TRAVELCHARACTERISTICSBEHIND THESTUDENTS OFUNIVERSITY OFMORATUWA[Type the document subtitle]                               ...
The travel characteristics behind the students of University of                              MoratuwaGroup membersIndex no...
TABLE OF CONTENTChapter 1Introduction………………………………………………………………………………..                                                81.1 ...
Chapter 4Overall Analysis…………………………………………………………………………… 244.1 Mode of transport……………………………………………………………………….                ...
ABSTRACTThis study is based on the travel patterns of the students of University of Moratuwa carried outseeking their dail...
University of Moratuwa                                        Transport & Logistics Management            All the informat...
05. Are you satisfied with your selected mode of transport?       Yes                                No                   ...
CHAPTER 1INTRODUCTION1.1    Nature of the problemA student staying in boarding houses is a common factor in the University...
Map 1                                      Map 21.3    TransportationThe road system of the country is classified into 5 c...
NDT                                 35 Architec   6%                                  30   ture   27%                     ...
1.6   Analysis Sheet02)       Eng               Archi         IT            NDT                    Comments               ...
8.1               1             2          3                  3             6          4                          larger n...
CHAPTER 2Analysis about Non Boarded Students2.1   The distribution of university students who come from home              ...
area are very low. And we can observe from the chart below that even though Moratuwa stationis the closest train station m...
2.2    The percentage of students comes from homeAmong the 22 students who come from home to university in our survey 16 u...
2.3    Average Travel Time from Home to the UniversitySome of the students who participated in the survey come to the univ...
CHAPTER 3Analysis about Boarded Students3.1   Students stay in boarding places.In this survey we have mainly focused on th...
10%                                     distance to                                     boarding place                    ...
By analyzing the above data we can see that level-1 and level-4 students mostly tend to stay inthe boarding places. For le...
Frequency of students going home                                 Monthly                                    Weekly        ...
3.3 The traffic flow in train routes and analysis regarding preferred train station to gohomeAccording to our survey 25.64...
Mount                                 Lavinia                                   9%                                        ...
About 34.78% of that percentage shows intra movements via main line. About 65.21% showstransit movements via main line.   ...
CHAPTER 4Overall Analysis4.1   Mode of TransportFirst we think about students coming from homeWe can see they use two tran...
15-30                                                          0-15   15-30                          private vehicles     ...
Then we analyze about the students staying at boarding places. Let’s see their travel cost per aday.            Rs.0-10   ...
prvate vehicle                         train                 4%                         27%                               ...
better than the satisfaction of students using buses. Because when they use train they can preventfrom facing traffic jams...
20 to 30       2%                         above                          30                                               ...
4.3     University Bus Service                                                    University                              ...
Usage rate in each bus service                         Panadura                                    27.0%                  ...
4.4   Other trip purposesThe university students involve in other external activities. University activities are normallyc...
Percentages of other trips by levels                        60                        50          Percentages             ...
4.5   Educational trip purposesAmong the students who undertake trips other than to or from the university, some studentsu...
Educational Trip Purposes                            30.00%               Percentage   25.00%                            2...
Travel desire linesFunctions of Transport   Page 36
Chapter 5ConclusionAccording to our survey we have found several issues students are facing in their day to daytransport a...
AppendixAs an optional thing to the survey we were instructed to analyze travel patterns of students inuniversity of Morat...
As shown in the above graph students involve in more recreational trips in weekends.                                    So...
