Jewelry - 3000BC to 21st Century


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Art Deco Earrings. Discover the beauty and glamour of art deco jewelry.

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Jewelry - 3000BC to 21st Century

  1. 1. ==== ====Looking For Art Deco Style Drop Earrings? Check these out: ====EgyptThe use of gold jewelry can be dated back to Egypt 3000 BC. Gold was the preferred metal forjewelry making during ancient times. It was rare, it was easy to work with, and it never tarnished.Magnificent bracelets, pendants, necklaces, rings, armlets, earrings, collars, and head ornamentswere all produced in ancient Egypt, the land of the Pharaohs. In 1922 Howard Cartersexcavations led to the discovery of Tutankhamuns tomb and many gold artifacts, all showing theart work of ancient Egypt.GreeceIn ancient Greece, gold beads in the shape of shells, flowers and beetles were very common. InNorthern Greece beautiful necklaces and earrings have been excavated from burial.By 300 BC the Greeks were using gems such as emeralds, garnets, amethysts and pearls. Theyalso created colored glass stones and enamel stones. Carved agate cameos and gold filigreework were widely made.ItalyThe Italian Etruscans produced granulated textured gold work. They made very large, necklaces,bracelets and earrings. They were also known for producing hollow gold pendants that were filledwith perfume. Even today the Italians are still known for the quality gold jewelry.RomeThe Romans used 18 and 24 carat gold for their coins. Coinage gold was readily available so itwas popular with craftsmen for decorative jewelry. Over 2000 years ago the Romans were usingsapphires, emeralds, garnets, and amber in their jewelry.Europe.During the 13th century the Medieval Sumptuary Laws were enacted which put a cap on luxuriousjewelry and clothing. The town folk of France, banned from wearing girdles made from pearls orany other gemstone.They were also banged from wearing gold or silver. Similar laws existed in England banningartisans from wearing gold and silver. These laws show how fine jewelry had spread beyondnobility to the town folk.
  2. 2. For as long as mankind has existed gems and jewels have been used as token of ones love foranother. While many pieces of jewelry existed adorned with fine gems and made from preciousmetals, there was also some very good fake jewelry.True gemstones and pearls originated in the east and they were bought mainly by the Italians.The Italian merchants then sold the jewelry to the Europeans.High quality glass imitations were often used and sold with the intent to deceive. These highquality glass stones were often used in the Royal funeral robes and in childrens jewelry.Valued more than gemstones, were the flawless, round, natural white pearls. South Indiaprovided some of the finest pearls. The Italians were able to make quality imitation glass gemsand pearls that could only be identified by a gemologist.There is historical proof that recipes for false pearls existed as far back as 1300. White powderedglass was mixed with albumen and snail slime to produce imitation pearls.Earrings and Dress JewelryDuring the 17th century woman always wore earrings, whether they were dressed or undressed.It was very acceptable to wear faux pearls and paste gem earrings during the day saving finediamond jewelry and gem jewelry for evening attire.Dress ornamentation decreased in size. Sleeves or skirts were often decorated with matchingbrooches.During the 16th it was very fashionable to wear large quantities of pearls. Both jewelry to clothingaccessories were adorned with pearls.During the 17th century Jaquin of Paris patented a method of making fake pearls. Hollow blownglass balls were coated with varnish mixed with iridescent ground fish scales. The hollow ballswere then filled with wax to strengthen them. This discovery made Paris the main producer offaux pearls for well over 200 years.Paste is a compound of glass containing white lead oxide and potash. Paste jewelry was verycommon in the later part of the 17th century. The highest quality and most long lasting pastejewelry was produced after 1734 by Georges Strass.Paris lead the production of faux gems [paste] and faux pearls. Just about any kind of fake gemcould be made, including fake opals.After 1760 the production of fake jewelery spread to London and to Birmingham. During theindustrial revolution steel was produced in large quantities so it was easily available. It was uesfor setting marcasite and jasper ware cameos. Glass and Wedgwood porcelain paste cameoswere made in English factories and were also very popular.The fashion from this era also included ornate shoe buckles of paste, steel and tin, elaborate
  3. 3. paste jewel buttons, as well as semi precious for day wear.Empire JewelryIn 1804 Napoleon emerged as Emperor of France, resulting in a revival of jewelry and fashion as anew court of pomp.Joailliers worked fine jewelry and bijoutiers used less precious materials.The members of the new French imperial family had the former French royal family gems re-setinto the latest neo-classical style. The new trends soon found their way to Europe, particularlyEngland. The main influence for design was the Greek and Roman.Parures and CameosParures were a matching suite of coordinating precious gems which could include a necklace, acomb, a tiara, a diadem, a bandeau, a pair of bracelets, pins, rings, drop earrings or and clusterstud earrings and possibly a belt clasp.A full parure consisted of a minimum of four pieces. A demi parure consisted of three or lesspieces. Both Josephine and Napoleons second wife had magnificent parures.Once Napoleons cameo decorated coronation crown was seen, cameos became the rage.Cameos were carved from hard stone, conch shells and even from Wedgwood porcelain.Victorian JewelryIn 1837 when Queen Victoria came to the throne jewelry was romantic and nationalistic. Itfocused on European folk art, which later influenced the Arts and Crafts Movement. Until midcentury most western jewelry came from Europe, with some jewelry being produced in NorthAmerica and Australia.Mass production of mid Victorian jewelry in Birmingham, Germany and Providence, Rhode Islandresulted in lower jewelry standards. Victorian women rebelled when they saw some the poorquality of much of this machine made jewelry.Woman rebelled by wearing no jewelry at all, or buying from the emerging artist craftsman. Somejewelers like Tiffany recognized a niche market and began to make fine jewelry of a very highstandard, opening shops in main European cities.Mourning JewelryDuring the Victorian era mourning jewelry was very fashionable. The initial months of mourningwere unadorned by jewelry of any kind. As the mourning rituals increased, mourning jewelrydeveloped as a fashion item. Queen Victorian wore a great deal of jet mourning jewelry afterPrince Alberts death.Jet from Whitby, North of England was set into mourning pieces. All types of material that wereblack were used and almost all included a lock of the dead loved ones hair. Hair was also plaited,
