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American Colonies Prelude to Revolutions
American Colonies Prelude to Revolutions
American Colonies Prelude to Revolutions
American Colonies Prelude to Revolutions
American Colonies Prelude to Revolutions
American Colonies Prelude to Revolutions
American Colonies Prelude to Revolutions
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American Colonies Prelude to Revolutions

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  • 1. American Colonies: Prelude to Revolutions
    By Tiffany Jacobs
    HIST 140 (#50607)
  • 2.
    • Wars & expansion of the military
    • 3. Nine Years War
    • 4. Control American colonies & Ireland, defend Dutch allies
    • 5. Tax burdens were increased
    • 6. Went from least taxed citizens in Europe to highest taxed citizens
    • 7. Shift in power
    • 8. Increased debt & servicing
    • 9. Bank if England was formed
    • 10. Parliament demanded more power to fiscally manage & tax citizens
    • 11. “Taxation without representation” caused Revolution in America
    Revolutions, Men & Money
  • 12.
    • England vacillated in its support of piracy
    • 13. Supported piracy when it served the country
    • 14. England pirated strong Spanish rivals
    • 15. Kept England competitive
    • 16. During Ear of Spanish Succession
    • 17. Suppressed piracy when it hurt
    • 18. England condemned piracy after it affected their trade relations with India
    • 19. Piracy was an economic “necessity” to support the colonies
    • 20. Pirates Practiced democracy
    • 21. Majority ruled and made decisions
    • 22. Loot & booty was split evenly
    • 23. Captain was allowed to be captain as long as the majority accepted him as captain
    Revolutions, Pirates
  • 24.
    • Unemployed faced starvation
    • 25. Impoverished populations increased in urban areas
    • 26. Imperial wars increased number of disabled & alcoholic veterans in cities
    • 27. Number of widows & orphans increased too
    • 28. Emigration increased work force without increasing jobs in seaports
    • 29. Cold-weather cycle affected jobs
    • 30. British creditors affected unemployment rates by limiting credit or calling loans due
    • 31. “Poverty” on farms too
    • 32. They had food on their table but debts far exceeded the income
    • 33. Large families lived in tiny farm houses with dirt floors & worked diligently
    • 34. Most could not afford tools & supplies
    The Atlantic, Poverty
  • 35.
    • Churches were a place for social gathering and receiving news from Europe
    • 36. Male membership declined as female membership maintained
    • 37. Most were eager to get baptized but were less hasty in receiving communion
    • 38. Conflicts arose between the evangelicals and the rationalists
    • 39. Differed on what “type” of God they are worshipping
    • 40. Differed on how to worship
    • 41. There was large diversity in churches and many choices
    • 42. Congregationalists were largest group with450 churches
    • 43. Anglicans were second largest with 300 parishes
    • 44. Quakers had 250 meetings, Presbyterians had 160 churches, Baptists had 100 churches, Lutherans had 95 churches, Dutch Reformed had 78 churches, German Reformed had 51 churches
    • 45. There were also Jewish synagogues & Catholic churches
    Awakenings, Growth & Limits
  • 46.
    • Colonists had a good thing and everyone new it
    • 47. Most colonists did not want national independence
    • 48. England insisted on new taxes
    • 49. Who would back down?
    • 50. Growing population in the colonies led to a powerful new confidence
    • 51. England was equally confident after defeating the French & Spanish
    • 52. Neither side backed down & war cost many lives
    • 53. After victory, the new U.S. began to expand across the continent
    • 54. Expansion cost lives of Native Americans, Hispanics & slaves
    • 55. “Thomas Jefferson aptly described the U.S. as an ‘empire of liberty,’ by and for the white citizenry.”
    Imperial Wars & Crisis, Empire of Liberty
  • 56.
    • Hawaiian Islands became a stopping point for trade ships
    • 57. Island chiefs sought weapons
    • 58. Some natives left the islands on trade ships
    • 59. Some members of the military deserted to enjoy the “island life”
    • 60. Brought the usual scourges: disease, weeds, missionaries, and weapons
    • 61. British naval officer gave Kamehameha a European-style warship
    • 62. He seemed to be the dominant chief
    • 63. In hopes of gaining a unified ally
    The Pacific, Kamehameha

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