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  1. 1. Communism in China
  2. 2. Answer these questions inany order:-What are the peopledoing?-What do you see aboutmodernization?-What colors are used?-Why do you think this painting isentitled, Don’t Depend on theGods?-What do you see in theslide?-What does the painting suggestabout how the artist feels aboutthe future of China?
  3. 3. I. Geography ofChinaa. Physical Geographyb. Demographics (People)c. One-Child policy
  4. 4. What do yousee?Whatgeographicalareas are there?What mightallow China tosustain thelargestpopulation in theworld?
  5. 5. RainfallRainfall
  6. 6. •80% Rural•20% Urban•96% live in the West•1.3 billion people
  7. 7. Victoria Peak, Hong Kong
  8. 8. The Danshan, Sichuan Province Nonguang Village Public Affairs Bulletin Board in September 2005noted that RMB 25,000 in social compensation fees were owed in 2005. Thus far 11,500 RMB hadbeen collected leaving another 13,500 RMB to be collected.
  9. 9. Rural Sichuan roadside sign: "It is forbidden to discriminate against, mistreat or abandon babygirls."
  10. 10. II. Fall of Dynastic China•2,000 years of dynasties•Emperors had a “mandate from heaven”
  11. 11. The Forbidden City, home to the Emperors of the Ming and Qing Dynasties. Beijing.
  12. 12. •Qing Dynasty 1644-1912•Corrupt, unequal taxation thatfavored the rich
  13. 13. •Opium Wars•British wanted to tradeopium, eventually defeatedthe Chinese and gainedaccess.•The Qing dynasty ends•War costs•Corruption•Taxation•British influence
  14. 14. Bulletin posted by the Beijing Military ControlCommission on the cancellation of the right of foreigncountries to station armies in Beijing and on the recoveryof foreign military camps in Beijing.
  15. 15. At the 1924 inauguration of the Whampoa Military Academy, Sun Yat-sen delivered aspeech that would later become the lyrics of the ROCs national Anthem.•Sun Yat-sen
  16. 16. III. The Communist Revolutiona. Rise of Mao Zedongb. Civil Warc. Communist Victory 1949
  17. 17. •The Rise of Mao Zedong and the Communist Party•Civil War in China – Mao Zedong vs. Chiang Kai-shek, Communists vs. Nationalists•Victory of the Communists in 1949"The PeoplesLiberation Army isA School of MaoZedong thought.”
  18. 18. •The Long March – 6,000 out of 90,000 communists survived
  19. 19. Soldiers of the victorious Peoples Liberation Army entered Beijing in June 1949.
  20. 20. IV. The Influence of SovietSocialisma. Challengesb. Soviet-Influenced 5-year planc. Breaking Ties with the Soviets
  21. 21. Chinese soldiers cross into North Korea to fight against the United States and South Korea.1950.
  22. 22. Soviet Ambassador to China Roschin is shown here presenting credentials to Chairman MaoZedong on October 16, 1949.
  23. 23. Chinese children learn about Soviet dictator Joseph Stalin.
  24. 24. Like the Soviets, China supported Communists movements around the world. Guo Moruo,vice-chairman of Standing Committee of the National People’s Congress, pictured with FidelCastro in Cuba.
  25. 25. Like the Soviets, China supported Communists movements around the world. Guo Moruo,vice-chairman of Standing Committee of the National People’s Congress, pictured with FidelCastro in Cuba.
  26. 26. Collective Farming
  27. 27. V. The Great Leap Forwarda. What was the Great Leap?b. ResultsPropaganda poster of thesteel production objective.The text reads: "Take steelas the key link, leap forwardin all fields".
  28. 28. After the Beidaihe Meeting, 90 million people in the country got involved in “backyard” steelmaking, resulting intremendous waste of manpower and resources. Small blast furnaces such as those shown here could be seen every-where in the country.
  29. 29. The Great Leap Forward
  30. 30. VI. The Cultural Revolutiona. What was the Cultural Revolution?b. Aftermath of the Cultural RevolutionSmash the Old World!"Let the new socialistic performing arts occupy every stage.", 1967
  31. 31. The Little Red Book
  32. 32. "Long Live Chairman Mao!"
  33. 33. "Chairman Mao is the red sun in our hearts."
  34. 34. "Increase battle alertness to defend the mother country"The Red Guard
  35. 35. VII. Reforms of Deng Xiaopinga. Shifting Leadership from Mao Zedong to Deng Xiaopingb. Economic reforms in Agriculture and Industry
  36. 36. Deng Xiaopeng speaks in front of the United Nations in 1974.
  37. 37. VIII. Protest for Democracy atTiananmen Squarea. The Call for Political Reformb. Tiananmen Square
  38. 38. "The Goddess of Democracy" carved by students fromthe Central Academy of Fine Arts and erected in theSquare during the protest.
  39. 39. Tiananmen Square
  40. 40. The Unknown Rebel - This famous photo, taken on 5 June 1989 by photographer Jeff Widener, depicts a loneprotester who tried to stop four advancing tanks until he was pulled into the crowd by several onlookers.