(re)Designing for Learning in a Digital World
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(re)Designing for Learning in a Digital World

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These slides are part of a keynote speech delivered to staff at Massey University in Palmerston North and Wellington, in New Zealand on 24-25 November, 2011.

These slides are part of a keynote speech delivered to staff at Massey University in Palmerston North and Wellington, in New Zealand on 24-25 November, 2011.

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(re)Designing for Learning in a Digital World (re)Designing for Learning in a Digital World Presentation Transcript

  • (re)Designing for Learning in a Digital World Steve Wheeler @timbuckteeth Plymouth University, UK
  • Knowing thatDeclarative Steve Wheeler, University of Plymouth, 2011 vsProceduralKnowing how http://slated.org
  • “For the first timewe are preparing Steve Wheeler, University of Plymouth, 2011 students for afuture we cannotclearly describe.” - David Warlick
  • "In the times of rapidchange, learnersinherit the Earth, whilethe learned find Steve Wheeler, University of Plymouth, 2011themselves beautifullyequipped to deal witha world that no longerexists." washingtonrebel.typepad.com- Eric Hoffer We need to think critically about teaching
  • “Reflection inprofessionalpractice, gives Steve Wheeler, University of Plymouth, 2011back not what it is,but what might be,an improvementon the original.”- Biggs (1999) http://mosangels.ning.com
  • “...a set of abilities and skills, to indicate the taking Steve Wheeler, University of Plymouth, 2011 of a critical stance, an orientation to problem solving...” – Moon (1999)http://leocasey.blogspot.com
  • ReflexivityEscher, Drawing Hands 1948 Steve Wheeler, University of Plymouth, 2011
  • http://www.nonformality.org/2006/04/excuse-misuse-or-abuse/ Steve Wheeler, University of Plymouth, 2011 http://www.ldu.leeds.ac.uk/ldu/ “This field suffers from serious conceptual confusion and a lack of accumulated theoretical knowledge.” – Frank Coffield
  • There is no empirical evidence for any of these theories and yet they persist. Why is this? Because they are convenient untruths. Steve Wheeler, Plymouth University, 2011http://www.flickr.com/photos/56155476@N08/5667863948/
  • Another theory that requires a challenge. Steve Wheeler, Plymouth University, 2011 Maslow’s theory is flawed because he largely used white, male, privileged, Western examples in his studies.http://www.maslowshierarchyofneeds.net
  • the VAK model… Steve Wheeler, Plymouth University, 2011 Visual Seeing and reading Auditory Hearing and speakingKinaesthetic Touching and doing
  • …multi-modal learning...? Steve Wheeler, Plymouth University, 2011 Auditory Visual Kinaesthetic
  • ...or Confucius repurposed? Steve Wheeler, Plymouth University, 2011 I hear, I know Auditory Visual KinaestheticI see, I remember I do, I understand
  • Learning best occurs when multi-situated learning modal contexts are enabled. We cannot justify pigeon holing students into single mode learning. Steve Wheeler, Plymouth University, 2011 I hear, I know Cognition Deeper Auditory Learning Visual Kinaesthetic I see, I remember I do, I understand Memory Meta Cognition
  • learning styles? Steve Wheeler, Plymouth University, 2011 “There are as many learning styles as there are people.” – Wheeler (2009)http://fluorescentflicker.files.wordpress.com
  • Fair measures? Steve Wheeler, University of Plymouth, 2011 Assessment of, or for, learning?http://www.flickr.com/photos/darrenhester/3901158717/
  • Steve Wheeler, University of Plymouth, 2011
  • Steve Wheeler, University of Plymouth, 2011
  • Source: http://www.masalatime.com Steve Wheeler, University of Plymouth, 2011
  • Source: http://www.masalatime.com Steve Wheeler, University of Plymouth, 2011
  • Steve Wheeler, University of Plymouth, 2011Source: http://www.goiit.com/posts/show/944766.htm
  • Source: http://www.masalatime.com Steve Wheeler, University of Plymouth, 2011
  • Assessment fails because the pedagogy fails... Steve Wheeler, University of Plymouth, 2011http://4closurefraud.org
  • Source: http://www.masalatime.comSteve Wheeler, University of Plymouth, 2011
  • Source: http://www.masalatime.comSteve Wheeler, University of Plymouth, 2011
  • Steve Wheeler, University of Plymouth, 2011
  • Steve Wheeler, University of Plymouth, 2011Join all nine dotsUsing four straightLines. Do not takeYour pen from thePaper and do notGo back over anyLines.
  • Steve Wheeler, University of Plymouth, 2011Thinking ‘outside the box’ means we go beyond the fixity of our natural perception
  • Ipsative assessment... Steve Wheeler, University of Plymouth, 2011...where a student’s learning is measured against previousattainment. This is observed in games where players areconstantly trying to better their own previous top scores.
  • Personalisation of learning means ensuring that individual differences are acknowledged Steve Wheeler, Plymouth University, 2011
  • Triadic Assessment (Gale et al, 2002) Tutor Assessment Triadic assessment Steve Wheeler, University of Plymouth, 2011
  • Does education need transformation? "In large states public education Steve Wheeler, Plymouth University, 2011 will always be mediocre, for the same reason that in large kitchens the cooking is usually bad." http://thescholasticdiary.wordpress.com Nietzsche Source: Chambers English Dictionary
  • Positive Deviance“Somewhere in yourorganization, groups of Steve Wheeler, Plymouth University, 2011people are already doingthings differently andbetter. To create lastingchange, find areas ofpositive deviance and fantheir flames.”- Pascale & Sternin(Harvard Business Review)
