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Open for Use? The
Challenge of User
Generated Content
and its Impact on
Open Educational
Resources
Steve Wheeler
Universit...
“The open provision of
educational resources,
enabled by information and
communication technologies,
for consultation, use...
What can OER do?
• OER emphasises learning communities and
learner engagement
• OER supports development of skills needed
...
OER is premised upon
sharing resources
Community of interest
SteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2010
Community...
...has been defined as a group of interacting
people living in a common location.
http://www.psfk.com
In the ...
http://www.zimbio.com
Celebration
SteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2010
Connection
ccSteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2010
http://i.imwx.com
SteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2010
What is happe...
Connection
ccSteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2010
http://i.imwx.com
SteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2010
Mobile phones...
Online, En masse
http://steve-wheeler.blogspot.com
ccSteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2010
Communication
Collaboration
http://idirekt.cz/soubory/t-mobile_dance2.png
SteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2010
User Generated
Content
Celebration
Connection
Communication
Collaboration
SteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2010
User Generated Content is…
“…content that is created and shared
freely by students and/or teachers and
which has not been ...
“Wikipedia is different in that it
doesn’t try to frame the creation
of new entries with commissioned
beginnings and fixed...
Advantages of OER
Sharing development
costs of learning
resources among
institutions and
professional
communities means a
...
Advantages of OER
Adapted from: Holotescu, C. (2007) Open Educational Resources and FLOSS
Promoting digital
competencies f...
Advantages of OER
Improving the quality of
content. Quality control,
feedback and improvement
across the alliances,
commun...
Advantages of OER
Adapted from: Holotescu, C. (2007) Open Educational Resources and FLOSS
Supporting lifelong
learning and...
Offers flexibility in
choosing from a
broader range of
subjects and topics
for teaching and
learning
Advantages of OER
Ada...
Saves time and
effort through the
reusing of resources
for which IPR/
Copyright issues
have already been
resolved.
Advanta...
Barriers to OER
• Quality concerns
• Suspicion of openness
• Ownership (IP)
• Sustainability
• Search tools?
http://www.pr...
Barriers to OER
• Quality concerns
• Suspicion of openness
• Ownership (IP)
• Sustainability
• Search tools?
http://www.pr...
6 Trends for the digital age
Analogue Digital
Tethered Mobile
Closed Open
Isolated Connected
Generic Personal
Consuming Cr...
Characteristics of e-learning
Analogue Digital
Tethered Mobile
Closed Open
Isolated Connected
Generic Personal
Consuming C...
Free/Open Content...
...describes any kind of
creative work in a format
that explicitly allows
copying and modifying of
it...
Copyleft/Creative Commons
Ultimately: Freedom to openly access,
use, copy, modify and share content
SteveWheeler,Universit...
“Understanding how
networks work is one
of the most important
literacies of the 21st
Century.”
- Howard Rheingold
http://w...
If ... information is
recognized as useful to
the community ... it can
be counted as
knowledge.
The community, then,
has t...
A Challenge to empirical knowledge –
‘Community as curriculum’
‘The rhizomatic viewpoint (…) suggests that a distributed
n...
Rhizomatic knowledge
Participatory and negotiated experience of
rhizomatic community engagement.
– Dave Cormier (2007)
Ste...
Rhizomatic knowledge
Participatory and negotiated experience of
rhizomatic community engagement.
– Dave Cormier (2007)
Ste...
Rhizomatic knowledge
Participatory and negotiated experience of
rhizomatic community engagement.
– Dave Cormier (2007)
Ste...
LMS vs PLE
http://mohamedaminechatti.blogspot.com/2010/03/lms-vs-ple.html
SteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2010
Folksonom...
http://mashable.com
300,000largestwebsitesvisualisedusingFavicons
SteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2010
Formal and Informal learning
Formal Learning Informal Learning
20%
80%
Source: Cofer, D. (2000). Informal Workplace Learni...
Formal and Informal learning
Formal Learning Informal Learning
20%
80%
Source: Cofer, D. (2000). Informal Workplace Learni...
A tale of two papers
http://www.fromoldbooks.org
SteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2010
In 2006 I had 2 papers published
i...
Open Scholarship
SteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2010
Open peer review
SteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2010
SteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2010
Transparency
Open impact
Closed Journal
3 years
12
Unknown
2.05
Open Journal
5 months
296
72,736
1.93
Time from
submission to
publicati...
