Steve Wheeler
Institute of Education
Plymouth University
Digital Learning Futures
3 things you should know about the
futur...
Can we predict the Future...?
http://westernfrontierblog.wordpress.com/
Can we predict the Future...?
http://westernfrontierblog.wordpress.com/
“One day every town in America will have a
telepho...
1: The future is
unpredictable
“For the first
time we are
preparing
learners for a
future we
cannot clearly
describe.”
- David Warlick
SteveWheeler,Unive...
http://www.digitaltrends.com
“It is impossible
to predict the
future with great
accuracy”
– Michio Kaku
The Future...?
• 1989: ‘The future is multi-media’
• 1999: ‘The future is the Web’
hof.povray.org
SteveWheeler,PlymouthUni...
SteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2014
The Future...?
• 1989: ‘The future is multi-media’
• 1999: ‘The future is the Web’
• 2009: ‘The future is smart mobile’
ho...
SteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2014
http://www.intel.com/content/www/us/en/communications/internet-minute-infographic.html
The First Mobile Phone
SteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2014
Photo by Steve Wheeler
SteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2014
http://www.sabotagetimes.com/life/a-vision-of-the-future-from-1910/
Learning 2000
Villemard
http://www.sabotagetimes.com/life/a-vision-of-the-future-from-1910/
Learning 2000
Villemard
Disruptive Technology
Social, political,
and economic
systems change
incrementally,
but technology
changes
exponentially.
Larry Downes
Law of Di...
4 to
5 Years
2 to
3 Years
1 Year
or Less
Great Expectations 2014
• Flipped Classroom
• Learner Analytics
• 3D Printing
• G...
Ubiquitous connection
ccSteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2010
http://i.imwx.com
SteveWheeler,PlymouthUniversity,2014
“The future is already here — it's just not
very evenly distributed” – William Gibson
http://intergalacticrobot.blogspot.c...
2: The future can be
found in the past
Facsimile machine (1843)
Facsimile machine (1843)
Tablet computer first seen in movie 2001 (1968)
(from: Nicky Hockley)
Photo by Steve Wheeler
SteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2014
Photo by Steve Wheeler
SteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2014
Pedagogy
first
Students taking notes
Photo: Lori Cullen
SteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2014
We learn by making (Papert, 1960)
Photo by Steve Wheeler
SteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2014
Learning
2.0
User
generated
content
Learning by making
SteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2014
Learning
2.0
CurationCollaborating
Sharing and
Amplifying
Voting
Networking
User
generated
content
Architecture of partici...
The stuff of motivation…
Adapted from: Maslow, A. H. (1954) Motivation and personality. New York, NY: Harper.
Transcendence
Biological and Physiological needs
Safety needs
Esteem needs
Belonging and Love needs
Cognitive needs
Aesthe...
Purpose
Autonomy Mastery
Adapted from: Pink, D. H. (2009) Drive: The Surprising Truth about What Motivates
Us. New York, N...
Maslow Hierarchy Pink Motivators Game Dynamics
Avoidance of RSI, eyestrain etc
Rest, hydration, food etc
Social cohesion, ...
CHALLENGE
SKILLSLow High
LowHigh
Anxiety
Boredom
SteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2013
Adapted from: Csikszentmihalyi, 19...
CHALLENGE
SKILLSLow High
LowHigh
Anxiety
Boredom
SteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2013
Adapted from: Csikszentmihalyi (19...
CHALLENGE
SKILLSLow High
LowHigh
Anxiety
Boredom
SteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2013
Adapted from: Csikszentmihalyi (19...
Beyond my reach
What I can learn with help
(ZPD)
ZPD and scaffolding
What I can
learn on my
own
Technology and toolsKnowle...
CHALLENGE
SKILLSLow High
LowHigh
Anxiety
Boredom
SteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2013
Adapted from: Csikszentmihalyi (19...
http://sellyourstoryuk.com/wp-content/uploads/2011/12/Old-and-Young-Computer.jpg
SteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2014
SteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2014
• Bring Your Own Device
• User Generated Content
• Open content/curricula
3: We can invent our
own futures
Photo: Steve Wheeler
SteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2014
Photo: Steve Wheeler
SteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2014
Photo: Steve Wheeler
SteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2014
SteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2014
Twitter is not just about breakfast!http://www.lythhillhouse.com/breakfast.html
SteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2014
Twitter as a library
Twitter as a street corner
Twitter as a broadcast channel
Twitter as amplification
SteveWheeler,Unive...
SteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2014
Funnels of Webs
“The current search for new educational funnels must
be reversed into the search for their institutional
i...
