CHOICE BASED CREDIT SEMESTER SYSTEM (CBCSS) Tiji Thomas Head of The Department Department of Computer Applications MACFAST , Tiruvalla email@example.com
NEED FOR ACADEMIC REFORMS IN INDIAN HIGHEREDUCATION. Are we effectively transforming our students as knowledge practitioners? Are our students merely loaded with information and compelled to memorize the whole lot of them? Have we been successful in elevating our students to such a level that they could critically assimilate and comprehend whatever they have gathered? Are our students endowed with talents to acquire skills so that they can make things happen?
RECOMMENDATION OF THE UGC IN ITS ACTION PLAN FOR ACADEMIC ANDADMINISTRATIVE REFORMS (REF. UGC LETTERS JANUARY 2008; MARCH 2009 “……. Curricular flexibility and learners’ mobility is an issue thatwarrants our urgent attention. These can be addressed byintroducing credit based courses and credit accumulation. In order toprovide with some degree of flexibility to learners, we need toprovide for course duration in terms of credit hours and also aminimum as well as a maximum permissible span of time in which acourse can be completed by a learner… The Choice-Based CreditSystem (CBCS) imminently fits into the emerging socioeconomicmilieu, and could effectively respond to the educational andoccupational aspirations of the upcoming generations. In view of this,institutions of higher education in India would do well to investthought and resources into introducing CBCS. Aided by moderncommunication and information technology, CBCS has a highprobability to be operationalized efficiently and effectively —elevating learners, institutions and higher education system in thecountry to newer heights…”
GLOBAL LEVELAll the major higher education providers across theglobe are operating a system of credits.The European Credit Transfer System (ECTS), the‘National Qualifications Framework’ in Australia, thePan-Canadian Protocol on the Transferability ofUniversity Credits, the Credit Accumulation andTransfer System (CATS) in the UK as well as thesystems operating in the US, Japan, etc areexamples of these.
WHAT IS CBCSCBCS is an instructional package developed to suit theneeds of students to keep pace with the developments inhigher education and the quality assurance expected of itin the light of liberalization and globalization in highereducation.CBCS essentially implies a redefining of the curriculuminto smaller measurable entities with the hours required forstudying/‘learning’ these – not ‘’teaching’ - being at theprimary focus and the development of a mechanismwhereby theses modules can be combined in differentways so as to qualify for a Certificate, Diploma or Degree
Advantages of CBCSCBCS Represents a much-required shift in focusfrom teacher-centric to learner-centric educationsince the workload estimated is based on theinvestment of time in learning, not in teaching.CBCS Helps to record course work and to documentlearner workload realistically since allactivities are taken into account - not only the timelearners spend in lectures or seminarsbut also the time they need for individual learning andthe preparation of examinations etc.
CBCSS – KEY TERMS1. Programme means the entire course of study and examinations (traditionally referred to as course). In order to use common terminology, therefore, let us refer to BCA ,BA, B.Sc and B.Com as Programs, not Courses2. Duration of programmes’ means the time period required for the conduct of the programme. The duration of an undergraduate degree programme shall be six semesters distributed in a period of 3 years.
3. ‘Semester’ means a term consisting of a minimum of 6 months including the days of examination.4. Course means a segment of subject matter to be covered in a semester (traditionally referred to as paper). Example : Problem Solving and Computer Programming in C5. Common Course means a course that comes under the category of courses, including compulsory English and additional language courses and a set of general courses, selection of which is compulsory for all students undergoing undergraduate programmes.
6. Core course means a compulsory course in a subject related to a particular degree programme. Example : Accounting & Programming in Cobol(BCA Syllabus)7. Open Course means a course which can be opted by a student at his/her choice.(The Open Courses that can be chosen by thestudent shall be from among the coursesprescribed by the respective Board of Studies)
8. Complementary Course means a course which is generally related to the core course (traditionally referred to as subsidiary paper).Example : Mathematic and Basic Stattistics in BCAprogramme
9. Repeat Course is a course that is repeated by a student for having failed in that course in an earlier registration.10. Improvement course is a course registered by a student for improving his performance in that particular course. Improvement should be made in the first immediate chance.11. Credit.(Cr.) of a course is a measure of the weekly unit of work assigned for the course.
12. Letter Grade. or simply grade in a course is a letter symbol (A,B,C,D,E) which indicates the level of performance of a student in a course. Deficiencies in the existing marking system Grading Systems
13. Each letter is assigned a Grade Point (G) which is integer indicating the numerical equivalent of the broad level of performance of a student in a course.14. Credit Point (P) of a course is the value obtained by multiplying the Grade Point(G) by the Credits (Cr.) of the course P = G x Cr.
15. Semester Grade Point Average (SGPA) is the value obtained by dividing the sum of Credit Points (P) obtained by a student in the various courses taken in a semester by the total number of Credits taken by him/her in that semester. The Grade Point shall be rounded off to two decimal places. SGPA determines the overall performance of a student at the end of a semester.Example
16. Cumulative Grade Point Average (CGPA) is the value obtained by dividing the sum of credit points in all the courses taken by the student for the entire programme by the total number of Credits and shall be rounded off by two decimal places.Example CGPA -
MR. SAM PITRODA, CHAIRMAN , THE NATIONALKNOWLEDGE COMMISSION (NKC)it is important for us to recognize that there is a quietcrisis in higher education in Indiawhich runs deep. And the time has come to addressthis crisis in a systematic, forthrightmanner. …. There is today a need for a transition to acourse credit system where degrees are granted onthe basis of completing a requisite number of creditsfrom different courses, which provides learners withchoices….