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Causes of WWI
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  • Compare to having a house plan before building a house.
  • Peace through superior firepower Standing armies make war easier


  • 1. Causes of World War I Background Knowledge Who: When: Where: How was it fought (technologies?) : Who won: Cause (why?) : Effects:
  • 2. Battle of the Somme, France, 1916
  • 3.  
  • 4. How did World War I Start?
  • 5. Arms Races
    • Countries raced to get the best weapons.
    • Tanks, machine guns, airplanes and chemical weapons raisied the potential for destruction.
    http://www.makingthemodernworld.org.uk/stories/the_age_of_the_mass/04.ST.01/?scene=2 http://www.makingthemodernworld.org.uk/stories/the_age_of_the_mass/04.ST.01/?scene=3
  • 6.  
  • 7. Schlieffen Plan
    • Due to previous wars, Germany had bad relations with France to its east and Russia to its west.
    • The Schlieffen Plan was a German plan made before the war that proposed a strategy for defeating France.
    • The plan was to defeat France quickly on the western front, leaving time to prepare for the Russian assault from the east.
    Alfred Graf von Schlieffen
  • 8.  
  • 9. Militarism
    • Militarism is the idea that a government best serves its people by having a strong military.
    • Militaristic countries have huge standing armies ready for action.
  • 10. Competition for Trade and Resources
    • With capitalism , countries competed for trade in different markets (e.g. Textiles).
    • No one likes to lose.
    • Tensions between countries grew as competition of new markets intensified.
    • European countries wanted each other’s colonies
  • 11.  
  • 12. Ethnic and Political Rivalries
    • The Austro-Hungarian empire included many ethnic groups including Slavs, Czechs, Serbs, and Slovaks who felt unrepresented by the government.
    • Slavs and Russians are similar ethnic groups.
    • Russia supported the defense of the Slavs.
  • 13.  
  • 14. Alliances
    • Web of treaties
    • Triple Alliance vs. Triple Entente
    • Or, Central Powers vs. Allies
  • 15. Franz Ferdinand
  • 16.