Our learning future…
http://le-flaneur.com/wp-content/uploads/2010/02/office-workers.jpg
Mass working...
SteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2014
... led to mass synchronisation
http://www.delasallewaterford.com
Linear thinking
Conformity
Standardisation
SteveWheeler,...
The computer room...
http://www.hseb.utah.edu
SteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2014
My
PLE
My
e-portfolio
My PLN
Other
Tools
SteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2014
Personal Learning
Environments
Graphic by ...
Personal Learning Environment
Source: http://steve-wheeler.blogspot.com/2010/07/anatomy-of-ple.html
Steve Wheeler & Manish...
Personal Learning Networks
Photo by Steve Wheeler
SteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2014
Personal Learning Networks
Photo by Steve Wheeler
SteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2014
Personal Learning Networks
Photo by Steve Wheeler
SteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2014
Personal Learning Networks
Photo by Steve Wheeler
Personal Learning Networks
Photo by Steve Wheeler
SteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2014
“I store my knowledge
with my friends”
SteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2014
Connectivism Paragogy
Wisdom of Crowds
Photo: Steve Wheeler
Crowdsourcing Knowledge
“Community as curriculum”
Photo: Steve Wheeler
MOOC
CONNECTIVIST
XC
Embedded MOOCs?
SteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2014
“Lee Harvey and the Wailers”
(Lee Harvey did not jam alone)
http://www.myspace.com/hsu/photos/6850630
SteveWheeler,Univers...
“60% of all Internet
pages contain
misleading
information.”
- Thomas Edison
SteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2014
“60% of all Internet
pages contain
misleading
information.”
- Thomas Edison
We need ‘digital wisdom’
SteveWheeler,Universi...
Learners will need new ‘literacies’
• Social networking
• Privacy maintenance
• Identity management
• Creating content
• O...
Leaning 2.0 – Digital Literacies
Mastery
Literacies
Competencies
Skills
Graphic by Steve Wheeler (2013)
A ‘tsunami of content’
SteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2014
Self Organising Learning Spaces
Photo by William Murphy: http://www.fotopedia.com/items/flickr-3146778883
SteveWheeler,Uni...
Self Organising Learning Spaces
Photo by William Murphy: http://www.fotopedia.com/items/flickr-3146778883
SteveWheeler,Uni...
Flip the roles, not just the classroom
SteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2014
Bearpit Pedagogy
http://open.salon.com
SteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2014
“The way he constantly asks us to
speak in h...
The Future...?
• 1989: ‘The future is multi-media’
• 1999: ‘The future is the Web’
• 2009: ‘The future is smart mobile’
• ...
Learning 3.0
Distributed (Cloud) computing
Extended smart mobile technology
Collaborative intelligent filtering
3D visuali...
Future Learning Topology
Distributed (Cloud) Computing
3D Visualisation and Interaction
Smart Mobile Technology
Collaborat...
https://www.flickr.com/photos/lonqueta/5815215233/
SteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2014
https://www.flickr.com/photos/lonqueta/5815215233/
SteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2014
"We can't solve problems by usin...
Thank you
W: http://steve-wheeler.net
E: swheeler@plymouth.ac.uk
B: http://steve-wheeler.blogspot.com
T: @timbuckteeth
Pho...
Digital Learning Futures: 3 things about future learning
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Digital Learning Futures: 3 things about future learning

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A keynote presentation for the minicon Reform Symposium conference on May 4, 2014. Online global.