Functions of Transport   Page 40
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  1. 1. TRAVELCHARACTERISTICSBEHIND THESTUDENTS OFUNIVERSITY OFMORATUWA[Type the document subtitle] GROUP 02
  2. 2. The travel characteristics behind the students of University of MoratuwaGroup membersIndex no Name contribution101411U Chamila Jayashan Data entry,3.1 Chandrakesan101412A Delakshan 4.2, Suneth101413D Dharmaparakrama Introduction,2.3,4.4,4.5 Thushan Analysis101414G Dharmawardana sheet,2.1,2.2,4.6 101415 Kaveen Gayathma 3.1,3.2101416N Darshana Gunarathna Data entry,3.2 Danushka101418X karunarathna Analysis sheet,4.1101419C Tharindu Kodikara 3.3,101420V Chamil Kodithuwakku 4.3,Functions of Transport Page 2
  3. 3. TABLE OF CONTENTChapter 1Introduction……………………………………………………………………………….. 81.1 Nature of problem……………………………………………………………………… 81.2 Demographic information……………………………………………………………… 81.3 Transportation…………………………………………………………………………... 91.4 Procedure of raw data collection………………………………………………………... 91.5 Objective of the study…………………………………………………………………… 101.6 Analysis sheet…………………………………………………………………………… 11Chapter 2Analysis about Non Boarded students……………………………………………………. 132.1 The distribution of university students according to level……………………………… 132.2 Percentage of students comes from home……………………………………………….. 152.3 Average travel time from home to university…………………………………………… 16Chapter 3Analysis about Boarded Students…………………………................................................... 173.1 Students stay in boarding places………………………………………………………….. 173.2 Frequency of students going home according to level……………………………………. 193.3 The traffic flow in train routes and analysis regarding preferred train station to go home……………………………...... 21Functions of Transport Page 3
  4. 4. Chapter 4Overall Analysis…………………………………………………………………………… 244.1 Mode of transport………………………………………………………………………. 244.2 Average cost for come to university……………………………………………………. 284.3 University bus service…………………………………………………………………… 304.4 Other trip purposes…………………………………........................................................ 324.5 Educational trip purposes………………………………………………………………... 344.5 Analysis about the destinations of other trip purposes………………………………….. 35Functions of Transport Page 4
  5. 5. ABSTRACTThis study is based on the travel patterns of the students of University of Moratuwa carried outseeking their daily travel needs varying on the place they stay and the external activities that thestudents are involved.The objective is to develop mode choice models to predict the traffic demand of the students fordifferent types of vehicles and to have knowledge about the travel time and the distance of theirtrips.Functions of Transport Page 5
  6. 6. University of Moratuwa Transport & Logistics Management All the information collected in this survey will be considered highly confidential and will not be released outSurvey on transport functions behind students in University of Moratuwa..01.Name ……………………………………………………………………………………02. Faculty ………………………………………………………………………………….03. Level 1 2 3 4 Other04. From where do you come to the university? 1. Home 2. Boarding Place 3.Other 4.1 If home  Home city and district: ………………………………………/…………………………………….  Mode of transport: Private vehicle Public transport: Bus Train By foot  Bus route numbers: ………………………………………  Train station: From: ………………….. To: ……………………… 4.2 If boarding place  Approximate distance where you stay: ………………………………………  How often do you go home: Once a week Once a fortnight Once a month  The mode of transport Private vehicle Bus Train  Bus route numbers: ………………………………………  Train station: From: ………………….. To: ………………………Functions of Transport Page 6
  7. 7. 05. Are you satisfied with your selected mode of transport? Yes No May be 06. What is the travel time from your boarding or home to the university? 0-15mins 15-30mins 30mins-1hour 1hour-2hours More than 2 hours 07. What is the average cost per trip to the university (Rs)? 0 0-10 10-20 20-30 more than 30 08. Do you use university bus service? Yes No If yes, the destination of the bus Panadura Kottawa Bambalapitiya 09. Are you involved with other trip purposes in weekends? Yes No If yes what is the purpose of your trip? Educational Business Work Other 10. What are the cities you have to travel for those trip purposes? ……………………………………………………………………………………………..Functions of Transport Page 7
