Researching Social Media in Education: What can we learn?

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A keynote presentation for the 1st International Conference on Educational Research, at Near East Technical University, Northern Cyprus. 9 February, 2012.

A keynote presentation for the 1st International Conference on Educational Research, at Near East Technical University, Northern Cyprus. 9 February, 2012.

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  • Thank you for sharing this on SlideShare ! Most insightful and at the same time inspirational. Besides the interesting quotes you mention here, I also like this one a lot: If we teach today as we taught yesterday, we rob our children of tomorrow, John Dewey.
    Please keep up the good work ;)
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  • 1. Researching social media ineducation: What can we learn?Steve Wheeler Steve Wheeler, Plymouth University, 2012Plymouth University, UK
  • 2. http://zumu.com Funnels or Webs? Steve Wheeler, Plymouth University, 2012 Ivan Illich
  • 3. “Education must begin with the solution of the teacher-student contradiction, by Steve Wheeler, Plymouth University, 2012 reconciling the poles of the contradiction so that both are simultaneously teachers and students.”http://arts.anu.edu.au - Paulo Friere
  • 4. knowledge The nature ofSteve Wheeler, Plymouth University, 2012
  • 5. Surface Learning Steve Wheeler, Plymouth University, 2012 Deep LearningMarton and Säljö (1976)
  • 6. DataE Steve Wheeler, Plymouth University, 2012NG InformationAGEM KnowledgeENT Application Transformation
  • 7. KnowledgeKnowing that Declarative Cognition Steve Wheeler, Plymouth University, 2012Application ProblemKnowing how Procedural SolvingTransformation AnalysisKnowing why Critical Synthesis Evaluation http://slated.org
  • 8. Steve Wheeler, Plymouth University, 2012Knowledge is knowing a tomato is a fruitWisdom is knowing you don’t put it in a fruit saladCritical awareness is knowing why there is a difference http://www.flickr.com/photos/specialkrb/2772991999
  • 9. A challenge to empirical knowledge – ‘Community as curriculum’ Steve Wheeler, Plymouth University, 2012 ‘The rhizomatic viewpoint (…) suggests that a distributed negotiation of knowledge can allow a community of people to legitimize the work they are doing among themselves and foreach member of the group, the rhizomatic model dispenses with the need for external validation of knowledge...’ - Dave Cormier (2008)
  • 10. Rhizomatic knowledgehttp://users.soe.ucsc.edu Steve Wheeler, Plymouth University, 2012 Participatory and negotiated experience of rhizomatic community engagement. – Dave Cormier (2007)
  • 11. MOOCMassively Open Online Course Steve Wheeler, Plymouth University, 2012
  • 12. Source: Kelly Hodgkins http://gizmodo.com/5813875/what-happens-in-60-seconds-on-the-internet
  • 13. Social Media use >260 Million Steve Wheeler, Plymouth University, 2012 2 Billion views/day 24 hours/minute Source: http://econsultancy.com
  • 14. 3000 years of time compressed to 24 hours Timeline Communication Technology Date 11 minutes ago Gutenberg Printing Press 1450 3.4 minutes ago Morse Code 1838 2.7 minutes ago Telephone 1875 Steve Wheeler, Plymouth University, 2012 2.5 minutes ago Radio 1885 1.6 minutes ago Monochrome Television 1929 54 seconds ago Fax 1966 41 seconds ago Personal Computer 1977 38 seconds ago Analogue Mobile Telephone 1979 25 seconds ago World Wide Web 1990 22 seconds ago SMS Messaging 1993 13 seconds ago Broadband 2000 1 second ago 3-D Television 2010 Source : Ken Robinson (2011) Out of Our Minds
  • 15. The global context...There are 5 Social media usebillion mobile is on the risephone with over 550 Steve Wheeler, Plymouth University, 2012connections. 3 million users ontimes as many Facebook and Data consumed 24 hours ofmobile phones in 2010 foras computers video uploaded mobiles 2.8 every minute onon the planet. exabytes Source: BBC News 2010 Youtube. Data consumed in 2009 1.1 exabytes
