Digital Tribes and the Social Web
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These slides accompany a keynote speech given on June 29th at the Engaging the Digital Generation Conference at Middlesex University. Full title of the presentation is: Digital Tribes and the Social ...

These slides accompany a keynote speech given on June 29th at the Engaging the Digital Generation Conference at Middlesex University. Full title of the presentation is: Digital Tribes and the Social Web: How Web 2.0 will Transform Learning in Higher Education

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Digital Tribes and the Social Web Presentation Transcript

  • 1. Digital Tribes and the Social Web:
    How Web 2.0 will Transform Learning in Higher Education
    cc Steve Wheeler, University of Plymouth, 2010
    Steve Wheeler
    University of Plymouth
    Engaging the Digital Generation Conference: University of Middlesex, London, 29 June 2010
  • 2. Digital Tribes and the Social Web:
    How Web 2.0 will Transform Learning in Higher Education
    In the available time....
    cc Steve Wheeler, University of Plymouth, 2010
    • Transformative learning
    • 3. Inspiration in learning
    • 4. The Tribal Web (Web 2.0)
    • 5. Social Web tools
    • 6. Personalised Learning
    • 7. Digital literacies
    cc Steve Wheeler, University of Plymouth, 2010
    Steve Wheeler
    University of Plymouth
    Engaging the Digital Generation Conference: University of Middlesex, London, 29 June 2010
    http://www.sessionmagazine.com/
  • 8. New York c 1920
    Transformation
    cc Steve Wheeler, University of Plymouth, 2010
    http://farm3.static.flickr.com
  • 9. Does education need transformation?
    "In large states public education will always be mediocre, for the same reason that in large kitchens the cooking is usually bad."
    ~Nietzsche
    cc Steve Wheeler, University of Plymouth, 20
    http://thescholasticdiary.wordpress.com
    Source: Chambers English Dictionary
  • 10. It certainly needs inspiration...
    “For the first time we are preparing students for a future we cannot clearly describe.”
    –David Warlick
    cc Steve Wheeler, University of Plymouth, 2010
    http://communications.nottingham.ac.uk/podcasts/
  • 11. One tribe or many?
    cc Steve Wheeler, University of Plymouth, 2010
    Celebration
    http://www.zimbio.com
  • 12. Connection
    cc Steve Wheeler, University of Plymouth, 2010
    http://latimesblogs.latimes.com
  • 13. Online, En masse
    cc Steve Wheeler, University of Plymouth, 2010
    http://steve-wheeler.blogspot.com
  • 14. Postural echo
    =
    Identification
    cc Steve Wheeler, University of Plymouth, 2010
    http://www.leifjeffers.com
  • 15. Tribal nature of new media
    “New media ... have made our world into a single unit...
    The world is now like a continually sounding tribal drum. Media point us away from individual man and toward tribal man.”
    ~ Marshall McLuhan (1960)
    cc Steve Wheeler, University of Plymouth, 2010
    metapedia.com
  • 16. “A tribe needs a shared interest and a way to communicate.”
    Internet tribes
    “Twitter and blogs ... contribute an entirely new dimension of what it means to be a part of a tribe. The real power of tribes has nothing to do with the Internet and everything to do with people.”
    cc Steve Wheeler, University of Plymouth, 2010
  • 17. Tribes
    “The internet eliminates geography. This means that there are now more tribes: smaller tribes, influential tribes, and tribes that could never have existed before.”
    ~ Seth Godin
    cc Steve Wheeler, University of Plymouth, 2010
    http://nedgrace.files.wordpress.com
  • 18. Digital tribes and virtual clans
    There is one digital tribe ... But there are may subsets of this large digital tribe – what we can term ‘virtual clans’.
    - Wheeler (2009)
  • 19. Wikipedians
    (Deletionism + Exclusionism) /Inclusionism =
    Darwikinism
    Survival of the fittest content
    cc Steve Wheeler, University of Plymouth, 2010
    Source: http://meta.wikimedia.org/wiki/Darwikinism
  • 20. Flickrites and Facebookers
    cc Steve Wheeler, University of Plymouth, 2010
    http://www.travel-images.com
    http://www.coal-is-dirty.com
  • 21. Mind tools
    Human activities are mediated by culturally established instruments such as tools and language.
    Vygotsky, L. S. (1978) Mind in Society: The development of higher psychological processes. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press
    cc Steve Wheeler, University of Plymouth, 2010
    http://www.phillwebb.net
  • 22. Totems
    It is easier to project your feelings of awe towards a totem than something as complex as the tribe.
    ~ Emile Durkheim
    cc Steve Wheeler, University of Plymouth, 2010
    http://www.phillwebb.net
  • 23. Digital Totems?
    Gathering places
    Rituals and rules
    Celebration and fun
    Transmission of customs, social mores and values (storytelling)
    = Tribal identity
    = Social networks
    cc Steve Wheeler, University of Plymouth, 2010
    Source: Wheeler (2009) Digital Tribes
    http://www.flickr.com/photos/jcbwalsh/3412625028/
  • 24. Digital Totems
    For digital tribes ... their totems are their social networking tools within the World Wide Web.
    cc Steve Wheeler, University of Plymouth, 2010
    Source: Wheeler (2009) Digital Tribes
    http://www.faqs.org
  • 25. “We simply have too much information and we can’t make sense of it all. It changes too quickly”.
