School in 2020 - Team Work


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School in 2020 - Team Work

  1. 1. Learning Event Tiina Sarisalmi November 2012 FUTURE SCHOOL - SCHOOL IN 2020 Team Work Results1. The Future Classroom and Learning Environments2. Learning and the Learner in 20203. Teacher’s Profession in 2020
  2. 2. eTwinning Learning Event Future School - School in 2020 Tiina SarisalmiContentsIntroduction to the team work ……………………………………………………………………………………… 2Team A ………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 5Team B ………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 15Team C ………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 23Team D ………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 29Team E ………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 34Team F ………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 39Team G ………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 48Team H ………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 57Team J ………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 62Team K ………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 71Team L ………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 79Team M ………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 84 1
  3. 3. eTwinning Learning Event Future School - School in 2020 Tiina SarisalmiINTRODUCTION TO THE TEAM WORK1. The Future Classroom and Learning EnvironmentsIn this topic, were discussing new technologies and equipment. What kind of technologieswill we use in the 2020 classroom? What do the classrooms look like? Are there desks anymore? Are there separate classrooms or classes any more? How will all the changes affect learning?Recent trends in learning technology: • cloud services • mobile technology • specialization • visualization • interactivity • socializing (social networks)Recent trends in learning environments: • independent of place and time • learning communities • intertwining and integration of formal and informal learning • from closed, private environments to open environments and networks • from physical space to virtual space • out from the school building to the outside world both in reality and virtuallyHow do these trends affect learning? Which of them will survive? Can you see newtrends in technology emerging?What kind of standing would you take for BYOD - bring your own device - at school?2. Learning and the learner in 2020In this topic, we think about and discuss the future school from the viewpoint of the learnerand learning. We can discern three scenarios which will probably overlap to some degreeand be dominant at different age levels.Three scenarios of learning from the learners point of view: 1. Individual learning paths using e.g. game-based-learning (the curriculum is based on skills so that the students can choose what and how they learn according to their strengths and interests, joining and leaving groups, studying at home or at school with a teacher as a tutor and a guide) 2. Collaborative learning using problem-, project- or inquiry-based learning methods (this resembles a lot the student-centered flipped classroom model in 2
  4. 4. eTwinning Learning Event Future School - School in 2020 Tiina Sarisalmi which students study alone at home and most of the work at school is in collaborative teams and networks) 3. Learning based on given content, strict goals and effective use of tools (this resembles most the current system in which the subject content is defined in the curriculum and modern effective tools and digitalized learning materials are used under teachers control)List of trends and hot topics in learning • independent learners and individual learning paths • differentiation • student-centered learning methods and collaborative learning (project, inquiry or problem based) • peer assessment and continuous assessment • developing learning materials: digital, visual, interactive, videos • games based learning • flipped classroomKey skills and competences in 2020What are they and where and how they are best learned?3. Teachers profession in 2020 • Whats teacher’s role in the future classroom? • In addition to those needed today, what new skills and competences will be required from a teacher? • How will teaching environment be different? • How will teachers continuous professional development be arranged?Trends in teaching: • from teaching alone to teaching together (co-teaching) • from teaching each subject separately to holistic teaching in teams • teachers as guides and facilitators • from teachers individual autonomy to collective autonomy • from teacher-centered to learner-centered • from classrooms to virtual environments • from hierarchies to networksFive Scenarios: Teachers’ profession in 2025Scenario 1 - European Education Network 3
  5. 5. eTwinning Learning Event Future School - School in 2020 Tiina SarisalmiScenario 2 - MyNetworkScenario 3 - Intelligent AgentsScenario 4 - Diversified Teaching CareersScenario 5 - Offline Networking 4
  6. 6. eTwinning Learning Event Future School - School in 2020 Tiina Sarisalmi TEAM A Name Country Students’ ageFernanda Cristina Gonçalves Portugal 3 - 6 years oldMaria da Luz Borges Portugal 3-6 years oldMiriam Schembri Malta 3-5 years oldDana Avram Romania 3-6/7 years oldSusanna Serpe Italy 6 - 10 years oldAlina Dezso Romania 2 - 6 years oldAna Patrícia Ferreira Portugal 6-10 years oldGazdac Vasilica Romania 3-6 years oldReneta Raicheva Bulgaria 7 - 11 years old PART 1 5
  7. 7. eTwinning Learning Event Future School - School in 2020 Tiina Sarisalmi New Technologies How do they benefit or could be integrated into learning?Mobile learning The children are digital natives so they use always Mobile phones, so the teachers could make some work using them in a pedagogical way, inside classes not for fun but for learning. Firstly, the new technologies are very handy, offer accurate information in time, when you need it. Secondly, they are attractive - this determines the children to manipulate them so much. It’s a very immediate solution in case a doubt arises, children can access the Internet or contact the teachers when they need to.elearning platform All schools in my country have been supplied with an elearning platform. This will definitely have its place in our system as a lot of money has been invested. The benefits for my very young students is the link being created between home and school. Children and parents can see the learning taking place during school hours. Young children can find it difficult to express their experiences but the elearning platform will meet this need. Learning does not take place only at school especially with young children but also at home. Having this link will lead to a continuation of this learning which will be in a full circle. The elearning platform is one of the most intelligent inventions in our time. Active and interactive learning environments which are able to involve participants in collaborative learning, stimulate creativity, develop ICT skills. During the learning process the children practice their critical thinking, share opinions more easily, find out new things, are stimulated in problem solving.- Alina D. I believe that these platforms allow each student to work at his/her own pace and according to his/her available time and they also take the learning experience further when it comes to being able to access it anywhere, not just in a classroom. For me elearning platform is in the beginning but we have a blog (me and my children) that is the connection to the families and they could see the work we’ve done. The elearning platform i think it will replace the first book of reading and numeracy.Interactive whiteboards IWBs is a new technology which motivates the children. They pave the way to digital literacy. An interactive whiteboard sustain learning in various ways. We’re really sorry, there are no interactive whiteboards in Romanian schools yet. The interactive whiteboard features capabilities that allow significantly change the nature of information worked, times, spaces and the dynamics of the classroom, that 6
