Researching social media ineducation: What can we learn?Steve Wheeler                                Steve Wheeler, Plymou...
http://zumu.com                   Funnels                  or Webs?                                 Steve Wheeler, Plymout...
“Education must begin                         with the solution of                         the teacher-student            ...
knowledge                      The nature ofSteve Wheeler, Plymouth University, 2012
Surface Learning                               Steve Wheeler, Plymouth University, 2012               Deep LearningMarton ...
DataE                     Steve Wheeler, Plymouth University, 2012NG   InformationAGEM    KnowledgeENT   Application    Tr...
KnowledgeKnowing that   Declarative   Cognition                                                      Steve Wheeler, Plymou...
Steve Wheeler, Plymouth University, 2012Knowledge is knowing a tomato is a fruitWisdom is knowing you don’t put it in a fr...
A challenge to empirical knowledge –        ‘Community as curriculum’                                                     ...
Rhizomatic knowledgehttp://users.soe.ucsc.edu                                                                         Stev...
MOOCMassively Open Online Course                               Steve Wheeler, Plymouth University, 2012
Source: Kelly Hodgkins http://gizmodo.com/5813875/what-happens-in-60-seconds-on-the-internet
Social Media use            >260 Million                                              Steve Wheeler, Plymouth University, ...
3000 years of time compressed to 24 hours Timeline          Communication Technology                              Date 11 ...
The global context...There are 5                               Social media usebillion mobile                            i...
How can the power of these tools  be harnessed in education?                                   Steve Wheeler, Plymouth Uni...
Architecture of participation    Wisdom of crowds?                                     Steve Wheeler, Plymouth University,...
Sharing   Collaborating                                  Tools                                             Steve Wheeler, ...
User Generated Content is…“…content that is created and shared                                         Steve Wheeler, Plym...
The eXtended Web                                        Web 3.0                                Web x.0                    ...
http://www.slideshare.net/courosa/why-social-networks-matter
Societal Shift                                                               Steve Wheeler, Plymouth University, 2012http:...
Societal Shift                                                               Steve Wheeler, Plymouth University, 2012http:...
Societal Shift                                                               Steve Wheeler, Plymouth University, 2012http:...
Societal Shift“The average digital birth of children happens atabout six months.”                                         ...
http://www.slideshare.net/courosa/why-social-networks-matter
http://www.slideshare.net/courosa/why-social-networks-matter
http://www.slideshare.net/courosa/why-social-networks-matter
http://www.slideshare.net/courosa/why-social-networks-matter
Learning              is changinghttp://www.slideshare.net/courosa/why-social-networks-matter
Honestly I found it quite                                     helpful as I re-read what I                                 ...
What the students said about Twitter...                                                                    Steve Wheeler, ...
‘New’ learners are...•   more self-directed                                                                        Steve W...
‘New’ learners are...•   more self-directed                                                                        Steve W...
http://www.slideshare.net/courosa/why-social-networks-matter
“Technological fluency means much more than   the ability to use technological tools; that  would be equivalent to understa...
“Knowledge thatis acquired under                                                                      Steve Wheeler, Plymo...
evaluation                            Wikipedia is                           crowdsourcingSteve Wheeler, Plymouth Universi...
Learners need ‘digital wisdom’                                 Steve Wheeler, Plymouth University, 2012
“60% of all Internet                     pages contain                        misleading                                  ...
Managing identity    language                                     Steve Wheeler, Plymouth University, 2012name            ...
Learners will need new ‘literacies’•   Social networking                                                         Steve Whe...
Skills or Literacies?                                                             Steve Wheeler, Plymouth University, 2012...
Are you open?Steve Wheeler, Plymouth University, 2012
“Web2.0 tools exist that might allow academics to reflect andreimagine what they do as scholars. Such tools mightpositively...
Copyleft/Creative Commons                                          Steve Wheeler, Plymouth University, 2012  Ultimately: F...
“Understanding hownetworks work is oneof the most important                                                           Stev...
Researchers...•   are given public money for research                                                      Steve Wheeler, ...
Steve Wheeler, Plymouth University, 2012From NAGPS (2011) via h4p://bit.ly/oIwVut
Steve Wheeler, Plymouth University, 2012From NAGPS (2011) via h4p://bit.ly/oIwVut
A tale of two papers                                               Steve Wheeler, Plymouth University, 2012http://www.from...
