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The Future of Learning
 

The Future of Learning

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Public Keynote presented at LearnTEC 2011 Tradefair and Learning Technologies Conference, Karlsruhe, Germany. February 2, 2011.

Public Keynote presented at LearnTEC 2011 Tradefair and Learning Technologies Conference, Karlsruhe, Germany. February 2, 2011.

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  • Preparing next generations for a future we as their teachers cannot know indeed supports your cry for more informal learning. Web x.0 clearly enables learning in personalized way regarding time, space and content. However, I dislike the rather naïve paean of praise of collaboration and collective intelligence.
    Let us have quick look back in history to make this clearer: Major breakthroughs in sciences (natural, social, religious etc.) have usually not been achieved by just making a statement. Rather the evolved out of process including, as a basis, quite a lot cognitive work done by one single person/ a few persons and, as a desired follow-up, some sort of peer review. The main point about this is: This way of generating knowledge takes time. And I would like to state: It is the only one. (Just consider the possibility of replacing a whole PhD-thesis by publishing three articles and the like.)
    Surely, Web 2.0 gives a voice to everyone and can thus help democratizing our world. However, it is no coincidence that representive democracy evolved out of the need for having experts with the capability and enough time to acquire deep knowledge in a certain matter. Giving those the floor, on the other hand, who are capable of reducing issues and their so called solutions to a maximum of three columns in a Tweet, a Facebook massages or a forum comment means a step backwards. Not only a long grown culture of developing ideas is at stake by balancing reasons and comparing arguments. Web x.0 allows instant sharing of information. That is not necessarily a bad thing, on the contrary: Being able to spread e.g. new treatment options is for sure a boon to humanity.
    The point is rather that the point of generating content is becoming the point of publishing that content. There is no time left for further reflection, peer review etc. to guarantee a minimum of quality. Having a look in forums – and even under this very comment – supports that point of view.
    Summing up, I would like to encourage every teacher to discuss social media in language teaching; simply because we have to overcome this unsatisfactory way of connecting information. Instead of trying to comment on everything and classify everything in antipodes like like/dislike we should help generations to come to develop a deeper understanding of evolution of knowledge and the fundamental ability to create and balance arguments. This is nothing short of a requirement to solve problems to come. A little more effort for a more elaborated debate culture is not the worst point to start at :)
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  • Thanks for the info
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  • interesting in deed
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  • u sure know what your talking about iv lent a lot
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  • I love this presentation is very innovative..........
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    The Future of Learning The Future of Learning Presentation Transcript

