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Untitled 1

  1. 1. URBANISATION OF SEOUL * Thao Nguyen *
  2. 2. Urbanization ● ● The physical growth of urban area which result in rural migration and even suburban concentration in to cities. Closely linked to modernization, industrialization and the sociological process of rationalization.
  3. 3. City or Urban Settlement ● ● A place of relatively dense settlement , dense enough so that city residents can not grow their own food resources City is used to designate an urban settlement with a large population
  4. 4. SEOUL - KOREA
  5. 5. SEOUL
  6. 6. SEOUL - 1960s
  7. 7. SEOUL
  8. 8. SEOUL
  9. 9. SEOUL
  10. 10. SEOUL
  11. 11. SEOUL
  12. 12. SEOUL IN MODERN TIMES
  13. 13. SEOUL - nowadays
  14. 14. SEOUL
  15. 15. SEOUL
  16. 16. SEOUL
  17. 17. SEOUL
  18. 18. SEOUL ● ● ● The capital and largest metropolis of S.Korea With a population of >10 mil. , it is the largest city proper in the developed world. The Seoul Capital Area is the world's second largest metropolitan area ( >25.6 mil. People) , home to over half of S.Koreans along with 632.000 international residents.
  19. 19. SEOUL ● ● ● ● ● A leading and rapidly rising global city : '' Miracle on the Han River '' - the world 4th largest metropolitan economy with GDP of $773.9 bil in 2012 ( after Tokyo, New York, Los Angeles) A world leading technology hub - 6th largest number of Fortune Global 500 multinationals such as Samsung, LG, Huyn-dai Kia Ranked 6th in the Global power city index One of the world's most livable major cities, with the UN rating Seoul's quality of life higher than NY, London or Melbourne Very technologically advanced infrastructure – it has the world's highest fibre-optic broadband penetration => the world's fastest internet connection ( speed up to 1Gbps )
  20. 20. SEOUL - OVERVIEW
  21. 21. SEOUL - OVERVIEW
  22. 22. SEOUL - OVERVIEW
  23. 23. SEOUL - OVERVIEW
  24. 24. SEOUL - OVERVIEW
  25. 25. New city development scheme spurs urbanization ● ● ● Industrial new city development ( 1960s -1970s) : developed Ulsan, Pohang & 2 new major industrial cities ; constructed industrial cities to promote the heavy & chemical industries to expand exports First-phase new city development in capital region ( 1980s ) : developed vacant areas to cope with the rising housing demand – established a 5-year housing plan, supplied 2 mil. housing units Second-phase residential new town development ( 1990s2000s) : small urban developments were carried out ; new cities ( Pangyo, Dongtan, Unjeong, Gimpo) were developed in the capital area.
  26. 26. Diversification of new cities
  27. 27. THE GROWTH OF SEOUL
  28. 28. THE GROWTH OF SEOUL
  29. 29. SEOUL
  30. 30. SEOUL
  31. 31. SEOUL
  32. 32. SEOUL
  33. 33. Public transport
  34. 34. Public transport
  35. 35. Saturated Public Transportation
  36. 36. Saturated Public Transportation
  37. 37. The socio-economic changes ● ● The Japanese Occupation & the Korean war disrupted the traditional Korean morals, attitudes & society Socio-economic changes => The industrial structure has altered
  38. 38. DID YOU KNOW? ● ● ● 8th most globalized city in the 2012 Global City Index Generates 21% of Korea's GDP while 50% of Korea's financial assets are concentrated here. Seoul accounts for only 0,6% of the entire country's land area S. Korea is the 1st OECD ( Organization for Economics Cooperation and Development ) member country to overcome the global financial crisis in 2008.
  39. 39. DID YOU KNOW ? ● ● ● Incheon International airport is named the No. 1 airport worldwide for 7 years in a row in 2012 by the Airports Council International 2011 Seoul has the highest park ratio among major cities in the world – 26,1% of the entire Seoul is covered with parks and green spaces. Seoul made it to Forbes' annual '' TOP 10 billionaire cities'' compilation in 2011 for the first time
  40. 40. SOURCES ● http://ngo.cier.edu.tw ● Www.wikipedia.org ● Www.Koreaherald.com
  41. 41. THANKS FOR YOUR ATTENTION ^o^ !!!
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