Depression
By: Tiana Gooden
Thesis statement
• Depression is a condition that effects many
people and can lead to serious actions such as
self-harm an...
Depression
• More than having a bad day, feeling sad for a
brief period or loss in life.
• Illness that affects your feeli...
More about depression
• The National Institute of Mental Health states
that 18 million people suffer from depression
in Am...
Facts on Depression
• Depression is a condition that can last months
to years if untreated.
• Usually depression shows as ...
Suicide
• Attempted suicide
- when someone tries to take his or her life but
doesn’t die
• Completed Suicide
- the person ...
Self- Harm
• People who hurt themselves on purpose
• Someone who cuts himself uses sharp objects.
• Others self-harmers mi...
Self-Harm people
• For some, self-harm is
cry for help and might
be a first step to a
suicide attempt.
• For others, self-...
Causes of self-harming
• Childhood abuse
• Alexithymia
• Social influences
• The brain and pain
Heather Barnett Veague Ph....
Self-Harm and Mental illness
• Autism
• Tourettes
• Schizophrenia and psychotic disorder
• Obsessive-compulsive disorder
•...
Cause of Depression
• Illness
• Stress
• Age
• Gender
• Diet
• Substance abuse
• Medication
“Allen R. Miller, PH.D”
Drugs may cause Depression
• Accutane
• Benzodiazapines
• Bith control
• Clonidine
• Cortisone
• Digitalis
• Indomethacin
...
Stages
Mild Depression
• Dysthymia
• Less severe
• Harder to treat the major
depression
• Diagnosed if depressed a
least a...
Emotional Symptoms Of Depression
• Feeling sad, worthless, hopeless, numb, helpless
• Feeling guilty
• Irritability or res...
What to watch for
A Preschooler
- Is listless
- Isn’t interested in playing
- Cries easily and more frequently
A teenager
...
A child in elementary
school
- listless and moody
- irritable than usual
- sad
- discouraged
-Complains
- distant with fam...
A Teenager
- tired
-Drops out of favorite
activities
- arguments with his or her
parents and teachers
-Refuses to do chore...
Risk For Depression
• Are under stress
• Have experienced loss
• Have attention, learning, or conduct disorders
• Are girl...
Risk for suicide
• Depressed
• Alcohol or drug problems
• Gay or lesbian
• Attempted suicide before
• Come from homes wher...
Suicide Warning Signs
• Threats of suicide
• Life crisis
• Behavior change
• Appearance change
• Aggression
• Mood change
...
What suicidal teens need
• talk with them openly and honestly.
• Listen
• get them the help they need
• Suicidal teens nee...
listen
A good listener
• Gets friend suicidal
thoughts out
• Tell them you care
• tell them there not alone
Does not mean
...
Help friend through suicide crisis
Do’s
• Reach out
• Ask questions
• Show that you care
• Encourage your friend to talk
•...
Referrals for treatment
• Family doctors
• Psychiatrists, psychologist, social workers,
mental health counselors
• Religio...
Work through your grief
• feeling sad is normal
• Cry when need
• time with family and friends
• Do things you enjoy
• Act...
Physical Symptoms of Depression
• Appetite change
• Back pain
• Fatigue
• Stomach or intestinal problems
• Headaches
• Mus...
To Write Love On Her Arms
To Write Love On Her Arms.
• Mission Statement
“To Write Love on Her Arms is a non-profit
movement dedicated to presenting...
Treatment Centers and Helplines
• National Hopeline Network (U.S.A.) - www.hopeline.com - 1-
800-SUICIDES
• S.A.F.E. Alter...
Half Of Us
(www.halofus.com)
Half of us
• Through Half of Us, mtvU and The Jed Foundation
want to initiate a public dialogue to raise
awareness about t...
SGP- Depression
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  • That anyone can become depressed over anything in there lives. Depression is a feel that most people can’t take so its leads to serious problems like cutting then even suicide.
    You can also over come this depression if you work at it. Do what makes you happy and talk with someone to get all your feelings out.
