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Open Source and Open Data
                              in the Age of the Cloud

                                         ...
“Major Strasser has been shot...
        Round up the usual suspects”




Tuesday, April 20, 2010
Tuesday, April 20, 2010
Tuesday, April 20, 2010
Tuesday, April 20, 2010
Tuesday, April 20, 2010
Tuesday, April 20, 2010
Tuesday, April 20, 2010
Tuesday, April 20, 2010
Tuesday, April 20, 2010
Open Source            Web 2.0   Cloud Computing

        “You keep using that word. I do not think it
        means what ...
Just what does it mean?




Tuesday, April 20, 2010
“I’m an inventor.
                           I became interested in
                           long term trends
          ...
You may think of me as a book publisher




Tuesday, April 20, 2010
Tuesday, April 20, 2010
Tuesday, April 20, 2010
What We Really Do At O'Reilly




                          Change the world by spreading the
                            ...
O’Reilly Radar Methodology
    “The future is here. It’s just not evenly distributed
     yet.” - William Gibson
    We ...
<1>




Tuesday, April 20, 2010
Tuesday, April 20, 2010
Tuesday, April 20, 2010
Tuesday, April 20, 2010
Tuesday, April 20, 2010
Tuesday, April 20, 2010
Tuesday, April 20, 2010
Innovation in Action
    Hackers build devices that show off possible
     futures
    Entrepreneurs and innovative comp...
The cloud future includes...
    Devices acting as sensors for intelligent data
     collection
    Devices whose UI is ...
<2>




Tuesday, April 20, 2010
Tuesday, April 20, 2010
Tuesday, April 20, 2010
What we see here
    Peer-to-peer credit card payments
    Social networks used for risk evaluation

    The PC is out ...
<3>




Tuesday, April 20, 2010
The Yelp Monocle
    Find cafes nearby.




Tuesday, April 20, 2010
Tuesday, April 20, 2010
Tuesday, April 20, 2010
Tuesday, April 20, 2010
<4>




Tuesday, April 20, 2010
Tuesday, April 20, 2010
Tuesday, April 20, 2010
Crowdsourcing includes the use of
                                humans as sensors




Tuesday, April 20, 2010
Tuesday, April 20, 2010
AMEE - the world’s energy meter




Tuesday, April 20, 2010
We’re moving to a world in which every device
        generates useful data, in which every action
        creates “inform...
<5>




Tuesday, April 20, 2010
The smart phone plus local search. Today pizza,




                              Pazzia, 337 3rd Street
                 ...
An application running on a
                 mobile device whose user
                 interface is driven by sensors:

  ...
An application that depends on
                 cooperating cloud data services:

                 - Speech recognition
  ...
An application that applies
                 context-sensitive filters to give
                 users just the information...
In real time




Tuesday, April 20, 2010
<6>




Tuesday, April 20, 2010
Tuesday, April 20, 2010
•Search in plain English
                          •Search by voice
                          •Traffic view
              ...
An application that
                 depends on cooperating
                 cloud data services:

                 - Loca...
Cloud Computing

        “You keep using that word. I do not think it
        means what you think it means.”




Tuesday,...
Tuesday, April 20, 2010
The Internet Operating System is
                      A Data Operating System




Tuesday, April 20, 2010
The Internet Operating System is a Data Operating System
    It helps applications find out about
          –    People
 ...
In Real Time




Tuesday, April 20, 2010
Tuesday, April 20, 2010
Tuesday, April 20, 2010
This is the 21st century data challenge
       Not transactions
       Not data warehouses and business intelligence
   ...
This is the world that Drupal
                          must be designed to support




Tuesday, April 20, 2010
Tuesday, April 20, 2010
Tuesday, April 20, 2010
Tuesday, April 20, 2010
Tuesday, April 20, 2010
Tuesday, April 20, 2010
A good start, but is it enough?




Tuesday, April 20, 2010
Who will own the Internet Operating System?




Tuesday, April 20, 2010
Do we want anyone to own it?




Tuesday, April 20, 2010
If not, we’d better get busy!




Tuesday, April 20, 2010
Tuesday, April 20, 2010
Tuesday, April 20, 2010
Tuesday, April 20, 2010
Who Owns What
         Chart Title?

                                                            Other

         Infrastru...
“In the future, being a developer on
                   someone’s platform will mean being hosted
                   on th...
Who Owns What
         Chart Title?