  8. 8. CHAPTER 1INTRODUCTION1.1 Nature of the problemA student staying in boarding houses is a common factor in the University of Moratuwa or in anyother university is Sri Lanka. Lack of proper transportation planning and the considerabledistance from university to home can be two main reasons for this. It is important to know theproblems of the students regarding transportation to and from the university in order to providesufficient and efficient transportation methods and facilitate the student community of theUniversity of Moratuwa.Some of the students in the student community are from distanced and rural areas and they areaccommodated in boarding houses or the university hostel. And some of the students are fromzones nearby and still stay in boarding houses due to various reasons. And the students involvein many external activities and they travel to various places including homes and other educationinstitutes to regarding transportation.1.2 Demographic InformationThis study is carried out with the data collected from the students of the University of Moratuwawhich is situated in the Western Province, one of the nine administrative provinces of Sri Lanka(Map-1). The Western Province is sub-divided into three districts namely Colombo, Gampahaand Kalutara. And the University of Moratuwa is situated in the Colombo district (Map-2). TheUniversity of Moratuwa is situated in the Mount Lavinia and Kottawa road between Piliyandalaand Katubedda. With the approximate distance of 1km to the Galle road the accessibility to theUniversity has increased.The student population of the University of Moratuwa is approximately 8000 and it containsstudents from all around the country. Some of the students have accommodation in the universityhostel. And some of the students stay in boarding houses around the university while the rest stayin their homes.Functions of Transport Page 8
  9. 9. Map 1 Map 21.3 TransportationThe road system of the country is classified into 5 classes from class ‘A’ to ‘E’. The Universityof Moratuwa is located near the Galle road which is an ‘A’ class road. This connects the southernareas of the country and Colombo, the commercial capital of Sri Lanka, straight to the university.This has increased the accessibility to the university. The 255 bus route connects the universityto the Galle road and to Kottawa. This links up the Sabaragamuwa Province. Public transportmethods are provided by the government and private sectors in this region. And the nearestrailway station would be Motatuwa railway station while Fort railway station is located inapproximately 20km.1.4 Procedure of the Raw Data collectionA questionnaire was distributed randomly among the university students with a sample size of100. The method of distribution was random. At the end we have collected data samples asfollows. The higher proportion of students was from engineering faculty. The survey forms hadbeen distributed among levels at a closer ratio.Functions of Transport Page 9
  10. 10. NDT 35 Architec 6% 30 ture 27% 25 Engineering 20 IT 15 Engineer Architecture ing 10 NDT 56% 5 IT 0 11% Level 1 Level 2 Level 3 Level 4 Level 51.5 Objective of the StudyThe objective of this study is to understand the travel characteristics ofthe students of University of Moratuwa and be aware of their needs regarding transportation.Functions of Transport Page 10
  11. 11. 1.6 Analysis Sheet02) Eng Archi IT NDT Comments 56 27 11 6 The majority of students are from engineering faculty03) 1 2 3 4 5 25 25 16 30 304) Boarding Home Other 78 22 78% of UOM students are boarded4.1.1 Colombo Outstation 19 3 majority of non boarded are from Colombo district4.1.2 Private Bus Train By foot 6 16 0 students coming from home use bus as their main mode of transport4.1.3 225 100 101 138 Other 13 5 1 2 7 higher percentage use 225 buses to come to university4.2.1 1 2 3 4 54.2.2 1 2 3 39 12 26 larger proportion of students who are boarded visit their homes weekly private4.2.3 vehicle public transport bus train 3 58 20 The main mode of transport to go home for boarded students is bus4.2.5 Mount Fort Moratuwa 2 14 7 Higher percentage of students have preferred Fort station to get into train 5 yes no may be 48 32 18 Larger portion of students are satisfied with their mode of transport 6 1 2 3 4 5 58 19 13 7 1 overall travel time per a student is in a lower range 7 1 2 3 4 5 46 17 7 14 15 overall average cost is at a lower range 8 1 2 11 89 11% of university students use the university bus service Functions of Transport Page 11
  12. 12. 8.1 1 2 3 3 6 4 larger number of students use the Kottawa bus 9 1 2 42 55 higher percentage of students does not involve in other trip purposes9.1 1 2 3 4 21 3 0 20 highest percentage involve in educational trip purposes at weekends col 4 and col10 3 Nugegoda Mt.Lavinia Moratuwa Piliyandala bambalapitiya Kollupitiya and Nugegoda 12 5 2 1 1 are the main cities for those trip purposes Functions of Transport Page 12
  13. 13. CHAPTER 2Analysis about Non Boarded Students2.1 The distribution of university students who come from home Zone A: 10 Zone C,32% Zone A,45% Zone A Zone B Zone B: 5 Zone B,23% Zone C Zone C: 7We can observe that a large proportion of students come to university are from zone A. And wecan clearly see that about 78% of students have their travel routes along the Galle road. But thebuses in ‘255’ route have at least 15 minutes time gap between the buses. So a larger number ofstudents have to suffer because the mobility to Galle road is very less. And the above 23% ofZone B have to take at least 2 buses to complete their journey because the direct buses for thatFunctions of Transport Page 13
