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This slideset accompanied a keynote presentation for the EDEN Research Workshop, held in Budapest, Hungary, on October 23, 2010.

This slideset accompanied a keynote presentation for the EDEN Research Workshop, held in Budapest, Hungary, on October 23, 2010.

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  • 1. Open for Use? The Challenge of User Generated Content and its Impact on Open Educational Resources Steve Wheeler University of Plymouth, UK Keynote speech for the EDEN Research Workshop, Budapest, October 2010
  • 2. “The open provision of educational resources, enabled by information and communication technologies, for consultation, use and adaptation by a community of users for non-commercial purposes” - UNESCO (2002) Open Educational Resources http://www.wetcanvas.com http://www.wetcanvas.com SteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2010
  • 3. What can OER do? • OER emphasises learning communities and learner engagement • OER supports development of skills needed for problem solving • OER creates opportunities for personalised learning • OER allows students to create and share their own content Adapted from: Holotescu, C. (2007) Open Educational Resources and FLOSS SteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2010
  • 4. OER is premised upon sharing resources Community of interest SteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2010
  • 5. Community... ...has been defined as a group of interacting people living in a common location. http://www.psfk.com In the digital age, common location is not as important as common interest. What are the characteristics of distributed learning communities? SteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2010
  • 6. http://www.zimbio.com Celebration SteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2010
  • 7. Connection ccSteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2010 http://i.imwx.com SteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2010 What is happening here?
  • 8. Connection ccSteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2010 http://i.imwx.com SteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2010 Mobile phones and cameras
  • 9. Online, En masse http://steve-wheeler.blogspot.com ccSteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2010 Communication
  • 10. Collaboration http://idirekt.cz/soubory/t-mobile_dance2.png SteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2010
  • 11. User Generated Content Celebration Connection Communication Collaboration SteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2010
  • 12. User Generated Content is… “…content that is created and shared freely by students and/or teachers and which has not been through a process of formal peer review” Concede Project, May 2010 SteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2010
  • 13. “Wikipedia is different in that it doesn’t try to frame the creation of new entries with commissioned beginnings and fixed endpoints. It is open to anyone to initiate an entry on Wikipedia, and no entry is ever formally closed, since it is also open to anyone to keep editing and altering whatever is already there.” – Andrew Lih The Wikipedia Revolution (2009) http://wikipedia.org ccSteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2010SteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2010
  • 14. Advantages of OER Sharing development costs of learning resources among institutions and professional communities means a better return on public investment http://static-p3.fotolia.com Adapted from: Holotescu, C. (2007) Open Educational Resources and FLOSS SteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2010
  • 15. Advantages of OER Adapted from: Holotescu, C. (2007) Open Educational Resources and FLOSS Promoting digital competencies for the knowledge society. Tools and content that enable learners to develop their creativity and critical thinking. http://dyslexicbrian.com SteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2010
  • 16. Advantages of OER Improving the quality of content. Quality control, feedback and improvement across the alliances, communities and networks that share the content. Adapted from: Holotescu, C. (2007) Open Educational Resources and FLOSS http://static.squidoo.com SteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2010
  • 17. Advantages of OER Adapted from: Holotescu, C. (2007) Open Educational Resources and FLOSS Supporting lifelong learning and social inclusion. Accessibility of resources previously unavailable to specific groups of people. http://www.flaglercomputerclub.com SteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2010
  • 18. Offers flexibility in choosing from a broader range of subjects and topics for teaching and learning Advantages of OER Adapted from: Holotescu, C. (2007) Open Educational Resources and FLOSS http://www.uh.edu SteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2010
  • 19. Saves time and effort through the reusing of resources for which IPR/ Copyright issues have already been resolved. Advantages of OER http://qbn.com Adapted from: Holotescu, C. (2007) Open Educational Resources and FLOSS SteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2010
  • 20. Barriers to OER • Quality concerns • Suspicion of openness • Ownership (IP) • Sustainability • Search tools? http://www.presd.org Crowdsourced via Twitter SteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2010
