Steve Wheeler
Institute of Education
Plymouth University
United Kingdom
Digital Age Learning
The Changing Face of Digital ...
http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Albert_Einstein_1947.jpg
“I never teach
my students.
I only provide
the conditions
...
Surface Learning
Deep Learning
SteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2014
Source: Marton and Saljo
Graphic by Steve Wheeler
St...
Knowledge
Wisdom
Transformation
http://slated.org
Knowing that
Knowing how
Knowing why
Cognition
Application
Analysis
Eval...
Data
Information
Knowledge
Wisdom
Transformation
E
N
G
A
G
E
M
E
N
T
SteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2014
Graphic by Ste...
Quiz question: When was the first attempt at distance learning ?
SteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2014
Image sources: Wikimedia Commons
SteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2014
1840
Image Source https://www.flickr.com/photos/bking/258331658/
SteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2014
Photo by Brandon King
1...
SteveWheeler,PlymouthUniversity,2014
1970
SteveWheeler,PlymouthUniversity,2012
1976
SteveWheeler,PlymouthUniversity,2014
SteveWheeler,PlymouthUniversity,2014
SteveWheeler,PlymouthUniversity,2014
1982
http://www.spacetoday.org
http://www.gamersmint.com
http://www.techdigest.tv
SteveWheeler,PlymouthUniversity,2014
2010
Image source: http://www.masterlink.com/blog
“This is for everyone”
SteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2014
SteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2014
Funnels of Webs
“The current search for new educational funnels must
be reversed into the search for their institutional
i...
My
PLE
My
e-portfolio
My PLN
Other
Tools
SteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2014
Personal Learning
Environments
Graphic by ...
Personal Learning Environment
Source: http://steve-wheeler.blogspot.com/2010/07/anatomy-of-ple.html
Steve Wheeler & Manish...
XC
Embedded MOOCs?
The Future...?
• 1989: ‘The future is multi-media’
• 1999: ‘The future is the Web’
hof.povray.org
SteveWheeler,PlymouthUni...
SteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2014
Social, political, a
nd economic
systems change
incrementally, bu
t technology
changes
exponentially.
Larry Downes
Law of ...
The Future...?
• 1989: ‘The future is multi-media’
• 1999: ‘The future is the Web’
• 2009: ‘The future is smart mobile’
ho...
‘Change is not linear – it’s exponential’ - Kurzweil
SteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2014
The First Mobile Phone
SteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2014
http://www.intel.com/content/www/us/en/communications/internet-minute-infographic.html
Social Media use in 2013
Sources from service providers and also http://econsultancy.com (Correct in Feb/March 2013)
3.5 B...
Personal Learning Networks
Photo by Steve Wheeler
Personal Learning Networks
Photo by Steve Wheeler
Personal Learning Networks
Photo by Steve Wheeler
Personal Learning Networks
Photo by Steve Wheeler
Personal Learning Networks
Photo by Steve Wheeler
I store my knowledge
with my friends
SteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2014
Connectivism Paragogy
Distributed Cognition
Ubiquitous connection
ccSteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2010
http://i.imwx.com
SteveWheeler,PlymouthUniversity,2014
Students taking notes
Photo: Lori Cullen
SteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2014
http://web.media.mit.edu/~papert/
“I am convinced
that the best
learning takes
place when the
learner takes
charge.”
– Sey...
We learn by doing (Piaget, 1950)
Photo by Steve Wheeler
SteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2014
We learn by making (Papert, 1960)
Photo by Steve Wheeler
SteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2014
Learning
2.0
User
generated
content
Learning by making
SteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2014
http://sellyourstoryuk.com/wp-content/uploads/2011/12/Old-and-Young-Computer.jpg
SteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2014
Blogging and Tweeting
SteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2014
We are family
http://pro.corbis.com
SteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2014
Wii are family!
http://wiifitnessdepot.com
SteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2014
CHALLENGE
SKILLSLow High
LowHigh
Anxiety
Boredom
SteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2014
Adapted from: Csikszentmihalyi, 19...