  14. 14. area are very low. And we can observe from the chart below that even though Moratuwa stationis the closest train station majority of students have selected the Fort station to go home. 16 14 12 10 8 6 4 2 0 Mt.lavinia Fort MoratuwaBecause of these reasons we can suggest that a proper bus system would minimize the time lossand additional cost in above scenarios. That system should include 1. Dedicated bus service to the Moratuwa station 2. A bus service to Panadura from Piliyandala 3. Increase in the number of buses deployed in ‘255’ route 4. Increase in the quality of the bus service 5. Proper road developmentFunctions of Transport Page 14
  15. 15. 2.2 The percentage of students comes from homeAmong the 22 students who come from home to university in our survey 16 use public transportand 6 use their private vehicles. Private vehicle, 6 Private vehicle Public Public transport transport, 16We observed a 100% satisfaction about the transport mode of among the private vehicle users.But the larger percentage of students who use public transport has not satisfied according to oursurvey.This has happened because of several reasons. 1. Largely crowded buses 2. Higher waiting time for buses 3. The poor quality of roads 10 If we observe the graph below we can 9 see a clear majority of Level 4 people. 8 As per our calculations approximately 7 50% of level 4 students come to 6 university by their private vehicle. 5 Most probably it would be a Motor 4 cycle. So probability to come across an 3 accident for a Level 4 student is very 2 high. 1 0 level1 level2 level3 level4 level5Functions of Transport Page 15
  16. 16. 2.3 Average Travel Time from Home to the UniversitySome of the students who participated in the survey come to the university from home. Averagetravel time was asked from each of the students through question 6.6. What is the travel time from your boarding place or home to the university? 0-15 15-30 mins 30 mins- 1 hour 1 hour-2hours More than 2 hours mins Level 1 0 7 10 5 0 Level 2 0 6 10 5 0 Level 3 0 6 10 5 0 Level 4 0 6 10 5 0 Average 0 6.25 10 5 0The following graph shows the average travel time of the university students overall. Average Travel Time 10 8 Average 6 4 2 0 0-15 15-30 30-1hr 1hr-2hr >2hr Time RangeFrom the above chart it is shown that the travel time of the students of all levels are almost thesame. In the above graph, overall average travel time is considered. Among the students whocome from home there are non who take more than 2 hours or less than 15 minutes of travel timeto reach the university. The highest number of students is in the range of 30 minutes – 1 hour.The number of students who take 15 minutes – 30 minutes and 30 minutes – 1 hour, areapproximately the same.Functions of Transport Page 16
  17. 17. CHAPTER 3Analysis about Boarded Students3.1 Students stay in boarding places.In this survey we have mainly focused on the undergraduate students. So there are mainly fourlevels concerned about, and we have identified different behaviors of students regardingboarding in each level. But on top of that we have identified the overall percentage of studentswho use boarding places. Total number of students in the sample – 100. Total number of students uses boarding places – 78. Percentage of boarding place usage (Regardless of level) – 78%. Home 22% Home Boarding place Boarding place 78%By looking at the above percentage we can clearly see that a large number of student (More than75%) uses boarding places. As for this behavior the reason is there are students from every partof the country, and for them travelling day to day from their homes is impossible. Even for somepercentage of students, even though they have their homes under a reachable distance they havechosen the boarding places to live by considering the time taken, cost of travelling and easiness.To help this decision further the availability of boarding places around the university andfeasibility of accessing other facilities (Mainly food, stationary, internet facilities, etc) haveplayed a main roll.Functions of Transport Page 17
  18. 18. 10% distance to boarding place <1000m 90% distance to boarding place 1000m<By analyzing further we recognized that 89.74% of the students (70 students out of 78) havetheir boarding places within a distance of 1km. For all of them it only takes less than 15 minutesto reach to their boarding places from university. So they don’t need any specific mode oftransport for their daily purposes. For the other 10.26% they have to use some sort of a transportmode. The common and most available mode they use is busses.  Percentages regarding the levels.Here are the percentages of students who use boarding places grouped by their academic level ofstudies.  Level 1 – 80% (20 out of 25 students in the sample.)  Level 2 – 72% (18 out of 25 students in the sample.)  Level 3 – 76% (13 out of 17 students in the sample.)  Level 4 – 80% (24 out of 30 students in the sample.)  Level 5 - 100 %( all three in the sample.) 120 100 80 60 precentage of 40 students use 20 boarding places 0 Level Level Level Level Level 1 2 3 4 5Functions of Transport Page 18
