eXtending the Web:
New and emerging learning technologies
Steve Wheeler
Faculty of Education
University of Plymouth
Invite...
Shared experiences
http://i.imwx.com
Always Connected?
http://i.imwx.com
“We are now
implicitly and
explicitly connected
to each other.
Mobile phones do
this more than
anything else,
because now ...
The Future...?
www.abebooks.com
“One day every
town in America
will have a
telephone!”
~ U.S. Mayor, (c 1880)
SteveWheeler...
The Future...?
• 1989: ‘The future is multi-media’
• 1999: ‘The future is the Web’
• 2009: ‘The future is smart mobile’
ho...
Multimedia
brought the world
into the
classroom...
SteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2010
Multimedia
brought the world
into the
classroom...
Smart
technologies will
take the
classroom into
the world.
www.canada.c...
We are family
http://pro.corbis.com
SteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2010
Wii are family!
http://wiifitnessdepot.com
SteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2010
Source: Maria Webster - http://www.ntdaily.com/
Intuitive devices
Touch screen
Interactive
Participatory
Smart
SteveWheele...
In its current state, the Web is often
described as being in the Lego phase, with
all of its different parts capable of co...
How will it all connect together?
http://www.chamberlinproductions.org/Files/Blender/Bricks.jpg
SteveWheeler,UniversityofP...
Web 3.0 is....
“...the Web of Openness. A web that breaks the
old silos, links everyone, everything, everywhere,
and makes...
Web 1.0: Anything
can link to anything
Source: Sabin-Corneliu Buraga www.localseoguide.com
SteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymou...
www.ballroom-dance-chicago.blogspot.com/
Web 2.0:
User
participation
Source: Sabin-Corneliu Buraga
SteveWheeler,University...
Web 3.0:
Existing data
re-connected
for other
(smarter) uses
Adapted from : Sabin-Corneliu Buraga http://farm4.static.flic...
Web 3.0
Web 1.0
Web x.0
Web 2.0
Semantic Web
The Web
Meta Web
Social Web
Degree of Social Connectivity
DegreeofInformation...
Adapted from Francesco Magragrino 2009Producer
0%
100%
Consumer
100%
0%
Web 1.0 Web 2.0 Web 3.0 Web x.0 Web x.0+
Producer
0%
100%
Consumer
100%
0%
Web 1.0 Web 2.0 Web 3.0 Web x.0 Web x.0+
Syntactic Web
Semantic Web
Pragmatic Web
Adapte...
Producer
0%
100%
Consumer
100%
0%
Web 1.0 Web 2.0 Web 3.0 Web x.0 Web x.0+
Syntactic Web
Semantic Web
Pragmatic Web
Adapte...
Producer
0%
100%
Consumer
100%
0%
Web 1.0 Web 2.0 Web 3.0 Web x.0 Web x.0+
Syntactic Web
Semantic Web
Pragmatic Web
Adapte...
Producer
0%
100%
Consumer
100%
0%
Web 1.0 Web 2.0 Web 3.0 Web x.0 Web x.0+
Syntactic Web
Semantic Web
Pragmatic Web
Adapte...
E-Learning 3.0
1. Distributed (Cloud) Computing
2. Extended Smart Mobile Technology
3. Collaborative Intelligent Filtering...
Personal Learning Environment
Source: http://steve-wheeler.blogspot.com/2010/07/anatomy-of-ple.html
Steve Wheeler & Manish...
Cloud Learning Environment
Steve Wheeler & Manish Malik (2010)
Source: http://steve-wheeler.blogspot.com/2010/07/anatomy-o...
Mixed Reality
Real
World
Virtual
World
Augmented
Reality
Augmented
Virtuality
Virtuality Continuum
Adapted from Nijholt & ...
Real
World
Virtual
World
Augmented
Reality
Augmented
Virtuality
Virtuality Continuum
Adapted from Nijholt & Traum (2005)
t...
1: The phone app
2: The ‘wearable’
images.businessweek.com
Augmented
Reality
SteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2010
Context
awareness –
See overlays of
information
about the object
in front of you....
layar.com
SteveWheeler,UniversityofPl...
Layar is a free
mobile application
which shows what is
around you by
displaying real time
digital information
on top of re...
As you move your
mobile phone
camera, so the
overlays change to
represent
information
relevant to the
scene before you.
tr...
Find the nearest tube station...
http://www.itvt.com
SteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2010
www.theposthole.org
...or visualise the ancient world using images of
long gone buildings in present day sites.
SteveWheel...
Needle biopsy in
medical training
www.newhorizons.org
SteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2010
Sports training
(virtual anno...
www.guardian.co.uk
Find the nearest Tube Station...
Augmented
Virtuality is when
you interact with
your computer
using obj...
Augmented Reality in education
• Support of seamless interaction between real
and virtual learning environments
• The use ...
