UN Responses to Events in the Middle East

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UN Responses to Events in the Middle East

  1. 1. U.N. Responses to Events inthe Middle EastEvents A-F
  2. 2. Event A: The U.N.’s Plan for Palestine• The U.N Chose option C.• On Nov. 29, 1947, the U.N. GeneralAssembly voted 33-10 to approve thepartition of Palestine into threeseparate pieces. In the Jewish state,Jews were only a 6-5 majority, and amuch smaller Jewish minority hadsettled in the proposed Arab state.• The plan made Jerusalem aninternational zone administered by theU.N. Both Jews and Arabs disagreedwith the Jerusalem Plan. Most Jewsagreed with the overall partition plan,while the vast majority of Palestiniangroups disagreed. They felt that theU.N. had no right to divide theirancestral homeland.
  3. 3. Event B: The 1948 War• The U.N. chose option C• The U.N. did not officially respond to the outcome of the 1948 War, but the General Assembly wasconcerned about the plight of the over 700,000 Palestinian refugees created by the war. 500,000refugees in Transjordan were offered citizenship and accepted it. Other Arab states refused toallow refugees to settle in their countries. Many Palestinians remained in refugee camps waiting toreturn home. In 1950, the U.N. created the United Nations Relief and Works Agency, whichprovided refugees with a minimum level of services.
  4. 4. Event C: The Suez Canal Crisis• The United Nations choseoption A• The General Assembly votedoverwhelmingly to censure theBritish, French, and Israeliinvasion. U.N. pressure forcedthe British and the French toremove their forces by lateDecember. Israel withdrew itsforces only when the U.N.agreed to monitor Egyptianactivity in the southern Sinai. AU.N. Emergency Forceensured that the Straits ofTiran remained open.
  5. 5. Event D: The 1967 War• The U.N. chose option B• On November 22, 1967 theU.N. General Assembly passedResolution 242 whichcondemned the Israeli invasionand occupation, and refused toacknowledge Jerusalem as theIsraeli capital.. It also called forthe Israeli withdrawal fromterritories occupied in the warand for a “just settlement of therefugee problem”.
  6. 6. Event E: The Intifada• The U.N. chose option C• They took no official steps to end the Intifada. Because the uprising did not involve aconflict between sovereign states-Palestinians did not have a recognized state oftheir own- the United Nations considered the Intifada to be an important but internalIsraeli affair.
  7. 7. Event E: The Intifada• The U.N. chose option C• They took no official steps to end the Intifada. Because the uprising did not involve aconflict between sovereign states-Palestinians did not have a recognized state oftheir own- the United Nations considered the Intifada to be an important but internalIsraeli affair.

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