  • Depression is more than having a bad day, feeling for a brief period or grieving a loss in your life.
    its an illness that affects how you think, feel and act.
    contrary to long-held belief, depression isn't the result of personal weakness, and you simply cant" get over” depression or “snap out of it.”
  • This slid states the facts of what untreated depression does and when you could suffer from depression.
  • Most people get better after treatment but I don’t think that feeling will complete go away forever. You still have those feeling sometimes.
  • Attempted suicide
    - when someone tries to take his or her life but doesn’t die
    Completed Suicide
    - the person dies
    Suicidal behavior
    - when he or she talks about suicide or gives other warning signs that he or she is thinking about or planning a suicide or is fascinated by death.
  • -People who hurt themselves on purpose are engaging in self-harm, or self-injurious behavior.
    -Someone who cuts himself use sharp object to break the skin or draw blood.
    -Others self-harmers might burn themselves by putting out a lit cigarette on their skin or bruising themselves.
  • - For some, self-harm is cry for help and might be a first step to a suicide attempt.
    - For others, self-harm is a coping mechanism that makes life more bearable.
  • Many studies report that people who self-harm often report childhood physical or sexual abuse.
    Is the inability to describe emotional experiences appropriately.
    Most behaviors emerge from a combination of biological, psychological, and social influences.
    Childhood trauma, physical and sexual abuse or neglect, can be associated with self-harm and that brings pain to the brain.
  • autism: sterotypic self-harm
    Tourettes: sterotypic self-harm
    Schizophrenia: major self-harm
    Obsessive-compulsive: compulsive self-harm
    trichotillomania: compulsive self-harm
    Body dysmorphic: compulsive self-harm
    Borderline personality: impulsive self-harm
    Impulsive self-harm and eating:
  • Illness- medical illnesses such as stroke, heart attack, diabetes, cancer, and hormonal disorders can cause depressive illness.
    Stress- depression is more common in people with history of trauma, sexual abuse, physical abuse, physical disability, alcoholism, and troubled families.
    Age- onset of depression occurs most often between ages 15 and19
    Gender- major depression affects twice as many girls and women. Depressive mood swings and physical symptoms of premenstrual syndrome (PMS)
    Diet- a lack of certain vitamins, such as folic acid and B12, cause depression
    Substance abuse-
    Medication- some drug may include certain blood pressure medicines, sleeping pills, and even birth control pills in some cases.
  • Accutane (acne drug)
    Benzodiazapines (CNS depressants)
    Bith control pills
    Clonidine (high blood pressure drug)
    Cortisone- like steroid
    Digitalis ( heart drug)
    Indomethacin (anti-inflammantory drug)
    Levodopa ( parkinson disease drug)
    Methyldopa (blood pressure drug)
    Phoenothiazines (antipsychotic)
    Reserpine- (blood pressure drug)
  • Mild depression
    Doctors call mild dysthymia
    Less severe but often more stubborn to treat then major depression
    It can be diagnosed if your you’re felt depressed for a least a year and you also have at least two other symptoms of major depression
    Major depression
    - Called major depressive disorder.
    Intense symptoms of sad or low mood that last for weeks at a time.
    90% of kids who are depressed respond to treatment-but only if first recognized as a problem.
  • Feeling sad- these feeling are everyday or most days
    Felling guilty- feeling may be exaggerated
    Restlessness- you might be short-tempered and find
    Loss of activities- no longer care about hobbies or friends
    Decisions- simple choice can seem overwhelming
    Talk of death- thoughts of killing yourself to stop the pain, others may attempt to hurt themselves.
  • A preschooler
    Is listless
    Isn't interested in playing
    Cries easily and more frequently
    Complains of being bored
    Is more distant with family and friends
    Has difficulty with schoolwork
    Talks about death a lot
  • A child in elementary school
    Is listless and moody
    Is more irritable than usual
    Has a sad appearance
    Is easily discouraged
    Complains of being bored
    Is more distant with family and friends
    Has difficulty with schoolwork
    Talks about death a lot
  • A teenager
    Is always tired
    Drops out of favorite activities
    Has more arguments with his or her parents and teachers
    Refuses to do chores of homework
    Engages in harmful behavior, such a cutting himself or herself
    Has suicidal thoughts
  • If you are under a lot of stress put on you.