Camera
Coloured caps
Coloured caps
Mirror
Projector
Phone blogs.fayobserver.com
MIT’s “Sixth Sense” Wearable...
SteveWheel...
...enables you to take
pictures using the framing
gesture
ambient.media.mit.edu
SteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2010
...enables you to take
pictures using the framing
gesture and manipulate
documents with natural
gestures...
ambient.media....
www.labnol.org
...will project onto any surface...
SteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2010
a-r-u-n.com
...including your hand
SteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2010
http://www.moonsaildesign.com
...or your students!
SteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2010
Some possible smart tech uses
• Informal, self organised learning
• Problem based learning
• Group based activities
• Outd...
Some issues with Smart Devices
• Personalised learning?
• Connectivity
• Choosing a device
• Learning how to use it
• Lear...
We are already seeing early
evidence of the Smart Web
http://chemistscorner.com
Intelligent Filtering
Recommender systems
...
www.etsu.edu/math
Thank you for listening
Questions?
This work is licensed under the Creative Commons
Attribution-Non-Commercial-No Derivative Works 2.0
UK: International Lice...
eXtending the Web - New and Emerging Learning Technologies
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eXtending the Web - New and Emerging Learning Technologies

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This slide set accompanied an invited webinar given for the ASCILITE network on November 18th, 2010.

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eXtending the Web - New and Emerging Learning Technologies

  1. 1. eXtending the Web: New and emerging learning technologies Steve Wheeler Faculty of Education University of Plymouth Invited Webinar for ASCILITE: 18 November, 2010 SteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2010
  2. 2. Shared experiences http://i.imwx.com
  3. 3. Always Connected? http://i.imwx.com
  4. 4. “We are now implicitly and explicitly connected to each other. Mobile phones do this more than anything else, because now our connectedness travels with us everywhere we go.” Mark Curtis (2005)http://opengardensblog.futuretext.com SteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2010
  5. 5. The Future...? www.abebooks.com “One day every town in America will have a telephone!” ~ U.S. Mayor, (c 1880) SteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2010
  6. 6. The Future...? • 1989: ‘The future is multi-media’ • 1999: ‘The future is the Web’ • 2009: ‘The future is smart mobile’ hof.povray.org SteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2010
  7. 7. Multimedia brought the world into the classroom... SteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2010
  8. 8. Multimedia brought the world into the classroom... Smart technologies will take the classroom into the world. www.canada.com SteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2010
  9. 9. We are family http://pro.corbis.com SteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2010
  10. 10. Wii are family! http://wiifitnessdepot.com SteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2010
  11. 11. Source: Maria Webster - http://www.ntdaily.com/ Intuitive devices Touch screen Interactive Participatory Smart SteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2010
  12. 12. In its current state, the Web is often described as being in the Lego phase, with all of its different parts capable of connecting to one another. Those who envision the next phase, Web 3.0, see it as an era when machines will start to do seemingly intelligent things. - John Markoff, The New York Times SteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2010
  13. 13. How will it all connect together? http://www.chamberlinproductions.org/Files/Blender/Bricks.jpg SteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2010
  14. 14. Web 3.0 is.... “...the Web of Openness. A web that breaks the old silos, links everyone, everything, everywhere, and makes the whole thing potentially smarter." - Greg Boutan http://1.bp.blogspot.com SteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2010
  15. 15. Web 1.0: Anything can link to anything Source: Sabin-Corneliu Buraga www.localseoguide.com SteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2010
  16. 16. www.ballroom-dance-chicago.blogspot.com/ Web 2.0: User participation Source: Sabin-Corneliu Buraga SteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2010
  17. 17. Web 3.0: Existing data re-connected for other (smarter) uses Adapted from : Sabin-Corneliu Buraga http://farm4.static.flickr.com SteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2010
  18. 18. Web 3.0 Web 1.0 Web x.0 Web 2.0 Semantic Web The Web Meta Web Social Web Degree of Social Connectivity DegreeofInformationConnectivity SteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2010
  19. 19. Adapted from Francesco Magragrino 2009Producer 0% 100% Consumer 100% 0% Web 1.0 Web 2.0 Web 3.0 Web x.0 Web x.0+
  20. 20. Producer 0% 100% Consumer 100% 0% Web 1.0 Web 2.0 Web 3.0 Web x.0 Web x.0+ Syntactic Web Semantic Web Pragmatic Web Adapted from Francesco Magragrino 2009
  21. 21. Producer 0% 100% Consumer 100% 0% Web 1.0 Web 2.0 Web 3.0 Web x.0 Web x.0+ Syntactic Web Semantic Web Pragmatic Web Adapted from Francesco Magragrino 2009 MUDs/MOOs Forums Listserv Personal Webpage Newsgroup Wiki Blog Social Network Geo Mashup Social Tagging Smart Media Devices Intelligent Collaborative Filtering MMORPGs
