Orator A great deal of the Fuhrer's appeal lay in his inflammatory speeches attacking Jews, social democrats, capitalists and communists. His comments often evoked a sense of wounded national pride caused by the losses imposed on Germany by the allies at the end of World War I Chancellor After a series of national elections, the National Socialists rose to become the largest party in the Reichstag, or Parliament. On the 30th of January, 1933, President Paul von Hindenburg was forced to appoint Hitler, the party leader, as Chancellor.
Hitler Youth in Nuremberg Stadium: Hitler Youth rally on National Socialist Party Day, 1933, saluting and carrying Nazi flags. Mother and baby in hospital with a portrait of Hitler: A woman with newborn baby lies in her hospital bed with a portrait of Hitler at bedside. Hitler salutes 'his' Youth: Hitler salutes 'his' Youth
Hitler arriving at the open field, where the assembly took place on August 26, 1934. Saluting Hitler: Original caption: The arms of 300,000 men and women are raised in the Fascist salute to Adolf Hitler, Chancellor of Germany and leader of the National socialists (Nazis) of that country, as Adolf and President Paul Von Hindenburg Review the May Day demonstration staged in the lust garten. The afternoon ceremonies were climaxed, that night by a gathering of 1,500,000 Germans, at Temple of flying field, where they were addressed by Hitler.
Transfer of Power President Hindenburg is greeted by the new Chancellor. Hindenburg died in 1934, not long after this photo was taken, but rather than hold new presidential elections, Hitler and his cabinet passed a law declaring the presidency dormant and transferred the roll and powers of the head of state to the fuhrer, thereby giving him command of the military. Mass Meeting Gigantic political rallies became a staple of life in the new Nazi Germany. At this gathering at Buckeberg in 1934, the Führer passes risers of flag-bearing members of the SA.
Hitler, Hindenberg, and Goering: Chancellor Adolf Hitler, President and Field Marshall Paul von Hindenburg, and Minister Hermann Goering at the Tannenberg Memorial. A year later Hindenberg would be dead, and Hitler sole leader of Germany. Adolf Hitler at Hindenburg's Funera: Adolf Hitler (lower center, walking) at the state funeral for President Paul von Hindenburg in August 7, 1934. Five days previous, when the President died, Hitler, the Chancellor, declared himself Fuhrer
Passports were stamped with a red J, Jews had Israel put into their names. http://www.history.ucsb.edu/faculty/marcuse/classes/33d/33d05/33d05L08KNacht.htm
Expansion After pressuring Austria to join with Germany, Hitler turned his sights on a German-speaking region of Czechoslovakia, called the Sudatenland. At a summit held in Munich in 1938, the allies agreed to allow Germany to annex the lands. In the fall of that year, Nazi vehicles paraded triumphantly through one of the district's towns.
Orange is Sudetenland. October 1938 – Appeasement, “Peace in our time” – Munich Pact Cropped image of what first appeared in the Nazi party newspaper Völkischer Beobachter , ostensibly depicting a Sudeten German woman in Asch crying tears of joy when Hitler crossed the border in 1938. Allied propaganda later used the cropped image with other interpretations. What else could it mean???
The Night of Broken Glass On November 8, 1938, Nazis and others smashed windows and ransacked thousands of Jewish shops in numerous German cities and villages. The coordinated attacks were the first large-scale, openly anti-Semitic act of the Third Reich. Note how the headline makes it sound like the German government (Goebbels) stopped the riot, when it actually started it.
Salute to Evil By 1938, Hitler was the supreme leader of Germany. Within a year, his aggressive policies would plunge Europe into war and his racist ideas would find horrific implementation. It is estimated that over ten million people, including six million Jews, died in the German death camps.
An economic agreement, signed on August 19, 1939, provided that Germany would exchange manufactured goods for Soviet raw materials. Nazi Germany and the Soviet Union also signed a ten-year nonaggression pact on August 23, 1939, in which each signatory promised not to attack the other. German forces invaded the Soviet Union on June 22, 1941, less than two years after the German-Soviet Pact was signed.
