water wars
rising demand vs. diminishing supply




                               MiaGreen
                         Febru...
Kevin Foster O’Donnell
Water Wars Rising Demand vs. Diminishing Supply   2010 MiaGreen   threadcollaborative




Distribution          Factors of...
Distribution of Water   Water Wars Rising Demand vs. Diminishing Supply   2010 MiaGreen   threadcollaborative




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Distribution of Water   Water Wars Rising Demand vs. Diminishing Supply   2010 MiaGreen   threadcollaborative


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Distribution of Water   Water Wars Rising Demand vs. Diminishing Supply   2010 MiaGreen   threadcollaborative


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Distribution of Water   Water Wars Rising Demand vs. Diminishing Supply   2010 MiaGreen   threadcollaborative


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Distribution of Water   Water Wars Rising Demand vs. Diminishing Supply   2010 MiaGreen   threadcollaborative


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Distribution of Water   Water Wars Rising Demand vs. Diminishing Supply   2010 MiaGreen         threadcollaborative


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Distribution of Water   Water Wars Rising Demand vs. Diminishing Supply     2010 MiaGreen         threadcollaborative


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Distribution of Water   Water Wars Rising Demand vs. Diminishing Supply     2010 MiaGreen         threadcollaborative


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Distribution of Water   Water Wars Rising Demand vs. Diminishing Supply     2010 MiaGreen         threadcollaborative


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Distribution of Water   Water Wars Rising Demand vs. Diminishing Supply   2010 MiaGreen   threadcollaborative


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Distribution of Water   Water Wars Rising Demand vs. Diminishing Supply     2010 MiaGreen         threadcollaborative


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Distribution of Water   Water Wars Rising Demand vs. Diminishing Supply     2010 MiaGreen         threadcollaborative


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Distribution of Water   Water Wars Rising Demand vs. Diminishing Supply     2010 MiaGreen         threadcollaborative


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Distribution of Water   Water Wars Rising Demand vs. Diminishing Supply     2010 MiaGreen         threadcollaborative


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Distribution of Water   Water Wars Rising Demand vs. Diminishing Supply     2010 MiaGreen         threadcollaborative


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Distribution of Water   Water Wars Rising Demand vs. Diminishing Supply     2010 MiaGreen         threadcollaborative


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Distribution of Water   Water Wars Rising Demand vs. Diminishing Supply   2010 MiaGreen   threadcollaborative


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Distribution of Water   Water Wars Rising Demand vs. Diminishing Supply   2010 MiaGreen   threadcollaborative


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Distribution of Water   Water Wars Rising Demand vs. Diminishing Supply   2010 MiaGreen   threadcollaborative


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Distribution of Water   Water Wars Rising Demand vs. Diminishing Supply   2010 MiaGreen   threadcollaborative


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Distribution of Water   Water Wars Rising Demand vs. Diminishing Supply   2010 MiaGreen   threadcollaborative


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Distribution of Water   Water Wars Rising Demand vs. Diminishing Supply   2010 MiaGreen   threadcollaborative


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Distribution of Water   Water Wars Rising Demand vs. Diminishing Supply   2010 MiaGreen   threadcollaborative


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Distribution of Water   Water Wars Rising Demand vs. Diminishing Supply   2010 MiaGreen   threadcollaborative


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Distribution of Water   Water Wars Rising Demand vs. Diminishing Supply      2010 MiaGreen         threadcollaborative


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Distribution of Water   Water Wars Rising Demand vs. Diminishing Supply      2010 MiaGreen         threadcollaborative


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Distribution of Water   Water Wars Rising Demand vs. Diminishing Supply      2010 MiaGreen         threadcollaborative


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Distribution of Water   Water Wars Rising Demand vs. Diminishing Supply      2010 MiaGreen         threadcollaborative


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Distribution of Water   Water Wars Rising Demand vs. Diminishing Supply         2010 MiaGreen         threadcollaborative
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Water Wars Rising Demand vs. Diminishing Supply   2010 MiaGreen   threadcollaborative




Distribution          Factors of...
Factors of Disruption   Water Wars Rising Demand vs. Diminishing Supply   2010 MiaGreen   threadcollaborative
Factors of Disruption   Water Wars Rising Demand vs. Diminishing Supply    2010 MiaGreen          threadcollaborative


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Factors of Disruption   Water Wars Rising Demand vs. Diminishing Supply    2010 MiaGreen          threadcollaborative


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Factors of Disruption   Water Wars Rising Demand vs. Diminishing Supply   2010 MiaGreen   threadcollaborative


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Factors of Disruption    Water Wars Rising Demand vs. Diminishing Supply   2010 MiaGreen    threadcollaborative


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Factors of Disruption     Water Wars Rising Demand vs. Diminishing Supply           2010 MiaGreen         threadcollaborat...
Factors of Disruption   Water Wars Rising Demand vs. Diminishing Supply         2010 MiaGreen        threadcollaborative

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Factors of Disruption   Water Wars Rising Demand vs. Diminishing Supply   2010 MiaGreen        threadcollaborative


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Factors of Disruption   Water Wars Rising Demand vs. Diminishing Supply   2010 MiaGreen        threadcollaborative