    Someone very close to you a like a family member or best friend has died.
    If you’re a girl because girls have a higher risk of becoming depressed.
    People in your family have been depressed or is depressed.
  • Are already depressed
    Have alcohol or other drug problems
    Are gay or lesbian and having trouble with telling family and friends.
    Have attempted suicide before, or who come from homes where someone has committed suicide.
    Is gifted and very smart could make you feel geeky
    Having learning disabilities
    If pregnant you could feel depressed basically.
    Are or having been physically, emotionally, or sexually abuse
  • Suicide- it is nit true that people who threaten wont follow through
    Life crisis- death of loved one, divorce, trouble at school
    Behavior- altered attitude or energy level
    Aggressive- sudden calmness
    Gift-giving– favorite items to friends and family
    Withdrawl- desire to be alone, “into a shell”
    Poor school performance- sudden drop in school performance
  • 1.Someone who will talk with them openly and honestly.
    2. Someone who will listen
    3. Someone who will get them the help they need
    Suicidal teens need a caring friend..
  • Helps your friend get his or her suicidal thoughts out in the open
    Lets your friend know you care
    Help your friend feel that he or she is not alone

    Must solve your friends problems
    Are responsible for saying the one right thing
    Must make everything okay in your friend’s life
  • dos
    1.Reach out
    2.Ask questions
    3.Show that you care
    4.Encourage your friend to talk
    5.Listen without making judgments
    6.Talk openly about suicide
    7.Be positive
    8.Know limits
    9.Remain calm
    10.Suggest people you can both turn to
    11.Get help
    12.Act quickly if you think your friend is in danger

    DONTS
    1.Make your friends problems sound unimportant
    2.Act shocked
    3.Try to take any weapon away from friend
    4.Give up hope
    5.Leave your friend alone when he or she is in crisis
    6.Keep friends suicide plan secret
  • Health maintenance organizations
    Community mental health center
    Employee assistance programs
    Facilities
    University- or medical school
  • Tell yourself that feeling sad is normal
    Cry when you need to
    Spend time with family and friends
    Do things you enjoy
    Stay active
    Talk or write about your feelings
    Find ways to help others
    Join with and come up with ideas on how to stop teen suicide
    Put your ides into action
  • Appetite change- can lead to significant weight loss or gain
    Back pain- already have back problems can get worse
    Fatigue- getting out in the morning may seem impossible
    Stomach- you also might feel queasy or nauseated
    Headaches- unusual for people who are depressed have headache.
    Muscle and joint- chronic pain worse
    Sleep problem- sleeping too little or much more than normal may link to depression.
  • Jamie (the founder) and Renee (the inspiration) talk about the TWLOHA.
    Love Is the movement! Is a logo sign.
    Pick up the phone was a tour that TWOLA had.
  • To write love on her arms is more than just and organization it’s a family that helps. The website has everything that you want to know about the organization and depression.
  • Hopeline- Since the suicide of his wife Kristin in April 1998, KBHC Founder Reese Butler has been on a personal crusade. His mission the past 11 years has been to offer HOPE and the option to LIVE to those in the deepest emotional pain.
    Childhelp® exists to meet the physical, emotional, educational, and spiritual needs of abused, neglected and at-risk children.
    S.A.F.E is a school that can help for self abuse.
    The National Eating Disorders Association (NEDA) is a non-profit organization dedicated to supporting individuals and families affected by eating disorders.
    The mission of the Depression and Bipolar Support Alliance (DBSA) is to provide hope, help, and support to improve the lives of people living with depression or bipolar disorder
  • Half Of Us has famous people talking about there depression and anxiety.
