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Organ donation

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what is organ donation and its types and advantages.

what is organ donation and its types and advantages.

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  • 1. ORGAN DONATION
  • 2. WHAT IS ORGAN DONATION ? Organ donation is the process of removing tissues or organs from a live, or recently dead, person to be used in another. The former is the donor and the latter is the recipient. People of all ages can
  • 3. WHY ORGAN DONATION ? • Organ and tissue donation is a way to help others, after your death by allowing organs or tissues to be taken from your body and transplanted in someone else’s body.
  • 4. MEDICAL REQUIREMENTS • Any healthy person of any age group willing to donate organs can become a donor. • Cancer and HIV exclude people from donating organs.
  • 5. SYSTEMS OF ORGAN DONATION Voluntary Donation Almost everywhere organ donation is voluntary. Two voluntary systems include – 1.Opt In - Where the donor gives consent 2.Opt Out - Where anyone who has not refused is considered as a donor In India we have the Opt in system, while many western countries practice the opt out system
  • 6. ORGANS FOR DONATION Some of the organs that are commonly donated - • Kidneys • Eyes (cornea) • Heart • Lungs • Liver • Pancreas • Skin
  • 7. WHEN ARE ORGANS DONATED ? Some organs can be donated by a living person Almost all organs can be donated by someone dead but this has to reach the recipient within a few hours after the donor's death. In case of live donation the donor should give his consent . In case of cadaver donation, relatives need to provide consent.
  • 8. CADAVER TRANSPLANT • Cadaver transplant is the method of donating organs of a brain death person to other patients. • Organ transplantation of hithendran is the one of the best example of cadaver transplantation.
  • 9. Organ donation process • Organ donation always occur in a hospital,after death has been declared and the family has given constent. • If you are willing to donate organs ,visit your nearby hospital and fill in the donor form .
  • 10. Organ shortage reasons • Family consent, and negative attitude contribute towards organ shortage. • This could be due to the following reasons - Religion • Fear, ignorance and misunderstanding • Legal aspects • Media reports on scandals involving organ rackets
  • 11. Improvement in organ donation Currently organ donation is improved due to the following reasons • Increased HLA typing and cross-matching facilities. • Improved facilities in packing,transport and retrieval of organs. • Supporting organization for networking and registry maintenance.
  • 12. Role of society • Society plays a greater role in transplantation programmes such as cadaver transplants. • Increased public awareness and efforts must be taken for the cause of organ donation.
  • 13. ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS • www.aphithendranmemorialtrust.org • www.mohanfoundation.org • https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/organ_donation

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