CHALLENGE
SKILLSLow High
LowHigh
Anxiety
Boredom
SteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2014
Adapted from: Csikszentmihalyi (19...
Beyond my reach
What I can learn with help
(ZPD)
ZPD and scaffolding
What I can
learn on my
own
Technology and toolsKnowle...
CHALLENGE
SKILLSLow High
LowHigh
Anxiety
Boredom
SteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2014
Adapted from: Csikszentmihalyi (19...
http://thirdmonth.blogspot.co.uk
Computers as
‘mind tools’ for
the engaging of
learners in
critical thinking
- David Jonas...
Learning
2.0
CurationCollaborating
Sharing and
Amplifying
Voting
Networking
User
generated
content
Architecture of partici...
‘New’ learners are...
• more self-directed
• better equipped to capture information
• more reliant on feedback from peers
...
http://thesocietypages.org/cyborgology
“Nearly all men
can stand
adversity, but if
you want to test a
man's
character, giv...
“60% of all
Internet pages
contain
misleading
information.”
- Thomas Edison
Learners need ‘digital literacies’
SteveWheele...
Learners will need new ‘literacies’
• Social networking
• Privacy maintenance
• Identity management
• Creating content
• O...
Leaning 2.0 – Digital Literacies
Mastery
Literacies
Competencies
Skills
Graphic by Steve Wheeler (2013)
Web 3.0
Semantic Web
Web 1.0
The Web
Web x.0
Meta Web
Web 2.0
Social Web
Degree of Social Connectivity
DegreeofInformation...
Web 3.0
Semantic Web
Web 1.0
The Web
Web x.0
Meta Web
Web 2.0
Social Web
Degree of Social Connectivity
DegreeofInformation...
“Knowledge that
is acquired under
compulsion
obtains no hold
on the mind.”
- Socrates
SteveWheeler,PlymouthUniversity,2014
“Knowledge that
is acquired under
compulsion
obtains no hold
on the mind.”
- SocratesPlato
SteveWheeler,PlymouthUniversity...
“Knowledge that
is acquired under
compulsion
obtains no hold
on the mind.”
- SocratesPlato
http://www.fotopedia.com/items/...
“Knowledge that
is acquired under
compulsion
obtains no hold
on the mind.”
- SocratesPlato
http://www.fotopedia.com/items/...
“Knowledge that
is acquired under
compulsion
obtains no hold
on the mind.”
- SocratesPlato
http://www.fotopedia.com/items/...
“All too often we are
giving young people
cut flowers when we
should be teaching
them to grow their own
plants.”
- John W....
Photo by Joyce Seitzinger
Digital Age Learning
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Digital Age Learning

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A keynote presentation for the sixth Computer Supported Education Conference in Barcelona, Spain, on 3 April 2014.

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  • Technology changes our relationship with knowledge.
  • The old cognitive constructivist approach was for personalise, solo enquiry – private study and investigation (research)
  • Technology changes the way we learn – our tools become extensions of not only our abilities but also our minds.
  • New learners create their own environments, content and opportunities.
