Digital Tribes and the Social Web: <br />How Web 2.0 will Transform Learning in Higher Education<br />cc  Steve Wheeler, U...
Digital Tribes and the Social Web: <br />How Web 2.0 will Transform Learning in Higher Education<br />In the available tim...
 Inspiration in learning
 The Tribal Web (Web 2.0)
 Social Web tools
 Personalised Learning
 Digital literacies</li></ul>cc  Steve Wheeler, University of Plymouth, 2010<br />Steve Wheeler<br />University of Plymout...
New York c 1920<br />Transformation<br />cc  Steve Wheeler, University of Plymouth, 2010<br />http://farm3.static.flickr.c...
Does education need transformation?<br />"In large states public education will always be mediocre, for the same reason th...
It certainly needs inspiration...<br />“For the first time we are preparing students for a future we cannot clearly descri...
One tribe or many?<br />cc  Steve Wheeler, University of Plymouth, 2010<br />Celebration<br />http://www.zimbio.com<br />
Connection<br />cc  Steve Wheeler, University of Plymouth, 2010<br />http://latimesblogs.latimes.com<br />
Online, En masse<br />cc  Steve Wheeler, University of Plymouth, 2010<br />http://steve-wheeler.blogspot.com<br />
Postural echo <br />            =<br />Identification<br />cc  Steve Wheeler, University of Plymouth, 2010<br />http://www...
Tribal nature of new media<br />“New media ... have made our world into a single unit... <br />The world is now like a con...
“A tribe needs a shared interest and a way to communicate.”<br />Internet tribes<br />“Twitter and blogs ... contribute an...
Tribes<br />“The internet eliminates geography. This means that there are now more tribes: smaller tribes, influential tri...
Digital tribes and virtual clans<br />There is one digital tribe ... But there are may subsets of this large digital tribe...
Wikipedians<br />(Deletionism + Exclusionism) /Inclusionism =<br />Darwikinism<br />Survival of the fittest content<br />c...
Flickrites and Facebookers<br />cc  Steve Wheeler, University of Plymouth, 2010<br />http://www.travel-images.com<br />htt...
Mind tools<br />Human activities are mediated by culturally established instruments such as tools and language. <br />Vygo...
Totems<br />It is easier to project your feelings  of awe towards a totem than something as complex as the tribe.<br />~ E...
Digital Totems?<br />Gathering places<br />Rituals and rules<br />Celebration and fun<br />Transmission of customs, social...
Digital Totems<br />For digital tribes ... their totems are their social networking tools within the World Wide Web.<br />...
“We simply have too much information and we can’t make sense of it all. It changes too quickly”. <br />~ George Siemens<br...
Smart Mobs<br />“Smart Mobs consist of people who are able to act in concert even if they don’t know each other. [They can...
Flash mobs<br />cc  Steve Wheeler, University of Plymouth, 2010<br />http://idirekt.cz<br />The power of txtingto organise...
3 key human interaction <br />characteristics...<br />Cognition<br />Cooperation<br />cc  Steve Wheeler, University of Ply...
Blog<br />... and web tools that facilitate them<br />Cognition<br />Social Network<br />Cooperation<br />cc  Steve Wheele...
DigitalNatives?<br />cc  Steve Wheeler, University of Plymouth, 2010<br />http://tatango.com<br />
What do younger learners expect?<br />cc  Steve Wheeler, University of Plymouth, 2010<br />http://socialenterpriseambassad...
anytime<br />personalised<br />anyplace<br />cc  Steve Wheeler, University of Plymouth, 2010<br />http://ithalas.com<br />
cc  Steve Wheeler, University of Plymouth, 2009<br />We are family<br />http://pro.corbis.com<br />
Wii are family!<br />cc  Steve Wheeler, University of Plymouth, 2010<br />http://wiifitnessdepot.com<br />
Personalisation of learning means ensuring that individual differences are acknowledged<br />cc  Steve Wheeler, University...
You are your own ‘VLE’<br />Aggregation<br />Services<br />Tools<br />cc  Steve Wheeler, University of Plymouth, 2010<br /...