  • 16. How can the power of these tools be harnessed in education? Steve Wheeler, Plymouth University, 2012
  • 17. Architecture of participation Wisdom of crowds? Steve Wheeler, Plymouth University, 2012 Learning User generated content
  • 18. Sharing Collaborating Tools Steve Wheeler, Plymouth University, 2012Tagging Learning 2.0 User generated Voting content Networking
  • 19. User Generated Content is…“…content that is created and shared Steve Wheeler, Plymouth University, 2012freely by students and/or teachers andwhich has not been through a processof formal peer review”Concede Project, May 2010
  • 20. The eXtended Web Web 3.0 Web x.0 Steve Wheeler, University of Plymouth, 2011Degree of Information Connectivity Semantic Web Meta Web Connects knowledge Connects intelligence Web 1.0 Web 2.0 The Web Social Web Connects information Connects people Degree of Social Connectivity
  • 21. http://www.slideshare.net/courosa/why-social-networks-matter
  • 22. Societal Shift Steve Wheeler, Plymouth University, 2012http://www.slideshare.net/courosa/why-social-networks-matter
  • 23. Societal Shift Steve Wheeler, Plymouth University, 2012http://www.slideshare.net/courosa/why-social-networks-matter
  • 24. Societal Shift Steve Wheeler, Plymouth University, 2012http://www.slideshare.net/courosa/why-social-networks-matter
  • 25. Societal Shift“The average digital birth of children happens atabout six months.” Steve Wheeler, Plymouth University, 2012 “In Canada, USA, UK, France, Italy, Germany and Spain... 81% of children under the age of two have some kind of digital profile or footprint.” http://www.slideshare.net/courosa/why-social-networks-matter
  • 26. http://www.slideshare.net/courosa/why-social-networks-matter
  • 27. http://www.slideshare.net/courosa/why-social-networks-matter
  • 28. http://www.slideshare.net/courosa/why-social-networks-matter
  • 29. http://www.slideshare.net/courosa/why-social-networks-matter
  • 30. Learning is changinghttp://www.slideshare.net/courosa/why-social-networks-matter
  • 31. Honestly I found it quite helpful as I re-read what I had written and it helped clarify my thoughts into what Steve Wheeler, Plymouth University, 2012 I actually wanted to say. I didnt use it extensively but when I did […] it helped clear my thought processes.Image credit: Lisa M Lane (2010)
  • 32. What the students said about Twitter... Steve Wheeler, Plymouth University, 2012 http://jcbarrington.blogspot.com/2011/05/on-twitter.html
  • 33. ‘New’ learners are...• more self-directed Steve Wheeler, Plymouth University, 2012• better equipped to capture information• more reliant on feedback from peers• more inclined to collaborate• more oriented toward being their own “nodes of production”.Education Trends | Featured NewsJohn K. Waters—13 December 2011 http://coolshots.blogspot.com/2007_02_01_archive.html
  • 34. ‘New’ learners are...• more self-directed Steve Wheeler, Plymouth University, 2012• better equipped to capture information• more reliant on feedback from peers• more inclined to collaborate• more oriented toward being their own “nodes of production”.Education Trends | Featured NewsJohn K. Waters—13 December 2011 http://coolshots.blogspot.com/2007_02_01_archive.html
  • 35. http://www.slideshare.net/courosa/why-social-networks-matter
  • 36. “Technological fluency means much more than the ability to use technological tools; that would be equivalent to understanding a few common phrases in a language. To become truly fluent in a language (like English or French), one must be able to articulate acomplex idea or tell an engaging story – that is, to be able to make things of significance with these tools.” The Computer Clubhouse: Technology Fluency in the Inner City: Resnick, Rusk, & Cooke (1998) http://www.slideshare.net/courosa/why-social-networks-matter
