THE REPORTED SPEECH SAMSUN FINAL SCHOOLS

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THIS SLIDE IS PREPARED BY TAHSIN SANCILI, SAMSUN PRIVATE FINAL SCHOOLS

THIS SLIDE IS PREPARED BY TAHSIN SANCILI, SAMSUN PRIVATE FINAL SCHOOLS

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  • 1. SAMSUN PRIVATE FINAL SCHOOLS
  • 2. THE REPORTED SPEECH(Alsocalled “IndirectSpeech”)
  • 3. DirectSpeech
    • BeforelearningReportedSpeech(IndirectSpeech), onemustknowwhatdirectspeechis.
    • 4. Indirectspeech, werepeatwhattheoriginalspeakersays.
    He said, “I have a ticketfortheconcerttomorrow.”
    DirectSpeech
  • 5. ReportedSpeech (IndirectSpeech)
    Inreportedspeech, wegivethesamemeaning of thespeechwithoutusingthespeaker’sownwords.
    He said (that) he had a ticketfortheconcertthenextday.
    That is optional
  • 6. ReportedSpeech (IndirectSpeech)
    Whenweconvertdirectspeechintoindirectspeech, somechangesarenecessary.
  • 7. Change of Tenses in IndirectSpeech
    DirectSpeechIndirectSpeech
    SimplePresentSimplePast
    PresentContinuousPastContinues
    PresentPerfectPastPerfect
    PresentPerf. Cont. PastPerfectCont.
    SimplePastPastPerfect
    WillWould
  • 8. He explained “I neversmoke.”
    (Presentsimple tense)
    He explained (that) he neversmoked.
    (SimplePast Tense)
    He said “I’veappliedfor a job.”
    (Presentperfect tense)
    He saidthathe’dappliedfor a job.
    (Pastperfect tense)
    Change of Tenses in IndirectSpeech
    Examples
  • 9. NOTE
    NOTE
    IN THEORY PAST TENSES CHANGE TO THE PAST PERFECT TENSE, BUT IN DAILY SPEECH, IT IS OFTEN UNCHANGED.
  • 10. Change of Time in IndirectSpeech
    DirectSpeechIndirectSpeech
    Todaythatday
    Yesterdaythedaybefore
    Tomorrowthenext /thefollowingday
    Nextweek/yearetc. The followingweek/yearetc.
    Lastweek/yearetc. The previousweek/yearetc.
    A yearagoetc. A yearbefore/thepreviousyear
  • 11. “I saw her yesterday.”, he said.
    He saidthathe’dseen her thedaybefore.
    Shesaid in a sadmanner “Myfatherdieda yearago.”
    Shesaidthat her father had diedthepreviousyear.
    Change of Time in IndirectSpeech
    Examples
  • 12. SomeAlternativeIntroductoryVerbs
    AddMr. Ergen taught us war of independence and he alsoaddedthattheTurkishRepublic had beenfounded in 1923.
    AdmitHe admittedthat he had done somesillymistakes.
    Answer
    Assure + obj. Itwon’tcostmuch. Tomassured us.
    Tomassured us that it wouldn’tcostmuch.
    Deny
    Explain
    Object
    Promise
    Remind + obj.
    Reply
    YOU CAN ADD LOTS OF SENTENCES LIKE THIS
  • 13. ReportedQuestions
    Whenwereportquestions, wegenerallyusetheverb“ask sbd. (if/whether), wonderorwanttoknow”. Iftheoriginalquestion has the WH- words (What, where, whenetc.) weusethesamequestionword in thereportedquestion.
    He asked, “What do youwant?”
    He askedmewhat I wanted.
    Sheasked, “Where do youlive?”
    Shewondered (wantedtoknow) where I lived.
  • 14. Wereporttheimperativeswith “to”.
    He said, “Closethewindow”.
    He told (ordered ) metoclosethewindow.
    Imperatives
  • 15. Time toPractice
    1.” I’mgoingoutnow, but I’ll be in by nine.”he said.
    He saidthat he wasgoingoutthen but he’d be in bynine.
    2. “I’mworking in a restaurant, and don’tearnmuch” shesaid.
    Shesaid (that) shewasworking in a restaurant, and didn’tearnmuch.
    3. Bonniesaid, “I won’thelpyou”.
    Bonniesaidthatshewouldn’thelpme.
    4. Jennyasked, “WhenwillyougotoSpain?”
    Jennywantedtoknowwhen I wouldgotoSpain.
    5. Henry told, “Myfriendsarelookingforpart time jobs.”
    Henry toldmethat his friendswerelookingforpart time jobs.
    6. Berkay: “Can youintroducemetothatgirl?”
    Berkay askedif I couldintroducehimtothatgirl.
  • 16. Time toPractice
    Whostolemywallet?
    Can I helpyou?
    Jackaskedthe police who’dstolen his wallet
    Frank askedif he couldhelp us
  • 17. Time toPractice
    Tedasked his teacherwhether he really had to do thathomework.
    Howmuchmoneywill I earnthismonth?
    Do I reallyhaveto do thishomework?
    Fredwonderedhowmuchmoneyhe’dearnthatmonth.
  • 18. SAMSUN PRIVATE FINAL SCHOOLS
    TAHSİN SANCILI TEACHER OF ENGLISH