                                                             Other

          Infrast...
Interoperable web services, open data, and
        standard protocols are at least as important as
        open source



...
The underdog is the ally of open source




Tuesday, April 20, 2010
Potential open source supporters
       Search: Microsoft
       Maps: Microsoft, Nokia,Yelp, Foursquare
       Speech:...
Tuesday, April 20, 2010
Tuesday, April 20, 2010
Tuesday, April 20, 2010
Tuesday, April 20, 2010
Tuesday, April 20, 2010
Tuesday, April 20, 2010
Corporate data sharing
    There’s a lot of data in the world




Tuesday, April 20, 2010
Switching tracks (a bit)...




Tuesday, April 20, 2010
Tuesday, April 20, 2010
Tuesday, April 20, 2010
Tuesday, April 20, 2010
Tuesday, April 20, 2010
Tuesday, April 20, 2010
Tuesday, April 20, 2010
Tuesday, April 20, 2010
Tuesday, April 20, 2010
Tuesday, April 20, 2010
Tuesday, April 20, 2010
Tuesday, April 20, 2010
Tuesday, April 20, 2010
What’s wrong with Government today




Tuesday, April 20, 2010
Vending Machine Government




                                        Vending Machine Gov concept from Donald Kettl:
    ...
We Need to Do More Than Shake
                          the Vending Machine!




                             http://image...
Tuesday, April 20, 2010
Tuesday, April 20, 2010
Tuesday, April 20, 2010
Drupal is a DIY tool! But so is Arduino.
                          Keep rediscovering the DIY spirit.




Tuesday, April 2...
Work on stuff that matters!




Tuesday, April 20, 2010
For more information
   The Open Source Paradigm Shift (2003)
    http://bit.ly/cKLSUP
   What is Web 2.0? (2005)
    ht...
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Drupalcon keynote: Open Source and Open Data in the age of the cloud

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My keynote at Drupalcon SF on April 20, 2009. Similar to my talk at OSBC, MySQL and Greenplum, but with a bit of a drupal twist. Ending riff on DIY inspired by Isaiah Saxon's comments on my MySQL keynote.

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Transcript of "Drupalcon keynote: Open Source and Open Data in the age of the cloud"