Open ScholarshipSteve Wheeler, Plymouth University, 2012
Open peer reviewSteve Wheeler, Plymouth University, 2012
of review                                       TransparencySteve Wheeler, Plymouth University, 2012
Open impact                 Closed Journal                    Open JournalTime from                                       ...
Open impact                 Closed Journal                    Open JournalTime from                                       ...
Steve Wheeler, Plymouth University, 2012http://www.slideshare.net/courosa/why-social-networks-matter
Steve Wheeler, Plymouth University, 2012http://www.slideshare.net/courosa/why-social-networks-matter
Average 80,000 views per month                                 Steve Wheeler, Plymouth University, 2012
"The greatest danger in times of turbulence is notthe turbulence. It is to act with yesterdays logic."- Peter Drucker     ...
W: steve-wheeler.netE: swheeler@plymouth.ac.ukB: steve-wheeler.blogspot.comT: @timbuckteeth
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Researching Social Media in Education: What can we learn?

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A keynote presentation for the 1st International Conference on Educational Research, at Near East Technical University, Northern Cyprus. 9 February, 2012.

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  • Thank you for sharing this on SlideShare ! Most insightful and at the same time inspirational. Besides the interesting quotes you mention here, I also like this one a lot: If we teach today as we taught yesterday, we rob our children of tomorrow, John Dewey.
    Please keep up the good work ;)
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Researching Social Media in Education: What can we learn?

  1. 1. Researching social media ineducation: What can we learn?Steve Wheeler Steve Wheeler, Plymouth University, 2012Plymouth University, UK
  2. 2. http://zumu.com Funnels or Webs? Steve Wheeler, Plymouth University, 2012 Ivan Illich
  3. 3. “Education must begin with the solution of the teacher-student contradiction, by Steve Wheeler, Plymouth University, 2012 reconciling the poles of the contradiction so that both are simultaneously teachers and students.”http://arts.anu.edu.au - Paulo Friere
  4. 4. knowledge The nature ofSteve Wheeler, Plymouth University, 2012
  5. 5. Surface Learning Steve Wheeler, Plymouth University, 2012 Deep LearningMarton and Säljö (1976)
  6. 6. DataE Steve Wheeler, Plymouth University, 2012NG InformationAGEM KnowledgeENT Application Transformation
  7. 7. KnowledgeKnowing that Declarative Cognition Steve Wheeler, Plymouth University, 2012Application ProblemKnowing how Procedural SolvingTransformation AnalysisKnowing why Critical Synthesis Evaluation http://slated.org
  8. 8. Steve Wheeler, Plymouth University, 2012Knowledge is knowing a tomato is a fruitWisdom is knowing you don’t put it in a fruit saladCritical awareness is knowing why there is a difference http://www.flickr.com/photos/specialkrb/2772991999
  9. 9. A challenge to empirical knowledge – ‘Community as curriculum’ Steve Wheeler, Plymouth University, 2012 ‘The rhizomatic viewpoint (…) suggests that a distributed negotiation of knowledge can allow a community of people to legitimize the work they are doing among themselves and foreach member of the group, the rhizomatic model dispenses with the need for external validation of knowledge...’ - Dave Cormier (2008)
  10. 10. Rhizomatic knowledgehttp://users.soe.ucsc.edu Steve Wheeler, Plymouth University, 2012 Participatory and negotiated experience of rhizomatic community engagement. – Dave Cormier (2007)
  11. 11. MOOCMassively Open Online Course Steve Wheeler, Plymouth University, 2012
  12. 12. Source: Kelly Hodgkins http://gizmodo.com/5813875/what-happens-in-60-seconds-on-the-internet
  13. 13. Social Media use >260 Million Steve Wheeler, Plymouth University, 2012 2 Billion views/day 24 hours/minute Source: http://econsultancy.com
  14. 14. 3000 years of time compressed to 24 hours Timeline Communication Technology Date 11 minutes ago Gutenberg Printing Press 1450 3.4 minutes ago Morse Code 1838 2.7 minutes ago Telephone 1875 Steve Wheeler, Plymouth University, 2012 2.5 minutes ago Radio 1885 1.6 minutes ago Monochrome Television 1929 54 seconds ago Fax 1966 41 seconds ago Personal Computer 1977 38 seconds ago Analogue Mobile Telephone 1979 25 seconds ago World Wide Web 1990 22 seconds ago SMS Messaging 1993 13 seconds ago Broadband 2000 1 second ago 3-D Television 2010 Source : Ken Robinson (2011) Out of Our Minds