  • Digital Age Learning

    1. 1. Steve Wheeler Institute of Education Plymouth University United Kingdom Digital Age Learning The Changing Face of Digital Learning
    2. 2. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Albert_Einstein_1947.jpg “I never teach my students. I only provide the conditions in which they can learn.” - Albert Einstein SteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2014
    3. 3. Surface Learning Deep Learning SteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2014 Source: Marton and Saljo Graphic by Steve Wheeler Strategic Learning
    4. 4. Knowledge Wisdom Transformation http://slated.org Knowing that Knowing how Knowing why Cognition Application Analysis Evaluation Declarative Procedural Critical SteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2014
    5. 5. Data Information Knowledge Wisdom Transformation E N G A G E M E N T SteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2014 Graphic by Steve Wheeler
    6. 6. Quiz question: When was the first attempt at distance learning ? SteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2014
    7. 7. Image sources: Wikimedia Commons SteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2014 1840
    8. 8. Image Source https://www.flickr.com/photos/bking/258331658/ SteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2014 Photo by Brandon King 1968: Stanford Instructional TV Network
    9. 9. SteveWheeler,PlymouthUniversity,2014 1970
    10. 10. SteveWheeler,PlymouthUniversity,2012 1976
    11. 11. SteveWheeler,PlymouthUniversity,2014
    12. 12. SteveWheeler,PlymouthUniversity,2014
    13. 13. SteveWheeler,PlymouthUniversity,2014 1982
    14. 14. http://www.spacetoday.org http://www.gamersmint.com http://www.techdigest.tv SteveWheeler,PlymouthUniversity,2014 2010
    15. 15. Image source: http://www.masterlink.com/blog “This is for everyone” SteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2014
    16. 16. SteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2014
    17. 17. Funnels of Webs “The current search for new educational funnels must be reversed into the search for their institutional inverse: educational webs which heighten the opportunity for each one to transform each moment of his living into one of learning, sharing, and caring.” Illich (1972) SteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2014 Funnels or Webs?
    18. 18. My PLE My e-portfolio My PLN Other Tools SteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2014 Personal Learning Environments Graphic by Steve Wheeler
    19. 19. Personal Learning Environment Source: http://steve-wheeler.blogspot.com/2010/07/anatomy-of-ple.html Steve Wheeler & Manish Malik (2010)
    20. 20. XC Embedded MOOCs?
    21. 21. The Future...? • 1989: ‘The future is multi-media’ • 1999: ‘The future is the Web’ hof.povray.org SteveWheeler,PlymouthUniversity,2014
    22. 22. SteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2014
    23. 23. Social, political, a nd economic systems change incrementally, bu t technology changes exponentially. Larry Downes Law of Disruption SteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2014
    24. 24. The Future...? • 1989: ‘The future is multi-media’ • 1999: ‘The future is the Web’ • 2009: ‘The future is smart mobile’ hof.povray.org SteveWheeler,PlymouthUniversity,2014
    25. 25. ‘Change is not linear – it’s exponential’ - Kurzweil
    26. 26. SteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2014
    27. 27. The First Mobile Phone SteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2014
    28. 28. http://www.intel.com/content/www/us/en/communications/internet-minute-infographic.html
    29. 29. Social Media use in 2013 Sources from service providers and also http://econsultancy.com (Correct in Feb/March 2013) 3.5 Billion views/day 60 hours/minute >500 Million
    30. 30. Personal Learning Networks Photo by Steve Wheeler
    31. 31. Personal Learning Networks Photo by Steve Wheeler
    32. 32. Personal Learning Networks Photo by Steve Wheeler
    33. 33. Personal Learning Networks Photo by Steve Wheeler
    34. 34. Personal Learning Networks Photo by Steve Wheeler
    35. 35. I store my knowledge with my friends SteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2014 Connectivism Paragogy Distributed Cognition
    36. 36. Ubiquitous connection ccSteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2010 http://i.imwx.com SteveWheeler,PlymouthUniversity,2014
    37. 37. Students taking notes Photo: Lori Cullen SteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2014
    38. 38. http://web.media.mit.edu/~papert/ “I am convinced that the best learning takes place when the learner takes charge.” – Seymour Papert SteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2014
    39. 39. We learn by doing (Piaget, 1950) Photo by Steve Wheeler SteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2014