  1. 1. Open Source and Open Data in the Age of the Cloud Tim O’Reilly DrupalCon San Francisco, CA April 20, 2010 Tuesday, April 20, 2010
  2. 2. “Major Strasser has been shot... Round up the usual suspects” Tuesday, April 20, 2010
  3. 3. Tuesday, April 20, 2010
  4. 4. Tuesday, April 20, 2010
  5. 5. Tuesday, April 20, 2010
  6. 6. Tuesday, April 20, 2010
  7. 7. Tuesday, April 20, 2010
  8. 8. Tuesday, April 20, 2010
  9. 9. Tuesday, April 20, 2010
  10. 10. Tuesday, April 20, 2010
  11. 11. Open Source Web 2.0 Cloud Computing “You keep using that word. I do not think it means what you think it means.” Tuesday, April 20, 2010
  12. 12. Just what does it mean? Tuesday, April 20, 2010
  13. 13. “I’m an inventor. I became interested in long term trends because an invention has to make sense in the world in which it is finished, not the world in which it is started.” -Ray Kurzweil Tuesday, April 20, 2010
  14. 14. You may think of me as a book publisher Tuesday, April 20, 2010
  15. 15. Tuesday, April 20, 2010
  16. 16. Tuesday, April 20, 2010
  17. 17. What We Really Do At O'Reilly Change the world by spreading the knowledge of innovators Tuesday, April 20, 2010
  18. 18. O’Reilly Radar Methodology  “The future is here. It’s just not evenly distributed yet.” - William Gibson  We “watch the alpha geeks” and think about the futures they are living in  We then look for trend data that tells us that a particular future is becoming mainstream  I’m going to tell you some seemingly unconnected technology stories from the front lines of innovation. Then we’re going to connect the dots. Tuesday, April 20, 2010
  19. 19. <1> Tuesday, April 20, 2010
  20. 20. Tuesday, April 20, 2010
  21. 21. Tuesday, April 20, 2010
  22. 22. Tuesday, April 20, 2010
  23. 23. Tuesday, April 20, 2010
  24. 24. Tuesday, April 20, 2010
  25. 25. Tuesday, April 20, 2010
  26. 26. Innovation in Action  Hackers build devices that show off possible futures  Entrepreneurs and innovative companies take these futures and push them to the mainstream Tuesday, April 20, 2010
  27. 27. The cloud future includes...  Devices acting as sensors for intelligent data collection  Devices whose UI is on the web rather than the device  Feeding data into multiple online services that will turn into a full-on sensor web  Setting the stage for robotics, augmented reality, and the next generation of personal electronics Tuesday, April 20, 2010
  28. 28. <2> Tuesday, April 20, 2010
  29. 29. Tuesday, April 20, 2010
  30. 30. Tuesday, April 20, 2010
  31. 31. What we see here  Peer-to-peer credit card payments  Social networks used for risk evaluation  The PC is out of the loop  The phone is a sensor platform – Hardware add-on innovation – Location based sensing – Touch screen UI  Processing is done in real time in the cloud – Allowing processing that can’t be done on the device – Big data analysis – Building new networks on the back of existing ones  Reinventing a major industry Tuesday, April 20, 2010
  32. 32. <3> Tuesday, April 20, 2010
  33. 33. The Yelp Monocle  Find cafes nearby. Tuesday, April 20, 2010
  34. 34. Tuesday, April 20, 2010
  35. 35. Tuesday, April 20, 2010
  36. 36. Tuesday, April 20, 2010
  37. 37. <4> Tuesday, April 20, 2010
  38. 38. Tuesday, April 20, 2010
  39. 39. Tuesday, April 20, 2010
  40. 40. Crowdsourcing includes the use of humans as sensors Tuesday, April 20, 2010
  41. 41. Tuesday, April 20, 2010
  42. 42. AMEE - the world’s energy meter Tuesday, April 20, 2010
  43. 43. We’re moving to a world in which every device generates useful data, in which every action creates “information shadows” on the net. Tuesday, April 20, 2010
  44. 44. <5> Tuesday, April 20, 2010
  45. 45. The smart phone plus local search. Today pizza, Pazzia, 337 3rd Street California Pizza Kitchen, 53 3rd Street Blondie’s Pizza. 63 Powell Street Tuesday, April 20, 2010
  46. 46. An application running on a mobile device whose user interface is driven by sensors: - Touch screen - Motion and proximity sensors - Microphone - GPS or cell tower triangulation Tuesday, April 20, 2010
  47. 47. An application that depends on cooperating cloud data services: - Speech recognition - Search - Location data Tuesday, April 20, 2010
  48. 48. An application that applies context-sensitive filters to give users just the information they need. Tuesday, April 20, 2010
  49. 49. In real time Tuesday, April 20, 2010
  50. 50. <6> Tuesday, April 20, 2010
  51. 51. Tuesday, April 20, 2010
  52. 52. •Search in plain English •Search by voice •Traffic view •Search along route •Satellite view •Street view Tuesday, April 20, 2010
  53. 53. An application that depends on cooperating cloud data services: - Location - Search - Speech recognition - Live Traffic - Imagery Tuesday, April 20, 2010
  54. 54. Cloud Computing “You keep using that word. I do not think it means what you think it means.” Tuesday, April 20, 2010
  55. 55. Tuesday, April 20, 2010
  56. 56. The Internet Operating System is A Data Operating System Tuesday, April 20, 2010