    ~ George Siemens
    cc Steve Wheeler, University of Plymouth, 2010
    comets.iastate.edu
    Source: www.connectivism.ca/
  • 26. Smart Mobs
    “Smart Mobs consist of people who are able to act in concert even if they don’t know each other. [They can] cooperate in ways never before possible.”
    Rheingold, H. (2002) Smart Mobs: The Next Social Revolution. Cambridge, MA: Perseus Books.
    cc Steve Wheeler, University of Plymouth, 2010
    http://www.ischool.berkeley.edu
    The ‘Thumb Tribe’ – one thumb signalling
  • 27. Flash mobs
    cc Steve Wheeler, University of Plymouth, 2010
    http://idirekt.cz
    The power of txtingto organise collective action
  • 28. 3 key human interaction
    characteristics...
    Cognition
    Cooperation
    cc Steve Wheeler, University of Plymouth, 2010
    Communication
  • 29. Blog
    ... and web tools that facilitate them
    Cognition
    Social Network
    Cooperation
    cc Steve Wheeler, University of Plymouth, 2010
    Wiki
    Communication
  • 30. DigitalNatives?
    cc Steve Wheeler, University of Plymouth, 2010
    http://tatango.com
  • 31. What do younger learners expect?
    cc Steve Wheeler, University of Plymouth, 2010
    http://socialenterpriseambassadors.org.uk
  • 32. anytime
    personalised
    anyplace
    cc Steve Wheeler, University of Plymouth, 2010
    http://ithalas.com
  • 33. cc Steve Wheeler, University of Plymouth, 2009
    We are family
    http://pro.corbis.com
  • 34. Wii are family!
    cc Steve Wheeler, University of Plymouth, 2010
    http://wiifitnessdepot.com
  • 35. Personalisation of learning means ensuring that individual differences are acknowledged
    cc Steve Wheeler, University of Plymouth, 2010
  • 36. You are your own ‘VLE’
    Aggregation
    Services
    Tools
    cc Steve Wheeler, University of Plymouth, 2010
    Formats
    Content
    Channels
    Networks
  • 37. PLEs, PLNs and PWs
    Personal
    Learning
    Network
    Personal
    Learning
    Environment
    cc Steve Wheeler, University of Plymouth, 2010
    Personal
    Web
  • 38. Digital cultural capital – Membership of the Tribe
    “Where digital communication has fractured the tyranny of distance and computers have become pervasive and ubiquitous, identification through digital mediation has become the new cultural capital”.
    - Wheeler (2009)
    cc Steve Wheeler, University of Plymouth, 2010
    http://www.coreideas.com.au/
  • 39. Digital literacies
    Social networking
    Transliteracy
    Privacy maintenance
    Identity management
    Creating content
    Organising content
    Reusing/repurposing content
    Filtering and selecting
    Self presenting
    cc Steve Wheeler, University of Plymouth, 2010
    http://www.mopocket.com/
  • 40. Filtering/Selecting
    Media provide selected access to the world rather than direct access to it.
    cc Steve Wheeler, University of Plymouth, 2010
    Source: Buckingham, D. (2003) Media education: Literacy, learning and contemporary culture.
    http://fotosa.ru
  • 41. ‘Transliteracy’
    The ability to read, write and interact across a range of platforms, tools and media from signing and orality, through handwriting to digital social networks.
    cc Steve Wheeler, University of Plymouth, 2010
    Image source: unknown
  • 42. Social tagging
    “Delicious is like a virtual fieldtrip through a library built by the recommendations of others.”
    – Chris Sessums
    cc Steve Wheeler, University of Plymouth, 2010
    http://1.bp.blogspot.com
  • 43. Taxonomies are defined by
    the community
    Folksonomies define a
    community
    cc Steve Wheeler, University of Plymouth, 2009
  • 44. Reuse as an art form
    “Good artists borrow, great artists steal” - Pablo Picasso
    cc Steve Wheeler, University of Plymouth, 2010
    http://blog.leniwiener.com
    Source: Martin Weller: http://nogoodreason.typepad.co.uk
  • 45. Presentation of self in cyberspace
    ... theperformance of the self
    (Goffman)
    cc Steve Wheeler, University of Plymouth, 2010
    @timbuckteeth
  • 46. Citizen journalism ... That’s what’s happening....
    cc Steve Wheeler, University of Plymouth, 2010
  • 47. Self broadcasting
    ... Podcasting, video sharing, webcasting, slidecasting...
