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Digital Learning Futures: 3 things about future learning

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A keynote presentation for the minicon Reform Symposium conference on May 4, 2014. Online global.

A keynote presentation for the minicon Reform Symposium conference on May 4, 2014. Online global.

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  • 1. Steve Wheeler Institute of Education Plymouth University Digital Learning Futures 3 things you should know about the future of learning
  • 2. Can we predict the Future...? http://westernfrontierblog.wordpress.com/
  • 3. Can we predict the Future...? http://westernfrontierblog.wordpress.com/ “One day every town in America will have a telephone!” -U.S. Mayor, (c 1880)
  • 4. 1: The future is unpredictable
  • 5. “For the first time we are preparing learners for a future we cannot clearly describe.” - David Warlick SteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2014
  • 6. http://www.digitaltrends.com “It is impossible to predict the future with great accuracy” – Michio Kaku
  • 7. The Future...? • 1989: ‘The future is multi-media’ • 1999: ‘The future is the Web’ hof.povray.org SteveWheeler,PlymouthUniversity,2014
  • 8. SteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2014
  • 9. The Future...? • 1989: ‘The future is multi-media’ • 1999: ‘The future is the Web’ • 2009: ‘The future is smart mobile’ hof.povray.org SteveWheeler,PlymouthUniversity,2014
  • 10. SteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2014
  • 11. http://www.intel.com/content/www/us/en/communications/internet-minute-infographic.html
  • 12. The First Mobile Phone SteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2014
  • 13. Photo by Steve Wheeler SteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2014
  • 14. http://www.sabotagetimes.com/life/a-vision-of-the-future-from-1910/ Learning 2000 Villemard
  • 15. http://www.sabotagetimes.com/life/a-vision-of-the-future-from-1910/ Learning 2000 Villemard Disruptive Technology
  • 16. Social, political, and economic systems change incrementally, but technology changes exponentially. Larry Downes Law of Disruption SteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2014
  • 17. 4 to 5 Years 2 to 3 Years 1 Year or Less Great Expectations 2014 • Flipped Classroom • Learner Analytics • 3D Printing • Games and Gamification • The Quantified Self • Virtual Assistants Graphics concept by Steve Wheeler Source: http://www.educause.edu/library/resources/2014-horizon-report Time to adoptionEmerging Technology
  • 18. Ubiquitous connection ccSteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2010 http://i.imwx.com SteveWheeler,PlymouthUniversity,2014
  • 19. “The future is already here — it's just not very evenly distributed” – William Gibson http://intergalacticrobot.blogspot.co.uk/2012/06/helen-oloy.html
  • 20. 2: The future can be found in the past
  • 21. Facsimile machine (1843)
  • 22. Facsimile machine (1843) Tablet computer first seen in movie 2001 (1968)
  • 23. (from: Nicky Hockley)
  • 24. Photo by Steve Wheeler SteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2014
  • 25. Photo by Steve Wheeler SteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2014 Pedagogy first
  • 26. Students taking notes Photo: Lori Cullen SteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2014
  • 27. We learn by making (Papert, 1960) Photo by Steve Wheeler SteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2014
  • 28. Learning 2.0 User generated content Learning by making SteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2014
  • 29. Learning 2.0 CurationCollaborating Sharing and Amplifying Voting Networking User generated content Architecture of participation Tagging and Bookmarking SteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2014 Aggregation
  • 30. The stuff of motivation… Adapted from: Maslow, A. H. (1954) Motivation and personality. New York, NY: Harper.
  • 31. Transcendence Biological and Physiological needs Safety needs Esteem needs Belonging and Love needs Cognitive needs Aesthetic needs Self Ac Adapted from: Maslow, A. H. (1954) Motivation and personality. New York, NY: Harper. Being Needs Deficiency Needs
  • 32. Purpose Autonomy Mastery Adapted from: Pink, D. H. (2009) Drive: The Surprising Truth about What Motivates Us. New York, NY: Penguin. Intrinsic Motivation
  • 33. Maslow Hierarchy Pink Motivators Game Dynamics Avoidance of RSI, eyestrain etc Rest, hydration, food etc Social cohesion, friends, guilds Status, achievement, rank Intellectual challenges User interfaces, game design Adapted from Michael Wu: http://lithosphere.lithium.com/t5/science-of-social- blog/Gamification-101-The-Psychology-of-Motivation/ba-p/21864 Points, badges, progression Quests, discovery, epic meaning etc
  • 34. CHALLENGE SKILLSLow High LowHigh Anxiety Boredom SteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2013 Adapted from: Csikszentmihalyi, 1991
  • 35. CHALLENGE SKILLSLow High LowHigh Anxiety Boredom SteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2013 Adapted from: Csikszentmihalyi (1991) and Killi (2009) P1 P2 P3
  • 36. CHALLENGE SKILLSLow High LowHigh Anxiety Boredom SteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2013 Adapted from: Csikszentmihalyi (1991) and Killi (2009) P1 P2 P3 P4
  • 37. Beyond my reach What I can learn with help (ZPD) ZPD and scaffolding What I can learn on my own Technology and toolsKnowledgeable others SteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2013
  • 38. CHALLENGE SKILLSLow High LowHigh Anxiety Boredom SteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2013 Adapted from: Csikszentmihalyi (1991) and Killi (2009)
  • 39. http://sellyourstoryuk.com/wp-content/uploads/2011/12/Old-and-Young-Computer.jpg SteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2014
