The Portuguese EmpireBetween 1400 & 1800<br />By Tiffany Jacobs<br />HIST 140 (#50607)<br />
Portugal was a major world power during 15th & 16th centuries<br />In early 1400’s, the exploration of Africa began<br />J...
Major exploratory achievements<br />1487, navigated the Cape of Good Hope<br />Late 1400’s, reached India by sea and bypas...
First global empire, and survived almost 600 years<br />Lasted from 1415 – 1999<br />The empire at its largest was spread ...
The Portuguese Empire amassed great wealth through the spice trade, the establishment of forts and factories along sea rou...
Brazil was colonized through land grants<br />Primary interests/cash crops in Brazil were: brazil wood, sugar, gold, and d...
15 noblemen from Portugal were granted land<br />Captaincies of Brazil established<br />These men were charged with buildi...
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The Portuguese Empire

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Transcript of "The Portuguese Empire"

  1. 1. The Portuguese EmpireBetween 1400 & 1800<br />By Tiffany Jacobs<br />HIST 140 (#50607)<br />
  2. 2. Portugal was a major world power during 15th & 16th centuries<br />In early 1400’s, the exploration of Africa began<br />July 25, 1415 was the beginning of the Portuguese Empire<br />August 21, 1415 North African city of Cueta was captured<br />Madeira Island inhabited by Portuguese in 1420<br />Azorean Islands were colonized in 1445<br />Ships reached Gold Coast of Africa in 1470’s<br />History of Portugal<br />
  3. 3. Major exploratory achievements<br />1487, navigated the Cape of Good Hope<br />Late 1400’s, reached India by sea and bypassed Islamic occupied land routes through Constantinople<br />1500, navigated the Atlantic and reached Brazil<br />1501, discovered Madagascar<br />1514, sailed to China and Japan<br />Portugal persecuted Jews at end of 15th Century<br />They were told to convert to Catholicism or leave<br />History of Portugal<br />
  4. 4. First global empire, and survived almost 600 years<br />Lasted from 1415 – 1999<br />The empire at its largest was spread throughout 49 modern nations/states<br />Portuguese sailors were voracious in their explorations<br />Prince Henry the Navigator was a critical spokesman in raising funds for explorations<br />The Portuguese Empire<br />
  5. 5. The Portuguese Empire amassed great wealth through the spice trade, the establishment of forts and factories along sea routes, along with advantageous alliances<br />While Spain discovered the New World, Portugal was exploring Africa, India, Asia and the South Pacific<br />Portuguese Empire lost significant holdings to the Dutch in India and Southeast Asia<br />Ultimately lost all their holdings except Brazil<br />The Portuguese Empire<br />
  6. 6. Brazil was colonized through land grants<br />Primary interests/cash crops in Brazil were: brazil wood, sugar, gold, and diamonds<br />Treaty of Tordesillas divided south America into 2 parts<br />Portugal was entitled to the eastern part<br />The Portuguese fought the French <br />Patrols protected the Brazilian coasts<br />French were there for the brazil wood<br />First villages were established to patrol the coast<br />Colonial Brazil<br />
  7. 7. 15 noblemen from Portugal were granted land<br />Captaincies of Brazil established<br />These men were charged with building settlements and managing their growth<br />Kept costs down for Portugal by placing expenses on private citizens<br />“Captains” were financially &legally responsible for the settlement and the people<br />Only 2 were successful and prospered<br />1548, General Government was established<br />This was due to the failure of the CapitaniasHereditarias system<br />First governor was selected <br />Colonial Brazil<br />
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