  57. 57. The Internet Operating System is a Data Operating System  It helps applications find out about – People – Places – Things – Prices – Documents – Images – Sounds – Relationships – ...  and helps people interact with them through services – Search – Payment – Matching and Recognition – ... Tuesday, April 20, 2010
  58. 58. In Real Time Tuesday, April 20, 2010
  59. 59. Tuesday, April 20, 2010
  60. 60. Tuesday, April 20, 2010
  61. 61. This is the 21st century data challenge  Not transactions  Not data warehouses and business intelligence  Not database-backed web sites  Not even NoSQL-backed web services  Real time cloud-based intelligence delivered to mobile applications  Algorithmic intelligence Tuesday, April 20, 2010
  62. 62. This is the world that Drupal must be designed to support Tuesday, April 20, 2010
  63. 63. Tuesday, April 20, 2010
  64. 64. Tuesday, April 20, 2010
  65. 65. Tuesday, April 20, 2010
  66. 66. Tuesday, April 20, 2010
  67. 67. Tuesday, April 20, 2010
  68. 68. A good start, but is it enough? Tuesday, April 20, 2010
  69. 69. Who will own the Internet Operating System? Tuesday, April 20, 2010
  70. 70. Do we want anyone to own it? Tuesday, April 20, 2010
  71. 71. If not, we’d better get busy! Tuesday, April 20, 2010
  72. 72. Tuesday, April 20, 2010
  73. 73. Tuesday, April 20, 2010
  74. 74. Tuesday, April 20, 2010
  75. 75. Who Owns What Chart Title? Other Infrastructure As a Service Storage — — Computation — — Hosted SaaS Apps — Media access Music — Video — Books — — — — — Web Content — Photos — — — Monetization Advertising — — Payment Location Maps & Directions — — — Real Time Location Detection — — Calendaring/Scheduling — Social Graph — — Communications Email — — Voice — — Chat — — Video — — Sensor Management Speech Recognition — — Image Recognition — — — Mobile Device OS — Mobile Device Hardware — Web Browser — — Strong o ering Medium o ering Getting started — Not on the board yet Tuesday, April 20, 2010
  76. 76. “In the future, being a developer on someone’s platform will mean being hosted on their infrastructure.” - Debra Chrapaty, VP Windows Live (2006) Tuesday, April 20, 2010
  77. 77. Who Owns What Chart Title? Other Infrastructure As a Service Storage — — Computation — — Hosted SaaS Apps — Media access Music — Video — Books — — — — — Web Content — Photos — — — Monetization Advertising — — Payment Location Maps & Directions — — — Real Time Location Detection — — Calendaring/Scheduling — Social Graph — — Communications Email — — Voice — — Chat — — Video — — Sensor Management Speech Recognition — — Image Recognition — — — Mobile Device OS — Mobile Device Hardware — Web Browser — — Strong o ering Medium o ering Getting started — Not on the board yet Tuesday, April 20, 2010
  78. 78. Interoperable web services, open data, and standard protocols are at least as important as open source Tuesday, April 20, 2010
  79. 79. The underdog is the ally of open source Tuesday, April 20, 2010
  80. 80. Potential open source supporters  Search: Microsoft  Maps: Microsoft, Nokia,Yelp, Foursquare  Speech: Nuance, Microsoft  Social Graph: Google  Payment: Paypal  Cloud infrastructure: VMware  Smartphones: Google  Device Operating Systems: Google Tuesday, April 20, 2010
  81. 81. Tuesday, April 20, 2010
  82. 82. Tuesday, April 20, 2010
  83. 83. Tuesday, April 20, 2010
  84. 84. Tuesday, April 20, 2010
  85. 85. Tuesday, April 20, 2010
  86. 86. Tuesday, April 20, 2010
  87. 87. Corporate data sharing  There’s a lot of data in the world Tuesday, April 20, 2010
  88. 88. Switching tracks (a bit)... Tuesday, April 20, 2010
  89. 89. Tuesday, April 20, 2010
  90. 90. Tuesday, April 20, 2010
  91. 91. Tuesday, April 20, 2010
  92. 92. Tuesday, April 20, 2010
  93. 93. Tuesday, April 20, 2010
  94. 94. Tuesday, April 20, 2010
  95. 95. Tuesday, April 20, 2010
  96. 96. Tuesday, April 20, 2010
  97. 97. Tuesday, April 20, 2010
  98. 98. Tuesday, April 20, 2010
  99. 99. Tuesday, April 20, 2010
  100. 100. Tuesday, April 20, 2010
  101. 101. What’s wrong with Government today Tuesday, April 20, 2010
  102. 102. Vending Machine Government Vending Machine Gov concept from Donald Kettl: The Next Government of the United States Tuesday, April 20, 2010
  103. 103. We Need to Do More Than Shake the Vending Machine! http://image06.webshots.com/6/2/57/50/190125750NgQXwu_ph.jpg Tuesday, April 20, 2010
  104. 104. Tuesday, April 20, 2010
  105. 105. Tuesday, April 20, 2010
  106. 106. Tuesday, April 20, 2010
  107. 107. Drupal is a DIY tool! But so is Arduino. Keep rediscovering the DIY spirit. Tuesday, April 20, 2010
  108. 108. Work on stuff that matters! Tuesday, April 20, 2010
  109. 109. For more information  The Open Source Paradigm Shift (2003) http://bit.ly/cKLSUP  What is Web 2.0? (2005) http://oreil.ly/a0zT65  Web Squared: Web 2.0 Five Years On (2009) http://bit.ly/kEKgs  Government as a Platform (2010) http://opengovernment.labs.oreilly.com/  Ongoing commentary http://radar.oreilly.com http://twitter.com/timoreilly http://buzz.google.com/timoreilly Tuesday, April 20, 2010
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