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Change of Tenses in IndirectSpeech DirectSpeechIndirectSpeech SimplePresentSimplePast PresentContinuousPastContinues PresentPerfectPastPerfect PresentPerf. Cont. PastPerfectCont. SimplePastPastPerfect WillWould
He explained “I neversmoke.” (Presentsimple tense) He explained (that) he neversmoked. (SimplePast Tense) He said “I’veappliedfor a job.” (Presentperfect tense) He saidthathe’dappliedfor a job. (Pastperfect tense) Change of Tenses in IndirectSpeech Examples
NOTE NOTE IN THEORY PAST TENSES CHANGE TO THE PAST PERFECT TENSE, BUT IN DAILY SPEECH, IT IS OFTEN UNCHANGED.
Change of Time in IndirectSpeech DirectSpeechIndirectSpeech Todaythatday Yesterdaythedaybefore Tomorrowthenext /thefollowingday Nextweek/yearetc. The followingweek/yearetc. Lastweek/yearetc. The previousweek/yearetc. A yearagoetc. A yearbefore/thepreviousyear
“I saw her yesterday.”, he said. He saidthathe’dseen her thedaybefore. Shesaid in a sadmanner “Myfatherdieda yearago.” Shesaidthat her father had diedthepreviousyear. Change of Time in IndirectSpeech Examples
SomeAlternativeIntroductoryVerbs AddMr. Ergen taught us war of independence and he alsoaddedthattheTurkishRepublic had beenfounded in 1923. AdmitHe admittedthat he had done somesillymistakes. Answer Assure + obj. Itwon’tcostmuch. Tomassured us. Tomassured us that it wouldn’tcostmuch. Deny Explain Object Promise Remind + obj. Reply YOU CAN ADD LOTS OF SENTENCES LIKE THIS
ReportedQuestions Whenwereportquestions, wegenerallyusetheverb“ask sbd. (if/whether), wonderorwanttoknow”. Iftheoriginalquestion has the WH- words (What, where, whenetc.) weusethesamequestionword in thereportedquestion. He asked, “What do youwant?” He askedmewhat I wanted. Sheasked, “Where do youlive?” Shewondered (wantedtoknow) where I lived.
Wereporttheimperativeswith “to”. He said, “Closethewindow”. He told (ordered ) metoclosethewindow. Imperatives
Time toPractice 1.” I’mgoingoutnow, but I’ll be in by nine.”he said. He saidthat he wasgoingoutthen but he’d be in bynine. 2. “I’mworking in a restaurant, and don’tearnmuch” shesaid. Shesaid (that) shewasworking in a restaurant, and didn’tearnmuch. 3. Bonniesaid, “I won’thelpyou”. Bonniesaidthatshewouldn’thelpme. 4. Jennyasked, “WhenwillyougotoSpain?” Jennywantedtoknowwhen I wouldgotoSpain. 5. Henry told, “Myfriendsarelookingforpart time jobs.” Henry toldmethat his friendswerelookingforpart time jobs. 6. Berkay: “Can youintroducemetothatgirl?” Berkay askedif I couldintroducehimtothatgirl.
Time toPractice Whostolemywallet? Can I helpyou? Jackaskedthe police who’dstolen his wallet Frank askedif he couldhelp us
Time toPractice Tedasked his teacherwhether he really had to do thathomework. Howmuchmoneywill I earnthismonth? Do I reallyhaveto do thishomework? Fredwonderedhowmuchmoneyhe’dearnthatmonth.
SAMSUN PRIVATE FINAL SCHOOLS TAHSİN SANCILI TEACHER OF ENGLISH