Bill of Rights (resegmented)

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Bill of Rights (resegmented)

  1. 1. A guide to help you understand the events that led to our first ten amendments!
  2. 2. Quick Facts behind the Bill of Rights <ul><li>The Bill of rights was proposed at the First Continental Congress meeting in 1789 </li></ul><ul><li>By 1791 ten states had ratified the Bill of Rights </li></ul>
  3. 3. Reasons for the Bill of Rights <ul><li>Thomas Jefferson and his supporters felt the Constitution did not guarantee Americans rights fought for in The Revolution… </li></ul><ul><li>As a result, delegates agreed to create a Bill of Rights to outline rights (and limitations) of: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The People, </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Central Government, and </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The States. </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. Rights of the People <ul><li>The rights of the people can be broken down into two groups: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>1. Individual Freedoms 2. Rights of the Accused </li></ul></ul>Amendments: 1, 2, 3 Amendments: 4,5,6,7,8 9
  5. 5. <ul><li>Individual Freedoms: Amendments 1-3 </li></ul>
  6. 6. The Five Freedoms of the 1 st Amendment <ul><li>Freedom of Religion </li></ul><ul><li>Freedom of Speech </li></ul><ul><li>Freedom of the Press </li></ul><ul><li>Freedom of Assembly </li></ul><ul><li>Freedom to Petition </li></ul>
  7. 7. 2 nd Amendment, Right to Bear Arms <ul><li>The Second Amendment protects a pre-existing, private, individually-held right, to keep arms and to bear arms, without regard to a person’s relationship to a (state) militia. </li></ul>
  8. 8. 3 rd Amendment <ul><li>Protection from housing of troops during peace and war time </li></ul><ul><li>Graphic </li></ul>
  9. 9. <ul><li>Rights of the Accused: Amendments 4-8 </li></ul>
  10. 10. 4 th Amendment, Search & Seizure <ul><li>Protects against unreasonable search </li></ul><ul><li>No warrants issued except upon probable cause </li></ul><ul><li>Support by oath that includes a description of the place and items to be seized </li></ul>
  11. 11. Fifth and Sixth Amendments <ul><li>Protects against self-incrimination </li></ul><ul><li>Guarantees due process </li></ul><ul><li>Protection from double jeopardy </li></ul><ul><li>Right to a fair and speedy trial </li></ul><ul><li>Right to an attorney </li></ul>
  12. 12. 7 th Amendment <ul><li>Civil trial by jury </li></ul><ul><li>Graphic </li></ul>
  13. 13. 8 th Amendment <ul><li>Protection from excessive bail and cruel and unusual punishment </li></ul><ul><li>Graphic </li></ul>
  14. 14. <ul><li>Limitations: Amendments 3, 8-10 </li></ul>
  15. 15. Limitations on Central Government The People Central Government 1,4,5,6 2,8,9 3
  16. 16. 3 rd Amendment <ul><li>Protection from housing of troops during peace and war time </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Limits power of central government </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Graphic </li></ul>
  17. 17. 8 th Amendment <ul><li>Protection from excessive bail and cruel and unusual punishment </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Limitation of how central government enforces law </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Graphic </li></ul>
  18. 18. Rights of the Central Government <ul><li>9 th and 10 th Amendments </li></ul><ul><li>Graphic </li></ul>
  19. 19. <ul><li>Powers and Limitations: Amendments 2, 8-10 </li></ul>
  20. 20. Rights of the States The People Central Government The States 10 1,4,5,6 2,8,9 3
  21. 21. 2 nd Amendment, Right to Bear Arms <ul><li>A well regulated militia being necessary to the security of a free state, the right of the people to keep and bear arms shall not be infringed </li></ul>
  22. 22. 8 th Amendment <ul><li>Protection from excessive bail and cruel and unusual punishment </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Limitation of how states enforce law </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Graphic </li></ul>
  23. 23. Rights of the Central Government <ul><li>9 th and 10 th Amendments </li></ul><ul><li>Graphic </li></ul>
  24. 24. <ul><li>How we can organize our Bill of Rights </li></ul>
  25. 25. How I would recommend organizing a presentation on the Bill of Rights The People The Central Government The States Individual Freedoms Rights of Accused 1, 2 , 3 , 9 4,5,6,7, 8 3 , 8 , 9 , 10 2 , 8 , 9 , 10 *Amendments in bold are listed in more than one area

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