The physical growth of urban area which
result in rural migration and even suburban
concentration in to cities.
Closely linked to modernization,
industrialization and the sociological
process of rationalization.
City or Urban Settlement
A place of relatively dense settlement ,
dense enough so that city residents can
not grow their own food resources
City is used to designate an urban
settlement with a large population
The capital and largest metropolis of S.Korea
With a population of >10 mil. , it is the largest city
proper in the developed world.
The Seoul Capital Area is the world's second largest
metropolitan area ( >25.6 mil. People) , home to over
half of S.Koreans along with 632.000 international
A leading and rapidly rising global city : '' Miracle on the Han
River '' - the world 4th largest metropolitan economy with GDP
of $773.9 bil in 2012 ( after Tokyo, New York, Los Angeles)
A world leading technology hub - 6th largest number of Fortune
Global 500 multinationals such as Samsung, LG, Huyn-dai Kia
Ranked 6th in the Global power city index
One of the world's most livable major cities, with the UN rating
Seoul's quality of life higher than NY, London or Melbourne
Very technologically advanced infrastructure – it has the
world's highest fibre-optic broadband penetration => the world's
fastest internet connection ( speed up to 1Gbps )
New city development scheme
Industrial new city development ( 1960s -1970s) : developed
Ulsan, Pohang & 2 new major industrial cities ; constructed
industrial cities to promote the heavy & chemical industries to
First-phase new city development in capital region ( 1980s ) :
developed vacant areas to cope with the rising housing
demand – established a 5-year housing plan, supplied 2 mil.
Second-phase residential new town development ( 1990s2000s) : small urban developments were carried out ; new
cities ( Pangyo, Dongtan, Unjeong, Gimpo) were developed in
the capital area.
The socio-economic changes
The Japanese Occupation & the Korean
war disrupted the traditional Korean
morals, attitudes & society
Socio-economic changes => The industrial
structure has altered
DID YOU KNOW?
8th most globalized city in the 2012 Global City Index
Generates 21% of Korea's GDP while 50% of Korea's
financial assets are concentrated here. Seoul
accounts for only 0,6% of the entire country's land
S. Korea is the 1st OECD ( Organization for
Economics Cooperation and Development ) member
country to overcome the global financial crisis in
DID YOU KNOW ?
Incheon International airport is named the No. 1
airport worldwide for 7 years in a row in 2012 by
the Airports Council International 2011
Seoul has the highest park ratio among major
cities in the world – 26,1% of the entire Seoul is
covered with parks and green spaces.
Seoul made it to Forbes' annual '' TOP 10
billionaire cities'' compilation in 2011 for the first