    40. 40. We learn by making (Papert, 1960) Photo by Steve Wheeler SteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2014
    41. 41. Learning 2.0 User generated content Learning by making SteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2014
    42. 42. http://sellyourstoryuk.com/wp-content/uploads/2011/12/Old-and-Young-Computer.jpg SteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2014
    43. 43. Blogging and Tweeting SteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2014
    44. 44. We are family http://pro.corbis.com SteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2014
    45. 45. Wii are family! http://wiifitnessdepot.com SteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2014
    46. 46. CHALLENGE SKILLSLow High LowHigh Anxiety Boredom SteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2014 Adapted from: Csikszentmihalyi, 1991 Graphic by Steve Wheeler
    47. 47. CHALLENGE SKILLSLow High LowHigh Anxiety Boredom SteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2014 Adapted from: Csikszentmihalyi (1991) and Killi (2009) P1 P2 P3 P4 Graphic by Steve Wheeler
    48. 48. Beyond my reach What I can learn with help (ZPD) ZPD and scaffolding What I can learn on my own Technology and toolsKnowledgeable others SteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2014 Graphic by Steve Wheeler
    49. 49. CHALLENGE SKILLSLow High LowHigh Anxiety Boredom SteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2014 Adapted from: Csikszentmihalyi (1991) and Killi (2009) Graphic by Steve Wheeler
    50. 50. http://thirdmonth.blogspot.co.uk Computers as ‘mind tools’ for the engaging of learners in critical thinking - David Jonassen SteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2014
    51. 51. Learning 2.0 CurationCollaborating Sharing and Amplifying Voting Networking User generated content Architecture of participation Tagging and Bookmarking SteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2014 Aggregation
    52. 52. ‘New’ learners are... • more self-directed • better equipped to capture information • more reliant on feedback from peers • more inclined to collaborate • more oriented toward being their own “nodes of production”. Education Trends | Featured News John K. Waters—13 December 2011 http://coolshots.blogspot.com/2007_02_01_archive.html SteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2014
    53. 53. http://thesocietypages.org/cyborgology “Nearly all men can stand adversity, but if you want to test a man's character, give him an iPhone.” - Abraham Lincoln (on the ‘selfie’) SteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2014
    54. 54. “60% of all Internet pages contain misleading information.” - Thomas Edison Learners need ‘digital literacies’ SteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2014
    55. 55. Learners will need new ‘literacies’ • Social networking • Privacy maintenance • Identity management • Creating content • Organising content • Reusing and repurposing • Filtering and selecting • Self presention • Transliteracy http://www.mopocket.com/ SteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2014
    56. 56. Leaning 2.0 – Digital Literacies Mastery Literacies Competencies Skills Graphic by Steve Wheeler (2013)
    57. 57. Web 3.0 Semantic Web Web 1.0 The Web Web x.0 Meta Web Web 2.0 Social Web Degree of Social Connectivity DegreeofInformationConnectivity Adapted from : Nova Spivak SteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2014
    58. 58. Web 3.0 Semantic Web Web 1.0 The Web Web x.0 Meta Web Web 2.0 Social Web Degree of Social Connectivity DegreeofInformationConnectivity Connects information Connects people Connects knowledge Connects intelligence The (Smart) eXtended Web SteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2014
    59. 59. “Knowledge that is acquired under compulsion obtains no hold on the mind.” - Socrates SteveWheeler,PlymouthUniversity,2014
    60. 60. “Knowledge that is acquired under compulsion obtains no hold on the mind.” - SocratesPlato SteveWheeler,PlymouthUniversity,2014
    61. 61. “Knowledge that is acquired under compulsion obtains no hold on the mind.” - SocratesPlato http://www.fotopedia.com/items/flickr-713124904 SteveWheeler,PlymouthUniversity,2014
    62. 62. “Knowledge that is acquired under compulsion obtains no hold on the mind.” - SocratesPlato http://www.fotopedia.com/items/flickr-713124904 SteveWheeler,PlymouthUniversity,2014
    63. 63. “Knowledge that is acquired under compulsion obtains no hold on the mind.” - SocratesPlato http://www.fotopedia.com/items/flickr-713124904 SteveWheeler,PlymouthUniversity,2014
    64. 64. “All too often we are giving young people cut flowers when we should be teaching them to grow their own plants.” - John W. Gardner http://picsnwall.com/wp-content/uploads SteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2014
    65. 65. Photo by Joyce Seitzinger
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