    • The Future of Learning:Web 2.0 and the Smart eXtended Web
      Steve Wheeler
      University of Plymouth, UK
      LearnTEC, Karlsruhe, Germany: 2 February 2011
    • TheFuture...?
      It is very difficult to predict the future. It’s difficult to even predict what will happen in the next year.
      Steve Wheeler, University of Plymouth, 2011
      www.abebooks.com
    • TheFuture...?
      When he saw a demonstration of the telephone in 1880, a U.S Mayor declared: “One day every town in America will have a telephone!”
      Steve Wheeler, University of Plymouth, 2011
      www.abebooks.com
    • Here’s a problem for teachers:
      “For the first time we are preparing students for a future we cannot clearly describe.”
      -David Warlick
      Steve Wheeler, University of Plymouth, 2011
      http://communications.nottingham.ac.uk/podcasts/
    • Formal and Informal learning
      Shouldn’t we now start to blend formal and informal learning?
      Informal Learning
      Formal Learning
      Steve Wheeler, University of Plymouth, 2011
      80%
      20%
      Source: Cofer, D. (2000). Informal Workplace Learning.
    • Is learning simply about gaining knowledge...?
      Steve Wheeler, University of Plymouth, 2011
      www.newmediamusings.com
    • Steve Wheeler, University of Plymouth, 2011
      ... or about making connections?
    • Funnels and Webs
      http://zumu.com
      One size does not fit all
      Steve Wheeler, University of Plymouth, 2011
      Participation,
      not passive reception of knowledge
      Ivan Illich
    • “It's not what you know that counts anymore. It's what you can learn.”
      – Don Tapscott
      Steve Wheeler, University of Plymouth, 2011
      Connections to your community of practice
      http://www.nationalpost.com
    • Digital Natives?
      The Net Generation?
      Steve Wheeler, University of Plymouth, 2011
      http://socialenterpriseambassadors.org.uk
      We shouldn’t be categorising learners like this!
    • Digital Natives?
      Expectations
      .....are not the same as...
      Steve Wheeler, University of Plymouth, 2011
      Net Generation?
      Needs
      http://socialenterpriseambassadors.org.uk
    • Learners enjoy learning when it’s engaging and fun!
      Steve Wheeler, University of Plymouth, 2011
    • Engaging and fun!
      Serious games
      Interactive narratives
      Steve Wheeler, University of Plymouth, 2011
      Role play simulations
      Massively Online Role Playing Games
    • anytime
      personalised
      anyplace
      Steve Wheeler, University of Plymouth, 2011
      http://ithalas.com
    • Learners will need new ‘literacies’
      Social networking
      Privacy maintenance
      Identity management
      Creating content
      Organising content
      Reusing and repurposing
      Filtering and selecting
      Self broadcasting
      Steve Wheeler, University of Plymouth, 2011
      http://www.mopocket.com/
    • Learners will need new ‘literacies’
      Social networking
      Privacy maintenance
      Identity management
      Creating content
      Organising content
      Reusing and repurposing
      Filtering and selecting
      Self broadcasting
      The new web environments are game changers. learners now need new (digital) literacies
      Steve Wheeler, University of Plymouth, 2011
      http://www.mopocket.com/
    • Steve Wheeler, University of Plymouth, 2011
      http://www3.ntu.edu.sg
      Personalised Learning?
    • Steve Wheeler, University of Plymouth, 2011
      http://www.flickr.com/photos/luc/
      Personalised Learning?
    • Personalisation of learning means ensuring that individual differences are acknowledged
      Steve Wheeler, University of Plymouth, 2011
    • Personal Learning Environments
      PLEs are not only personal web tools and personal learning networks. PLEs are much wider than this, taking in experiences and realia, as well as learning through TV, music, paper based materials, radio & more formal contexts.
      Personal
      Learning
      Network
      Personal
      Learning
      Environment
      Steve Wheeler, University of Plymouth, 2011
      Learning content is not as important now as where (or who) to connect to, to find it.
      Personal
      Web Tools
      PWTs are any web tools, (usually Web 2.0) chosen by learners to support their lifelong learning.
      Source: http://steve-wheeler.blogspot.com/2010/07/anatomy-of-ple.html
    • Intuitive handheld devices
      Natural gesture interface
      Steve Wheeler, University of Plymouth, 2011
      Connection to my learning network
      Source: Maria Webster - http://www.ntdaily.com/
    • Connection
      cc Steve Wheeler, University of Plymouth, 2010
      Steve Wheeler, University of Plymouth, 2011
      http://i.imwx.com
    • Communication
      Steve Wheeler, University of Plymouth, 2011
      Online, En masse
      http://steve-wheeler.blogspot.com
    • Collaboration
      ‘The wisdom of crowds’
      Steve Wheeler, University of Plymouth, 2011
      Common interests and purpose
    • Web 2.0
      From ‘sticky’ to participative
      Steve Wheeler, University of Plymouth, 2011
      The ‘Architecture of Participation’
      http://www.eastone.co.uk/
    • Steve Wheeler, University of Plymouth, 2011
      Social Media gives everyone a voice in the community