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Distribution of Water   Water Wars Rising Demand vs. Diminishing Supply      2010 MiaGreen        threadcollaborative


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Distribution of Water   Water Wars Rising Demand vs. Diminishing Supply      2010 MiaGreen        threadcollaborative


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Distribution of Water   Water Wars Rising Demand vs. Diminishing Supply      2010 MiaGreen        threadcollaborative


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Distribution of Water   Water Wars Rising Demand vs. Diminishing Supply      2010 MiaGreen        threadcollaborative


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Distribution of Water   Water Wars Rising Demand vs. Diminishing Supply      2010 MiaGreen        threadcollaborative


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Distribution of Water   Water Wars Rising Demand vs. Diminishing Supply      2010 MiaGreen        threadcollaborative


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Distribution of Water   Water Wars Rising Demand vs. Diminishing Supply      2010 MiaGreen        threadcollaborative


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Distribution of Water   Water Wars Rising Demand vs. Diminishing Supply      2010 MiaGreen        threadcollaborative


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Distribution of Water   Water Wars Rising Demand vs. Diminishing Supply      2010 MiaGreen        threadcollaborative


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Distribution of Water   Water Wars Rising Demand vs. Diminishing Supply      2010 MiaGreen        threadcollaborative


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Distribution of Water   Water Wars Rising Demand vs. Diminishing Supply      2010 MiaGreen        threadcollaborative


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Distribution of Water   Water Wars Rising Demand vs. Diminishing Supply   2010 MiaGreen       threadcollaborative


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Factors of Disruption   Water Wars Rising Demand vs. Diminishing Supply               2010 MiaGreen         threadcollabor...
Factors of Disruption   Water Wars Rising Demand vs. Diminishing Supply               2010 MiaGreen         threadcollabor...
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Factors of Disruption   Water Wars Rising Demand vs. Diminishing Supply   2010 MiaGreen   threadcollaborative


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Water Wars Rising Demand vs. Diminishing Supply   2010 MiaGreen   threadcollaborative




Distribution          Factors of...
Climate of Conflict   Water Wars Rising Demand vs. Diminishing Supply   2010 MiaGreen   threadcollaborative




“If the war...
Climate of Conflict   Water Wars Rising Demand vs. Diminishing Supply   2010 MiaGreen   threadcollaborative


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Climate of Conflict   Water Wars Rising Demand vs. Diminishing Supply   2010 MiaGreen          threadcollaborative


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“Whiskey is for drinking;
water is for fighting over.”
Mark Twain
!   !   kevin@threadcollaborative.com

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Water Wars

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A presentation titled Water Wars: Rising Demand vs. Diminishing Supply delivered at the second annual MiaGreen Expo and Conference in Miami FL.

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  • YA ITS GREAT BUT SOME TIME WE CANT FIND SOME FILES ON THAT BUT ITS SOOOO GOOD
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  • Great presentation with alarming ques to Water demand vs supply. Please send me this copy, via my email; jeremiah.wandili@gmail.com
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Water Wars