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Transcript of "Digital Learning Futures: 3 things about future learning"

  1. 1. Steve Wheeler Institute of Education Plymouth University Digital Learning Futures 3 things you should know about the future of learning
  2. 2. Can we predict the Future...? http://westernfrontierblog.wordpress.com/
  3. 3. Can we predict the Future...? http://westernfrontierblog.wordpress.com/ “One day every town in America will have a telephone!” -U.S. Mayor, (c 1880)
  4. 4. 1: The future is unpredictable
  5. 5. “For the first time we are preparing learners for a future we cannot clearly describe.” - David Warlick SteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2014
  6. 6. http://www.digitaltrends.com “It is impossible to predict the future with great accuracy” – Michio Kaku
  7. 7. The Future...? • 1989: ‘The future is multi-media’ • 1999: ‘The future is the Web’ hof.povray.org SteveWheeler,PlymouthUniversity,2014
  8. 8. SteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2014
  9. 9. The Future...? • 1989: ‘The future is multi-media’ • 1999: ‘The future is the Web’ • 2009: ‘The future is smart mobile’ hof.povray.org SteveWheeler,PlymouthUniversity,2014
  10. 10. SteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2014
  11. 11. http://www.intel.com/content/www/us/en/communications/internet-minute-infographic.html
  12. 12. The First Mobile Phone SteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2014
  13. 13. Photo by Steve Wheeler SteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2014
  14. 14. http://www.sabotagetimes.com/life/a-vision-of-the-future-from-1910/ Learning 2000 Villemard
  15. 15. http://www.sabotagetimes.com/life/a-vision-of-the-future-from-1910/ Learning 2000 Villemard Disruptive Technology
  16. 16. Social, political, and economic systems change incrementally, but technology changes exponentially. Larry Downes Law of Disruption SteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2014
  17. 17. 4 to 5 Years 2 to 3 Years 1 Year or Less Great Expectations 2014 • Flipped Classroom • Learner Analytics • 3D Printing • Games and Gamification • The Quantified Self • Virtual Assistants Graphics concept by Steve Wheeler Source: http://www.educause.edu/library/resources/2014-horizon-report Time to adoptionEmerging Technology
  18. 18. Ubiquitous connection ccSteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2010 http://i.imwx.com SteveWheeler,PlymouthUniversity,2014
  19. 19. “The future is already here — it's just not very evenly distributed” – William Gibson http://intergalacticrobot.blogspot.co.uk/2012/06/helen-oloy.html
  20. 20. 2: The future can be found in the past
  21. 21. Facsimile machine (1843)
  22. 22. Facsimile machine (1843) Tablet computer first seen in movie 2001 (1968)
  23. 23. (from: Nicky Hockley)
  24. 24. Photo by Steve Wheeler SteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2014
  25. 25. Photo by Steve Wheeler SteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2014 Pedagogy first
  26. 26. Students taking notes Photo: Lori Cullen SteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2014
  27. 27. We learn by making (Papert, 1960) Photo by Steve Wheeler SteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2014
  28. 28. Learning 2.0 User generated content Learning by making SteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2014
  29. 29. Learning 2.0 CurationCollaborating Sharing and Amplifying Voting Networking User generated content Architecture of participation Tagging and Bookmarking SteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2014 Aggregation
  30. 30. The stuff of motivation… Adapted from: Maslow, A. H. (1954) Motivation and personality. New York, NY: Harper.
  31. 31. Transcendence Biological and Physiological needs Safety needs Esteem needs Belonging and Love needs Cognitive needs Aesthetic needs Self Ac Adapted from: Maslow, A. H. (1954) Motivation and personality. New York, NY: Harper. Being Needs Deficiency Needs
  32. 32. Purpose Autonomy Mastery Adapted from: Pink, D. H. (2009) Drive: The Surprising Truth about What Motivates Us. New York, NY: Penguin. Intrinsic Motivation
  33. 33. Maslow Hierarchy Pink Motivators Game Dynamics Avoidance of RSI, eyestrain etc Rest, hydration, food etc Social cohesion, friends, guilds Status, achievement, rank Intellectual challenges User interfaces, game design Adapted from Michael Wu: http://lithosphere.lithium.com/t5/science-of-social- blog/Gamification-101-The-Psychology-of-Motivation/ba-p/21864 Points, badges, progression Quests, discovery, epic meaning etc
  34. 34. CHALLENGE SKILLSLow High LowHigh Anxiety Boredom SteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2013 Adapted from: Csikszentmihalyi, 1991
  35. 35. CHALLENGE SKILLSLow High LowHigh Anxiety Boredom SteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2013 Adapted from: Csikszentmihalyi (1991) and Killi (2009) P1 P2 P3
  36. 36. CHALLENGE SKILLSLow High LowHigh Anxiety Boredom SteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2013 Adapted from: Csikszentmihalyi (1991) and Killi (2009) P1 P2 P3 P4
  37. 37. Beyond my reach What I can learn with help (ZPD) ZPD and scaffolding What I can learn on my own Technology and toolsKnowledgeable others SteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2013
  38. 38. CHALLENGE SKILLSLow High LowHigh Anxiety Boredom SteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2013 Adapted from: Csikszentmihalyi (1991) and Killi (2009)
  39. 39. http://sellyourstoryuk.com/wp-content/uploads/2011/12/Old-and-Young-Computer.jpg SteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2014
  40. 40. SteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2014 • Bring Your Own Device • User Generated Content • Open content/curricula
  41. 41. 3: We can invent our own futures
  42. 42. Photo: Steve Wheeler SteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2014
  43. 43. Photo: Steve Wheeler SteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2014
  44. 44. Photo: Steve Wheeler SteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2014
  45. 45. SteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2014
  46. 46. Twitter is not just about breakfast!http://www.lythhillhouse.com/breakfast.html SteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2014
  47. 47. Twitter as a library Twitter as a street corner Twitter as a broadcast channel Twitter as amplification SteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2014 #hashtags
  48. 48. SteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2014
  49. 49. Funnels of Webs “The current search for new educational funnels must be reversed into the search for their institutional inverse: educational webs which heighten the opportunity for each one to transform each moment of his living into one of learning, sharing, and caring.” Ivan Illich (1972) SteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2014 Funnels or Webs?