      http://www.uksmallbusinesswebsites.co.uk
    • Social Media use
      >500 Million
      >100 Million
      Steve Wheeler, University of Plymouth, 2011
      >125 Million
      >50 Million
      >4 Billion images
      >14 million
      articles
      2 Billion views/day
      24 hours/minute
      Source: http://econsultancy.com
    • Architecture of Participation
      Learning 2.0
      Steve Wheeler, University of Plymouth, 2011
      User generated content
    • Architecture of Participation
      Sharing
      Collaborating
      Tools
      Learning 2.0
      Tagging
      Steve Wheeler, University of Plymouth, 2011
      User generated content
      Voting
      Networking
    • Blogging
      In the act
      of writing... ...we are written.
      - Daniel Chandler
      Steve Wheeler, University of Plymouth, 2011
      http://www.volusion.com/
    • Moblogging
      Blogging on the move to capture images, sounds, experiences
      Steve Wheeler, University of Plymouth, 2011
      http://www.lifehack.org
    • Microblogging
      Retweetingis not repetition.
      It is amplification.
      - Steve Wheeler
      http://www.xenstudio.co.uk
    • Microblogging has potential for the future of learning -
      - if we see it as a new
      communication
      Channel
      - Ebner et al
      Steve Wheeler, University of Plymouth, 2011
      http://www.flickr.com/photos/161/
    • Media Sharing
      Video, audio and images ...
      Steve Wheeler, University of Plymouth, 2011
      ... all contribute to the richness of the narrative.
      http://flickr.com/photos/22409393@N03/4348233990/
    • Collaborative tools
      Steve Wheeler, University of Plymouth, 2011
      http://media1.break.com/
    • Social Learning
      Human activities are mediated by culturally established instruments such as tools and language.
      Vygotsky, L. S. (1978) Mind in Society: The development of higher psychological processes. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press
      Steve Wheeler, University of Plymouth, 2011
      http://www.phillwebb.net
    • Social Learning
      We can use computers to extend the capabilities of our own minds. They can become the repositories of our knowledge.
      Steve Wheeler, University of Plymouth, 2011
      http://www.phillwebb.net
      Computers as mind tools
    • Connectivism
      We live in a techno-social world
      Learning occurs inside and outside of people – we store our knowledge in computers and in other people – George Siemens
      Steve Wheeler, University of Plymouth, 2010
      Source: George Siemens www.connectivism.ca/
      http://www.sciencedaily.com
    • Since we cannot experience everything, other people’s experiences, and hence other people, become the surrogate for knowledge.
      Steve Wheeler, University of Plymouth, 2010
      ‘I store my knowledge in my friends’ is an axiom for collecting knowledge through collecting people. - Karen Stephenson
      http://bradley.chattablogs.com
    • Learning to learn
      Critical thinking
      Collaboration
      Creativity
      Reflection
      Evaluation
      Steve Wheeler, University of Plymouth, 2011
      http://socialenterpriseambassadors.org.uk
    • Web 1.0: Anything can link to anything
      Steve Wheeler, University of Plymouth, 2011
      Source: Sabin-Corneliu Buraga
      www.localseoguide.com
    • Web 2.0: User participation
      Steve Wheeler, University of Plymouth, 2011
      www.ballroom-dance-chicago.blogspot.com/
      Source: Sabin-CorneliuBuraga
    • Web 3.0:
      Existing data
      re-connected for other (smarter) uses
      Steve Wheeler, University of Plymouth, 2011
      Adapted from : Sabin-Corneliu Buraga
      http://farm4.static.flickr.com
    • Web x.0
      Web 3.0
      Semantic Web
      Meta Web
      Steve Wheeler, University of Plymouth, 2011
      Degree of Information Connectivity
      Web 1.0
      Web 2.0
      The Web
      Social Web
      Degree of Social Connectivity
    • The eXtended Web
      Web x.0
      Web 3.0
      Semantic Web
      Meta Web
      Connects knowledge
      Connects intelligence
      Steve Wheeler, University of Plymouth, 2011
      Degree of Information Connectivity
      Web 1.0
      Web 2.0
      The Web
      Social Web
      Connects people
      Connects information
      Degree of Social Connectivity
    • Steve Wheeler, University of Plymouth, 2011
      http://www.csmonitor.com
    • Coloured caps
      Camera
      Projector
      Coloured caps
      Steve Wheeler, University of Plymouth, 2011
      Mirror
      Phone
      blogs.fayobserver.com
      MIT’s “Sixth Sense” Wearable...
    • Natural user interfaces
      Non touch systems
      Gestural interaction
      Steve Wheeler, University of Plymouth, 2011
      Speech to text
      Facial feature recognition
      http://xenophilius.files.wordpress.com
    • We are already seeing early evidence of the Smart eXtended Web
      Steve Wheeler, University of Plymouth, 2011
      Intelligent Filtering
      Recommender systems
      http://chemistscorner.com
    • Thank you!
      Steve Wheeler, University of Plymouth, 2011
      W: steve-wheeler.net
      E: swheeler@plymouth.ac.uk
      B: steve-wheeler.blogspot.com
      T: @timbuckteeth
      Picture by Helen Keegan