Podcasting and the listening culture in education Steve Wheeler University of Plymouth http://www.myscreensavers.net/
Agenda <ul><li>The nature of learning </li></ul><ul><li>Architecture of participation </li></ul><ul><li>Listening cultures...
Education? <ul><li>“ An education allows children to develop the skills and confidence they need to strengthen their socie...
Transforming education? Source: Chambers English Dictionary &quot;In large states public education will always be mediocre...
“ Education is what remains after one has forgotten everything he learned in school”  – Einstein cc  Steve Wheeler, Univer...
“ For the first time we are preparing students for a future we cannot clearly describe.” –   David Warlick cc  Steve Wheel...
“ It's not what you know that counts anymore. It's what you can learn.”  –  Don Tapscott cc  Steve Wheeler, University of ...
digital   natives? cc  Steve Wheeler, University of Plymouth, 2009 http://tatango.com
cc  Steve Wheeler, University of Plymouth, 2009 Learning 2.0 User generated content Architecture of participation
cc  Steve Wheeler, University of Plymouth, 2009 Learning 2.0 Tools Collaborating Sharing Voting Networking User generated ...
Digital cultural capital “ Where digital communication has fractured the tyranny of distance and computers have become per...
Funnels and webs “ The current search for new educational funnels must be reversed into the search for their institutional...
A listening culture cc  Steve Wheeler, University of Plymouth, 2009 In the aural tradition, writing is not an essential pa...
Tribal storytelling cc  Steve Wheeler, University of Plymouth, 2009
Totem <ul><li>Gathering place </li></ul><ul><li>Rituals </li></ul><ul><li>Celebration </li></ul><ul><li>Transmission of cu...
Choosing the tools cc  Steve Wheeler, University of Plymouth, 2009 “ Say it again with Podcasting: If it’s important enoug...
Why Podcasting? cc  Steve Wheeler, University of Plymouth, 2009
What the research says: <ul><li>Personalises learning </li></ul><ul><li>Listen at own pace </li></ul><ul><li>Extends learn...
Disadvantages of Podcasting <ul><li>Poor audio quality </li></ul><ul><li>Poor content </li></ul><ul><li>Accessibility?  </...
Advantages of Podcasting cc  Steve Wheeler, University of Plymouth, 2009 http://www.laughparty.com/
Time shifting cc  Steve Wheeler, University of Plymouth, 2009 RSS Updates Flexible
Anytime Personalised Anyplace cc  Steve Wheeler, University of Plymouth, 2009 http://ithalas.com
Multi-tasking cc  Steve Wheeler, University of Plymouth, 2009 Inexpensive Active engagement
Auditory Learning cc  Steve Wheeler, University of Plymouth, 2009 Computer  not needed
Visual Learning cc  Steve Wheeler, University of Plymouth, 2009 Multimodal Learning http://lifebitz.wordpress.com
VAK Model Visual Seeing and reading cc  Steve Wheeler, University of Plymouth, 2009
VAK Model Visual Seeing and reading Auditory Hearing and speaking cc  Steve Wheeler, University of Plymouth, 2009
VAK Model Visual Seeing and reading Auditory Hearing and speaking Kinaesthetic Touching and doing cc  Steve Wheeler, Unive...
Multi-Modal Learning Auditory Visual Kinaesthetic cc  Steve Wheeler, University of Plymouth, 2009
Multi-Modal Learning Auditory Visual Kinaesthetic cc  Steve Wheeler, University of Plymouth, 2009 I see, I remember I hear...
Multi-Modal Learning Auditory Visual Kinaesthetic cc  Steve Wheeler, University of Plymouth, 2009 I see, I remember I hear...
When do we listen? <ul><li>Respect for the speaker </li></ul><ul><li>Interesting and relevant </li></ul><ul><li>Unusual </...
When we listen... <ul><li>... we interpret and judge </li></ul><ul><li>... we sometimes change our moods </li></ul><ul><li...
