Thesis statement Depression is a condition that effects many people and can lead to serious actions such as self-harm and suicide. However, there are successful ways to treat the condition if people seek out help.
Depression More than having a bad day, feeling sad for a brief period or loss in life. Illness that affects your feeling, thinking and act. Not result of personal weakness Can’t “get over” or “snap out of it.” “Keith Kramlinger, MD”
More about depression The National Institute of Mental Health states that 18 million people suffer from depression in America alone. “Untreated depression is the number one cause of suicide, and suicide is the third leading cause of death among teenagers. (NIMH)” 20 percent of teenagers will suffer from depression right before adulthood. (www.twloha.com/facts)
Facts on Depression Depression is a condition that can last months to years if untreated. Usually depression shows as a young adult. Most people after treatment feel “The majority (80-90%) of people who receive treatment for depression experience significant improvement, and almost all individuals gain some relief from their symptoms.” (www.halfofus.com)
Suicide Attempted suicide - when someone tries to take his or her life but doesn’t die Completed Suicide - the person dies Suicidal behavior - when talked about suicide, gives warning signs that there thinking about, planning suicide, is fascinated by death. “Richard E. Nelson, Ph.D.”
Self- Harm People who hurt themselves on purpose Someone who cuts himself uses sharp objects. Others self-harmers might burn themselves or bruising themselves. Heather Barnett Veague Ph.D.
Self-Harm people For some, self-harm is cry for help and might be a first step to a suicide attempt. For others, self-harm is a coping mechanism that makes life more bearable. Heather Barnett Veague Ph.D.
Causes of self-harming Childhood abuse Alexithymia Social influences The brain and pain Heather Barnett Veague Ph.D.
Self-Harm and Mental illness Autism Tourettes Schizophrenia and psychotic disorder Obsessive-compulsive disorder Trichotillomania Body dysmorphic disorder Borderline personality disorder Impulsive self-harm and eating disorders Heather Barnett Veague Ph.D.
Cause of Depression Illness Stress Age Gender Diet Substance abuse Medication “Allen R. Miller, PH.D”
Drugs may cause Depression Accutane Benzodiazapines Bith control Clonidine Cortisone Digitalis Indomethacin Levodopa Methyldopa Phoenothiazines Reserpine “Allen R. Miller, PH.D”
Stages Mild Depression Dysthymia Less severe Harder to treat the major depression Diagnosed if depressed a least a year Major Depression Major Depressive Disorder Involves severe Intense symptoms 90 percent of kids depressed respond to treatment. “Allen R. Miller, PH.D”
Emotional Symptoms Of Depression Feeling sad, worthless, hopeless, numb, helpless Feeling guilty Irritability or restlessness Loss of interest in former activities Low energy Concentration problems Drop in grades or school performance Neglecting appearances Drug and alcohol abuse Trouble making decisions Thoughts or talk of death or suicide “Allen R. Miller, PH.D”
What to watch for A Preschooler - Is listless - Isn’t interested in playing - Cries easily and more frequently A teenager - tired -Drops out of favorite activities - arguments with his or her parents and teachers -Refuses to do chores of homework -Engages in harmful behavior, such a cutting himself or herself -Has suicidal thoughts "Mayo Clinic"
A child in elementary school - listless and moody - irritable than usual - sad - discouraged -Complains - distant with family and friends - difficulty with schoolwork -Talks about death
A Teenager - tired -Drops out of favorite activities - arguments with his or her parents and teachers -Refuses to do chores of homework -Engages in harmful behavior, such a cutting himself or herself -Has suicidal thoughts "Mayo Clinic"
Risk For Depression Are under stress Have experienced loss Have attention, learning, or conduct disorders Are girls Have a family history of depression “Allen R. Miller, PH.D”
Risk for suicide Depressed Alcohol or drug problems Gay or lesbian Attempted suicide before Come from homes where someone committed suicide Are gifted learning disabilities pregnant physically, emotionally, or sexually abuse “Richard E. Nelson, Ph.D.”
Suicide Warning Signs Threats of suicide Life crisis Behavior change Appearance change Aggression Mood change Gift-giving Withdrawal Poor school performance “Allen R. Miller, PH.D”
What suicidal teens need talk with them openly and honestly. Listen get them the help they need Suicidal teens need a caring friend… “Richard E. Nelson, Ph.D.”
listen A good listener Gets friend suicidal thoughts out Tell them you care tell them there not alone Does not mean Solve friend problems saying the right things make everything okay in friend’s life “Richard E. Nelson, Ph.D.”
Help friend through suicide crisis Do’s Reach out Ask questions Show that you care Encourage your friend to talk No judgments Talk openly about suicide positive Know limits calm People both can turn to Get help Act quickly if friend is in danger Don’t friends problems sound unimportant Act shocked Taking weapon away from friend Give up hope Leaving friend alone when in crisis Keep friends suicide plan secret “Richard E. Nelson, Ph.D.”
Referrals for treatment Family doctors Psychiatrists, psychologist, social workers, mental health counselors Religious leaders State hospital Private clinics Schools Social service agencies “Allen R. Miller, PH.D”
Work through your grief feeling sad is normal Cry when need time with family and friends Do things you enjoy Active Talk or write feelings help others come up with ideas on stopping teen suicide Put your ides into action
Physical Symptoms of Depression Appetite change Back pain Fatigue Stomach or intestinal problems Headaches Muscle and joint pain Sleep problems “Allen R. Miller, PH.D”
To Write Love On Her Arms
To Write Love On Her Arms. Mission Statement “To Write Love on Her Arms is a non-profit movement dedicated to presenting hope and finding help for people struggling with depression, addiction, self-injury and suicide. TWLOHA exists to encourage, inform, inspire and also to invest directly into treatment and recovery.” TWLOHA believes that rescue is possible, communicating hope to others who know the struggle of living in a broken world. (www.twloha.com/vision)
Treatment Centers and Helplines National Hopeline Network (U.S.A.) - www.hopeline.com - 1-800-SUICIDES S.A.F.E. Alternatives - www.selfinjury.com - Self Abuse Finally Ends Childhelp – www.childhelp.org - 1-800-4-A-CHILD - National Child Abuse Hotline National Eating Disorders Association - www.nationaleatingdisorders.org - 1-800-931-2237 Depression and Bipolar Support Alliance (DBSA) www.dbsalliance.org (800) 826-3632 (www.twloha.com/find-help)
Half Of Us (www.halofus.com)
Half of us Through Half of Us, mtvU and The Jed Foundation want to initiate a public dialogue to raise awareness about the prevalence of mental health issues on campus and connect students to the appropriate resources to get help. In planning for the campaign, mtvU conducted extensive research on how stress and depression are affecting college students nationwide. (www.halfofus.com)