  50. 50. Our learning future…
  51. 51. http://le-flaneur.com/wp-content/uploads/2010/02/office-workers.jpg Mass working... SteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2014
  52. 52. ... led to mass synchronisation http://www.delasallewaterford.com Linear thinking Conformity Standardisation SteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2014
  53. 53. The computer room... http://www.hseb.utah.edu SteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2014
  54. 54. My PLE My e-portfolio My PLN Other Tools SteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2014 Personal Learning Environments Graphic by Steve Wheeler
  55. 55. Personal Learning Environment Source: http://steve-wheeler.blogspot.com/2010/07/anatomy-of-ple.html Steve Wheeler & Manish Malik (2010)
  56. 56. Personal Learning Networks Photo by Steve Wheeler SteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2014
  57. 57. Personal Learning Networks Photo by Steve Wheeler SteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2014
  58. 58. Personal Learning Networks Photo by Steve Wheeler SteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2014
  59. 59. Personal Learning Networks Photo by Steve Wheeler
  60. 60. Personal Learning Networks Photo by Steve Wheeler SteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2014
  61. 61. “I store my knowledge with my friends” SteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2014 Connectivism Paragogy Wisdom of Crowds
  62. 62. Photo: Steve Wheeler
  63. 63. Crowdsourcing Knowledge “Community as curriculum” Photo: Steve Wheeler MOOC CONNECTIVIST
  64. 64. XC Embedded MOOCs?
  65. 65. SteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2014
  66. 66. “Lee Harvey and the Wailers” (Lee Harvey did not jam alone) http://www.myspace.com/hsu/photos/6850630 SteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2014
  67. 67. “60% of all Internet pages contain misleading information.” - Thomas Edison SteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2014
  68. 68. “60% of all Internet pages contain misleading information.” - Thomas Edison We need ‘digital wisdom’ SteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2014
  69. 69. Learners will need new ‘literacies’ • Social networking • Privacy maintenance • Identity management • Creating content • Organising content • Reusing and repurposing • Filtering and selecting • Self presention • Transliteracy http://www.mopocket.com/ SteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2014
  70. 70. Leaning 2.0 – Digital Literacies Mastery Literacies Competencies Skills Graphic by Steve Wheeler (2013)
  71. 71. A ‘tsunami of content’ SteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2014
  72. 72. Self Organising Learning Spaces Photo by William Murphy: http://www.fotopedia.com/items/flickr-3146778883 SteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2014
  73. 73. Self Organising Learning Spaces Photo by William Murphy: http://www.fotopedia.com/items/flickr-3146778883 SteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2014
  74. 74. Flip the roles, not just the classroom SteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2014
  75. 75. Bearpit Pedagogy http://open.salon.com SteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2014 “The way he constantly asks us to speak in his lectures rather than him allows us all to engage in, sometimes heated, discussions.” (one of my students)
  76. 76. The Future...? • 1989: ‘The future is multi-media’ • 1999: ‘The future is the Web’ • 2009: ‘The future is smart mobile’ • 2012: ‘The future is pervasive tech’ hof.povray.org SteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2014
  77. 77. Learning 3.0 Distributed (Cloud) computing Extended smart mobile technology Collaborative intelligent filtering 3D visualisation and interaction SteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2014
  78. 78. Future Learning Topology Distributed (Cloud) Computing 3D Visualisation and Interaction Smart Mobile Technology Collaborative Intelligent Filtering Infrastructure Interface Tools Interaction Graphic by Steve Wheeler SteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2014
  79. 79. https://www.flickr.com/photos/lonqueta/5815215233/ SteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2014
  80. 80. https://www.flickr.com/photos/lonqueta/5815215233/ SteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2014 "We can't solve problems by using the same kind of thinking we used when we created them.“ – Albert Einstein
  81. 81. Thank you W: http://steve-wheeler.net E: swheeler@plymouth.ac.uk B: http://steve-wheeler.blogspot.com T: @timbuckteeth Photo by Steve Wheeler
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