The case for Vodcasting cc  Steve Wheeler, University of Plymouth, 2009 What You See is What You Get
A bit of psychology...
Visual information can often be enhanced when paired with relevant verbal information. - Anderson & Bower (1973)  Dual Cod...
People recall sequential order of words, better than the sequence of pictures. - Paivio (1969) Visuospatial sketchpad and ...
Logogens Imagens cc  Steve Wheeler, University of Plymouth, 2009 Visual  Mental images Auditory Speech Verbal representati...
Visual  Mental images Auditory Speech Verbal representation Written or printed materials Imagens Logogens Cognition cc  St...
What the research says: <ul><li>Vodcasts are closer to the lecture experience. </li></ul><ul><li>Vodcasts increase underst...
What they said: <ul><li>“ Podcasting is all about planning and content and very little about technology and equipment, tho...
What they said: <ul><li>“ While most students love the flexibility, some feel they're being 'short changed' if teachers ar...
Issues to address <ul><li>“ Some staff are nervous about their content being out there in the real world.”  </li></ul><ul>...
Source: http://www.donblake.com Anyone can make a podcast, but not everyone should. cc  Steve Wheeler, University of Plymo...
“ All too often today we are giving young people cut flowers when we should be teaching them to grow their own plants” –  ...
Thank you [email_address] steve-wheeler.blogspot.com cc  Steve Wheeler, University of Plymouth, 2009 http://www.myscreensa...
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Podcasting and the Listening Culture

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These slides accompany a keynote speech presented to the Higher Education Academy Podcasting Special Interest Group conference, University of Bath, November 11, 2009.

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Podcasting and the Listening Culture

  1. 1. Podcasting and the listening culture in education Steve Wheeler University of Plymouth http://www.myscreensavers.net/
  2. 2. Agenda <ul><li>The nature of learning </li></ul><ul><li>Architecture of participation </li></ul><ul><li>Listening cultures </li></ul><ul><li>Podcasting and multimodal learning </li></ul><ul><li>Podcasting vs. Vodcasting </li></ul>cc Steve Wheeler, University of Plymouth, 2009 http://eduinreview.com
  3. 3. Education? <ul><li>“ An education allows children to develop the skills and confidence they need to strengthen their societies, break the cycle of poverty and build peace in their communities.” </li></ul><ul><li>- Save the Children </li></ul>cc Steve Wheeler, University of Plymouth, 2009
  4. 4. Transforming education? Source: Chambers English Dictionary &quot;In large states public education will always be mediocre, for the same reason that in large kitchens the cooking is usually bad.&quot; – Nietzsche cc Steve Wheeler, University of Plymouth, 2009 http://thescholasticdiary.wordpress.com
  5. 5. “ Education is what remains after one has forgotten everything he learned in school” – Einstein cc Steve Wheeler, University of Plymouth, 2009 http://gradeproud.com
  6. 6. “ For the first time we are preparing students for a future we cannot clearly describe.” – David Warlick cc Steve Wheeler, University of Plymouth, 2009 http://communications.nottingham.ac.uk/podcasts/
  7. 7. “ It's not what you know that counts anymore. It's what you can learn.” – Don Tapscott cc Steve Wheeler, University of Plymouth, 2009 http://www.nationalpost.com
  8. 8. digital natives? cc Steve Wheeler, University of Plymouth, 2009 http://tatango.com
  9. 9. cc Steve Wheeler, University of Plymouth, 2009 Learning 2.0 User generated content Architecture of participation
  10. 10. cc Steve Wheeler, University of Plymouth, 2009 Learning 2.0 Tools Collaborating Sharing Voting Networking User generated content Architecture of participation Tagging
  11. 11. Digital cultural capital “ Where digital communication has fractured the tyranny of distance and computers have become pervasive and ubiquitous, identification through digital mediation has become the new cultural capital”. - Wheeler (2009) cc Steve Wheeler, University of Plymouth, 2009 http://www.coreideas.com.au/
  12. 12. Funnels and webs “ The current search for new educational funnels must be reversed into the search for their institutional inverse: educational webs which heighten the opportunity for each one to transform each moment [...] into one of learning, sharing and caring”. – Illich (1970) cc Steve Wheeler, University of Plymouth, 2009 http://zumu.com
  13. 13. A listening culture cc Steve Wheeler, University of Plymouth, 2009 In the aural tradition, writing is not an essential part of attaining knowledge.