    cc Steve Wheeler, University of Plymouth, 2010
    http://www.classcaster.org
  • 48. Managing identity
    avatar
    language
    images
    name
    personal data
    images
    interaction
    identity
    reputation
    cc Steve Wheeler, University of Plymouth, 2010
    privacy
    netiquette
    privacy
    legacy
    avatar
    interaction
    reputation
    images
    name
  • 49. Managing identity
    language
    name
    personal data
    images
    interaction
    identity
    reputation
    cc Steve Wheeler, University of Plymouth, 2010
    privacy
    netiquette
    privacy
    legacy
    avatar
    interaction
    reputation
    images
    name
    http://i.dailymail.co.uk
  • 50. Competition
    cc Steve Wheeler, University of Plymouth, 2010
    http://www.twilightblue.eu
  • 51. Cooperation
    cc Steve Wheeler, University of Plymouth, 2010
    http://sites.google.com/site/dragonsrunningclubsale
  • 52. Cooperation
    cc Steve Wheeler, University of Plymouth, 2010
    http://www.green-me.co.uk
    Collaboration
    http://sites.google.com/site/dragonsrunningclubsale
  • 53. cc Steve Wheeler, University of Plymouth, 2010
    ... and it’s often self organised
  • 54. How do we get people to collaborate?
    cc Steve Wheeler, University of Plymouth, 2010
    http://media1.break.com/
  • 55. Space integration
    Community space
    Personal space
    cc Steve Wheeler, University of Plymouth, 2010
  • 56. Wiki blog integration
    Community space
    Personal space
    Blog
    Wiki
    cc Steve Wheeler, University of Plymouth, 2010
    Reflective space
    Collaborative space
  • 57. Wiki blog integration
    Proximal Development
    Professional ID
    Community space
    Personal space
    Blog
    Wiki
    cc Steve Wheeler, University of Plymouth, 2010
    Reflective space
    Collaborative space
    Negotiation of meaning
    Co-construction of knowledge
  • 58. Wiki blog integration
    Creative writing
    Critical thinking
    Meta cognitive processes
    Socio cognitive processes
    (Gleaves et al, 2007)
    Blog
    Wiki
    cc Steve Wheeler, University of Plymouth, 2010
    Who I am
    What I know
    Sharing/exchanging
    Editing/modifying
    (Tu et al, 2008)
    Reflection
    Self expression
    (Brescia & Miller, 2006)
  • 59. Connections
    “It's not what you know that counts anymore. It's what you can learn.”
    – Don Tapscott
    cc Steve Wheeler, University of Plymouth, 2009
    http://www.nationalpost.com
  • 60. Making connections
    In connectivism, learning involves creating connections and developing a network. It is a theory for the digital age drawing upon chaos, emergent properties, and self organised learning.
    (It’s not what you know but who you know)
    cc Steve Wheeler, University of Plymouth, 2009
    Source: Wikipedia
    http://www.pestproducts.com
  • 61. Rhizomes
    Deleuze & Guattari
    cc Steve Wheeler, University of Plymouth, 2009
    Anarchy of the Web
  • 62. Rhizomatic learning
    cc Steve Wheeler, University of Plymouth, 2009
    http://archbold-station.org
    “...multiple, non-hierarchical entry and exit points in data representation and interpretation.”
  • 63. Rhizomatic learning
    “A rhizomatic plant has no centre and no defined boundary; rather, it is made up of a number of semi-independent nodes, each of which is capable of growing and spreading on its own, bounded only by the limits of its habitat.”
    © Steve Wheeler, University of Plymouth, 2008
    cc Steve Wheeler, University of Plymouth, 2009
    Source: Cormier, D. (2008) http://davecormier.com/edblog/
  • 64. Rhizomatic learning
    “In the rhizomatic view, knowledge can only be negotiated, [and is] a personal knowledge-creation process with mutable goals and constantly negotiated premises.”
    © Steve Wheeler, University of Plymouth, 2008
    cc Steve Wheeler, University of Plymouth, 2009
    Source: Cormier, D. (2008) http://davecormier.com/edblog/
  • 65. ‘Glocalization’
    “Web2.0 is about glocalization .... making global information available to local social contexts and giving people the flexibility to find, organize, share and create information in a locally meaningful fashion that is globally accessible. […] It is about new network structures that emerge out of global and local structures”
    - danahboyd
    cc Steve Wheeler, University of Plymouth, 2010
    http://www.baoye.net
  • 66. All learning begins when our comfortable ideas turn out to be inadequate.
    - John Dewey
    cc Steve Wheeler, University of Plymouth, 2010
    http://www.dancinghearts.org
  • 67. Thank you!
    cc Steve Wheeler, University of Plymouth, 2010
    E: swheeler@plymouth.ac.uk
    B: steve-wheeler.blogspot.com
    T: @timbuckteeth
    Engaging the Digital Generation Conference: University of Middlesex, London, 29 June 2010
    http://www.sessionmagazine.com/
  • 68. Steve Wheeler swheeler@plymouth.ac.uk
    University of Plymouth, United Kingdom
    This work is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-Non-Commercial-No Derivative Works 2.0 UK: International Licence.
    Engaging the Digital Generation Conference: University of Middlesex, London, 29 June 2010
  • 69. Habitus
    Bourdieu: Habitus is a method of intentionally discerning and practicing a new habit
    Deleuze: Habitus denotes a self-organising system or "abstract machine" functioning on the plane of immanence