PLEs, PLNs and PWs<br />Personal <br />Learning <br />Network<br />Personal<br />Learning<br />Environment<br />cc  Steve ...
Digital cultural capital – Membership of the Tribe<br />“Where digital communication has fractured the tyranny of distance...
Digital literacies<br />Social networking<br />Transliteracy<br />Privacy maintenance<br />Identity management<br />Creati...
Filtering/Selecting<br />Media provide selected access to the world rather than direct access to it.<br />cc  Steve Wheele...
‘Transliteracy’<br />The ability to read, write and interact across a range of platforms, tools and media from signing and...
Social tagging<br />“Delicious is like a virtual fieldtrip through a library built by the recommendations of others.” <br ...
Taxonomies are defined by<br />the community<br />Folksonomies define a <br />community<br />cc  Steve Wheeler, University...
Reuse as an art form<br />“Good artists borrow, great artists steal”      - Pablo Picasso<br />cc  Steve Wheeler, Universi...
Presentation of self in cyberspace<br />... theperformance of the self<br />(Goffman)<br />cc  Steve Wheeler, University o...
Citizen journalism ... That’s what’s happening....<br />cc  Steve Wheeler, University of Plymouth, 2010<br />
Self broadcasting<br />... Podcasting, video sharing, webcasting, slidecasting...<br />cc  Steve Wheeler, University of Pl...
Managing identity<br />avatar<br />language<br />images<br />name<br />personal data<br />images<br />interaction<br />ide...
Managing identity<br />language<br />name<br />personal data<br />images<br />interaction<br />identity<br />reputation<br...
Competition<br />cc  Steve Wheeler, University of Plymouth, 2010<br />http://www.twilightblue.eu<br />
Cooperation<br />cc  Steve Wheeler, University of Plymouth, 2010<br />http://sites.google.com/site/dragonsrunningclubsale<...
Cooperation<br />cc  Steve Wheeler, University of Plymouth, 2010<br />http://www.green-me.co.uk<br />Collaboration<br />ht...
cc  Steve Wheeler, University of Plymouth, 2010<br />... and it’s often self organised<br />
How do we get people to collaborate?<br />cc  Steve Wheeler, University of Plymouth, 2010<br />http://media1.break.com/<br />
Space integration<br />Community space<br />Personal space<br />cc  Steve Wheeler, University of Plymouth, 2010<br />
Wiki blog integration<br />Community space<br />Personal space<br />Blog<br />Wiki<br />cc  Steve Wheeler, University of P...
Wiki blog integration<br />Proximal Development <br />Professional ID<br />Community space<br />Personal space<br />Blog<b...
Wiki blog integration<br />Creative writing<br />Critical thinking<br />Meta cognitive processes<br />Socio cognitive proc...
Connections<br />“It's not what you know that counts anymore. It's what you can learn.” <br />– Don Tapscott<br />cc  Stev...
Making connections<br />In connectivism, learning involves creating connections and developing a network. It is a theory f...
Rhizomes<br />Deleuze & Guattari<br />cc  Steve Wheeler, University of Plymouth, 2009<br />Anarchy of the Web<br />
Rhizomatic learning<br />cc  Steve Wheeler, University of Plymouth, 2009<br />http://archbold-station.org<br />“...multipl...
Rhizomatic learning<br />“A rhizomatic plant has no centre and no defined boundary; rather, it is made up of a number of s...
Rhizomatic learning<br />“In the rhizomatic view, knowledge can only be negotiated, [and is] a personal knowledge-creation...
