American Colonies Prelude to Revolutions

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American Colonies Prelude to Revolutions

  1. 1. American Colonies: Prelude to Revolutions<br />By Tiffany Jacobs<br />HIST 140 (#50607)<br />
  2. 2. <ul><li>Wars & expansion of the military
  3. 3. Nine Years War
  4. 4. Control American colonies & Ireland, defend Dutch allies
  5. 5. Tax burdens were increased
  6. 6. Went from least taxed citizens in Europe to highest taxed citizens
  7. 7. Shift in power
  8. 8. Increased debt & servicing
  9. 9. Bank if England was formed
  10. 10. Parliament demanded more power to fiscally manage & tax citizens
  11. 11. “Taxation without representation” caused Revolution in America</li></ul>Revolutions, Men & Money<br />
  12. 12. <ul><li>England vacillated in its support of piracy
  13. 13. Supported piracy when it served the country
  14. 14. England pirated strong Spanish rivals
  15. 15. Kept England competitive
  16. 16. During Ear of Spanish Succession
  17. 17. Suppressed piracy when it hurt
  18. 18. England condemned piracy after it affected their trade relations with India
  19. 19. Piracy was an economic “necessity” to support the colonies
  20. 20. Pirates Practiced democracy
  21. 21. Majority ruled and made decisions
  22. 22. Loot & booty was split evenly
  23. 23. Captain was allowed to be captain as long as the majority accepted him as captain</li></ul>Revolutions, Pirates<br />
  24. 24. <ul><li>Unemployed faced starvation
  25. 25. Impoverished populations increased in urban areas
  26. 26. Imperial wars increased number of disabled & alcoholic veterans in cities
  27. 27. Number of widows & orphans increased too
  28. 28. Emigration increased work force without increasing jobs in seaports
  29. 29. Cold-weather cycle affected jobs
  30. 30. British creditors affected unemployment rates by limiting credit or calling loans due
  31. 31. “Poverty” on farms too
  32. 32. They had food on their table but debts far exceeded the income
  33. 33. Large families lived in tiny farm houses with dirt floors & worked diligently
  34. 34. Most could not afford tools & supplies</li></ul>The Atlantic, Poverty<br />
  35. 35. <ul><li>Churches were a place for social gathering and receiving news from Europe
  36. 36. Male membership declined as female membership maintained
  37. 37. Most were eager to get baptized but were less hasty in receiving communion
  38. 38. Conflicts arose between the evangelicals and the rationalists
  39. 39. Differed on what “type” of God they are worshipping
  40. 40. Differed on how to worship
  41. 41. There was large diversity in churches and many choices
  42. 42. Congregationalists were largest group with450 churches
  43. 43. Anglicans were second largest with 300 parishes
  44. 44. Quakers had 250 meetings, Presbyterians had 160 churches, Baptists had 100 churches, Lutherans had 95 churches, Dutch Reformed had 78 churches, German Reformed had 51 churches
  45. 45. There were also Jewish synagogues & Catholic churches</li></ul>Awakenings, Growth & Limits<br />
  46. 46. <ul><li>Colonists had a good thing and everyone new it
  47. 47. Most colonists did not want national independence
  48. 48. England insisted on new taxes
  49. 49. Who would back down?
  50. 50. Growing population in the colonies led to a powerful new confidence
  51. 51. England was equally confident after defeating the French & Spanish
  52. 52. Neither side backed down & war cost many lives
  53. 53. After victory, the new U.S. began to expand across the continent
  54. 54. Expansion cost lives of Native Americans, Hispanics & slaves
  55. 55. “Thomas Jefferson aptly described the U.S. as an ‘empire of liberty,’ by and for the white citizenry.”</li></ul>Imperial Wars & Crisis, Empire of Liberty<br />
  56. 56. <ul><li>Hawaiian Islands became a stopping point for trade ships
  57. 57. Island chiefs sought weapons
  58. 58. Some natives left the islands on trade ships
  59. 59. Some members of the military deserted to enjoy the “island life”
  60. 60. Brought the usual scourges: disease, weeds, missionaries, and weapons
  61. 61. British naval officer gave Kamehameha a European-style warship
  62. 62. He seemed to be the dominant chief
  63. 63. In hopes of gaining a unified ally</li></ul>The Pacific, Kamehameha<br />

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