    Pete Wentz went through depression and Brittany Snow went through cutting.
  • Created by mtvU for college students to help for depression, stress and anxiety. On the website there are celebrities talking about there experience with they problems.
  • SGP- Depression

    1. 1. Depression By: Tiana Gooden
    2. 2. Thesis statement • Depression is a condition that effects many people and can lead to serious actions such as self-harm and suicide. However, there are successful ways to treat the condition if people seek out help.
    3. 3. Depression • More than having a bad day, feeling sad for a brief period or loss in life. • Illness that affects your feeling, thinking and act. • Not result of personal weakness • Can’t “get over” or “snap out of it.” “Keith Kramlinger, MD”
    4. 4. More about depression • The National Institute of Mental Health states that 18 million people suffer from depression in America alone. • “Untreated depression is the number one cause of suicide, and suicide is the third leading cause of death among teenagers. (NIMH)” • 20 percent of teenagers will suffer from depression right before adulthood. (www.twloha.com/facts)
    5. 5. Facts on Depression • Depression is a condition that can last months to years if untreated. • Usually depression shows as a young adult. • Most people after treatment feel • “The majority (80-90%) of people who receive treatment for depression experience significant improvement, and almost all individuals gain some relief from their symptoms.” (www.halfofus.com)
    6. 6. Suicide • Attempted suicide - when someone tries to take his or her life but doesn’t die • Completed Suicide - the person dies • Suicidal behavior - when talked about suicide, gives warning signs that there thinking about, planning suicide, is fascinated by death. “Richard E. Nelson, Ph.D.”
    7. 7. Self- Harm • People who hurt themselves on purpose • Someone who cuts himself uses sharp objects. • Others self-harmers might burn themselves or bruising themselves. Heather Barnett Veague Ph.D.
    8. 8. Self-Harm people • For some, self-harm is cry for help and might be a first step to a suicide attempt. • For others, self-harm is a coping mechanism that makes life more bearable. Heather Barnett Veague Ph.D.
    9. 9. Causes of self-harming • Childhood abuse • Alexithymia • Social influences • The brain and pain Heather Barnett Veague Ph.D.
    10. 10. Self-Harm and Mental illness • Autism • Tourettes • Schizophrenia and psychotic disorder • Obsessive-compulsive disorder • Trichotillomania • Body dysmorphic disorder • Borderline personality disorder • Impulsive self-harm and eating disorders Heather Barnett Veague Ph.D.
    11. 11. Cause of Depression • Illness • Stress • Age • Gender • Diet • Substance abuse • Medication “Allen R. Miller, PH.D”
    12. 12. Drugs may cause Depression • Accutane • Benzodiazapines • Bith control • Clonidine • Cortisone • Digitalis • Indomethacin • Levodopa • Methyldopa • Phoenothiazines • Reserpine “Allen R. Miller, PH.D”
    13. 13. Stages Mild Depression • Dysthymia • Less severe • Harder to treat the major depression • Diagnosed if depressed a least a year Major Depression • Major Depressive Disorder • Involves severe • Intense symptoms • 90 percent of kids depressed respond to treatment. “Allen R. Miller, PH.D”
    14. 14. Emotional Symptoms Of Depression • Feeling sad, worthless, hopeless, numb, helpless • Feeling guilty • Irritability or restlessness • Loss of interest in former activities • Low energy • Concentration problems • Drop in grades or school performance • Neglecting appearances • Drug and alcohol abuse • Trouble making decisions • Thoughts or talk of death or suicide “Allen R. Miller, PH.D”
    15. 15. What to watch for A Preschooler - Is listless - Isn’t interested in playing - Cries easily and more frequently A teenager - tired -Drops out of favorite activities - arguments with his or her parents and teachers -Refuses to do chores of homework -Engages in harmful behavior, such a cutting himself or herself -Has suicidal thoughts "Mayo Clinic"
    16. 16. A child in elementary school - listless and moody - irritable than usual - sad - discouraged -Complains - distant with family and friends - difficulty with schoolwork -Talks about death
    17. 17. A Teenager - tired -Drops out of favorite activities - arguments with his or her parents and teachers -Refuses to do chores of homework -Engages in harmful behavior, such a cutting himself or herself -Has suicidal thoughts "Mayo Clinic"
    18. 18. Risk For Depression • Are under stress • Have experienced loss • Have attention, learning, or conduct disorders • Are girls • Have a family history of depression “Allen R. Miller, PH.D”
    19. 19. Risk for suicide • Depressed • Alcohol or drug problems • Gay or lesbian • Attempted suicide before • Come from homes where someone committed suicide • Are gifted • learning disabilities • pregnant • physically, emotionally, or sexually abuse “Richard E. Nelson, Ph.D.”