  8. 8. eTwinning Learning Event Future School - School in 2020 Tiina Sarisalmi motivate students and help their learning and development.In our Kindergarten classroom we use it a lot and children (3,4 and 5 years old) are so found of it that they use to call it “Our magic board”. I’ve been working with them for three years now and they are a true blessing!You save time and money when preparing your classes, you profit from a more visual and interactive experience that motivates your students and you have all sort of possibilities for each theme you wish to present. We are dreaming of the day in each class from Romania will be a ineractive whiteboard!Educational soft I use educational software to enhance learning on various topics. Children are attracted to computer games and so while playing you can check acquired knowledge or learning new things. Yes, there is a large range of educational soft for each preschool subject we teach. That part during the activity, in which we use the soft, is the most attractive and active. Children just love all the tasks, games, or the way information is exposed. They appreciate the quick feedback they usually receive and are in a great competition with each other.- Alina D. Is a very good help for the teacher and a very good way for children for their learning and improving their skills. I use it just as much as any other commercially created resource and I don’t think that they are all perfect so it’s important for us to adapt and create our own materials more balanced with our students’ needs and skills. But still, I find educational software a good help, specially if it’s not too expensive anr complicated to use. We use simple and interactive educational software special for math and sciense and for foreign languages.Computer in the classroom Even if it sounds obsolete, in my area and in Italy as a whole, there aren’t many classes with a pc in it. I believe that if we don’t help children to find a few different uses of the pc, this will be used at home mainly for the social networks and for digital games. New technologies, in Rome and in the south of Italy, still means getting the teachers to be trained in the various uses of the personal computers. This also means that the majority of the adults around our children still considers the pc as a means of “distracting” children from the real school work. This is a habit that has to be dealt with before anything very good can happen with the new technologies. I would start from the younger teachers and from the old ones who are willing to go on training course in order to renovate their ways of teaching. I am one of the old ones: until twelve years ago I wasn’t even able to switch on a pc. I can now work with it in an interactive way. It is really a matter of goodwill and enthusiasm. As I said above, the new generations of children are born for 7
  9. 9. eTwinning Learning Event Future School - School in 2020 Tiina Sarisalmi learning and working on the computer. The computers shouldn’t miss from the classrooms! They are the appropriate learning environments which offer everything the children need in one particular moment. - Alina D. It is our third arm, a very good ally in the class. We had an interesting experiment that costed a lot of money when the government decided to offer free computers to primary school students. Those were small computers, sort of netbooks, and the idea was great and I even managed to teach some very interesting classes when all students had a computer on his/her desk.They were able to work at different paces and do different tasks and it was very good. But as soon as the computers started to malfunction ar the students started to leave them at home because they wouldn’t want to carry them on the schoolbag the whole thing lost steam...So now I use my own computer along with the interactive board and children stand up and work in the interactove board on at a time. I don’t think that the computer will ever replace a teacher in the classroom. For me is a positive experience, they could use it for fun and for learning and for the smaller they start to use all the elements and connect with internet, is the first experience. Is the way to connect with the colleagues from etwinning and others colleagues from other kindergartens. Yes , I use computer in my class and in my activities with children, parents and for me because i think this fact is a new dimension of education.Mind Maps Mindmapping is an innovative method created by Toni Buzan. It’s suitable for teachers and students in order to learn and teach different languages more effectively. Actually this is a new technology which can change language learning in future school. It’s suitable for young learners, too. Children are so glad when they study through mind maps. This is the way they learn more interesting and useful things. What will schools and learning environments look like?Large classrooms with lots of space and resources for children, interactive digital boards,laptop computers or tablets to have different experiences and be in touch with othercolleagues from other countries all over the world, places outside with lots of materials toplay with safety. Have contact with children with different special needs and interculturaldiversity. Collaboration with parents in an interactive way. 2020 and beyond I really hope that the schools’ environment will eventually look like abig factory where children and adults have a common aim: getting on well together whilelearning from each other. I still very much believe in what Neill swrote on this subject aboutthirty years ago: unless we share something very important with our children, their interestwill never be brightly expressed. This is one of the reasons why in so many school 8
  10. 10. eTwinning Learning Event Future School - School in 2020 Tiina Sarisalmienvironments children still look so bored and dependant on the teacher’s instructions.I imagine large spaces, where buildings are concentrated in purposes: the eating area, thereading area, the sporting area and so on. There is a great need of important humanrelationships, which can’t really be pursued if not connected to a common plan, tothoughtful action, to the doing of the everyday school.The future schools will be well prepared referring to teachers and technology. There will bea lot of learning labs (like this one) which will offer ways to discover and develop keycompetences for each child, valuing every person and helping him/her to achieve thewanted place in society, performing, at a high quality level, his role. A friendly space, withthings and activities made at the normal speed, not in a hurry. A place in which thechildren will be always eager to return.- Alina D.I do not know and I even cannot imagine. But one thing I am sure of different and Isincerely hope that it will meet students’ interests and needs of students. it will be lessexposing and more involving.I imagine schools with lots of open spaces and connected to the surrounding community.Actually this year I just started working in a new type of school that politicians areimplementing n Portugal, these schools are very big, with lots of students but its theirlocation that determines the architectural structures and even contributes to the learningenvironment and activities planning. My school is located near a big park with all sorts oftrees and flowers and birds and we can go there with our students whenever we like...Isthere a better way to teach them something than by letting them contact with nature andtouch and smell things? I think technology will play a great part in the future but so willlocal communities and open air spaces.I imagine kindergarten schools moving away from a primary school building. They will besurrounded by a natural environment. Technology will be available to the children but itwill not take priority over other essential skills and natural material which young childrenneed to explore. I imagine a green school with many plants, many trees inside the hall and a green roofcovered by grass. This school no grey concrete wall but glass, special glass likeinteractive tablets. The school is open to all kind of experiment and experience and schoolis the bridge to social community.We are there to guide children in this amazing world where human respect all around.The school will be more different. Computers, innovative methods, new ICT tools,interactive whiteboards...the future school will change everything. The new technologieswill help children to be more creative and creativity will be a main aim. PART 2 1. Individual learning paths using e.g. game-based learning pros and possibilities consConcentration-ability to go deep into getting into a sort of game-cage, finding outreading-personal understanding and that there is a usual pattern to understandreflection-using reading as a means to once and for all, isolation from the socialachieve a personal goal contest, addiction to simplicity, addiction to effort/reward/effort/reward pattern 9