  22. 22. Producer 0% 100% Consumer 100% 0% Web 1.0 Web 2.0 Web 3.0 Web x.0 Web x.0+ Syntactic Web Semantic Web Pragmatic Web Adapted from Francesco Magragrino 2009 RSS HTML XHTML XML Intelligent Agents OWL RDF
  23. 23. Producer 0% 100% Consumer 100% 0% Web 1.0 Web 2.0 Web 3.0 Web x.0 Web x.0+ Syntactic Web Semantic Web Pragmatic Web Adapted from Francesco Magragrino 2009 Personal Learning Environments Learning Management Systems (iMLE or VLE) Adaptive Smart Systems Intelligent SystemsAugmented Reality and Virtuality RSS HTML XHTML XML Intelligent Agents OWL RDF
  24. 24. E-Learning 3.0 1. Distributed (Cloud) Computing 2. Extended Smart Mobile Technology 3. Collaborative Intelligent Filtering 4. 3D Visualisation and Interaction Source: steve-wheeler.blogspot.com SteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2010
  25. 25. Personal Learning Environment Source: http://steve-wheeler.blogspot.com/2010/07/anatomy-of-ple.html Steve Wheeler & Manish Malik (2010) SteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2010
  26. 26. Cloud Learning Environment Steve Wheeler & Manish Malik (2010) Source: http://steve-wheeler.blogspot.com/2010/07/anatomy-of-ple.html SteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2010
  27. 27. Mixed Reality Real World Virtual World Augmented Reality Augmented Virtuality Virtuality Continuum Adapted from Nijholt & Traum (2005) SteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2010
  28. 28. Real World Virtual World Augmented Reality Augmented Virtuality Virtuality Continuum Adapted from Nijholt & Traum (2005) the virtual augments the real the real augments the virtual SteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2010
  29. 29. 1: The phone app 2: The ‘wearable’ images.businessweek.com Augmented Reality SteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2010
  30. 30. Context awareness – See overlays of information about the object in front of you.... layar.com SteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2010
  31. 31. Layar is a free mobile application which shows what is around you by displaying real time digital information on top of reality through the camera of your mobile phone. www.winandmac.com SteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2010
  32. 32. As you move your mobile phone camera, so the overlays change to represent information relevant to the scene before you. truliablog.com SteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2010
  33. 33. Find the nearest tube station... http://www.itvt.com SteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2010
  34. 34. www.theposthole.org ...or visualise the ancient world using images of long gone buildings in present day sites. SteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2010
  35. 35. Needle biopsy in medical training www.newhorizons.org SteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2010 Sports training (virtual annotations) http://i.ytimg.com
  36. 36. www.guardian.co.uk Find the nearest Tube Station... Augmented Virtuality is when you interact with your computer using objects in the physical world. Are we Natural Born Cyborgs? http://www.popsucker.net SteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2010
  37. 37. Augmented Reality in education • Support of seamless interaction between real and virtual learning environments • The use of a tangible interface metaphor for object manipulation • The ability to transition smoothly between reality and virtuality • Collaborative learning from interaction in multiple perspectives Source: http://www.newhorizons.org/strategies/technology/billinghurst.htm SteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2010
  38. 38. Camera Coloured caps Coloured caps Mirror Projector Phone blogs.fayobserver.com MIT’s “Sixth Sense” Wearable... SteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2010
  39. 39. ...enables you to take pictures using the framing gesture ambient.media.mit.edu SteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2010
  40. 40. ...enables you to take pictures using the framing gesture and manipulate documents with natural gestures... ambient.media.mit.edu chi2009.org SteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2010
  41. 41. www.labnol.org ...will project onto any surface... SteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2010
  42. 42. a-r-u-n.com ...including your hand SteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2010
  43. 43. http://www.moonsaildesign.com ...or your students! SteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2010
  44. 44. Some possible smart tech uses • Informal, self organised learning • Problem based learning • Group based activities • Outdoor learning • Independent study • Distance learning • Blended learning pointlessbanter.net SteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2010
  45. 45. Some issues with Smart Devices • Personalised learning? • Connectivity • Choosing a device • Learning how to use it • Learning what it can be used for • Bandwidth availability scavenging.files.wordpress.com SteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2010
  46. 46. We are already seeing early evidence of the Smart Web http://chemistscorner.com Intelligent Filtering Recommender systems SteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2010
  47. 47. www.etsu.edu/math Thank you for listening Questions?
  48. 48. This work is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-Non-Commercial-No Derivative Works 2.0 UK: International Licence. Steve Wheeler swheeler@plymouth.ac.uk University of Plymouth, United Kingdom
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