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Digital Tribes and the Social Web

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These slides accompany a keynote speech given on June 29th at the Engaging the Digital Generation Conference at Middlesex University. Full title of the presentation is: Digital Tribes and the Social Web: How Web 2.0 will Transform Learning in Higher Education

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Digital Tribes and the Social Web

  1. 1. Digital Tribes and the Social Web: <br />How Web 2.0 will Transform Learning in Higher Education<br />cc Steve Wheeler, University of Plymouth, 2010<br />Steve Wheeler<br />University of Plymouth<br />Engaging the Digital Generation Conference: University of Middlesex, London, 29 June 2010 <br />
  2. 2. Digital Tribes and the Social Web: <br />How Web 2.0 will Transform Learning in Higher Education<br />In the available time....<br />cc Steve Wheeler, University of Plymouth, 2010<br /><ul><li>Transformative learning
  3. 3. Inspiration in learning
  4. 4. The Tribal Web (Web 2.0)
  5. 5. Social Web tools
  6. 6. Personalised Learning
  7. 7. Digital literacies</li></ul>cc Steve Wheeler, University of Plymouth, 2010<br />Steve Wheeler<br />University of Plymouth<br />Engaging the Digital Generation Conference: University of Middlesex, London, 29 June 2010 <br />http://www.sessionmagazine.com/<br />
  8. 8. New York c 1920<br />Transformation<br />cc Steve Wheeler, University of Plymouth, 2010<br />http://farm3.static.flickr.com<br />
  9. 9. Does education need transformation?<br />"In large states public education will always be mediocre, for the same reason that in large kitchens the cooking is usually bad." <br />~Nietzsche<br />cc Steve Wheeler, University of Plymouth, 20<br />http://thescholasticdiary.wordpress.com<br />Source: Chambers English Dictionary<br />
  10. 10. It certainly needs inspiration...<br />“For the first time we are preparing students for a future we cannot clearly describe.”<br />–David Warlick<br />cc Steve Wheeler, University of Plymouth, 2010<br />http://communications.nottingham.ac.uk/podcasts/<br />
  11. 11. One tribe or many?<br />cc Steve Wheeler, University of Plymouth, 2010<br />Celebration<br />http://www.zimbio.com<br />
  12. 12. Connection<br />cc Steve Wheeler, University of Plymouth, 2010<br />http://latimesblogs.latimes.com<br />
  13. 13. Online, En masse<br />cc Steve Wheeler, University of Plymouth, 2010<br />http://steve-wheeler.blogspot.com<br />
  14. 14. Postural echo <br /> =<br />Identification<br />cc Steve Wheeler, University of Plymouth, 2010<br />http://www.leifjeffers.com<br />
  15. 15. Tribal nature of new media<br />“New media ... have made our world into a single unit... <br />The world is now like a continually sounding tribal drum. Media point us away from individual man and toward tribal man.” <br />~ Marshall McLuhan (1960)<br />cc Steve Wheeler, University of Plymouth, 2010<br />metapedia.com<br />
  16. 16. “A tribe needs a shared interest and a way to communicate.”<br />Internet tribes<br />“Twitter and blogs ... contribute an entirely new dimension of what it means to be a part of a tribe. The real power of tribes has nothing to do with the Internet and everything to do with people.” <br />cc Steve Wheeler, University of Plymouth, 2010<br />
  17. 17. Tribes<br />“The internet eliminates geography. This means that there are now more tribes: smaller tribes, influential tribes, and tribes that could never have existed before.”<br />~ Seth Godin<br />cc Steve Wheeler, University of Plymouth, 2010<br />http://nedgrace.files.wordpress.com<br />
  18. 18. Digital tribes and virtual clans<br />There is one digital tribe ... But there are may subsets of this large digital tribe – what we can term ‘virtual clans’.<br />- Wheeler (2009)<br />
