Trevithick’s steam engine locomotive carries passengers in northern England Richard Trevithick British engineer constructed the first practical steam locomotive operating on a railway demonstrated its use for hauling large loads.
led to many new inventions Transportation Industry allowing steam to expand in a cylinder equipped with a movable piston. As the piston moves up and down arm converts this motion into parallel motion that drives a wheel designed as early as 1690 70 years later that James Watt arrived at the design of the modern steam engine.