  11. 11. eTwinning Learning Event Future School - School in 2020 Tiina SarisalmiContinuous challenge, open-ended games Playing alone and lack of peer to peerwhich lead to the development of thinking learningskills, motivated children, total engagementand focus Isn’t appropriate to young children because they like to learn in group. Game is the first interaction between children and environment and society .The game need actors without them we loses value and purpose.Game - based learning is too important foryoung learners. It makes the learningprocess interesting for children, especiallywhen they study languages. Word games,chants, crosswords and puzzles can makelanguage learning more successful.Own learning pace and more according to Classroom management would be harder forindividual skills and interests the teachersBroader variety of strategies and materials Social skills wouldn’t be under the limelightused in the classroom as they should 2. Collaborative learning using problem-, project- or inquiry-based learning methods pros consunderstanding better one’s own abilities, putting aside or forgetting about one’s ownunderstanding the importance of weak points, losing the general, globalcollaboration and sharing of ideas, learning perspective, meeting with tasks that are tooto organize one’s own activity with the difficult or too easy, possibly not gettingothers’ help, building self-satisfaction, enough expert advise,building self-confidence and trust in theothers,Learning is meaningful and child centred. Implementing a project which interests theThrough discovery children will have whole class can be a problem.ownership over their learning. Throughroblem solving children will start thinking.Peer to peer learning. Isn’t appropriate to young children because they don’t study at home, they work together and they have the orientation of the oldest ones.The children understanding all knowledge People need to go at different speeds.better if is placed in a problem situation. Someone may try to take over the group.Children will use intelligent. Quiet people may not feel comfortable. Sometimes people just dont get along. People may not pull their weight. It is not fair! 10
  12. 12. eTwinning Learning Event Future School - School in 2020 Tiina Sarisalmi A concept may not be understood as well if a person doesnt have to figure it out. The time spent talking about irrelevant topics is unbelievableChildren learn more effectively when theytry to solve the problems throughdiscussions, creative communication andcollaborations.You can usually get a lot more done in ashorter amount of time.Each member of the group has somethingunique that he/she can contribute.I am able to learn more, and trulyunderstand things better.If I am clueless on something a partner maybe an expert on it.Students can relate to one another moreeasily than to a teacher .It makes the assignment or project morefun.I really like working in groups, especially inLAB.Asking children to rationalize and use their Hard for young children to verbalize andintelligence and personal experience from organize their thoughtsan early stage in their lives Different personalities might originate conflicts and the shy students wouldn’t be as heard and taken into consideration as the others 3. Learning based on given content, strict goals and effective use of tools pros consgetting to a very high level of ability in losing the overall sense of the activity,certain tasks, deep knowledge on some losing the various connections between theissues, enjoying the opportunity to divide different issues, concentrating on one’s owntasks in undertasks of minor difficulty in an specific job without even having a hint ofup going scale, great mastery of some what the others are thinking or doing next tospecific tools you, conceiving a feeling of uselessness for not having made decisions on the task to be dealt withMore appropriated for young childrenbecause they could count with the adult,help when they need.Small children need models well- definedand well- established some categories ofactivities.Of course, I agree with this statement. 11
  13. 13. eTwinning Learning Event Future School - School in 2020 Tiina SarisalmiLanguage learning will become moresuccessful when children keep strong rulesand the curriculum content is based on newtechnologies and methods. Learners are exposed to a considerableamount of language through stimulatingcontent. Learners explore interestingcontent & are engaged in appropriatelanguage-dependant activities. Learninglanguage becomes automatic. Complex information is delivered throughreal life context for the students to graspwell & leads to intrinsic motivation. Greater flexibility & adaptability in thecurriculum can be deployed as per thestudents interest.More efficient and motivating learning Harder to integrate everyone’s pace andprocess skillsLanguage learning gains a new range of The adult, the teacher, would assume ainterest and becomes a more natural determinant position if the studentsprocess wouldn’t be as autonomous as one might want them to be. Important Skills and Competences in 2020Collaboration, thinking, reflection, participation, creativity.Critical thinking, creativity, innovation, communication, digital literacy, social skillsCommunication,involvement, volunteer, digital competences,creativity.The ability to look ahead of times, in a shared way together with a real ability tolisten to the children.Creativity, multiple intelligences, ICT skills, collaborative learning, social networksMultiple interests, ICT skills, interpersonal skills, pro activity, autonomy Five Most Important Key Skills and Competences1. Thinking2. Creativity3. Communication4. Collaboration5. ICT skills PART 3 12
  14. 14. eTwinning Learning Event Future School - School in 2020 Tiina Sarisalmi Scenario 1 - European Education Network pros cons- Official languages- Safety and security- Share and access high quality resourcesfor free- Connection with others- Participation of the parents ● the readiness of a lot of educational 1 the possible ill functionment of the support material; whole system (depending on the ● the feeling of being part of something different national characterisics, very well organized; such as loss of documents, bribery ● the opportunity to link to many other and so forth); similar social and educational 2 the possible use of the networks for settings; control on the part of the parents, of ● the possible positive outcome of a the heads of education rather than well recorded teacher’s career ; for sharing and growing of ● the inter-connection between the consciences; different actors in the educational 3 the possible lowering of the process: students, teacher, families, importance of the vis a vis human society; relationships with the consequent ● the students’ eagerness in the growth in alienation and negative leading and the controlling their own social behaviour; study career; 4 the possible constant divide between ● very technological countries and specific school and other countries or specific areas with just a little technologyAt the moment there are various changes ● teachers and students can become ataking place in early childhood education all statistical number.over Europe. ● the pressure to invest in technology ● Networking will lead to the sharing of and the money needed. ideas and different teaching approaches being implemented. The best approaches will be adapted to the different cultures. ● The different curricula will be discussed. ● Teachers will ask themselves for the kind of training they need to enhance their professional development. ● Being part of a European community where teachers feel motivated and suported. ● integrated activity ● limited financial resourced. ● implication of local community and ● parents. ● projects focused on children’s needs 13