  • 37. “Knowledge thatis acquired under Steve Wheeler, Plymouth University, 2012compulsionobtains no holdon the mind.” Plato- Socrates http://www.fotopedia.com/items/flickr-713124904
  • 38. evaluation Wikipedia is crowdsourcingSteve Wheeler, Plymouth University, 2012
  • 39. Learners need ‘digital wisdom’ Steve Wheeler, Plymouth University, 2012
  • 40. “60% of all Internet pages contain misleading Steve Wheeler, Plymouth University, 2012 information.” - Thomas EdisonLearners need ‘digital literacies’
  • 41. Managing identity language Steve Wheeler, Plymouth University, 2012name personal data interactionidentity reputation images privacy privacy legacy netiquette avatar reputation images interaction Learnersname e-safety need
  • 42. Learners will need new ‘literacies’• Social networking Steve Wheeler, Plymouth University, 2012• Privacy maintenance• Identity management• Creating content• Organising content• Reusing and repurposing• Filtering and selecting• Self presenting http://www.mopocket.com/
  • 43. Skills or Literacies? Steve Wheeler, Plymouth University, 2012Literacy goes beyond skills. It involves full immersion within the culture http://www.flickr.com/photos/afronie/161969948/
  • 44. Are you open?Steve Wheeler, Plymouth University, 2012
  • 45. “Web2.0 tools exist that might allow academics to reflect andreimagine what they do as scholars. Such tools mightpositively affect - even transform - research, teaching, andservice responsibilities – only if scholars choose to buildserious academic lives online, presenting semi-public selvesand becoming invested in and connected to the work of theirpeers and students.”(Greenhow, Robelia & Hughes, 2009) Open Scholarship http://www.slideshare.net/courosa/why-social-networks-matter
  • 46. Copyleft/Creative Commons Steve Wheeler, Plymouth University, 2012 Ultimately: Freedom to openly access, use, copy, modify and share content
  • 47. “Understanding hownetworks work is oneof the most important Steve Wheeler, Plymouth University, 2012literacies of the 21stCentury.”- Howard Rheingold http://www.ischool.berkeley.edu
  • 48. Researchers...• are given public money for research Steve Wheeler, Plymouth University, 2012• write in a language the public can’t understand• give their work to the publisher for free• edit, review and revise for free• work is ‘published’• ...behind a paywall• we pay the publisher to read our own research
  • 49. Steve Wheeler, Plymouth University, 2012From NAGPS (2011) via h4p://bit.ly/oIwVut
  • 50. Steve Wheeler, Plymouth University, 2012From NAGPS (2011) via h4p://bit.ly/oIwVut
  • 51. A tale of two papers Steve Wheeler, Plymouth University, 2012http://www.fromoldbooks.org
  • 52. Open ScholarshipSteve Wheeler, Plymouth University, 2012
  • 53. Open peer reviewSteve Wheeler, Plymouth University, 2012
  • 54. of review TransparencySteve Wheeler, Plymouth University, 2012
  • 55. Open impact Closed Journal Open JournalTime from Steve Wheeler, Plymouth University, 2012submission topublication >30 months <5 monthsNumber of 19 511citationsNumber of Unknown 102,396views/readsJournal impact 2.05 1.93factor Statistics collated on 5 January, 2012
  • 56. Open impact Closed Journal Open JournalTime from Steve Wheeler, Plymouth University, 2012submission topublication >30 months <5 monthsNumber of 19 511citationsNumber of Unknown 102,396views/readsJournal impact 2.05 1.93factor Statistics collated on 5 January, 2012
  • 57. Steve Wheeler, Plymouth University, 2012http://www.slideshare.net/courosa/why-social-networks-matter
  • 58. Steve Wheeler, Plymouth University, 2012http://www.slideshare.net/courosa/why-social-networks-matter
  • 59. Average 80,000 views per month Steve Wheeler, Plymouth University, 2012
  • 60. "The greatest danger in times of turbulence is notthe turbulence. It is to act with yesterdays logic."- Peter Drucker Steve Wheeler, Plymouth University, 2012 http://pixdaus.com
  • 61. W: steve-wheeler.netE: swheeler@plymouth.ac.ukB: steve-wheeler.blogspot.comT: @timbuckteeth