  19. 19. Wikipedians<br />(Deletionism + Exclusionism) /Inclusionism =<br />Darwikinism<br />Survival of the fittest content<br />cc Steve Wheeler, University of Plymouth, 2010<br />Source: http://meta.wikimedia.org/wiki/Darwikinism<br />
  20. 20. Flickrites and Facebookers<br />cc Steve Wheeler, University of Plymouth, 2010<br />http://www.travel-images.com<br />http://www.coal-is-dirty.com<br />
  21. 21. Mind tools<br />Human activities are mediated by culturally established instruments such as tools and language. <br />Vygotsky, L. S. (1978) Mind in Society: The development of higher psychological processes. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press<br />cc Steve Wheeler, University of Plymouth, 2010<br />http://www.phillwebb.net<br />
  22. 22. Totems<br />It is easier to project your feelings of awe towards a totem than something as complex as the tribe.<br />~ Emile Durkheim<br />cc Steve Wheeler, University of Plymouth, 2010<br />http://www.phillwebb.net<br />
  23. 23. Digital Totems?<br />Gathering places<br />Rituals and rules<br />Celebration and fun<br />Transmission of customs, social mores and values (storytelling) <br />= Tribal identity<br />= Social networks<br />cc Steve Wheeler, University of Plymouth, 2010<br />Source: Wheeler (2009) Digital Tribes<br />http://www.flickr.com/photos/jcbwalsh/3412625028/<br />
  24. 24. Digital Totems<br />For digital tribes ... their totems are their social networking tools within the World Wide Web.<br />cc Steve Wheeler, University of Plymouth, 2010<br />Source: Wheeler (2009) Digital Tribes<br />http://www.faqs.org<br />
  25. 25. “We simply have too much information and we can’t make sense of it all. It changes too quickly”. <br />~ George Siemens<br />cc Steve Wheeler, University of Plymouth, 2010<br />comets.iastate.edu<br />Source: www.connectivism.ca/<br />
  26. 26. Smart Mobs<br />“Smart Mobs consist of people who are able to act in concert even if they don’t know each other. [They can] cooperate in ways never before possible.”<br />Rheingold, H. (2002) Smart Mobs: The Next Social Revolution. Cambridge, MA: Perseus Books. <br />cc Steve Wheeler, University of Plymouth, 2010<br />http://www.ischool.berkeley.edu<br />The ‘Thumb Tribe’ – one thumb signalling<br />
  27. 27. Flash mobs<br />cc Steve Wheeler, University of Plymouth, 2010<br />http://idirekt.cz<br />The power of txtingto organise collective action<br />
  28. 28. 3 key human interaction <br />characteristics...<br />Cognition<br />Cooperation<br />cc Steve Wheeler, University of Plymouth, 2010<br />Communication<br />
  29. 29. Blog<br />... and web tools that facilitate them<br />Cognition<br />Social Network<br />Cooperation<br />cc Steve Wheeler, University of Plymouth, 2010<br />Wiki<br />Communication<br />
  30. 30. DigitalNatives?<br />cc Steve Wheeler, University of Plymouth, 2010<br />http://tatango.com<br />
  31. 31. What do younger learners expect?<br />cc Steve Wheeler, University of Plymouth, 2010<br />http://socialenterpriseambassadors.org.uk<br />
  32. 32. anytime<br />personalised<br />anyplace<br />cc Steve Wheeler, University of Plymouth, 2010<br />http://ithalas.com<br />
  33. 33. cc Steve Wheeler, University of Plymouth, 2009<br />We are family<br />http://pro.corbis.com<br />
  34. 34. Wii are family!<br />cc Steve Wheeler, University of Plymouth, 2010<br />http://wiifitnessdepot.com<br />
  35. 35. Personalisation of learning means ensuring that individual differences are acknowledged<br />cc Steve Wheeler, University of Plymouth, 2010<br />
  36. 36. You are your own ‘VLE’<br />Aggregation<br />Services<br />Tools<br />cc Steve Wheeler, University of Plymouth, 2010<br />Formats<br />Content<br />Channels<br />Networks<br />
  37. 37. PLEs, PLNs and PWs<br />Personal <br />Learning <br />Network<br />Personal<br />Learning<br />Environment<br />cc Steve Wheeler, University of Plymouth, 2010<br />Personal <br />Web<br />