  • 21. Barriers to OER • Quality concerns • Suspicion of openness • Ownership (IP) • Sustainability • Search tools? http://www.presd.org Crowdsourced via Twitter SteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2010 Authenticity, Accuracy, Objectivity?
  • 22. 6 Trends for the digital age Analogue Digital Tethered Mobile Closed Open Isolated Connected Generic Personal Consuming Creating Source: David Wiley: Openness and the disaggregated future of higher education SteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2010
  • 23. Characteristics of e-learning Analogue Digital Tethered Mobile Closed Open Isolated Connected Generic Personal Consuming Creating Source: David Wiley: Openness and the disaggregated future of higher education We have the technology to facilitate the rest, but do we have the will?! SteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2010
  • 24. Free/Open Content... ...describes any kind of creative work in a format that explicitly allows copying and modifying of its information by anyone, not exclusively by a closed organisation, firm or individual. Source: Wikipedia SteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2010 http://marshalevine.blogspot.com
  • 25. Copyleft/Creative Commons Ultimately: Freedom to openly access, use, copy, modify and share content SteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2010
  • 26. “Understanding how networks work is one of the most important literacies of the 21st Century.” - Howard Rheingold http://www.ischool.berkeley.edu SteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2010
  • 27. If ... information is recognized as useful to the community ... it can be counted as knowledge. The community, then, has the power to create knowledge within a given context and leave that knowledge as a new node connected to the rest of the network’. – Dave Cormier (2008) SteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2010 Open Networks http://inperspire.blogspot.com
  • 28. A Challenge to empirical knowledge – ‘Community as curriculum’ ‘The rhizomatic viewpoint (…) suggests that a distributed negotiation of knowledge can allow a community of people to legitimize the work they are doing among themselves and for each member of the group, the rhizomatic model dispenses with the need for external validation of knowledge...’ - Dave Cormier (2008) SteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2010
  • 29. Rhizomatic knowledge Participatory and negotiated experience of rhizomatic community engagement. – Dave Cormier (2007) SteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2010 http://users.soe.ucsc.edu
  • 30. Rhizomatic knowledge Participatory and negotiated experience of rhizomatic community engagement. – Dave Cormier (2007) SteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2010 http://users.soe.ucsc.edu
  • 31. Rhizomatic knowledge Participatory and negotiated experience of rhizomatic community engagement. – Dave Cormier (2007) SteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2010 http://users.soe.ucsc.edu
  • 32. LMS vs PLE http://mohamedaminechatti.blogspot.com/2010/03/lms-vs-ple.html SteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2010 Folksonomies
  • 33. http://mashable.com 300,000largestwebsitesvisualisedusingFavicons SteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2010
  • 34. Formal and Informal learning Formal Learning Informal Learning 20% 80% Source: Cofer, D. (2000). Informal Workplace Learning. SteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2010
  • 35. Formal and Informal learning Formal Learning Informal Learning 20% 80% Source: Cofer, D. (2000). Informal Workplace Learning. Blended? SteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2010
  • 36. A tale of two papers http://www.fromoldbooks.org SteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2010 In 2006 I had 2 papers published in the same month. One was in a traditional paper based journal. The other was in an open access journal....
  • 37. Open Scholarship SteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2010
  • 38. Open peer review SteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2010
  • 39. SteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2010 Transparency
  • 40. Open impact Closed Journal 3 years 12 Unknown 2.05 Open Journal 5 months 296 72,736 1.93 Time from submission to publication Number of citations Number of views Journal impact factor SteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2010
  • 41. Open impact Closed Journal 3 years 12 Unknown 2.05 Open Journal 5 months 296 72,736 1.93 Time from submission to publication Number of citations Number of views Journal impact factor SteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2010
  • 42. Content amplification SteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2010
  • 43. Event amplification SteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2010
  • 44. Event amplification SteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2010
  • 45. Event amplification SteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2010
  • 46. "The greatest danger in times of turbulence is not the turbulence. It is to act with yesterday's logic." - Peter Drucker http://pixdaus.com SteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2010
  • 47. T: @timbuckteeth E: swheeler@plymouth.ac.uk B: http://steve-wheeler.blogspot.com

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