  • InnovationPreventionDepartment Steve Wheeler, Plymouth University, 2011
  • Pay attention at the front! Steve Wheeler, Plymouth University, 2011 http://flickr.com/photos/shu1/6065783/
  • Orienting reflex Steve Wheeler, Plymouth University, 2011 Response to changes in the environment http://www.flickr.com/photos/shardsofblue/5949563868/
  • “If your prediction is in error (PE) thisis the signal to turn on attention andlearning.” - Cathy Davidson Steve Wheeler, Plymouth University, 2011 Uneven ground? http://www.flickr.com/photos/nerdcoregirl/4444937490/
  • Steve Wheeler, Plymouth University, 2011 220 216My prediction Reality It’s OK to be wrong
  • Unpredictability Steve Wheeler, Plymouth University, 2011Permission to fail http://www.gamefront.com
  • “Learning proceedswhen outcomes occurthat are not fully Steve Wheeler, Plymouth University, 2011predicted, then slowsdown as outcomesbecome increasinglypredicted and endswhen outcomes arefully predicted.” http://www2.ph.ed.ac.uk/elearning/projects/voting/- Wolfram Schultz
  • In just 60 seconds....• 1500 new blog posts• 100,000 new tweets (Twitter) Steve Wheeler, Plymouth University, 2011• 20,000 new posts (Tumblr)• 600 new videos (YouTube)• 12,000 new adverts (Craigslist)• 3000 new image uploads (Flickr)• .... Myspace, Wiktionary, Vimeo, Picasa, Facebook, Wikipedia, Scoopit, Delicious, Diigo, Wallwisher, Etherpad, Storify.... Source: http://gizmodo.com
  • Steve Wheeler, Plymouth University, 2011http://www.flickr.com/photos/luc/ Paragogy
  • The kinds of learner support These are often provided Steve Wheeler, Plymouth University, 2011 by peers Social Technical support support Academic support Traditionally the domain of the Reference: (Carnwell, 2000) teacher/tutor
  • “Education must begin with the solution of the teacher-student Steve Wheeler, Plymouth University, 2011 contradiction, by reconciling the poles of the contradiction so that both are simultaneously teachers and students.”http://arts.anu.edu.au - Paulo Friere
  • Heutagogy Self-determined Steve Wheeler, Plymouth University, 2011 learning Hase & KenyonFlâneur
  • Modes of learning Formal Informal Steve Wheeler, Plymouth University, 2011 ReflectiveCollaborative
  • Modes of learning Formal Informal Steve Wheeler, Plymouth University, 2011 E-portfolios Blogging Reflective Essay writing Microblogging Group workCollaborative Social networking Peer learning
  • Space integration Steve Wheeler, Plymouth University, 2011Personal space Community space
  • Wiki blog integration Steve Wheeler, Plymouth University, 2011Personal space Community space Blog Wiki Reflective space Collaborative space
  • Wiki blog integration Proximal Development Professional ID Steve Wheeler, Plymouth University, 2011Personal space Community space Blog Wiki Reflective space Collaborative space Negotiation of meaning Co-construction of knowledge
  • Wiki blog integration Creative writing Critical thinking Meta cognitive processes Socio cognitive processes Steve Wheeler, Plymouth University, 2011 (Gleaves et al, 2007) Blog Wiki Who I am What I know Reflection Sharing/exchanging Self expression Editing/modifying(Brescia & Miller, 2006) (Tu et al, 2008)
  • The future? “All too often today we are giving Steve Wheeler, Plymouth University, 2011 young people cut flowers when we should be teaching them to grow their own plants.”http://www.newcastle.edu.au - John W Gardner http://www.freedigitalphotos.net/image/s_flowers-lost-gardens-of-heligan.jpg
  • Learners need critical thinking skills Steve Wheeler, Plymouth University, 2011
  • “60% of all Internet pages contain misleading Steve Wheeler, Plymouth University, 2011 information.” - Thomas EdisonLearners need digital wisdom
  • Managing identitylanguage LOLZ lets post dis Steve Wheeler, Plymouth University, 2011name up on 2 interactionidentity reputation images privacy Facebookprivacy personal data legacy reputationavatar interaction images netiquette name language Responsibility and safety online
  • • How do I find stuff?• How do I know it’s accurate?• How do I share content? Steve Wheeler, Plymouth University, 2011• How do I filter content?• How do I keep up with all the news?• How do I file content?• How do I categorise content? Content isn’t King. It’s a Tyrant... scavenging.files.wordpress.com
  • http://socialenterpriseambassadors.org.uk Creativity ReflectionEvaluation Collaboration Critical thinking Learning to learn Steve Wheeler, Plymouth University, 2011
  • Social media are now an important part of the culture of many young people. Steve Wheeler, Plymouth University, 2011 Lecturers need to exploit the power and potential of these new tools to engage learners and enhance learning.http://learningputty.com
  • Content curation Collaboration Steve Wheeler, Plymouth University, 2011 Co-learning Facilitation Learning support Inspiration! http://www.flickr.com/photos/worldbank/2760560588/
  • Digital Content Curation www.scoop.it/t/future-school Steve Wheeler, Plymouth University, 2011
  • “Education is not the filling Steve Wheeler, Plymouth University, 2011 of a pail, but the lighting of a fire”.www.preservefortlouis.org W. B. Yeats
  • Thank you W: http://steve-wheeler.net E: swheeler@plymouth.ac.uk Steve Wheeler, Plymouth University, 2011 B: http://steve-wheeler.blogspot.comjupiterimages.com
  • Steve Wheeler swheeler@plymouth.ac.uk University of Plymouth, United Kingdom This work is licensed under the Creative CommonsAttribution-Non-Commercial-No Derivative Works 2.0 UK: International Licence. http://steve-wheeler.net