Open impact
Closed Journal
3 years
12
Unknown
2.05
Open Journal
5 months
296
72,736
1.93
Time from
submission to
publicati...
Content amplification
SteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2010
Event amplification
SteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2010
Event amplification
SteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2010
Event amplification
SteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2010
"The greatest danger in times of turbulence is not
the turbulence. It is to act with yesterday's logic."
- Peter Drucker
h...
T: @timbuckteeth
E: swheeler@plymouth.ac.uk
B: http://steve-wheeler.blogspot.com
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Open for use?

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This slideset accompanied a keynote presentation for the EDEN Research Workshop, held in Budapest, Hungary, on October 23, 2010.

Published in: Education, Technology

Transcript of "Open for use?"

  1. 1. Open for Use? The Challenge of User Generated Content and its Impact on Open Educational Resources Steve Wheeler University of Plymouth, UK Keynote speech for the EDEN Research Workshop, Budapest, October 2010
  2. 2. “The open provision of educational resources, enabled by information and communication technologies, for consultation, use and adaptation by a community of users for non-commercial purposes” - UNESCO (2002) Open Educational Resources http://www.wetcanvas.com http://www.wetcanvas.com SteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2010
  3. 3. What can OER do? • OER emphasises learning communities and learner engagement • OER supports development of skills needed for problem solving • OER creates opportunities for personalised learning • OER allows students to create and share their own content Adapted from: Holotescu, C. (2007) Open Educational Resources and FLOSS SteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2010
  4. 4. OER is premised upon sharing resources Community of interest SteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2010
  5. 5. Community... ...has been defined as a group of interacting people living in a common location. http://www.psfk.com In the digital age, common location is not as important as common interest. What are the characteristics of distributed learning communities? SteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2010
  6. 6. http://www.zimbio.com Celebration SteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2010
  7. 7. Connection ccSteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2010 http://i.imwx.com SteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2010 What is happening here?
  8. 8. Connection ccSteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2010 http://i.imwx.com SteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2010 Mobile phones and cameras
  9. 9. Online, En masse http://steve-wheeler.blogspot.com ccSteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2010 Communication
  10. 10. Collaboration http://idirekt.cz/soubory/t-mobile_dance2.png SteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2010
  11. 11. User Generated Content Celebration Connection Communication Collaboration SteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2010
  12. 12. User Generated Content is… “…content that is created and shared freely by students and/or teachers and which has not been through a process of formal peer review” Concede Project, May 2010 SteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2010
  13. 13. “Wikipedia is different in that it doesn’t try to frame the creation of new entries with commissioned beginnings and fixed endpoints. It is open to anyone to initiate an entry on Wikipedia, and no entry is ever formally closed, since it is also open to anyone to keep editing and altering whatever is already there.” – Andrew Lih The Wikipedia Revolution (2009) http://wikipedia.org ccSteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2010SteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2010
  14. 14. Advantages of OER Sharing development costs of learning resources among institutions and professional communities means a better return on public investment http://static-p3.fotolia.com Adapted from: Holotescu, C. (2007) Open Educational Resources and FLOSS SteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2010
  15. 15. Advantages of OER Adapted from: Holotescu, C. (2007) Open Educational Resources and FLOSS Promoting digital competencies for the knowledge society. Tools and content that enable learners to develop their creativity and critical thinking. http://dyslexicbrian.com SteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2010
  16. 16. Advantages of OER Improving the quality of content. Quality control, feedback and improvement across the alliances, communities and networks that share the content. Adapted from: Holotescu, C. (2007) Open Educational Resources and FLOSS http://static.squidoo.com SteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2010
  17. 17. Advantages of OER Adapted from: Holotescu, C. (2007) Open Educational Resources and FLOSS Supporting lifelong learning and social inclusion. Accessibility of resources previously unavailable to specific groups of people. http://www.flaglercomputerclub.com SteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2010
  18. 18. Offers flexibility in choosing from a broader range of subjects and topics for teaching and learning Advantages of OER Adapted from: Holotescu, C. (2007) Open Educational Resources and FLOSS http://www.uh.edu SteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2010
  19. 19. Saves time and effort through the reusing of resources for which IPR/ Copyright issues have already been resolved. Advantages of OER http://qbn.com Adapted from: Holotescu, C. (2007) Open Educational Resources and FLOSS SteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2010
  20. 20. Barriers to OER • Quality concerns • Suspicion of openness • Ownership (IP) • Sustainability • Search tools? http://www.presd.org Crowdsourced via Twitter SteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2010
  21. 21. Barriers to OER • Quality concerns • Suspicion of openness • Ownership (IP) • Sustainability • Search tools? http://www.presd.org Crowdsourced via Twitter SteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2010 Authenticity, Accuracy, Objectivity?