  15. 15. eTwinning Learning Event Future School - School in 2020 Tiina SarisalmiIt will be a community of teachers, pupilsand parents. They will be motivated to worktogether and successfully.ConclusionProbably will come true: Hope will come true:I suppose that the creation of the CAREER The move to quality education will beRECOGNITION SYSTEM together with the uniform over Europe following the bestPersonal Teaching Record will be the first examples.steps the various Education Ministries willmanage to achieve. In my opinion this couldbe a positive start, as long as it doesn’t Education in Europe will become morestand out as the only action taken. cooperative and interactive among studentsProfessional training will be ongoing with and teachers from all the countriestraining provided by experts from thedifferent countries. Equal learning and teaching opportunities for allFor me in first scenario the part will mostprobably come true is look for jobs, searchand apply for training and be active insuggesting changes in the curricula.And the part I hope will come true is thecareer recognition.Career recognition system will cometrue.Something similar has been tried inPortugal but people were accused of makingit too easy for workers to validate theircompetences and achieve academic goals. A possible scenario would consist oftheoretical and practical training of teachers by European specialist, implementing pilot projects for a period that will follow weaknesses and strengths.Perhaps teachers will be creative persons like scientists who will inspire pupils tostudy hard, and parents to help them. Theywill be creators of ideas, programmes, new technologies, not only performers. 14
  16. 16. eTwinning Learning Event Future School - School in 2020 Tiina Sarisalmi TEAM B Name Country Students’ ageParaskevas Pinelis Greece 9-12 years oldCornelia Melcu Romania 10 yrs oldIvana Križanac Croatia 6-10 years oldTanc Mirela Romania 10-14 years oldEvangelia Kalogirou Greece 9-12 yrs oldFabrizio Ferrari Italy 8-9 years oldMelita Mesarić Croatia 10-14 years oldCorina Mitrulescu Romania 9-14 years old PART 1 15
  17. 17. eTwinning Learning Event Future School - School in 2020 Tiina Sarisalmi New Technologies How do they benefit or could be integrated into learning?-digital assistant -sending information to their students. This would require that each student in the class have their own PDA and theview.asp?id=41222 information would be sent by an infrared beam from the teacher’s PDA. This way at the end of the year instead of throwing away millions of papers you need only to wipe the hardrive clean. It would also help to cut down costs for copies and paper for copiers, thus giving schools more room in their budget. Yet another advantage of having a paperless classroom is the reduction in time spent at the copy machine.-knowledge webs -knowledge webs are ways of communicating information using “conferences that provide an instant network ofview.asp?id=41222 contacts with useful skills, a personal brain trust scattered geographically” An example could be visiting a ZOO that the students could explore and learn about without actually having to go anywhere.-virtual communities -By using virtual communities we “satisfy these needs at any time, in any place” (Dede.) Some believe that virtualview.asp?id=41222 communities can help” bring about close cooperation and shared responsibility” (Dede) between parents, students and teachers.- personal teachers pod - easy way to make your teaching available without limits ofcasts space and time- smartphone - make the most of it for learning,Online collaborative How they can be integrated in learning?platforms They can be the medium for projects involving students of the same school, of the same country or of different countries! Thus, students will be motivated because they will have learning and project progress on their hands and will be working in real time situations. Furthermore, they will enhance their collaborative skills and acquire knowledge on each topic that will be chosen.Smartphones (internet How they can be integrated in learning?capable phones) I believe that in the future much software will be developed for the use of such devices in learning. For example smartphones could be used as quiz tools that wil be working in real time.The teacher will ask a multiple question on his PC and they will answer through their smartphones. Such processes will provide easy and quick feedback for the teacher. Also students will feel more relaxed as smartphones are part of their everyday life. 16
  18. 18. eTwinning Learning Event Future School - School in 2020 Tiina SarisalmiCloud Technology How it can be integrated in learning? As a facilitator in sharing, exchanging and editing archives. Students will easily communicate with their teacher or with each other, when for example they have a project to work on. Cloud technology saves money (photocopies) and time. Collaborative, community- Classroom/Laboratory with many and diverse digital based online tools AND equipment: place to make experience and then share it, rate tools for making world it, comment it, think about it. experience with sense Learn and share, share and learn.flipped classroom the flipped classroom model encompasses any use of Internet technology to leverage the learning in the classroom so that the teacher spend more time interacting with students instead of lecturing.This is common being done using teaching created videos that students view outside the classroom.Tablets the technology would benefit student learningGames we can make games as we want and we see answers of students. It’s interesting and usefull in the same timeNetbooks and laptops They feature tools like a camera, writing stylus and audio recording capabilities help to encourage a multimodal approach to learning. Rethinking mental health Mental health is how we think, feel and behave as we face the daily ups and downs of our lives. Mental health problems such as depression are the leading cause of disability for young people worldwide. Prevention, early detection and treatment are key issues. But stigma continues to surround mental health and it is often difficult for people to get the help they need What will schools and learning environments look like?Learning will be more active and connected to real life, technologies will be an integral partof learning and life and teachers will become lifelong learners themselves. All the learningobjectives and competences are already needed now, not only in 2020.Conclusion: we should adapt school to the learners and first step is to adapt ourselves..School will be open places where students could have real experience and can discussabout it with teachers and online communities. Every students will have real and virtualworld in the same time and teachers have to drive students experience and use oftechnology for best and useful learning. What is the best learning: the learning that can bebreak down and then reassemble in a new way many and many times.The whole learning experience will be based upon new learning interfaces and novelenabling communication technologies.Using new technology students will learn the things needed for everyday life. Learning willbe more active because students like to explore things using new technology 17
  19. 19. eTwinning Learning Event Future School - School in 2020 Tiina SarisalmiTechnology opens up opportunities for kids to really take ownership of their owneducations and to be a part of the process.Games, videos and virtual experiments will help you discover the different advances thatbiotechnologies have brought us, and the techniques that are being used in current healthresearch, from stem cells and the use of plants to farm drugs. Get informed and have yoursay about the ethical, legal and social implications that surround biotechnology! PART 2 1. Individual learning paths using e.g. game-based learning pros cons-We have personalised learning which -Lack of collaborationallows learners to follow their rhythm in -Competition could bring negative emotionsstudying, be actively engaged in their and feelingslearning process by making choices on theway they want to learn.-Creative, positive learning environment( learning experience.-We foster initiative taking.-Imagination and passion for learning canreally find space here!!- we have to prepare our students to be able - lack of good resourcesto make a choice and how to find the best - game-based learning is often just learningway for learning without fun - children need to have different learning experience before making choices- It also allows students to learn at their own - It reduces the social interaction betweenpace, which can help keep them interested children and their peers.and excited about the material.- developing creativity in students - because of the great intellectual abilities of- creative, interesting learning children there will be a wide variation in the- interaktive learning, developing use of technology and some maybe will losecooperation confidence and willingness for further work 2. Collaborative learning using problem-, project- or inquiry-based learning methods pros cons-collaboration creates a learning - spending a lot of time to find the bestenvironment safe and friendly for the resources and methods for implementingstudents. Even the weaker ones can the projectcontribute and feel part of the process.-Students are motivated as they deal with 18