  19. 19. By analyzing the above data we can see that level-1 and level-4 students mostly tend to stay inthe boarding places. For level-1 students there is a high competition among them as they aredivided to their fields (for MPR students who represent a high percentage of the sample.) theyprefer boarding places as they can save their time and focus more on studies. Another reasonbehind this behavior is university provides hostel facilities for mainly students from these twolevels. Since this survey is done during a time period where level-3 students are not gone fortheir industrial trainings even level-3 percentage is higher than level-2 percentage of usage ofboarding places. Suggestions  If the transport facilities are developed there will be more number of students going home.  If the level of facilities of the boarding places and other requirements developed the numbers of using them will be higher.  If university can provide more hostel facilities many will be benefited.  There will be more demand for boarding places if their fairs are lower than current.3.2 Frequency of students going home who use boarding places.When considering students who use boarding places they have unique patterns of going home.By looking at an overall view we recognized the percentages of them going home weekly,fortnightly and monthly.  Weekly – 51.3 %( 40 out of 78 students.)  Fortnightly – 15.4% (12 out of 78 students.)  Monthly – 33.3% (26 out of 78 students.)Functions of Transport Page 19
  20. 20. Frequency of students going home Monthly Weekly 33% Fortnightly Weekly 51% Monthly Fortnightly 16%Here we can see that more than 50% of the students who live in boarding places visit their homesweekly. This can be expected as they don’t have any work during weekends and they are in adistance where they can go home during a considerable time. Most of them go home Friday afterlectures, stays at their homes on Saturday and return to boarding places on Sunday. The 15.4% ofstudents who goes home fortnightly have their homes in bit remote areas of island, and transportfacilities are not up to a good level at the same time the costs are considerably high. For every 10students 3 students only goes home after a month. This is a very high number and this has causeddue mainly due to the distance and other costs of travelling.By looking at the modes of transport they use to travel home we identified that majority from thesample under the survey uses public transportation modes. For most of them the mode is buses.Some students use both busses and trains to go home. They reach to the nearest railway stationfrom their homes by trains and then take a bus to arrive to their destinations. Suggestions  If the transport facilities are developed there will be more number of students going home weekly.  If university can arrange the lectures in such a way that less lectures in Friday evenings there will be more numbers going home weekly.  If authorities can arrange transport facilities like bus services in weekends and Monday mornings many students will tend to go home frequently.Functions of Transport Page 20
  21. 21. 3.3 The traffic flow in train routes and analysis regarding preferred train station to gohomeAccording to our survey 25.64% of boarded students use trains to visit their homes soapproximately about 20% of all student population use trains. Train 20% Train Other Other 80%When they visit homes there are three main specific ways. They can choose Fort, Mount laviniaor Moratuwa stations to get into the train. According to our survey a high percentage, 60.86%have chosen the Fort station. There may be several reasons for that choice. 01. All the train journeys start from Fort. 02. Accessibility to all train lines via the Fort station. 03. The only possible way for a student to get a express train to a destination away from Polgahawela is by choosing the Fort stationAbout 30.43% of boarded student population use Moratuwa station but only 8.69% use theMount Lavinia station. The reason for this difference is that the Mount Lavinia station is locatedroughly 700 meters away from Galle road and the express trains do not stop in Mount Laviniastation.Functions of Transport Page 21
  22. 22. Mount Lavinia 9% Fort Moratuwa Moratuwa 30% Mount Lavinia Fort 61% The location of Moratuwa station is the main reason for students to choose that as the second choice. According to this chart we can realize that the students can travel at a lower cost via Mount Lavinia station. Because of this reason implementation of a university bus service to Mount Lavinia station would increase the utility level of students. To fort Bus fair (Rs) Train fair(Rs) Total(Rs) Through Moratuwa 09 20 29 stationThrough Mount Lavinia 12 15 27station Using bus only 31 - 31 If the railway department can take some measures to stop express trains at Moratuwa and Mount Lavinia that would be convenient to the students. other 18% main line 82% It is clear that 82.14% of students use the main line (Fort-Kandy). Functions of Transport Page 22
