what is poverty <ul><li>Poverty is hunger </li></ul><ul><li>Poverty is lack of shelter </li></ul><ul><li>Poverty is not knowing how to read and is being sick and not being able to see a doctor. </li></ul><ul><li>Poverty is not having access to school and not knowing how to read </li></ul><ul><li>Poverty is not having a job, is fear for the future, living one day at a time. </li></ul><ul><li>Poverty is losing a child to illness brought about by unclean water </li></ul><ul><li>Poverty is powerlessness, lack of representation and freedom </li></ul>
factsheet <ul><li>According to UNICEF (United Nations International Children’s Emergency Fund),22,000 children die each day due to poverty.And they “die quietly in some of the poorest villages on earth,far removed from the scrutiny and the conscience of the world.Being meek and weak in life makes these dying multitudes even more invisible in death .” </li></ul><ul><li>The poorest 40 percent of the world’s population account for 5 percent of global income.The richest 20 percent accounts for three-quarters of world income. </li></ul><ul><li>Almost half the world-about three million people-live on less than USD$2.50 a day </li></ul>
History of poverty <ul><li>Poverty in the 18 century: In the 18th century probably half the population lived at subsistence or bare survival level </li></ul><ul><li>During the 18th century the Poor Law continued to operate. However a law of 1723 allowed parishes to build workhouses to house the destitute. Still conditions in 18th century workhouses were generally less harsh than in Victorian ones </li></ul><ul><li>At the end of the 19th century more than 25% of the population was living at or below subsistence level. Surveys indicated that around 10% were very poor and could not afford even basic necessities such as enough nourishing food. Between 15% and 20% had just enough money to live on (provided they did not lose their job or have to take time off work through illness). </li></ul>
Cause of poverty <ul><li>Overpopulation </li></ul><ul><li>Global Distribution of Resources </li></ul><ul><li>inability to meet high standards of living and costs of living, </li></ul><ul><li>Inadequate Education and Employment </li></ul><ul><li>Environmental Degradation </li></ul><ul><li>Economic and Demographic Trends </li></ul><ul><li>Individual Responsibility and Welfare Dependency </li></ul>
the impact of poverty <ul><li>Children who grow up in poverty suffer more persistent, frequent, and severe health problems </li></ul><ul><li>Many infants born into poverty have a low birth weight, which is associated with many preventable mental and physical disabilitiesthey are also more likely to die before their first birthday. </li></ul><ul><li>Children raised in poverty tend to miss school more often because of illness. These children also have a much higher rate of accidents than do other children, </li></ul><ul><li>Homelessness :Compared to children living in poverty but having homes, homeless children are less likely to receive proper nutrition and immunization. </li></ul>
what can be done to help poverty victims This are the five ways to help the poverty victims <ul><li>Food : Food is one of the basic necessities for any human being. Food has become scarce in the continent because of the decline in food production brought about by numerous factors . More and more victims depends on hand outs to feed its population and people are dying of hunger. Help in the form of food can make a huge difference. </li></ul><ul><li>Health care : Health care is another way to help poverty victims in Africa. Almost every homestead has been affected by the limitation or shortage of adequate access to health care in the continent (UN, world health.org). Some deaths are caused by the lack of health care as some of the diseases like AIDS are manageable but people die earlier than they should. </li></ul>
<ul><li>Shelter : There is a growing population of the homeless in the continent who can no longer be ignored. Almost every city has people who stay there, sleep in pipes etc. These people have been displaced by different reasons but the common denominator is that all of them are homeless . </li></ul><ul><li>Education : I strongly believe that one of the ways to fight poverty and to cut the chain of poverty is through education. If a member of poverty stricken family is given access to education it is believed he/she would generate income and take care of his/her siblings as dependants their lives would not be the same. Different reasons deprive the children of education and which they much need to change their lives. </li></ul>
Self -sustaining projects : It may be hard to always be donating to people but if they also try to move from their poverty situations it becomes a lesser burden. In some parts of the continent the people only need mealier-meal but they are able to make a living by growing vegetables to feed themselves and sell the surplus. It is encouraging to see the people trying to help themselves than solely relying on hand outs. Helping the victims to start their self-sustaining projects especially in food production is one way one would help to fight poverty and the people themselves can also help themselves. They may be poor and hungry but they had workers.
What can be learn from this We could learn to be grateful of what we have.The people that are living in poverty are without food,drink,shelter,educational and so on. But we,the fortunate one, are complaining about what food we get,whether it is delicious or not,complaining to get the latest gadget,not wanting to go to school,wasting food,complaining not having air conditioner and so on. For those people in poverty,they have no choice but to eat what can find and they are always in suffering.Can they complain and grumble so much like what we are doing?We could think about our attitude.We could learn how to appreciate what we have now and always be willing to help the less fortunate.