  • 40. SteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2014 • Bring Your Own Device • User Generated Content • Open content/curricula
  • 41. 3: We can invent our own futures
  • 42. Photo: Steve Wheeler SteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2014
  • 43. Photo: Steve Wheeler SteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2014
  • 44. Photo: Steve Wheeler SteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2014
  • 45. SteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2014
  • 46. Twitter is not just about breakfast!http://www.lythhillhouse.com/breakfast.html SteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2014
  • 47. Twitter as a library Twitter as a street corner Twitter as a broadcast channel Twitter as amplification SteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2014 #hashtags
  • 48. SteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2014
  • 49. Funnels of Webs “The current search for new educational funnels must be reversed into the search for their institutional inverse: educational webs which heighten the opportunity for each one to transform each moment of his living into one of learning, sharing, and caring.” Ivan Illich (1972) SteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2014 Funnels or Webs?
  • 50. Our learning future…
  • 51. http://le-flaneur.com/wp-content/uploads/2010/02/office-workers.jpg Mass working... SteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2014
  • 52. ... led to mass synchronisation http://www.delasallewaterford.com Linear thinking Conformity Standardisation SteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2014
  • 53. The computer room... http://www.hseb.utah.edu SteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2014
  • 54. My PLE My e-portfolio My PLN Other Tools SteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2014 Personal Learning Environments Graphic by Steve Wheeler
  • 55. Personal Learning Environment Source: http://steve-wheeler.blogspot.com/2010/07/anatomy-of-ple.html Steve Wheeler & Manish Malik (2010)
  • 56. Personal Learning Networks Photo by Steve Wheeler SteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2014
  • 57. Personal Learning Networks Photo by Steve Wheeler SteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2014
  • 58. Personal Learning Networks Photo by Steve Wheeler SteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2014
  • 59. Personal Learning Networks Photo by Steve Wheeler
  • 60. Personal Learning Networks Photo by Steve Wheeler SteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2014
  • 61. “I store my knowledge with my friends” SteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2014 Connectivism Paragogy Wisdom of Crowds
  • 62. Photo: Steve Wheeler
  • 63. Crowdsourcing Knowledge “Community as curriculum” Photo: Steve Wheeler MOOC CONNECTIVIST
  • 64. XC Embedded MOOCs?
  • 65. SteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2014
  • 66. “Lee Harvey and the Wailers” (Lee Harvey did not jam alone) http://www.myspace.com/hsu/photos/6850630 SteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2014
  • 67. “60% of all Internet pages contain misleading information.” - Thomas Edison SteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2014
  • 68. “60% of all Internet pages contain misleading information.” - Thomas Edison We need ‘digital wisdom’ SteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2014
  • 69. Learners will need new ‘literacies’ • Social networking • Privacy maintenance • Identity management • Creating content • Organising content • Reusing and repurposing • Filtering and selecting • Self presention • Transliteracy http://www.mopocket.com/ SteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2014
  • 70. Leaning 2.0 – Digital Literacies Mastery Literacies Competencies Skills Graphic by Steve Wheeler (2013)
  • 71. A ‘tsunami of content’ SteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2014
  • 72. Self Organising Learning Spaces Photo by William Murphy: http://www.fotopedia.com/items/flickr-3146778883 SteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2014
  • 73. Self Organising Learning Spaces Photo by William Murphy: http://www.fotopedia.com/items/flickr-3146778883 SteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2014
  • 74. Flip the roles, not just the classroom SteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2014
  • 75. Bearpit Pedagogy http://open.salon.com SteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2014 “The way he constantly asks us to speak in his lectures rather than him allows us all to engage in, sometimes heated, discussions.” (one of my students)
  • 76. The Future...? • 1989: ‘The future is multi-media’ • 1999: ‘The future is the Web’ • 2009: ‘The future is smart mobile’ • 2012: ‘The future is pervasive tech’ hof.povray.org SteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2014
  • 77. Learning 3.0 Distributed (Cloud) computing Extended smart mobile technology Collaborative intelligent filtering 3D visualisation and interaction SteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2014
  • 78. Future Learning Topology Distributed (Cloud) Computing 3D Visualisation and Interaction Smart Mobile Technology Collaborative Intelligent Filtering Infrastructure Interface Tools Interaction Graphic by Steve Wheeler SteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2014
  • 79. https://www.flickr.com/photos/lonqueta/5815215233/ SteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2014
  • 80. https://www.flickr.com/photos/lonqueta/5815215233/ SteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2014 "We can't solve problems by using the same kind of thinking we used when we created them.“ – Albert Einstein
  • 81. Thank you W: http://steve-wheeler.net E: swheeler@plymouth.ac.uk B: http://steve-wheeler.blogspot.com T: @timbuckteeth Photo by Steve Wheeler