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Judaism

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Published in: Education, Spiritual
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Transcript

  • 1. By: Maria Parks
  • 2. The roots of Judaism can be traced to a covenant through which God formed a permanent relationship with the Jews.  This was through the prophet Abraham who is seen as the father of the Jewish people and then the prophet Moses who was given the Torah law on Mount Sinai by God.
  • 3. There is one Universal God Prophets (Abraham & Moses) God has given the Torah to the Jews as a means of showing in practice what an obedient and holy life is like.
  • 4. WWII Holocaust  A vast majority of the Jewish population in Europe was wiped out
  • 5. Destruction of the Second Temple change from a Temple oriented religion to a synagogue oriented religion.
  • 6.  Torah (Sacred Writings) Genesis Exodus Leviticus Numbers Deuteronomy
  • 7.  Also include books known as Nevi’im  Which means of the Prophets  They fall into 3 categories:  Historical Joshua, Judges, Ruth, Samuel 1-2, Kings 1-2, and Chronicles 1-2  Poetic Job, Psalms, Proverbs, Ecclesiastes , and Songs of Solomon  Prophecy Isaiah, Jeremiah, Lamentations, Ezekiel, Daniel, Hosea, Ezra, Amos, Nehemiah, Jonah, Esther , and Minor Prophets  
  • 8. Present Day Beliefs – Type One Orthodox Jews believe the Torah and the Talmud Contain the actual words of God which must be Applied in all circumstances. Orthodoxy also includes: Hasidim – Followers of the teaching of Israel Ben Eliezer Haredim – sometimes refered to as Ultraorthodox
  • 9. Present Day Beliefs – Type Two Progressive  They believe in the divine inspiration of the Torah Since it was recorded by humans at a certain point in history, it then became necessary to reinterpret the words in the context of present day times. Includes: Reform Judaism – established in early 19thCentury Liberal Judaism – originally an offshoot of Reform
  • 10. Bibliography http://www.jewfaq.org/index.htm http://www.orthodox-jews.com/origin-of-judaism.html http://www.simpletoremember.com/articles/a/start-of-jud http://www.bbc.co.uk/religion/religions/judaism/history/h

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