  20. 20. eTwinning Learning Event Future School - School in 2020 Tiina Sarisalmiproblems ,projects,inquiries that aremeaningful and connected to real life ortopics of interest for them.- students love this - sometimes gives up easily when they have to deal with some difficulties- students learn how to work in groups and - shy students tend to leave the morehow to interact with others in order to solve extrovert ones to be in charge of everything;a task;- students love to work that way - it’s difficult for me sometimes because I- students develop friendships and learn have childrens with special offers in myhow to help those who need help which classes and I spend lots of time to findmake the pride methods and resourses for them 3. Learning based on given content, strict goals and effective use of tools pros cons-Digitalised material is captivating the -There is little room for creativity,initiativelearners’ attention. and imagination.-The learning process is facilitated for theteacher and learner as well.- Using web 2.o tools could motivate - Creativity is poor reflected and thestudents because they are spectacular and students do not explore...they just take acould bring fun in the classes given content- for teacher easiest way but not creative - for students and creative teacher very linear- Developing autonomy, awareness - isolation and health problems (many hours in front of the computer)- it is easier for the teacher to manage the - it can become boring at some points;whole educational process;- that way of learning is easiest for teacher, - it’s boring for studentsit’s not creative and it hasn’t got big effect - students can’t show their creativity andon students they can’t explore - students are with automatism writhing down without thinking to content Important Skills and Competences in 2020We will have to adapt our way of teaching to the students needs. We will teach youngpeople to value self-directed learning,will teach them how to learn on their own terms, andhow to create an individual time schedule. We will combine face time with learningonline.Teachers will be guides in the students learning journey, will coach and moderatetheir learning. They will motivate, give options and lead students learning in directions thatare most beneficial for their development.The highly integrated use of technologies in our futures life requires that teachers have ahigh level of digital competence. They need to be able to design and prepare ICT-based 19
  21. 21. eTwinning Learning Event Future School - School in 2020 Tiina Sarisalmi learning objects and models.Teacher training should be a lifelong learning task and supported by school organisations. Teachers need to enhance their knowledge of students’ learning needs and also develop their teaching methods through networking, observing and peer learning from other teachers. Future learning will require learners to improve their transversely skills, like the ability to think laterally, creativity and adaptability. Also learning to learn and initiative taking will make them self aware of the learning process and enhance it. Students can independently explore, discover, and make learning more exciting for themselves. First we must teach our students how to learn and explore them self because today with that curriculum that we have most of things we give them. They must be able to use ICT - this is future of learning. Teachers also need to develop their teaching methods and cooperating with teachers from other countries. Schools should support a lifelong training for teachers and then teachers would be able to make learning process more interesting and creative for students. The Most Important Key Skills and Competences adaptation ability to design and prepare ICT-based learning objects and models learning to learn, critical and creative thinking, collaborating and networking and knowledge search, processing and construction initiative taking,imagination,innovation. reasoning, cultural awareness negotiating through learning, flexibility, discussion, cooperative learning; creativity, learning how to learn, cooperative learning Flexibility and adaptability(Adapting to varied roles and responsibilities) Initiative and autonomy Productivity and accountability Five Most Important Key Skills and Competences 1. learning to learn 2.collaborating and networking and knowledge search 3. critical and creative thinking 4. initiative taking,imagination (2),innovation(2). 5.processing and construction 6. cooperative learning, creative thinking PART 3 phase 1 Scenario 2 - MyNetwork pros consteacher will create multiple profiles through the problem is how to share some strong 20
  22. 22. eTwinning Learning Event Future School - School in 2020 Tiina Sarisalmia single log on emotions using only this My Network. You cannot touch the other....teacher will be able to link to different - the problem is the teacher’s skills- theapplications without loosing so much time. teachers should be trained how to use different applicationsthere will be a secure environment that will - costsbe compliant with the school;s policyteachers will be able to connect with the - teachers should be trained in using foreignteachers outside the Europe and share languagesideasteachers will be able to observe how active - the problem is the face-to-face contactthe student would be is...missing-A personalised approach to networks will - linear way of working- Internet andhighly facilitate the teacher in order to computer resources onlyorganise, choose, check and make the mostof his resources .-Also the teacher can have access to the -The lack of face to face contact may resultstudents’ work quickly and give feedback in negative emotions from the part of thequickly as well. weaker students.-The teacher will spend very little time -Less authority from the teacher;designing lessons and more time assisting - Personalised learning might be confusedstudents in meeting their own learning with individualised learning;goals.conclusionPhase 1: I - We should pay attention to the humanThis scenario could be possible in the future relation: if we are implementing thisif the educational politics would be adapted scenario there it will be lack of face to facetoo to the 21st Century needs and the relationship and communication :economy would be capable to sustain all thecosts (human resources and material costs). "I fear the day when the technology overlaps with our humanity. The world willMy Network scenario, in my opinion, is only only have a generation of idiots." Alberta step away from becoming reality. All that Einsteinis missing is that application that will enableus to deal with our profiles and resourcesmore easily. I really hope it will come true asI find no drawbacks in it. Teachers’ job willbe highly facilitated, more organised andcontrollable.If we take into account this approach, what While technology can be a great addition tothe teacher will do less of is - teach. the classroom, it may also imply lots ofTeachers may not actually be physically problems, such as: schools will have to hirepresent in some classrooms, instead, taking technology experts who have to deal withon a virtual presence, particularly in places the troubleshoot problems; costs of upkeepdifficult to reach.There will probably be less and maintenance; the incompatibility of 21
