AgriculturalRevolutionAgriculturalRevolution
UnusedSectionSpace2UnusedSectionSpace2UnusedSectionSpace1UnusedSectionSpace1O...
RobertBakewell
Jethro Tull
Enclosures
Croprotation
Industrialization
• Requires natural resources
1. Water & Coal
2. Iron & ore
3. Rivers
4. Harbors
EarlyCanals
Coalfields&IndustrialAreas
Stability of England
Bank loan program
Factors of production
– Land, labor, capital
Industrial Revolution
Inventions in textiles
• John Kay
– flying shuttle
• James Hargreaves
– spinning jenny
• Samuel Crompton
– spinning mule
Inventions in textiles
Eli Whitney and the Cotton Gin
TextileFactory
WorkersinEngland
18131813 2400 looms 150, 000 workers
18331833 85, 000 looms 200, 000 workers
18501850 224,...
Roads
John McAdams
Road
River
• James Watt
• Matthew Boulton
River
• Robert Fulton
Rail
Richard Trevithick
Parts of a Steam Engine
ChildLaborintheMines
ChildChild
“hurriers”“hurriers”
Child Labor
Age of workers in cotton mills in
Lancashire in 1833
Age Males Females
under 11 246 155
11 - 16 1,169 1,123
17...
Child Labor
Age
Average
height of
males in
Factorie
s
Age
Average
height of
females
in
Factorie
s
9
3ft.
11in.
9 4ft. 0in....
Child Labor
• Child labor
CrystalPalace:
BritishIngenuityonDisplay
The Growth of Cities
The Legacy of the Industrial Revolution
The Legacy of the Industrial Revolution
“Upstairs”/“Downstairs”Life
The Industrial Revolution
The Industrial Revolution
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Industral Revolution

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Industral Revolution

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  • As opposed to the Neolithic Revolution, which took centuries
  • Scientific farmer
    1701 seed drill
  • Industrialization- machine production of goods
    Requires natural resources
    Water & Coal
    fuel
    Iron & ore
    Machines and tools
    Rivers
    transportation
    Harbors
    trade
  • Britain’s Earliest Transportation Infrastructure
  • John Kay’s flying shuttle- doubled spinning efficiency
    James Hargreaves’s spinning jenny- 8 threads at a time- came out of as contest named after his daughter
    Samuel Crompton’s spinning mule- stronger more fine thread
    Cotton harvested in colonialism America, processed in England leads to an explosion of production
    Increased productivity
  • Eli Whitney’s cotton gin- never got rich
    Easy to make easy to pirate
  • John McAdams- paved drainable roads
    turnpikes
  • Men sometimes drowned in potholes
    Inland lighthouse was once built
  • 1705, Earliest steam engine, extremely fuel in efficient
    James Watt develops the 1st efficient steam engine
    Partners with Matthew Boulton, an entrepreneur
    
    Robert Fulton orders a steam engine from Boulton & Watt, used for his ship the Clermont on the Hudson river
    
    James Watt (1736-1819)
    Scottish
    (1736-1819)
    improvements to the steam engine
    making it practical for large-scale industrial use.
    1764 Watt was given a Newcomen steam engine to repair.
    realized that it wasted energy.
    Modifications
    separate cooling chamber for the steam that made the engine much more efficient.
  • Richard Trevithick’s steam engine locomotive carries passengers in northern England
    Richard Trevithick
    British engineer
    constructed the first practical steam locomotive operating on a railway
    demonstrated its use for hauling large loads.
  • led to many new inventions
    Transportation
    Industry
    allowing steam to expand in a cylinder equipped with a movable piston. As the piston moves up and down
    arm converts this motion into parallel motion that drives a wheel
    designed as early as 1690
    70 years later that James Watt arrived at the design of the modern steam engine.
  • Industral Revolution

    1. 1. AgriculturalRevolutionAgriculturalRevolution UnusedSectionSpace2UnusedSectionSpace2UnusedSectionSpace1UnusedSectionSpace1OtherinventionsOtherinventions LegacyoftheIndustrialLegacyoftheIndustrial RevolutionRevolution ChildLaborChildLaborTextilesTextiles HowdidindustrialismtakeHowdidindustrialismtake place?place? Slidesbefore1stSectionSlidesbefore1stSection DividerDivider
    2. 2. RobertBakewell
    3. 3. Jethro Tull
    4. 4. Enclosures
    5. 5. Croprotation
    6. 6. Industrialization • Requires natural resources 1. Water & Coal 2. Iron & ore 3. Rivers 4. Harbors
    7. 7. EarlyCanals
    8. 8. Coalfields&IndustrialAreas
    9. 9. Stability of England
    10. 10. Bank loan program
    11. 11. Factors of production – Land, labor, capital
    12. 12. Industrial Revolution
    13. 13. Inventions in textiles • John Kay – flying shuttle • James Hargreaves – spinning jenny • Samuel Crompton – spinning mule
    14. 14. Inventions in textiles
    15. 15. Eli Whitney and the Cotton Gin
    16. 16. TextileFactory WorkersinEngland 18131813 2400 looms 150, 000 workers 18331833 85, 000 looms 200, 000 workers 18501850 224, 000 looms >1 million workers
    17. 17. Roads John McAdams
    18. 18. Road
    19. 19. River • James Watt • Matthew Boulton
    20. 20. River • Robert Fulton
    21. 21. Rail Richard Trevithick
    22. 22. Parts of a Steam Engine
    23. 23. ChildLaborintheMines ChildChild “hurriers”“hurriers”
    24. 24. Child Labor Age of workers in cotton mills in Lancashire in 1833 Age Males Females under 11 246 155 11 - 16 1,169 1,123 17 - 21 736 1,240 22 - 26 612 780 27 - 31 355 295 32 - 36 215 100 37 - 41 168 81 42 - 46 98 38 47 - 51 88 23 52 - 56 41 4 57 - 61 28 3
    25. 25. Child Labor Age Average height of males in Factorie s Age Average height of females in Factorie s 9 3ft. 11in. 9 4ft. 0in. 10 4ft. 2in. 10 4ft. 1in. 11 4ft. 2in. 11 4ft. 2in. 12 4ft. 4in. 12 4ft. 4in. 13 4ft. 6in. 13 4ft. 7in. 14 4ft. 8in. 14 4ft. 9in. 15 4ft. 10in. 15 4ft. 10in. 16 5ft. 0in. 16 4ft. 11in.
    26. 26. Child Labor • Child labor
    27. 27. CrystalPalace: BritishIngenuityonDisplay
    28. 28. The Growth of Cities
    29. 29. The Legacy of the Industrial Revolution
    30. 30. The Legacy of the Industrial Revolution
    31. 31. “Upstairs”/“Downstairs”Life
    32. 32. The Industrial Revolution
    33. 33. The Industrial Revolution

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