The first gassings of prisoners occur in Auschwitz I. The SS tests Zyklon B gas by killing 600 Soviet prisoners of war and 250 other ill or weak prisoners.
Hitler's Rise to Power
The NSDAP and Totalitarian Rule Rise of Hitler Timeline
July 1932: NSDAP wins elections with 37% of the vote. http://www.time.com/time/photogallery/0,29307,1707887,00.html http://www.life.com/image/50654688/in-gallery/26982/adolf-hitler-among-the-crowds http://www.time.com/time/photogallery/0,29307,1707887_1525747,00.html#ixzz1BWQiAFeZ
Feb. 27, 1933: A fire destroys the Reichstag. Hitler blames the communists. Feb. 28, 1933: Hitler proclaims a national emergency. Freedoms of speech, assembly, and press are suspended.
March 1933: Reichstag passes legislation giving Hitler the power to make laws without approval of the parliament. The Nazis influence all aspects of German life.
August, 1934: President Hindenburg dies. Hitler declares himself president, chancellor, and Fuhrer of Germany.
Jan. 1933: President Hindenburg appoints Hitler chancellor (like the US president).
1934: Hitler begins eliminating his opponents. Leader of the SPD
September 15, 1935 The Nuremburg Laws Anti-semitic laws passed.
1934-1938: Hitler rejects the Versailles treaty, reoccupies the Rhineland and annexes Austria (March 1938).
April 27th, 1937: Spanish town of Guernica bombed by the Nazis during the Spanish Civil War. This type of total war was a preview for things to come in WWII.
September 30, 1938 The Munich Pact is signed by Hitler and British PM Neville Chamberlain. Hitler agrees to cease expansion. Chamberlain proclaimed, “Peace for our time!”
October 1, 1938: Hitler annexes the Sudetenland (parts of Czechoslovakia).
November 8, 1938: Kristallnacht (The Night of Broken Glass) Nazis and supporters vandalize Jewish business and synagogues.
September 1939: Hitler invades Poland, WWII begins. Photo timeline
September 3, 1941: First Jews are killed in the gas chamber at the Auschwitz concentration camp. WWII Animated Map
<ul><li>Quick Write: </li></ul><ul><li>Patriotism: devoted love, support, and defense of one's country; national loyalty. </li></ul><ul><li>What qualities define patriotism? </li></ul><ul><li>Who are some patriotic Americans? Why are they patriotic? </li></ul><ul><li>In what ways can Americans be patriotic today? </li></ul>
<ul><li>Rate the following values from 1 to 5: </li></ul><ul><li>1 = Strongly support </li></ul><ul><li>2 = Support </li></ul><ul><li>3 = Undecided </li></ul><ul><li>4 = oppose </li></ul><ul><li>5 = Strongly Oppose </li></ul><ul><li>No government should be allowed to endanger the life and safety of its citizens without their consent. </li></ul><ul><li>The government should ensure that a person who is willing to hard is able to acquire a secure job, a nice home, and a comfortable lifestyle. </li></ul><ul><li>A citizen has the responsibility to obey and support the legitimate leaders of his or her nation. </li></ul><ul><li>Being happy is the most important thing in life , and the government should not interfere with individual happiness. </li></ul><ul><li>An individual should place the safety and well-being of his or her family above all else. </li></ul><ul><li>God’s laws are more important than man’s laws. </li></ul><ul><li>“ I regret I have but one life to give for my country” </li></ul>
1 = Strongly support 2 = Support 3 = Undecided 4 = Oppose 5 = Strongly Oppose H. Being successful is the most important thing in life. I. Individuals should be permitted by the government to express what they believe, regardless of who disagrees with them. J. All people have a duty to care for their fellow human beings. K. Individual citizens should accept that the interests of the nation take priority over their personal interests.