    20. 20. Suicide Warning Signs • Threats of suicide • Life crisis • Behavior change • Appearance change • Aggression • Mood change • Gift-giving • Withdrawal • Poor school performance “Allen R. Miller, PH.D”
    21. 21. What suicidal teens need • talk with them openly and honestly. • Listen • get them the help they need • Suicidal teens need a caring friend… “Richard E. Nelson, Ph.D.”
    22. 22. listen A good listener • Gets friend suicidal thoughts out • Tell them you care • tell them there not alone Does not mean • Solve friend problems • saying the right things • make everything okay in friend’s life “Richard E. Nelson, Ph.D.”
    23. 23. Help friend through suicide crisis Do’s • Reach out • Ask questions • Show that you care • Encourage your friend to talk • No judgments • Talk openly about suicide • positive • Know limits • calm • People both can turn to • Get help • Act quickly if friend is in danger Don’t • friends problems sound unimportant • Act shocked • Taking weapon away from friend • Give up hope • Leaving friend alone when in crisis • Keep friends suicide plan secret “Richard E. Nelson, Ph.D.”
    24. 24. Referrals for treatment • Family doctors • Psychiatrists, psychologist, social workers, mental health counselors • Religious leaders • State hospital • Private clinics • Schools • Social service agencies “Allen R. Miller, PH.D”
    25. 25. Work through your grief • feeling sad is normal • Cry when need • time with family and friends • Do things you enjoy • Active • Talk or write feelings • help others • come up with ideas on stopping teen suicide • Put your ides into action
    26. 26. Physical Symptoms of Depression • Appetite change • Back pain • Fatigue • Stomach or intestinal problems • Headaches • Muscle and joint pain • Sleep problems “Allen R. Miller, PH.D”
    27. 27. To Write Love On Her Arms
    28. 28. To Write Love On Her Arms. • Mission Statement “To Write Love on Her Arms is a non-profit movement dedicated to presenting hope and finding help for people struggling with depression, addiction, self-injury and suicide. TWLOHA exists to encourage, inform, inspire and also to invest directly into treatment and recovery.” • TWLOHA believes that rescue is possible, communicating hope to others who know the struggle of living in a broken world. (www.twloha.com/vision)
    29. 29. Treatment Centers and Helplines • National Hopeline Network (U.S.A.) - www.hopeline.com - 1- 800-SUICIDES • S.A.F.E. Alternatives - www.selfinjury.com - Self Abuse Finally Ends • Childhelp – www.childhelp.org - 1-800-4-A-CHILD - National Child Abuse Hotline • National Eating Disorders Association - www.nationaleatingdisorders.org - 1-800-931-2237 • Depression and Bipolar Support Alliance (DBSA) • www.dbsalliance.org • (800) 826-3632 (www.twloha.com/find-help)
    30. 30. Half Of Us (www.halofus.com)
    31. 31. Half of us • Through Half of Us, mtvU and The Jed Foundation want to initiate a public dialogue to raise awareness about the prevalence of mental health issues on campus and connect students to the appropriate resources to get help. • In planning for the campaign, mtvU conducted extensive research on how stress and depression are affecting college students nationwide. (www.halfofus.com)

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