  38. 38. Digital cultural capital – Membership of the Tribe<br />“Where digital communication has fractured the tyranny of distance and computers have become pervasive and ubiquitous, identification through digital mediation has become the new cultural capital”.<br />- Wheeler (2009) <br />cc Steve Wheeler, University of Plymouth, 2010<br />http://www.coreideas.com.au/<br />
  39. 39. Digital literacies<br />Social networking<br />Transliteracy<br />Privacy maintenance<br />Identity management<br />Creating content<br />Organising content<br />Reusing/repurposing content<br />Filtering and selecting<br />Self presenting<br />cc Steve Wheeler, University of Plymouth, 2010<br />http://www.mopocket.com/<br />
  40. 40. Filtering/Selecting<br />Media provide selected access to the world rather than direct access to it.<br />cc Steve Wheeler, University of Plymouth, 2010<br />Source: Buckingham, D. (2003) Media education: Literacy, learning and contemporary culture.<br />http://fotosa.ru<br />
  41. 41. ‘Transliteracy’<br />The ability to read, write and interact across a range of platforms, tools and media from signing and orality, through handwriting to digital social networks.<br />cc Steve Wheeler, University of Plymouth, 2010<br />Image source: unknown<br />
  42. 42. Social tagging<br />“Delicious is like a virtual fieldtrip through a library built by the recommendations of others.” <br />– Chris Sessums<br />cc Steve Wheeler, University of Plymouth, 2010<br />http://1.bp.blogspot.com<br />
  43. 43. Taxonomies are defined by<br />the community<br />Folksonomies define a <br />community<br />cc Steve Wheeler, University of Plymouth, 2009<br />
  44. 44. Reuse as an art form<br />“Good artists borrow, great artists steal” - Pablo Picasso<br />cc Steve Wheeler, University of Plymouth, 2010<br />http://blog.leniwiener.com<br />Source: Martin Weller: http://nogoodreason.typepad.co.uk<br />
  45. 45. Presentation of self in cyberspace<br />... theperformance of the self<br />(Goffman)<br />cc Steve Wheeler, University of Plymouth, 2010<br />@timbuckteeth<br />
  46. 46. Citizen journalism ... That’s what’s happening....<br />cc Steve Wheeler, University of Plymouth, 2010<br />
  47. 47. Self broadcasting<br />... Podcasting, video sharing, webcasting, slidecasting...<br />cc Steve Wheeler, University of Plymouth, 2010<br />http://www.classcaster.org<br />
  48. 48. Managing identity<br />avatar<br />language<br />images<br />name<br />personal data<br />images<br />interaction<br />identity<br />reputation<br />cc Steve Wheeler, University of Plymouth, 2010<br />privacy<br />netiquette<br />privacy<br />legacy<br />avatar<br />interaction<br />reputation<br />images<br />name<br />
  49. 49. Managing identity<br />language<br />name<br />personal data<br />images<br />interaction<br />identity<br />reputation<br />cc Steve Wheeler, University of Plymouth, 2010<br />privacy<br />netiquette<br />privacy<br />legacy<br />avatar<br />interaction<br />reputation<br />images<br />name<br />http://i.dailymail.co.uk<br />
  50. 50. Competition<br />cc Steve Wheeler, University of Plymouth, 2010<br />http://www.twilightblue.eu<br />
  51. 51. Cooperation<br />cc Steve Wheeler, University of Plymouth, 2010<br />http://sites.google.com/site/dragonsrunningclubsale<br />
  52. 52. Cooperation<br />cc Steve Wheeler, University of Plymouth, 2010<br />http://www.green-me.co.uk<br />Collaboration<br />http://sites.google.com/site/dragonsrunningclubsale<br />
  53. 53. cc Steve Wheeler, University of Plymouth, 2010<br />... and it’s often self organised<br />
  54. 54. How do we get people to collaborate?<br />cc Steve Wheeler, University of Plymouth, 2010<br />http://media1.break.com/<br />
  55. 55. Space integration<br />Community space<br />Personal space<br />cc Steve Wheeler, University of Plymouth, 2010<br />
  56. 56. Wiki blog integration<br />Community space<br />Personal space<br />Blog<br />Wiki<br />cc Steve Wheeler, University of Plymouth, 2010<br />Reflective space<br />Collaborative space<br />