  23. 23. About 34.78% of that percentage shows intra movements via main line. About 65.21% showstransit movements via main line. 35% intra movement transit 65% movement Nearly 34.87% of those populations use the Northern railway route and 17.85% use the southernrailway route. Therefore according to our survey we can comprehend that there is a larger trafficflow in the main line which is from Fort to Kandy.Functions of Transport Page 23
  24. 24. CHAPTER 4Overall Analysis4.1 Mode of TransportFirst we think about students coming from homeWe can see they use two transport modes. They are bus and private vehicle foot privatePrivate vehicles Bus foot 0% vehicle s6 16 0 27% bus 73%Most of the students use private vehicles spend more than Rs30 as their travel cost per a day. Butmost of the student use buses don’t pay more than 30 Rs per a day as their travel cost. less than 30 more than 30private vehicles 2 4buses 10 3 private vehicle bus cost>30 23% cost>30 33% cost<30 cost<30 67% 77%We can analyze that using buses are always cheaper than using private vehicles. We have alsoanalyzed about the cost. Let’s find out of the travel time. 0-15 min 15-30 min. 30-60 min. 60-120 120<private 0 4 2 0 0vehiclesbuses 0 3 8 5 0Functions of Transport Page 24
  25. 25. 15-30 0-15 15-30 private vehicles 60-120 buses min. min min. min 0% 33% 19% 31% 0-15 30-60 min min. 67% 50%According to our survey it seems that many students using private vehicles spend 0-15 minutesto arrive to the university while most of the others spend 30-60 minutes to arrive to theuniversity. It means they have saved their time. So sometimes they would think their time isvery important.The satisfaction is very important in everywhere. Here also it is very important. Let’s seedifference of satisfaction in these modes of transport. satisfy no may beprivate vehicle 6 0 0bus 4 9 3 may be bus satisfied 19% 25% satisfied no no may be 56%We can see 56% students using buses as their transport mode do not satisfied about their mode oftransport. Only 25% students satisfy of it. But we see that all of the students using privatevehicles satisfy about their mode of transport. It shows that using private vehicle is morecomfortable than using buses. That is why these students use private vehicles without caring ofthe cost.Functions of Transport Page 25
  26. 26. Then we analyze about the students staying at boarding places. Let’s see their travel cost per aday. Rs.0-10 Rs. 10-20 Rs. 20-30 more than Rs 3045 17 6 2 4 50 45 40 35 30 25 20 15 10 5 0Then it seems that most of the students don’t spend even a single coin as their transport cost. Itmeans they have found their boarding places near the university. So it says that they alsoconsider of their convenient of their transport..Then let’s see how they travel.private vehicle bus train3 54 21Functions of Transport Page 26
  27. 27. prvate vehicle train 4% 27% bus 69% We know that most of the students staying at boarding places live in far away areas. So ifthey use private vehicles to go their homes, they have to spend a huge amount of money as theirtravel cost. That must be the reason only 4% students use private vehicle to go home. Then wecan see that 70% student’s use buses, 27% students use trains. We know that there are only fewrailways in Sri Lanka and they do not spread all over the country. So some student cannot usetrains to visit their homes. That should be the reason for most of students to use buses. Let’s seethe satisfaction of these modes. satisfy no may beprivate vehicle 2 0 1bus 22 17 14train 14 5 2 may train bus private vehicle be 9% may may be be no satisfy 33% 26% 24% 42% satisf satisf y y no no 67% 67% 32% 0%Here also we can see nobody in the group of students using private vehicles do not satisfy oftheir transport mode. Though there are many students using other modes most of them do notsatisfy about their mode of transport. One reason for that is that the buses and trains are verycrowded. Other fact is that trains always get late. So passengers have to waste their time. Busesalways stop everywhere and load them. Not only that they always have to face traffic jams. Sobuses also do not arrive to their destination at the allocated time. This should be the reason tohave a minimum satisfaction for buses. But it seems that satisfaction of student using trains isFunctions of Transport Page 27
  28. 28. better than the satisfaction of students using buses. Because when they use train they can preventfrom facing traffic jams.4.2 Average cost for come to universityFrom our survey we can know that average cost for come to the university to the students whocome from home is higher than the students who come from boarding place. From the survey wecan get that average cost for the students who come from home Above 30 – 45% 20 to 30 – 50% 0 to 10 – 5% And 10 to 20 & 0 – 0%Therefore most of the student’s average cost is high 10 to 20 0 0 to 10 0% 0% 5% No of Students 0 15 no of 0 to 10 students 10 above 30 10 to 20 5 45% 20 to 30 20 to 30 0 no of students 50% above 30 0 0 to 10 to 20 to above 10 20 30 30 costAnd also when we take the average cost for come to the university to the students who comefrom boarding place 0 – 59% 0 to 10 – 22% 10 to 20 – 9% 20 to 30 - 2% Above 30 – 8 %Therefore most of the student’s average cost is law.Functions of Transport Page 28