  14. 14. Tribal storytelling cc Steve Wheeler, University of Plymouth, 2009
  15. 15. Totem <ul><li>Gathering place </li></ul><ul><li>Rituals </li></ul><ul><li>Celebration </li></ul><ul><li>Transmission of customs, social mores and values (storytelling) </li></ul><ul><li>= Tribal identity </li></ul>cc Steve Wheeler, University of Plymouth, 2009 http://www.flickr.com/photos/jcbwalsh/3412625028/
  16. 16. Choosing the tools cc Steve Wheeler, University of Plymouth, 2009 “ Say it again with Podcasting: If it’s important enough to say to the class, it’s important enough for them to hear it again.” - Shawn Wheeler
  17. 17. Why Podcasting? cc Steve Wheeler, University of Plymouth, 2009
  18. 18. What the research says: <ul><li>Personalises learning </li></ul><ul><li>Listen at own pace </li></ul><ul><li>Extends learning </li></ul><ul><li>Aids assessment preparation </li></ul><ul><li>Highlights important information </li></ul>Sutton-Brady, C. et al (2009) The value of using short-format podcasts to enhance learning and teaching. ALT-J, 17 (3), 219-232. Student views of podcasts cc Steve Wheeler, University of Plymouth, 2009
  19. 19. Disadvantages of Podcasting <ul><li>Poor audio quality </li></ul><ul><li>Poor content </li></ul><ul><li>Accessibility? </li></ul><ul><li>Transcripts? </li></ul><ul><li>Dialogue? </li></ul><ul><li>Linear sequential nature </li></ul>cc Steve Wheeler, University of Plymouth, 2009 http://wineinyourdiet.com
  20. 20. Advantages of Podcasting cc Steve Wheeler, University of Plymouth, 2009 http://www.laughparty.com/
  21. 21. Time shifting cc Steve Wheeler, University of Plymouth, 2009 RSS Updates Flexible
  22. 22. Anytime Personalised Anyplace cc Steve Wheeler, University of Plymouth, 2009 http://ithalas.com
  23. 23. Multi-tasking cc Steve Wheeler, University of Plymouth, 2009 Inexpensive Active engagement
  24. 24. Auditory Learning cc Steve Wheeler, University of Plymouth, 2009 Computer not needed
  25. 25. Visual Learning cc Steve Wheeler, University of Plymouth, 2009 Multimodal Learning http://lifebitz.wordpress.com
  26. 26. VAK Model Visual Seeing and reading cc Steve Wheeler, University of Plymouth, 2009
  27. 27. VAK Model Visual Seeing and reading Auditory Hearing and speaking cc Steve Wheeler, University of Plymouth, 2009
  28. 28. VAK Model Visual Seeing and reading Auditory Hearing and speaking Kinaesthetic Touching and doing cc Steve Wheeler, University of Plymouth, 2009
  29. 29. Multi-Modal Learning Auditory Visual Kinaesthetic cc Steve Wheeler, University of Plymouth, 2009
  30. 30. Multi-Modal Learning Auditory Visual Kinaesthetic cc Steve Wheeler, University of Plymouth, 2009 I see, I remember I hear, I know I do, I understand
  31. 31. Multi-Modal Learning Auditory Visual Kinaesthetic cc Steve Wheeler, University of Plymouth, 2009 I see, I remember I hear, I know I do, I understand Cognition Memory Meta Cognition Deeper Learning
  32. 32. When do we listen? <ul><li>Respect for the speaker </li></ul><ul><li>Interesting and relevant </li></ul><ul><li>Unusual </li></ul><ul><li>Uncertainty </li></ul>cc Steve Wheeler, University of Plymouth, 2009 http://englishinguiabasico.wordpress.com/2009/01/
  33. 33. When we listen... <ul><li>... we interpret and judge </li></ul><ul><li>... we sometimes change our moods </li></ul><ul><li>... we don’t always hear everything </li></ul><ul><li>... we hear more than is actually said </li></ul>cc Steve Wheeler, University of Plymouth, 2009
  34. 34. The case for Vodcasting cc Steve Wheeler, University of Plymouth, 2009 What You See is What You Get
  35. 35. A bit of psychology...
