Portugal was a major world power during 15th & 16th centuries<br />In early 1400’s, the exploration of Africa began<br />July 25, 1415 was the beginning of the Portuguese Empire<br />August 21, 1415 North African city of Cueta was captured<br />Madeira Island inhabited by Portuguese in 1420<br />Azorean Islands were colonized in 1445<br />Ships reached Gold Coast of Africa in 1470’s<br />History of Portugal<br />
Major exploratory achievements<br />1487, navigated the Cape of Good Hope<br />Late 1400’s, reached India by sea and bypassed Islamic occupied land routes through Constantinople<br />1500, navigated the Atlantic and reached Brazil<br />1501, discovered Madagascar<br />1514, sailed to China and Japan<br />Portugal persecuted Jews at end of 15th Century<br />They were told to convert to Catholicism or leave<br />History of Portugal<br />
First global empire, and survived almost 600 years<br />Lasted from 1415 – 1999<br />The empire at its largest was spread throughout 49 modern nations/states<br />Portuguese sailors were voracious in their explorations<br />Prince Henry the Navigator was a critical spokesman in raising funds for explorations<br />The Portuguese Empire<br />
The Portuguese Empire amassed great wealth through the spice trade, the establishment of forts and factories along sea routes, along with advantageous alliances<br />While Spain discovered the New World, Portugal was exploring Africa, India, Asia and the South Pacific<br />Portuguese Empire lost significant holdings to the Dutch in India and Southeast Asia<br />Ultimately lost all their holdings except Brazil<br />The Portuguese Empire<br />
Brazil was colonized through land grants<br />Primary interests/cash crops in Brazil were: brazil wood, sugar, gold, and diamonds<br />Treaty of Tordesillas divided south America into 2 parts<br />Portugal was entitled to the eastern part<br />The Portuguese fought the French <br />Patrols protected the Brazilian coasts<br />French were there for the brazil wood<br />First villages were established to patrol the coast<br />Colonial Brazil<br />
15 noblemen from Portugal were granted land<br />Captaincies of Brazil established<br />These men were charged with building settlements and managing their growth<br />Kept costs down for Portugal by placing expenses on private citizens<br />“Captains” were financially &legally responsible for the settlement and the people<br />Only 2 were successful and prospered<br />1548, General Government was established<br />This was due to the failure of the CapitaniasHereditarias system<br />First governor was selected <br />Colonial Brazil<br />
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