  29. 29. 20 to 30 2% above 30 No of Students 50 10 to 8% 0 20 no of 40 9% 0 to 10 students 30 20 0 10 to 20 0 to 10 10 22% 59% 20 to 30 no of 0 students above 30 0 0 to 10 10 to 20 to above 20 30 30 costThese details show that students who come from home their average cost for travelling is high,because they come from different places. 95% of the students are living little far from theuniversity. And also they use different modes of transport like private vehicles and publictransport modes.But students who come from boarding places their average cost for travelling is law. 59% of thestudent’s cost for travelling to university is (0) and 22% of the student’s travelling cost is (0 to10). This detail shows most of the students are staying near the university.There is a bus service for university students from some parts of Colombo to university, but thatis not proper. Some students only get the use of it. If there is proper university bus service to allparts of Colombo district, then there is a chance to reduce the transport cost of students. And alsogovernment can give the special offers to university students for the transport. In other handstudents who come from home they can stay in boarding places that are near the university. Itmay reduce the transport cost of the students.Functions of Transport Page 29
  30. 30. 4.3 University Bus Service University Students Coming from their Coming from homes bording places 22% 78% Use other public Students use other Use university bus Use private Use university bus transpor transport service vechicals service services(Bus) modes(by foot) 8% 5% 9% 3% 75%11% from university students use university bus service to come to university. From these students 73%comes from their homes and 27% come from boarding places. Almost every boarding place is near to theuniversity. So we can assume that students from boarding places use university bus service to travel shortdistances. So this service is very useful for students from their homes than students from boarding places.But when we consider students who come from their homes, only 36% use university bus service, 23%use private vehicles, 41% use other public transport services (Bus).So totally 64% who could use university bus service (14% from total university students) prefer othertransport services.This low usage rate cause due to several reasons,  Lots of students leave university between 4.30.p.m to 5.30.p.m. So these students can’t catch the bus.  Students prefer private vehicles mainly because of the comfort. Because of the heavy crowd in the buses it’s uncomfortable to in them.  It’s almost 8.a.m when university buses arrive to the university so students have to rush to their lectures.  Due to traffic situations in Gale road buses get late.  Nearly 14% students who come from their homes come from Nugegoda area. Though they don’t have university bus service there  Students who are waiting near by the university bus’ routes are willing to take the university bus. But they can’t get into the bus because of the heavy crowd.Functions of Transport Page 30
  31. 31. Usage rate in each bus service Panadura 27.0% Kottawa 36.5% Bambalapitiya 36.5% Good Bad Panadura Kottawa BambalapitiyaThis satisfaction levels mainly differ by the amount of passengers in each route. Because of theoverly crowded conditions students who use Bambalapitiya are not satisfied about their busservice.Functions of Transport Page 31
  32. 32. 4.4 Other trip purposesThe university students involve in other external activities. University activities are normallycarried out throughout the week. Therefore student’s other trip purposes were taken intoconsideration. Data corresponding to other trip purposes were collected through question 9 ad 10in the questionnaire.9. Are you involved in other trips in the weekends? If so, what is the purpose of your trip?10. What are the cities that you have to travel for those trip purposes?External trips undertaken in each level Level 1 Level 2 Level 3 Level 4 Level 5 TotalNo. Of Students (Yes) 12 12 4 12 2 42No. Of students (No) 13 12 12 17 1 55From a total of 97 random university students, 42 students undertake other trips in weekends. The overall percentage of the students who are involved in other trip purposes The percentage of the students who are involved in other trips purposes in each level Level 1 : 48.000% Level 2 : 50.000% Level 3 : 25.000% Level 4 : 41.379% Level 5 : 66.667% The following graph displays the percentages of students who involve in other trip purposes according to their levels.Functions of Transport Page 32