  23. 23. eTwinning Learning Event Future School - School in 2020 Tiina Sarisalmifront of the classroom activities and more some systems;small group activities, problem basedlearning and technology enhancedprocesses. Finally, teachers will need towork more in partnership with theirstudents.Phase 2: Lack of face-to-face interaction - weI thinkThe European Education Network and The we should keep the balance betweenOffline Networking are those scenarios that technology and traditional way of teaching.seem to me quite possible to happen in thefuture. I wish for it because I believe both ofthem will involve teachers in collaborative Without a doubt, the traditional school andtasks.Therefore exchange of opinions, teaching methods will change, and we needsharing of ideas and successful to wait and see what these changes are, butpedagogical strategies will occur, which, we also need to make the right changes. Inowadays lack from the typical teacher think it would be better that the future ofinteraction at schools. education and learning to beg to shaped byChanges in education will come from teachers and their students in partnership,teachers adopting new practices. rather than by governments. 22
  24. 24. eTwinning Learning Event Future School - School in 2020 Tiina Sarisalmi TEAM C Name Country Students’ ageElizabeta Filipova Macedonia (FYROM) 9-12Costantino Soudaz Italy 10-13Georgia Maneta Greece 9-12Agnieszka Strózik Poland 7-12Olga Antonioli Italy 11-13Tatiana Rębas Poland 6-13Magdalena Goc Poland 6-12 PART 1 New Technologies How do they benefit or could be integrated into learning?mobile phones, iPods making short movies, recording voice, taking pictures...- as a background for lesson, practice foreign languagessharing programmes such creating common projects (in time suitable for participants, 23
  25. 25. eTwinning Learning Event Future School - School in 2020 Tiina Sarisalmias You Tube, wiki, blogs, they don’t have to be together), a tool for doing homeworkpopplet... onlineWorking in connected way Pupils and teacher can collaborate trought many tools giving them possibilities of relathionchip and collaboration all around day and global events students and teachers collaborate with a lot of schools from different countries and learn about the global issues that concern all the children globallyalice software Alice is a freely available teaching tool designed to be a(a pilot project in a few student’s first exposure to object-oriented computerEuropean countries) programming. Students can tell a story, create animationsis available in English and in and games, solve problems and enjoy learning differentSpanish language topics. Every teacher can use it even if his/her country is not included in the is a software robot hosting service. From any browser, you can create and publish your own robots to anyone via the web. Also, there are 400 Self-Paced interactive courses for free. It is used in education. (I do not know much about this software)e-twinning projects, school visits, professional development for teachersonline dictionaries, Practice and production stages of a lesson:encyclopedias, ebooks access to information, pronunciation learning (using for reference in the classroom and at home)Virtual learning environment Can be used for presentation, practice, production:(learning platforms/sites) to design a certain type of learning environment for students (provision of resources, organizing - mobile learning device: smartphones, iBook, iPad, TabletSocial learning sites to let the students to socialize (and learn) in their free timeall kind of presentation tools Production(including those allowing forcollaboration) Presentation of what have been learned using a certain tool (chosen either by the teacher or by a student)mobile learning devices, reinforcement of students’ attention and creativity throughinteractive whiteboard their active involvement in projects which foster communication, research, production, sharing of own works by using web toolsBlended learning Include project such as eTwining into the school curricula. PART 2 1. Individual learning paths using e.g. game-based learning pros cons 24
  26. 26. eTwinning Learning Event Future School - School in 2020 Tiina Sarisalmiself-education, students take responsibility little collaborationfor their learning, students develop theirstrengths and interests, studying at homeStudents can learn whenever they want to little communication with other studentsand at pace that is good for them. may mean that the content of learning is limited (lack of information from other students/peer to peer learning). Lack of collaboration usually result in lower motivation. Creativity (seeing the problem from different viewpoints) can suffer as well.students might be: students might:- more confident in the solution of tasks - be addictedinvolving problem solving in an - play games inappropriate to their ageindividual,challenging and funny way - find only entertainment- more motivated to learn by having the - feel ‘alone’ and uncomfortable during theirpossibility to try and complete different learning process.levels and to interact according to their ownneeds.children do what they enjoy the most, play learning can be fun, why notgames, and acquire knowledge withoutrealizing that they are actually studyingin self - education, encourages human only for gifted, conscious and maturecreativity, lets expand individual interests students, individualists.and talents 2. Collaborative learning using problem-, project- or inquiry-based learning methods pros consgroup work, students together search and hard to identify individual skillssolve problemsengaging, helping to develop interpersonal it’s probable that individual students will beskills, it’s an easy and natural way of mainly using the skills that are already welllearning developed as students will be doing tasks that are more suitable for them. It’s difficult (although to some degree possible)to assess the contribution of individual studentsstudents are not the passive but the active - the possibility that a group may not workcreators of their knowledge by: properly for different personalities- studying at their own pace at home - the frustration which may arise if in the- sharing information in groups which also group there’s a ‘know-it-all’strengthen cooperation and supportteam work, collaboration, sharing, critical there will be problems if there is a lack ofthinking, creativity, evaluation good coordinationbuilding social skills, learning collaborative one has to build groups very attentive :notand cooperative competences. only strong Ss, the weak ones should get an adequate task concerning their limited 25
  27. 27. eTwinning Learning Event Future School - School in 2020 Tiina Sarisalmi skills, there should be a leader. 3. Learning based on given content, strict goals and effective use of tools pros consClarity as for what and how something Lack of motivation/interest, not effective inshould be learned, systematicity, clear the long run (retaintion suffer whenfeedback on the work done. Good if a motivation is low)learner need the basics, lack time, lacklearning skills.Learning process is under control. Lack time for self-expression.Students know what they should achieve.For teachers this is the easiest way to Students have different learning styles andcontrol and evaluate students’ learning different times to learn; this may cause in them unsuccess and demotivation because they are offered limited occasions to overcome their difficulties in an individual wayThis is good if the children are very young students who already have a backgroundor the students are very weak (do not know knowledge are bored, naughty and usuallythe basic things they should know) do not study at home because they think they already know everything and this sometimes proves to be wrong because they get lower grades on the tests (they do not pay enough attention during the lessons)Good for young and analytical types of Bad for creative, quick-thinking students,learners. they can be easily bored. Important Skills and Competences in 2020self-expression, lifelong learning, open and flexible learning, personalized learning both inclass and in virtual classes, diversified and more active learning by doing Teachers knowthe asincrounos way of teaching in splitting classroom acknowledge of the learning/teaching technique trend and finally ICT Competences Learning to learn, critical thinking,collaboration, creativity, reflection, evaluation learner’s autonomy, social skills,planning, organising, coordinating, presenting, negotiation; literacy, media literacy, Five Most Important Key Skills and Competences1 Relationship competences with pupils and collegues. Learning to learn2. Communications skills3. Concentrate actions on pupils needs4. CDP Good attitude towards all life around5 ICT competences 26
