By Tiffany Jacobs<br />HIST 140 (#50607)<br />The English in North America<br />
New England was not appealing to most people<br />Weather was colder<br />Crops were less abundant<br />Shorter growing se...
Very different from England!<br />There were plenty of workers<br />There was very little work to be done<br />Cheap labor...
Healthier lifestyle for colonists<br />No overcrowding<br />Wide open spaces and cleaner <br />The colonists typically ate...
Puritans<br />Strong desire to purify the Protestant faith<br />The King considered the Puritans subversive<br />Their rel...
1600-1700<br />England lands<br />New England to the north<br />Puritans avoided control by the crown<br />Did not have a ...
Dutch <br />Vast trading empire<br />Beat the Portuguese in Indonesia, etc.<br />Slave trade in Africa<br />Sugar crops in...
Pennsylvania & the Quakers<br />William Penn, heir of Admiral Penn<br />Converted to “Quakerism”<br />Considered an ‘extre...
English believed homogenous communities fared better – based on religion & ethnicity<br />Also necessary to maintain contr...
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The English in North America

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The English in North America

  1. 1. By Tiffany Jacobs<br />HIST 140 (#50607)<br />The English in North America<br />
  2. 2. New England was not appealing to most people<br />Weather was colder<br />Crops were less abundant<br />Shorter growing season<br />Very difficult labor for farmers<br />Harsh winters, hot summers<br />Chesapeake was more desirable to many people<br />Took some salesmanship on John Smith’s part to promote New England<br />More “middlings” (similar to middle class)<br />Most could afford their passage to New World<br />American Colonies 8 – New England<br />
  3. 3. Very different from England!<br />There were plenty of workers<br />There was very little work to be done<br />Cheap labor<br />Land was scarce and expensive<br />NEW! England<br />Small labor forces <br />Too much work to be done<br />Plenty of land, not enough people to work the land<br />Work was done by families<br />No slaves or indentured servants <br />American Colonies 8 – New England<br />
  4. 4. Healthier lifestyle for colonists<br />No overcrowding<br />Wide open spaces and cleaner <br />The colonists typically ate better<br />Well rounded diet with protein and produce<br />Not likely to get rich in New England<br />Cash crops did not do well in colder weather<br />No sugar or coffee<br />First Emigrants were not in it for the money<br />Desire for religious freedom<br />102 Separatists called Pilgrims<br />Traveled on the Mayflower in 1620<br />American Colonies 8 – New England<br />
  5. 5. Puritans<br />Strong desire to purify the Protestant faith<br />The King considered the Puritans subversive<br />Their religion was more demanding than the Anglicans<br />Honored God by working hard<br />Good fit since there was too much work and too few workers<br />Strong Beliefs served them well<br />Thrift<br />Diligence<br />Personal discipline<br />Encouraged effort<br />Persistence<br />Study<br />Delayed gratification<br />Purpose<br />American Colonies 8 – New England<br />
  6. 6. 1600-1700<br />England lands<br />New England to the north<br />Puritans avoided control by the crown<br />Did not have a cash crop<br />Chesapeake to the south<br />Middle Colonies were colonized by Dutch & Swedes<br />Switzerland had New Sweden in the Delaware Valley<br />The Dutch had New Netherland in the Hudson Valley<br />American Colonies 12 – Middle Colonies<br />
  7. 7. Dutch <br />Vast trading empire<br />Beat the Portuguese in Indonesia, etc.<br />Slave trade in Africa<br />Sugar crops in Americas & West Indies<br />Pirated Spanish treasure fleet almost bankrupted Spain<br />Colony in New World on the Hudson River<br />Back home they had a liberal government<br />Known for their religious tolerance<br />Not a popular position at the time<br />They welcomed religious exiles from other countries<br />Spread themselves too thin and lost New Netherland<br />American Colonies 12 – Middle Colonies<br />
  8. 8. Pennsylvania & the Quakers<br />William Penn, heir of Admiral Penn<br />Converted to “Quakerism”<br />Considered an ‘extreme’ form of Protestantism<br />Most were working men, not usually wealthy<br />He traveled & preached<br />Quakers believed all men were equal before God<br />Penn established colony and learned from others mistakes<br />Alliances with Indians<br />Religious freedoms & mixed races<br />Hard workers similar to Puritans<br />Easier: better weather, larger & more diverse crops, wheat grew<br />American Colonies 12 – Middle Colonies<br />
  9. 9. English believed homogenous communities fared better – based on religion & ethnicity<br />Also necessary to maintain control over the colonies<br />Colonial Diversity thrived in the Middle Colonies<br />English – Anglicans<br />Enslaved Africans<br />Scots & Scot-Irish<br />Puritans from New England<br />Quakers – English & Welsh<br />Dutch & German<br />Catholics - Irish<br />Jews<br />American Colonies 12 – Middle Colonies<br />

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