  4. 4. braided or twisted very tightly until it became hard and thread like.Arts and Crafts JewelryDuring the 1870s the Arts and Crafts movement evolved as a reaction to mass produced shoddygoods and inferior machine made products which were a result of the industrial revolution.William Morris and John Ruskin were both leaders of the arts and crafts movement in England.They promoted simple Arts and Crafts of designs based on floral, primitive or Celtic forms workedas wallpapers, furniture and jewelry.The polished stones used in Arts and Crafts jewelry gave a medieval, simpler, gentler, tooled handmade look and feel to items.Art NouveauThe Art Nouveau followed the arts and crafts movement resulting in a new jewelry look. Themovement began in Paris and its influence went throughout the Western world. Art nouveaujewelry had curves, sinuous organic lines of romantic and imaginary dreaminess.It was very ethereal turning into winged bird and flower forms. French, René Lalique wasthe master goldsmith of the era of Art Nouveau producing exquisite one off pieces. Today, the ArtNouveau style is still admired, sought after, and copied.PearlsVarious combinations of pearl necklaces come in and out of fashion with regularity so pearls tooare a must. Today pearls are still a wardrobe essential. Both faux pearls and cultured pearls arevery affordable today.Since the opening of trade with China in the 1990s, many pearls are imported from China droppingthe price to about 1/3 of what it was prior to China entering the market.The Japanese have suffered disease in their pearl beds as well as facing competition and arefinding it hard to compete with Chinas prices.Pearl necklaces and pearl earrings can lift a complexion and bring light and radiance to the facetaking years off a woman whatever her age. They have been a wardrobe staple for centuries, anda wedding attire tradition.Cultured pearls have become very affordable, and faux pearls are very cheap and the quality canbe excellent. Currently Pearls are a very "hot" fashion statement and with the modern twist ofbeing interspaced on gold wire or floating on special synthetic cord they are essential to themillennium look.Cocktail JewelryDuring the 1920s Lalique mass produced and designed high quality glass jewelry. Fake, or
  5. 5. costume jewellery was sometimes then called cocktail jewelry.Costume or Cocktail jewelry was greatly influenced by designers such as Coco Chanel, and ElsaShiparelli as well as a host of other designers. These two designers were particularly known forencouraging clients to mix their fine jewelry and costume jewelry. Both designers offeredimagination and fun and both often sported fabulous fakes.In the late 1930s Napier of the USA was at the forefront of manufacturing fake cocktail jewelryoffer glamour and escapism. Today, Napier still produces excellent contemporary costumepieces.Hollywood InfluenceBy the 1940s and 1950s American culture was very dominant in Europe. The influence of moviefilms and the prominence of film stars set the fashion stage for womens make-up, hair andwardrobe.People wanted copies of outfits and jewelry worn by the actresses. Women believed that theglamour of Hollywood would rub off on them if they dressed and looked like the glamorousHollywood actresses.During the Second World War metals were rationed, halting the production of fine jewelry. Qualitycostume jewelry picked up the now defunct fine jewelry market. Costume jewelry flourishedbecoming an acceptable alternative to fine jewelry.1980s Television Influences JewelryDuring the 1980s with the evolution of glitzy television soaps such as Dynasty and Dallas,costume jewelry once again became a "hot" fashion statement. With over 250 million viewers, itdidnt take long for costume jewelry to be reborn.Glitz and sparkle by day was not only acceptable, it became the norm. Earrings grew to anunbelievable size, as did other pieces of jewelry. By the 1990s this sparkly dazzling jewelryphenomena was dead, replace with tiny real diamond studs or a fine stud pearls.21st Century JewelryFor the 21st century women believe a mix is good. Fine jewelry combined with costume jewelryare wardrobe essentials. The sophisticated women of this century know what they want from theirjewelry and how to wear it to make their fashion statement.They recognize that costume jewelry can liven up their wardrobe. The types and quality ofcostume jewelry has grown enormously. Today one can purchase what is classified as finecostume jewelry which is usually plated at least seven times with 10 22 ct gold.Swarovski crystal set in gold are common accessories, and cubic zirconium, mans imitationdiamond, can be purchased for a fraction of the cost of real diamonds allowing every women toadd diamond styled jewelry to their wardrobe.
  6. 6. Ciro, Adrian Buckley, Butler and Wilson, Swarovski Crystal Jewelry Napier, Joan Rivers, JoanCollins, Christian Dior, California Crystal, Property of A Lady and of course Kenneth J Lane toname just a few continue to produce high quality fashion jewelry for todays women.Costume jewelry can take you from the board room to a night out of dining and dancing to yourmost intimate evening. It can make you look your best for your wedding, or a day at the beach.You can make Your Fashion Statement With Costume Jewelry!Sher from Estate Jewelry International has been serving customers for over 20 years, providingfashion, jewelry, and wedding help. So stop by and visit us at Well help you make your fashion statement!Remember looking good doesnt have to cost a fortune!Article Source: ====Looking For Art Deco Style Drop Earrings? Check these out: ====