  36. 36. Visual information can often be enhanced when paired with relevant verbal information. - Anderson & Bower (1973) Dual Coding Theory
  37. 37. People recall sequential order of words, better than the sequence of pictures. - Paivio (1969) Visuospatial sketchpad and phonological loop = working memory. – Baddeley (1986)
  38. 38. Logogens Imagens cc Steve Wheeler, University of Plymouth, 2009 Visual Mental images Auditory Speech Verbal representation Analogue Code Perceptual Symbolic Code Representational http://thegnomonworkshop.com
  39. 39. Visual Mental images Auditory Speech Verbal representation Written or printed materials Imagens Logogens Cognition cc Steve Wheeler, University of Plymouth, 2009 http://thegnomonworkshop.com
  40. 40. What the research says: <ul><li>Vodcasts are closer to the lecture experience. </li></ul><ul><li>Vodcasts increase understanding of content. </li></ul><ul><li>Podcasts are good for revision. </li></ul><ul><li>Podcasts best used in conjunction with lecturer’s slides </li></ul>Parson, V. et al (2009) Educating an iPod Generation. Learning, Media and Technology, 34 (3), 215-228. Podcasts vs. Vodcasts cc Steve Wheeler, University of Plymouth, 2009
  41. 41. What they said: <ul><li>“ Podcasting is all about planning and content and very little about technology and equipment, though we focus on the latter.” - James Clay, Gloucestershire College </li></ul><ul><li>“ Educators need a lot of technical support in producing video content. [It is very] time/resource intensive.” - Ruth Sexstone, University of Arts, London </li></ul>cc Steve Wheeler, University of Plymouth, 2009
  42. 42. What they said: <ul><li>“ While most students love the flexibility, some feel they're being 'short changed' if teachers aren't performing 'live'.” - Cath Ellis, University of Huddersfield </li></ul><ul><li>“ I think most teachers just classify it as recording audio without really using the full sharing function of podcasting.” - Ann-Maree Moore, Macquarie University </li></ul>cc Steve Wheeler, University of Plymouth, 2009
  43. 43. Issues to address <ul><li>“ Some staff are nervous about their content being out there in the real world.” </li></ul><ul><li>– Cath Ellis, University of Huddersfield </li></ul><ul><li>Is Podcasting a Web 2.0 tool? </li></ul><ul><li>Do students really listen? </li></ul><ul><li>Do students actually learn? </li></ul>cc Steve Wheeler, University of Plymouth, 2009
  44. 44. Source: http://www.donblake.com Anyone can make a podcast, but not everyone should. cc Steve Wheeler, University of Plymouth, 2009
  45. 45. “ All too often today we are giving young people cut flowers when we should be teaching them to grow their own plants” – John W Gardner cc Steve Wheeler, University of Plymouth, 2009 http://www.freedigitalphotos.net/image/s_flowers-lost-gardens-of-heligan.jpg
  46. 46. Thank you [email_address] steve-wheeler.blogspot.com cc Steve Wheeler, University of Plymouth, 2009 http://www.myscreensavers.net/
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