  28. 28. eTwinning Learning Event Future School - School in 2020 Tiina Sarisalmi PART 3 phase 1 Scenario 3 - Intelligent Agents pros consTeachers attend continuous professional Teachers are connected 24/7 through mobiledevelopment, prepare lessons, maintain devices, the avatar is paid by the schoolcontacts with other teachers teaching thesame subjects in other schools, an avatarassists them in their work and does thework the teachers usually do outside schoolhours like identifying resources, presentingdraft plans, suggesting buddiesCPD is easier to improve due to presence of I do not see any cons in IAIA and it become a normal situation in 2020schoolLLLP will be fully achieved by teachers.IA will enable the teacher to devote more There can be problems with paying for thetime to its real task: preparing the lesson; avatar, some school cannot afford it.teachers will attend CPD easier and be intouch with “buddies” from the sameteaching area.Teachers are connected with other teachers This scenario makes me think of a loss ofwho teach the same subjects in the same teachers’ humanity as everything seems soarea and in national and international ‘artificially’ well planned to prevent teachersschools. They are given the opportunity to and students from making mistakes whichshare lessons and materials and to gain usually help in personal growth.plenty of time to spend freely and to attendCDPs. These prepare teachers not only tobe innovative and creative in the classroombut also to be better at teaching.Teachers have a tool for searching new IA can be expensive for a school.methods of teaching and differentmaterials. They gain more time forthemselves.- collaboration - If teachers rely completely on the IA in its- unlimited possibility for professional and searching function and it doesn’t workpersonal development properly, certain materials can be- a great base of teaching resources overlooked- individualization of teaching/learning - Perhaps, it would be better to employprocess some people to do the same job (especially if there is a high unemployment level in the region) instead of paying a private company. Another idea would be for teachers to put their heads together and create such a 27
  29. 29. eTwinning Learning Event Future School - School in 2020 Tiina Sarisalmi divice without asking for help from the outsideconclusionPhase 1: I believe teachers will not have avatarsTeachers will use online draft plans and because they should be paid by the schoolsresources prepared by other teachers and and I assume avatars will be extremelyexperts, attend professional development, expensivemaintain contacts with other teachersteaching the same subjects in otherschools and connect on social networksI hope there will be a social network used byall the teachers and students where they willcollaborate and share experienceIt is highly probable that teachers will more It seems to me that most schools won’t beoften attend CPD, connect on social able to afford for the avatars.networks and use more online resources forlessons.To my mind teachers will use more than I’m afraid that teachers can loose theirnow Internet in their work „teacher’s sense”. You know when you have two or more classes at the same level Which parts will probably come true? you teach them in different way, because- there will exist efficient engines for looking children are different and what is suitablefor lesson plans for one class, not always is usable in- there will be virtually unlimitedpossibilities for professional development another one. So, IA doesn’t know children- it will be extremely easy for teachers to and it isn’t sure that its learning materialsidentify their colleagues teaching the same are proper for everyone.subjects- teaching will become more creative andefficient- some private entrepreneurs will be tryingto make fortune on proposing new technical Which parts of the scenario I hope to comesolutions to school true? Everything I wrote in the left column with the exception of the last statement.Phase 2:Once a month, teachers and students do collaborative projects with other teachers andstudents face-to-face.Teachers look for each other on a simple networking system prior totheir collaboration.Networking and collaboration will involve students and teachers in more active and open-minded learning.In my point of view, it’s really possibile a creation of teachers’ social network ( onlinetraining courses, teachers meetings), virtual learning and rotating teachers. 28
  30. 30. eTwinning Learning Event Future School - School in 2020 Tiina Sarisalmi TEAM D Name Country Students’ ageGabriela Ileana Crisan Romania 8-10Yıldız Erdoğmuş Turkey 10-14Narcisa Serfezeu Romania 8-14Constantina Voitsiou Greece 8-12Jelena Horvat Croatia 7-14Tatjana Gulič Slovenia 10-15 PART 1 New Technologies How do they benefit or could be integrated into learning? 29
  31. 31. eTwinning Learning Event Future School - School in 2020 Tiina SarisalmiTouchscreen ● a better structuring and synthesis of lessons ● increasing interest in projects ● support interactivityCloud - Dropbox, ● efficiency and rapidity in workWearable mousse ● control over the learning environment ● safetyall web 2.0 tools ● innovation-based ● reflects on differentiated learning styles ● easy accessInteractive whiteboard ● interactive material ● multi-modular material responds to all learning types and styles of pupils ● more attractive ● more practicalvideo conference equipment ● used to overcome the problem of different space ● enhances communication from distance ● the image of the communicators creates realistic and lively interactionmobile phones - easier access to materials - teachers can inform students about their grades - everyone owns one, so there are no disadvantaged childrene-readers (eg Kindle) - easier access to required reading - cheaper in the long run (you buy the reader only once, and many books can be downloaded for free because the copyright is no longer valid)responding systems easier controlling of knowledge and marking What will schools and learning environments look like? ● Digital textbooks will "replace" the existing school manuals ● ICT will remove the traditional classroom: the schools will rethink their classrooms to turn them into multifunctional spaces ● the teachers give up their central role and assume the position of mentors,coaches, partners- more freedom in choosing which fields to work in (education “a la carte”)-- inverted classrooms - students learn at home and do their “homework” or exercises inschoolThey will look more like labs where pupils will be working in groups, searching forinformation, discussing, collaboratingThe teacher will help when needed and will be giving feedback_e-classroom and maybe work also from homes and connecting via web cams, also virtualteacher :-)No wonder in the future classrooms will be spaceship.All teaching will be individual andmore technological than beyond imagination.There will be no teachers but will be somefacilliators. 30
  32. 32. eTwinning Learning Event Future School - School in 2020 Tiina Sarisalmi PART 2 1. Individual learning paths using e.g. game-based learning pros cons pupils are more motivated and longer last Not everything can take the form of a gamelonger when pupils are actively involvedThe game, the natural way to learn of the They learn without really understanding it!child, is a conclusive example of integrated,interdisciplinary activity for the fulldevelopment of the childstudents take pleasure of learning Pupils may get more concentrated on the game itself than on the content. Not really a real-life experience. 2. Collaborative learning using problem-, project- or inquiry-based learning methods pros consPupils work together, they develop team Pupils can deviate in their research.spirit.Experiential learning takes place; they reachthe knowledge themselves. They becomeautonomous learners.Learning through peers takes place.positive interdependence: students realize some students may not work, disagreementthat they need each other to to accomplish for the role of the team leaderthe task groupstudents develop interpersonal skills and in some students may not communicatethe small groupSome students are likely to take their peers’ This type of learning may not suit alladvice than the teachers’. students (those with disabilities). 3. Learning based on given content, strict goals and effective use of tools pros consBoth sides (teachers and pupils) feel safe: Very controlled learning. Pupils feelthey know the exact steps and stages of the restricted.learning process 31