  15. 15. The global context...There are 5 Social media usebillion mobile is on the risephone with over 550 Steve Wheeler, Plymouth University, 2012connections. 3 million users ontimes as many Facebook and Data consumed 24 hours ofmobile phones in 2010 foras computers video uploaded mobiles 2.8 every minute onon the planet. exabytes Source: BBC News 2010 Youtube. Data consumed in 2009 1.1 exabytes
  16. 16. How can the power of these tools be harnessed in education? Steve Wheeler, Plymouth University, 2012
  17. 17. Architecture of participation Wisdom of crowds? Steve Wheeler, Plymouth University, 2012 Learning User generated content
  18. 18. Sharing Collaborating Tools Steve Wheeler, Plymouth University, 2012Tagging Learning 2.0 User generated Voting content Networking
  19. 19. User Generated Content is…“…content that is created and shared Steve Wheeler, Plymouth University, 2012freely by students and/or teachers andwhich has not been through a processof formal peer review”Concede Project, May 2010
  20. 20. The eXtended Web Web 3.0 Web x.0 Steve Wheeler, University of Plymouth, 2011Degree of Information Connectivity Semantic Web Meta Web Connects knowledge Connects intelligence Web 1.0 Web 2.0 The Web Social Web Connects information Connects people Degree of Social Connectivity
  21. 21. http://www.slideshare.net/courosa/why-social-networks-matter
  22. 22. Societal Shift Steve Wheeler, Plymouth University, 2012http://www.slideshare.net/courosa/why-social-networks-matter
  23. 23. Societal Shift Steve Wheeler, Plymouth University, 2012http://www.slideshare.net/courosa/why-social-networks-matter
  24. 24. Societal Shift Steve Wheeler, Plymouth University, 2012http://www.slideshare.net/courosa/why-social-networks-matter
  25. 25. Societal Shift“The average digital birth of children happens atabout six months.” Steve Wheeler, Plymouth University, 2012 “In Canada, USA, UK, France, Italy, Germany and Spain... 81% of children under the age of two have some kind of digital profile or footprint.” http://www.slideshare.net/courosa/why-social-networks-matter
  26. 26. http://www.slideshare.net/courosa/why-social-networks-matter
  27. 27. http://www.slideshare.net/courosa/why-social-networks-matter
  28. 28. http://www.slideshare.net/courosa/why-social-networks-matter
  29. 29. http://www.slideshare.net/courosa/why-social-networks-matter
  30. 30. Learning is changinghttp://www.slideshare.net/courosa/why-social-networks-matter
  31. 31. Honestly I found it quite helpful as I re-read what I had written and it helped clarify my thoughts into what Steve Wheeler, Plymouth University, 2012 I actually wanted to say. I didnt use it extensively but when I did […] it helped clear my thought processes.Image credit: Lisa M Lane (2010)
  32. 32. What the students said about Twitter... Steve Wheeler, Plymouth University, 2012 http://jcbarrington.blogspot.com/2011/05/on-twitter.html
  33. 33. ‘New’ learners are...• more self-directed Steve Wheeler, Plymouth University, 2012• better equipped to capture information• more reliant on feedback from peers• more inclined to collaborate• more oriented toward being their own “nodes of production”.Education Trends | Featured NewsJohn K. Waters—13 December 2011 http://coolshots.blogspot.com/2007_02_01_archive.html
  34. 34. ‘New’ learners are...• more self-directed Steve Wheeler, Plymouth University, 2012• better equipped to capture information• more reliant on feedback from peers• more inclined to collaborate• more oriented toward being their own “nodes of production”.Education Trends | Featured NewsJohn K. Waters—13 December 2011 http://coolshots.blogspot.com/2007_02_01_archive.html
  35. 35. http://www.slideshare.net/courosa/why-social-networks-matter
  36. 36. “Technological fluency means much more than the ability to use technological tools; that would be equivalent to understanding a few common phrases in a language. To become truly fluent in a language (like English or French), one must be able to articulate acomplex idea or tell an engaging story – that is, to be able to make things of significance with these tools.” The Computer Clubhouse: Technology Fluency in the Inner City: Resnick, Rusk, & Cooke (1998) http://www.slideshare.net/courosa/why-social-networks-matter