  57. 57. Wiki blog integration<br />Proximal Development <br />Professional ID<br />Community space<br />Personal space<br />Blog<br />Wiki<br />cc Steve Wheeler, University of Plymouth, 2010<br />Reflective space<br />Collaborative space<br />Negotiation of meaning<br />Co-construction of knowledge<br />
  58. 58. Wiki blog integration<br />Creative writing<br />Critical thinking<br />Meta cognitive processes<br />Socio cognitive processes<br />(Gleaves et al, 2007)<br />Blog<br />Wiki<br />cc Steve Wheeler, University of Plymouth, 2010<br />Who I am<br />What I know<br />Sharing/exchanging<br />Editing/modifying<br />(Tu et al, 2008)<br />Reflection<br />Self expression<br />(Brescia & Miller, 2006)<br />
  59. 59. Connections<br />“It's not what you know that counts anymore. It's what you can learn.” <br />– Don Tapscott<br />cc Steve Wheeler, University of Plymouth, 2009<br />http://www.nationalpost.com<br />
  60. 60. Making connections<br />In connectivism, learning involves creating connections and developing a network. It is a theory for the digital age drawing upon chaos, emergent properties, and self organised learning.<br />(It’s not what you know but who you know)<br />cc Steve Wheeler, University of Plymouth, 2009<br />Source: Wikipedia<br />http://www.pestproducts.com<br />
  61. 61. Rhizomes<br />Deleuze & Guattari<br />cc Steve Wheeler, University of Plymouth, 2009<br />Anarchy of the Web<br />
  62. 62. Rhizomatic learning<br />cc Steve Wheeler, University of Plymouth, 2009<br />http://archbold-station.org<br />“...multiple, non-hierarchical entry and exit points in data representation and interpretation.”<br />
  63. 63. Rhizomatic learning<br />“A rhizomatic plant has no centre and no defined boundary; rather, it is made up of a number of semi-independent nodes, each of which is capable of growing and spreading on its own, bounded only by the limits of its habitat.” <br />© Steve Wheeler, University of Plymouth, 2008<br />cc Steve Wheeler, University of Plymouth, 2009<br />Source: Cormier, D. (2008) http://davecormier.com/edblog/<br />
  64. 64. Rhizomatic learning<br />“In the rhizomatic view, knowledge can only be negotiated, [and is] a personal knowledge-creation process with mutable goals and constantly negotiated premises.”<br />© Steve Wheeler, University of Plymouth, 2008<br />cc Steve Wheeler, University of Plymouth, 2009<br />Source: Cormier, D. (2008) http://davecormier.com/edblog/<br />
  65. 65. ‘Glocalization’<br />“Web2.0 is about glocalization .... making global information available to local social contexts and giving people the flexibility to find, organize, share and create information in a locally meaningful fashion that is globally accessible. […] It is about new network structures that emerge out of global and local structures” <br />- danahboyd<br />cc Steve Wheeler, University of Plymouth, 2010<br />http://www.baoye.net<br />
  66. 66. All learning begins when our comfortable ideas turn out to be inadequate.<br />- John Dewey<br />cc Steve Wheeler, University of Plymouth, 2010<br />http://www.dancinghearts.org<br />
  67. 67. Thank you!<br />cc Steve Wheeler, University of Plymouth, 2010<br />E: swheeler@plymouth.ac.uk<br />B: steve-wheeler.blogspot.com<br />T: @timbuckteeth<br />Engaging the Digital Generation Conference: University of Middlesex, London, 29 June 2010 <br />http://www.sessionmagazine.com/<br />
  68. 68. Steve Wheeler swheeler@plymouth.ac.uk<br />University of Plymouth, United Kingdom<br />This work is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-Non-Commercial-No Derivative Works 2.0 UK: International Licence.<br />Engaging the Digital Generation Conference: University of Middlesex, London, 29 June 2010 <br />
  69. 69. Habitus<br />Bourdieu: Habitus is a method of intentionally discerning and practicing a new habit<br />Deleuze: Habitus denotes a self-organising system or "abstract machine" functioning on the plane of immanence<br />
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