  33. 33. eTwinning Learning Event Future School - School in 2020 Tiina SarisalmiVery organised and methodical is based on objectives and not competences Important Skills and Competences in 2020The ability to search for information and use technology tools.The ability to keep up with technological advances and be able to adapt and learn quickly.“Critical thinking” in order to accept or reject the information that is accessed.Creativity and intellectual curiosityCommunication skillsCollaborative and interpersonal skillsSkills to differentiate important from irrelevant information.Marketing skills - the ability to “sell” yourself, work on your skills throughout life. Five Most Important Key Skills and Competences1.Critical thinking2. Communication skills3. Collaboration4. Problem solving skills5. Active learning PART 3 phase 1 Scenario 4 - Diversified Teaching Careers pros cons- teachers will choose a career according to -not all school can afford such technologytheir aptitudes and skills- they will specialise and be prepared to - teacher training and programmeteach in a particular way and environment development require a lot money - we may encounter in a day with situation of few teachers in the classroom, or digital mentors or virtual teachers -at primary school virtual teacher and digital mentor teacher are unsuitable -technology is relative (it can happen malfunction, interruption of electricity, connection problems)conclusionPhase 1: - we may encounter in a day with situation- teachers will choose a career according to of few teachers in the classroom, or digital 32
  34. 34. eTwinning Learning Event Future School - School in 2020 Tiina Sarisalmitheir aptitudes and skills mentors or virtual teachersPhase 2: -technology is relative (it can happen- teachers will specialise and be prepared to malfunction, interruption of electricity, teach in a particular way and environment connection problems) -at primary school virtual teacher and digital mentor teacher are unsuitable 33
  35. 35. eTwinning Learning Event Future School - School in 2020 Tiina Sarisalmi TEAM E Name Country Students’ ageNena Slovenia 13-15Adriana Romania 11-15Ünsal Turkey 11-14Florin Romania 11-14Annie Greece 12-15Emanuela Romania 7-18Daniela Romania 11-19 PART 1 New Technologies How do they benefit or could be integrated into learning? ● online resources / Students could find answers to their questions by searching encyclopedias / search on the recommended resources, at anytime and from engines everywhere ● videoconferencing Collaboration and communication with the teachers and tools with the peers from home, while doing their research ● interactive digital Stimulate students’ creativity and enhance their learning devices (smartboards, desire tablets, …) 34
  36. 36. eTwinning Learning Event Future School - School in 2020 Tiina Sarisalmiinteractive spaces to post The students could learn everywhere they have internettheir creation and to access, and it would develop their collaboration skills andcollaborate with their stimulate their creativitycolleagues ● free access to data personalized learning, stimulating working environment sources more encouraging results... ● the possibility of using modern IC technology ● ergonomic furnitureSmartphones, Tablets, In the future, classrooms could became multifunctionalHandhelds, Laptops spaces, offering new ways of learning. Also, students must be educated of appropriate use of these devices as a learning aids.Interactive whiteboard Teachers or students can use multimedia projected on the board, draw or write on it, to use it for homework, etc. The board can also be connected to the Internet, thus allowing guided web researchTablet PCs for each pupil In my opinion,8 years later, mostly the content of the schooland teacher and smart education will get a new appearance.The way of teachingboards for each classroom and learning will change.Book centered teaching will replace with multiple e-devices.Internet and computer Access to a lot of resources, developing creativity, differentaccess in class for all - learning styles, attraction towards learningstudents and teachersProfessional sites to post Visibility for parents, students’ progress, less paper usedpupils’ workA collaborative and Have access to a lot of resources. Collaborate not only withmultilingual open learning the colleagues of your class but with colleagues from allinfrastructure will be in use over Europe, exchanging ideas, tools and knowledge and be to boost demand for a lot more creative,Europe-wide eLearning Learn to collaborate and be creative in a multilingual andResources The teachers and multi-ethnic environment.the students will haveaccess to this environment. What will schools and learning environments look like?I think in 2020, pupils will still go to schools, will still gather in classrooms and will stillhave teachers. Of course they will use more technology (cell phones, graphing calculators,tablets, computers) I don’t think that every student will have access to a computer in eachclass (at least not in my country), but they will use computers for learning purpose inschool and at home. There will be other learning environments, as well. Teachers orparents will first introduce them to the youngsters, but, since they will be very attractiveand interesting, pupils will access them over and over.I think, there will be smaller groups, individualized work, more collaborative and researchwork, problem-based learning, developing individual strengths... 35
  37. 37. eTwinning Learning Event Future School - School in 2020 Tiina SarisalmiTechnology will always be a positive thing, but school still needs to be a place to learnsocial skills, because education does not mean only professional briefing for the future,but a complete human been. Teachers can`t be replaced by machines, and children stillneed their guidance.Learning should be meaningful for students. They should learn what they are interested inand what they need for their future.Students will work in schools and in their homes using Internet a lot, collaborating andworking with projects. PART 2 1. Individual learning paths using e.g. game-based learning pros consStudents are fully engaged in their learning Student is too devoting to himself,and actively participate in the construction collaborative skills are less present.of their own curriculum.Students proceed with their learning in their This method does not develop students’own pace, adapting the curriculum and the communication and collaboration and sociallearning methods to better suit their own skillsneeds.Student will actively participate, surpassing no opportunities for cooperative skillshimself.more attractive to the student In excess, it may induce to the student the idea that he only needs to play and he will growStudents can study and work in their own A student who will stay behind in hispace. They will learn to be responsible for knowledge may feel disappointed and stoptheir learning development. caring. 2. Collaborative learning using problem-, project- or inquiry-based learning methods pros consStudents in the group feel safe, contribute Students need to go at different speeds,their best, find their strengths and develop someone may try to take over the group,them. Learners build social, communication quiet pupils may not feel comfortable,and technological skills. sometimes children just dont get along,...Develops students’ collaboration and Sometimes, in a team, the whole work iscommunication skills, and enhances their done by the same members, while thesocial and cultural expression. others are “not enough organized, not enough trustworthy, etc...” It is very hard to evaluate the individuals 36