  22. 22. 6 Trends for the digital age Analogue Digital Tethered Mobile Closed Open Isolated Connected Generic Personal Consuming Creating Source: David Wiley: Openness and the disaggregated future of higher education SteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2010
  23. 23. Characteristics of e-learning Analogue Digital Tethered Mobile Closed Open Isolated Connected Generic Personal Consuming Creating Source: David Wiley: Openness and the disaggregated future of higher education We have the technology to facilitate the rest, but do we have the will?! SteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2010
  24. 24. Free/Open Content... ...describes any kind of creative work in a format that explicitly allows copying and modifying of its information by anyone, not exclusively by a closed organisation, firm or individual. Source: Wikipedia SteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2010 http://marshalevine.blogspot.com
  25. 25. Copyleft/Creative Commons Ultimately: Freedom to openly access, use, copy, modify and share content SteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2010
  26. 26. “Understanding how networks work is one of the most important literacies of the 21st Century.” - Howard Rheingold http://www.ischool.berkeley.edu SteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2010
  27. 27. If ... information is recognized as useful to the community ... it can be counted as knowledge. The community, then, has the power to create knowledge within a given context and leave that knowledge as a new node connected to the rest of the network’. – Dave Cormier (2008) SteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2010 Open Networks http://inperspire.blogspot.com
  28. 28. A Challenge to empirical knowledge – ‘Community as curriculum’ ‘The rhizomatic viewpoint (…) suggests that a distributed negotiation of knowledge can allow a community of people to legitimize the work they are doing among themselves and for each member of the group, the rhizomatic model dispenses with the need for external validation of knowledge...’ - Dave Cormier (2008) SteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2010
  29. 29. Rhizomatic knowledge Participatory and negotiated experience of rhizomatic community engagement. – Dave Cormier (2007) SteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2010 http://users.soe.ucsc.edu
  30. 30. Rhizomatic knowledge Participatory and negotiated experience of rhizomatic community engagement. – Dave Cormier (2007) SteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2010 http://users.soe.ucsc.edu
  31. 31. Rhizomatic knowledge Participatory and negotiated experience of rhizomatic community engagement. – Dave Cormier (2007) SteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2010 http://users.soe.ucsc.edu
  32. 32. LMS vs PLE http://mohamedaminechatti.blogspot.com/2010/03/lms-vs-ple.html SteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2010 Folksonomies
  33. 33. http://mashable.com 300,000largestwebsitesvisualisedusingFavicons SteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2010
  34. 34. Formal and Informal learning Formal Learning Informal Learning 20% 80% Source: Cofer, D. (2000). Informal Workplace Learning. SteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2010
  35. 35. Formal and Informal learning Formal Learning Informal Learning 20% 80% Source: Cofer, D. (2000). Informal Workplace Learning. Blended? SteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2010
  36. 36. A tale of two papers http://www.fromoldbooks.org SteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2010 In 2006 I had 2 papers published in the same month. One was in a traditional paper based journal. The other was in an open access journal....
  37. 37. Open Scholarship SteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2010
  38. 38. Open peer review SteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2010
  39. 39. SteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2010 Transparency
  40. 40. Open impact Closed Journal 3 years 12 Unknown 2.05 Open Journal 5 months 296 72,736 1.93 Time from submission to publication Number of citations Number of views Journal impact factor SteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2010
  41. 41. Open impact Closed Journal 3 years 12 Unknown 2.05 Open Journal 5 months 296 72,736 1.93 Time from submission to publication Number of citations Number of views Journal impact factor SteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2010
  42. 42. Content amplification SteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2010
  43. 43. Event amplification SteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2010
  44. 44. Event amplification SteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2010
  45. 45. Event amplification SteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2010
  46. 46. "The greatest danger in times of turbulence is not the turbulence. It is to act with yesterday's logic." - Peter Drucker http://pixdaus.com SteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2010
  47. 47. T: @timbuckteeth E: swheeler@plymouth.ac.uk B: http://steve-wheeler.blogspot.com
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