Big history


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Tiffany Jacobs's Big History Power Point assignment

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  • “The Way We Are” video presentation
  • “The Way We Are” video presentation
  • The Journey of Man by Spencer Wells
  • The Journey of Man by Spencer Wells
  • Catastrophe! By David Keys
  • Catastrophe! By David Keys
  • Review of “Guns, Germs & Steel” by Bill Gates
  • “Guns, Germs & Steel” by Jared Diamond
  • “The World in 1492” & “Columbus’ World” & “When Asia Was the World Economy”
  • “The World in 1492” & “Columbus’ World” & “When Asia Was the World Economy” & “The Economic Culture of Drugs” & “Mocca is Not Chocolate” & “Chocolate”
  • Big history

    1. 1. Big History<br />By Tiffany Jacobs<br />HIST 140 #50607<br />
    2. 2. What Do We Believe?<br />We each have our own truths and belief systems<br />We are willing to fight & some, to die, to maintain our belief systems<br />When a solution/belief suits us, we institutionalize it<br />Cultures try to adjust to constant change by implementing rituals and institutions<br />Institutions act as a safety barrier to change<br />
    3. 3. How Do We Change?<br />It is human nature to question & the questioning will cause change to an institution<br />Questions can lead to new beliefs & solutions<br />Solutions result in innovations, and innovations shape cultures & spawn change<br />The day one questions is the first day the universe will change for them<br />Knowledge has the power to change beliefs<br />
    4. 4. How Did We Get Here?<br />The world was small in the beginning<br />Imagine a small tribe in Africa asked the question “What’s over there?”<br />This tribe from Africa traveled from their home, all over the world, to South America.<br />It took over 35,000 years to make the journey <br />The world was populated as this tribe traveled the entire earth<br />
    5. 5. Where/Who Did We Come From?<br />We are all related and are separated by over 2,000 generations of ancestors<br />Some cultures are more comfortable with this belief than others<br />There is no logical reason for divisions among us based on race or ethnicity<br />We all come from the same place and are made of the same DNA<br />
    6. 6. Was it An Accident?<br />The world is perpetually unstable<br />Some instability comes from human actions and reactions<br />Cultures are perpetually in flux due to innovations, beliefs, and change<br />Nature is an unpredictable force with catastrophic events<br />These forces impact the course of humans<br />
    7. 7. Did God Do This To Us?<br />Natural forces affect the world<br />Volcanoes, floods, famines, droughts, crop failureand storms created an apocalyptic environment<br />Human forces react to the natural changes<br />Empires collapsed, epidemics spread, religion was shunned/embraced<br />Unstable areas were destabilized and it altered the course of man<br />
    8. 8. Why Are Some Better Than Others?<br />Some cultures have historically fared better than others<br />Some cultures have been annihilated<br />“Innovation sustains success while complacency leads to stagnation and decline.” ~B. Gates<br />The differences have nothing to do with race/ethnicity and everything to do with luck, chance, fate, or destiny… choose your belief<br />
    9. 9. What’s the Difference?<br />Significant environmental differences were the key factors in prosperity & growth vs. decline & depravity<br />Continental differences affected the well-being of the populations:<br />Variation and proliferation of plant and animal life<br />Ability to migrate and diffuse through the land mass<br />Larger population = greater innovation<br />Unity had pros and cons for continents<br />
    10. 10. What Was Going On?<br />1492 Columbus sailed the ocean blue<br />The world’s economy was centered in Asia<br />Asia was strongly unified on many points:<br />Language, Territory, Rule, Exploration<br />Europe had disunity on many points<br />Language, Territory, Religion, Innovations<br />Religion was a hot topic even then<br />Jews were expelled from Spain<br />Muslim desired to establish world-wide caliphate<br />Christianity was having growing pains<br />
    11. 11. Why Did We Get Here?<br />Desire to innovate trade routes brought Spanish Exploration to the forefront<br />Trade was changing beliefs about commodities, “currencies”, and product trends<br />Countries that developed faster due to greater natural resources now had greater need for new & different products like coffee<br />Christianity may have been ‘saved’ by Spanish development of the New World<br />