  37. 37. “Knowledge thatis acquired under Steve Wheeler, Plymouth University, 2012compulsionobtains no holdon the mind.” Plato- Socrates http://www.fotopedia.com/items/flickr-713124904
  38. 38. evaluation Wikipedia is crowdsourcingSteve Wheeler, Plymouth University, 2012
  39. 39. Learners need ‘digital wisdom’ Steve Wheeler, Plymouth University, 2012
  40. 40. “60% of all Internet pages contain misleading Steve Wheeler, Plymouth University, 2012 information.” - Thomas EdisonLearners need ‘digital literacies’
  41. 41. Managing identity language Steve Wheeler, Plymouth University, 2012name personal data interactionidentity reputation images privacy privacy legacy netiquette avatar reputation images interaction Learnersname e-safety need
  42. 42. Learners will need new ‘literacies’• Social networking Steve Wheeler, Plymouth University, 2012• Privacy maintenance• Identity management• Creating content• Organising content• Reusing and repurposing• Filtering and selecting• Self presenting http://www.mopocket.com/
  43. 43. Skills or Literacies? Steve Wheeler, Plymouth University, 2012Literacy goes beyond skills. It involves full immersion within the culture http://www.flickr.com/photos/afronie/161969948/
  44. 44. Are you open?Steve Wheeler, Plymouth University, 2012
  45. 45. “Web2.0 tools exist that might allow academics to reflect andreimagine what they do as scholars. Such tools mightpositively affect - even transform - research, teaching, andservice responsibilities – only if scholars choose to buildserious academic lives online, presenting semi-public selvesand becoming invested in and connected to the work of theirpeers and students.”(Greenhow, Robelia & Hughes, 2009) Open Scholarship http://www.slideshare.net/courosa/why-social-networks-matter
  46. 46. Copyleft/Creative Commons Steve Wheeler, Plymouth University, 2012 Ultimately: Freedom to openly access, use, copy, modify and share content
  47. 47. “Understanding hownetworks work is oneof the most important Steve Wheeler, Plymouth University, 2012literacies of the 21stCentury.”- Howard Rheingold http://www.ischool.berkeley.edu
  48. 48. Researchers...• are given public money for research Steve Wheeler, Plymouth University, 2012• write in a language the public can’t understand• give their work to the publisher for free• edit, review and revise for free• work is ‘published’• ...behind a paywall• we pay the publisher to read our own research
  49. 49. Steve Wheeler, Plymouth University, 2012From NAGPS (2011) via h4p://bit.ly/oIwVut
  50. 50. Steve Wheeler, Plymouth University, 2012From NAGPS (2011) via h4p://bit.ly/oIwVut
  51. 51. A tale of two papers Steve Wheeler, Plymouth University, 2012http://www.fromoldbooks.org
  52. 52. Open ScholarshipSteve Wheeler, Plymouth University, 2012
  53. 53. Open peer reviewSteve Wheeler, Plymouth University, 2012
  54. 54. of review TransparencySteve Wheeler, Plymouth University, 2012
  55. 55. Open impact Closed Journal Open JournalTime from Steve Wheeler, Plymouth University, 2012submission topublication >30 months <5 monthsNumber of 19 511citationsNumber of Unknown 102,396views/readsJournal impact 2.05 1.93factor Statistics collated on 5 January, 2012
  56. 56. Open impact Closed Journal Open JournalTime from Steve Wheeler, Plymouth University, 2012submission topublication >30 months <5 monthsNumber of 19 511citationsNumber of Unknown 102,396views/readsJournal impact 2.05 1.93factor Statistics collated on 5 January, 2012
  57. 57. Steve Wheeler, Plymouth University, 2012http://www.slideshare.net/courosa/why-social-networks-matter
  58. 58. Steve Wheeler, Plymouth University, 2012http://www.slideshare.net/courosa/why-social-networks-matter
  59. 59. Average 80,000 views per month Steve Wheeler, Plymouth University, 2012
  60. 60. "The greatest danger in times of turbulence is notthe turbulence. It is to act with yesterdays logic."- Peter Drucker Steve Wheeler, Plymouth University, 2012 http://pixdaus.com
  61. 61. W: steve-wheeler.netE: swheeler@plymouth.ac.ukB: steve-wheeler.blogspot.comT: @timbuckteeth
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