Drug abuse (prepared by metho)

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Drugs abuse, Types of abused drugs, their effect, prevention treatments...... :)

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Drug abuse (prepared by metho)

  1. 1. Drug Abuse Md. Tajul Islam Metho 10th Batch Roll - 23
  2. 2. Route of Administration • • • • Oral Injection Smoking Snorting Drugs (sniffers)
  3. 3. Factors for addiction • • • • • • • • • Genetic problem Curiosity to drugs Novelty Love Age Emotion Sociological state Financial problem Lack of Education
  4. 4. Classes of Abused Drugs • • • • • • Stimulant Depressant Opiates Cannabinoids Hallucinogens Others
  5. 5. Stimulants • • • • • Cocaine Amphetamine Methamphetamine Caffeine Nicotine
  6. 6. Effects of Stimulants – – – – – – – Wakefulness Alertness Increased energy Restlessness Euphoria Confusion Reduced appetite, increased talkativeness – Increased breathing and heart rate – Elevated blood pressure
  7. 7. Depressant • Alcohol -Rum, Beer, Whisky • Barbiturates -Phenobarbital, Secobarbital, Thiopental • Benzodiazepine -Diazepam, Bromazepam, Clonazepam
  8. 8. Effects of Depressant • • • • • Highly addictive Produces sedation, Dizziness, Hypnosis, anxiety Permanently damage the developing fetus
  9. 9. Opiates • • • • • Opium Morphine Heroine Codeine Pentazocine
  10. 10. Effects of Opiates • • • • Strong Analgesic Strong drugs dependency Chronic constipation Lowered rate of breathing • Lowered blood pressure
  11. 11. Cannabinoids Effects Such as – Marijuana – TetrahydroCannabinols (THC) – Hashish – Ganja •Depression, anxiety •Blood infection •Lung disorders •Possibility for cancer •Strong Drug Dependency
  12. 12. Hallucinogens • LSD • MDMA Effects (3,4-methylenedioxy-N- methylamphetamine) • Phencyclidine • Mescaline • Psilocybin • • • • • • • • • Rapid breathing Increase in blood pressure Increase body temperature Increase heart rate Dizziness, nausea and vomiting Weight loss Loss of apatite Sleep disorders Physical and mental dependency
  13. 13. Others • Glues • Paint thinners • Sprays
  14. 14. Treatment • By medication such as- Neltrixon for opiates, alcohol addicted person - Bupropion used to treat tobacco addiction • • • • • Counseling and support Family and Group therapy Changing life style Making concentration to work Rehabilitation
  15. 15. Prevention • Making a legislation control over narcotic and illegal drugs • Controlling the production and dispensing of these drugs • Controlling the availability of these drugs • Dispensing only according to a registered physicians prescription • By spreading knowledge about the disastrous effect of abused drugs
  16. 16. Reference • http://www.medindia.net/patients/patientin • http://www.drugabuse.gov/publications/dr
  17. 17. ?

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