  33. 33. Percentages of other trips by levels 60 50 Percentages 40 30 20 10 0 1 2 3 4 LevelOut of all the students who were taken to this survey level 1 and 2 students show higherpercentage students who are involved in other trip purposes, while level 3 students show thelowest percentage out of the 4 levels.Due to insufficient number of students were surveyed from level 5, considering percentages canbe misleading.Functions of Transport Page 33
  34. 34. 4.5 Educational trip purposesAmong the students who undertake trips other than to or from the university, some studentsundertake educational trips. Overall percentages are considered below. The percentage of the students who undertake educational trips. Percentage = = 47.727% Trip Purposes Other 47.73% Education 52.27% The percentages of educational trips in each level. Level 1 = 20.000% Level 2 = 24.000% Level 3 = 17.647% Level 4 = 16.667%The following graph shows the percentages of educational trips in each level.Functions of Transport Page 34
  35. 35. Educational Trip Purposes 30.00% Percentage 25.00% 20.00% 15.00% 10.00% 5.00% 0.00% level 1 level 2 level 3 level 4 Level From the above graph it is clear that in level 2, a high number of students are involved in external educational trips. And towards the end years of the university the percentage has gradually dropped. The level 1 percentage is less than the level 2 percentage.4.6 Analysis about the destinations of other trip purposes 14 12 10 8 6 4 2 0 col 4 and col 3 Nugegoda Mt.Lavinia Moratuwa PiliyandalaAccording to the graph above we have found that students go to Bambalapitiya Kollupitiya areasfor their trip purposes. The reason behind that most of the educational institutes is located inthese areas. The data we collected shows about 21% of students indulge in educational trippurposes at weekends. The map below explains how their travel desire lines are.Functions of Transport Page 35
  36. 36. Travel desire linesFunctions of Transport Page 36
  37. 37. Chapter 5ConclusionAccording to our survey we have found several issues students are facing in their day to daytransport activities.The data collection reveals that a higher percentage of student populations who come from homeare in the Nugegoda region but there isn’t a straight bus service to fulfill the transport demand ofthose students from the university.About 78% of students are boarded but approximately 10% of them haven’t been able to find aboarding place in the radius of 1 km. Because of that reason implementation of a boardingcomplex near the university premises would be a worthy idea.As shown in the chapter 3 the most economical way to go to Fort station from university isthrough the Mount Lavinia station. A bus service from university to Mount Lavinia stationwould make the mobility levels of students higher and the transport cost lower.The university bus service to Bambalapitiya is heavily crowded that higher percentage of themwho use that bus service is unsatisfied about their mode of transport. If it is possible to increasethe university buses deployed to that area it would certainly raise the convenience levels of thestudents.A larger proportion of university students visit their homes at weekends. About 30% of them usetrain as their mode of transport. Even though the closest train station is Moratuwa station thepercentage use that station is very low considering the amount goes to Fort station. The mobilityto reach the Moratuwa station is very low because students have to take two buses to arrive at theMoratuwa station. The students from Moratuwa Panadura area show low satisfaction levelsbecause of the deficiency of a direct bus service to that area.These are the main issues discovered by us in this survey. The only positive thing we cameacross is that the larger population in the community of students of University of Moratuwa issatisfied with their mode of transport.Functions of Transport Page 37
  38. 38. AppendixAs an optional thing to the survey we were instructed to analyze travel patterns of students inuniversity of Moratuwa.According to the data we have collected from that we found several trip patterns of students Educational trips 16 14 12 number of trips 10 8 6 4 2 0As we can observe in the graph above the educational trips of students are constant during theweekdays while considering Saturday and Sunday larger amount involve in Educational trippurposes on Saturday. Recreational trips 4.5 4 3.5 Number of trips 3 2.5 2 1.5 1 0.5 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8Functions of Transport Page 38
  39. 39. As shown in the above graph students involve in more recreational trips in weekends. Social Trips 7 6 Number of students 5 4 3 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7The larger population of student’s community of university of Moratuwa involves in social tripson Friday. The reason behind that is a larger amount of boarded students visit their homes onFriday.Functions of Transport Page 39
  40. 40. Functions of Transport Page 40

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