  1. 1. water wars rising demand vs. diminishing supply MiaGreen February 26, 2010 Kevin Foster O’Donnell fundamentalist @ threadcollaborative
  2. 2. Kevin Foster O’Donnell
  3. 3. Water Wars Rising Demand vs. Diminishing Supply 2010 MiaGreen threadcollaborative Distribution Factors of Climate of of Water Disruption Conflict
  4. 4. Distribution of Water Water Wars Rising Demand vs. Diminishing Supply 2010 MiaGreen threadcollaborative Distribution Factors of Climate of of Water Disruption Conflict
  5. 5. Distribution of Water Water Wars Rising Demand vs. Diminishing Supply 2010 MiaGreen threadcollaborative Unique Among the Universe
  6. 6. Distribution of Water Water Wars Rising Demand vs. Diminishing Supply 2010 MiaGreen threadcollaborative The Water Planet
  7. 7. Distribution of Water Water Wars Rising Demand vs. Diminishing Supply 2010 MiaGreen threadcollaborative The Four Rocky Planets
  8. 8. Distribution of Water Water Wars Rising Demand vs. Diminishing Supply 2010 MiaGreen threadcollaborative Water is Life
  9. 9. Distribution of Water Water Wars Rising Demand vs. Diminishing Supply 2010 MiaGreen threadcollaborative World Water source: U.S. Geological Survey 326,000,000,000,000,000,000 75% 75%
  10. 10. Distribution of Water Water Wars Rising Demand vs. Diminishing Supply 2010 MiaGreen threadcollaborative World Water source: United States Geological Survey 3% 97%
  11. 11. Distribution of Water Water Wars Rising Demand vs. Diminishing Supply 2010 MiaGreen threadcollaborative Distribution of Water Earth source: United States Geological Survey fresh water - 3% ocean - 97%
  12. 12. Distribution of Water Water Wars Rising Demand vs. Diminishing Supply 2010 MiaGreen threadcollaborative Distribution of Water Fresh source: United States Geological Survey surface - .3% other - .9% ground - 30.1% glaciers - 68.7%
  13. 13. Distribution of Water Water Wars Rising Demand vs. Diminishing Supply 2010 MiaGreen threadcollaborative Distribution of Water Glaciers & Ice Pack Greenland Antarctica
  14. 14. Distribution of Water Water Wars Rising Demand vs. Diminishing Supply 2010 MiaGreen threadcollaborative Distribution of Water Ground Water Aquifers source: United States Geological Survey
  15. 15. Distribution of Water Water Wars Rising Demand vs. Diminishing Supply 2010 MiaGreen threadcollaborative Distribution of Water Surface source: United States Geological Survey rivers - 2% swamps - 11% lakes - 87%
  16. 16. Distribution of Water Water Wars Rising Demand vs. Diminishing Supply 2010 MiaGreen threadcollaborative Distribution of Water Rivers source: United States Geological Survey
  17. 17. Distribution of Water Water Wars Rising Demand vs. Diminishing Supply 2010 MiaGreen threadcollaborative Distribution of Water Swamps source: United States Geological Survey
  18. 18. Distribution of Water Water Wars Rising Demand vs. Diminishing Supply 2010 MiaGreen threadcollaborative Distribution of Water Lakes source: United States Geological Survey
  19. 19. Distribution of Water Water Wars Rising Demand vs. Diminishing Supply 2010 MiaGreen threadcollaborative Distribution of Water source: United States Geological Survey Earth Fresh Surface Less than 1% of all water is potable.
  20. 20. Distribution of Water Water Wars Rising Demand vs. Diminishing Supply 2010 MiaGreen threadcollaborative Hydrological Cycle
  21. 21. Distribution of Water Water Wars Rising Demand vs. Diminishing Supply 2010 MiaGreen threadcollaborative Hydrological Cycle
  22. 22. Distribution of Water Water Wars Rising Demand vs. Diminishing Supply 2010 MiaGreen threadcollaborative Hydrological Cycle
  23. 23. Distribution of Water Water Wars Rising Demand vs. Diminishing Supply 2010 MiaGreen threadcollaborative Hydrological Cycle
  24. 24. Distribution of Water Water Wars Rising Demand vs. Diminishing Supply 2010 MiaGreen threadcollaborative Hydrological Cycle
  25. 25. Distribution of Water Water Wars Rising Demand vs. Diminishing Supply 2010 MiaGreen threadcollaborative Resources
  26. 26. Distribution of Water Water Wars Rising Demand vs. Diminishing Supply 2010 MiaGreen threadcollaborative Peak Supply & Substitution Consumption Time
  27. 27. Distribution of Water Water Wars Rising Demand vs. Diminishing Supply 2010 MiaGreen threadcollaborative Peak Supply & Substitution Consumption Time
  28. 28. Distribution of Water Water Wars Rising Demand vs. Diminishing Supply 2010 MiaGreen threadcollaborative Renewable Water Resources source: The World’s Water by Peter H. Gleik 17% 7,620 km3/yr
  29. 29. Distribution of Water Water Wars Rising Demand vs. Diminishing Supply 2010 MiaGreen threadcollaborative Renewable Water Resources source: The World’s Water by Peter H. Gleik 17% 7,620 km3/yr 30% 17,140 km3/yr
  30. 30. Distribution of Water Water Wars Rising Demand vs. Diminishing Supply 2010 MiaGreen threadcollaborative Renewable Water Resources source: The World’s Water by Peter H. Gleik 14% 8,336 km3/yr 17% 7,620 km3/yr 30% 17,140 km3/yr
  31. 31. Distribution of Water Water Wars Rising Demand vs. Diminishing Supply 2010 MiaGreen threadcollaborative Renewable Water Resources source: The World’s Water by Peter H. Gleik 14% 8,336 km3/yr 17% 7,620 km3/yr 30% 10% 17,140 km3/yr 5,724 km3/yr
  32. 32. Distribution of Water Water Wars Rising Demand vs. Diminishing Supply 2010 MiaGreen threadcollaborative Renewable Water Resources source: The World’s Water by Peter H. Gleik 14% 26% 8,336 km3/yr 14,872 km3/yr 17% 7,620 km3/yr 30% 10% 17,140 km3/yr 5,724 km3/yr
  33. 33. Distribution of Water Water Wars Rising Demand vs. Diminishing Supply 2010 MiaGreen threadcollaborative Renewable Water Resources source: The World’s Water by Peter H. Gleik 14% 26% 8,336 km3/yr 14,872 km3/yr 17% 7,620 km3/yr 30% 10% 3% 17,140 km3/yr 5,724 km3/yr 1,669 km3/yr
  34. 34. Distribution of Water Water Wars Rising Demand vs. Diminishing Supply 2010 MiaGreen threadcollaborative Renewable Water Resources source: The World’s Water by Peter H. Gleik 14% 26% 8,336 km3/yr 14,872 km3/yr 17% 10% 731m 4b 58% 7,620 km3/yr 8% 568m 30% 10% 3% 17,140 km3/yr 5,724 km3/yr 1,669 km3/yr 6% 383m 15% 1b 3% 21m
  35. 35. Distribution of Water Water Wars Rising Demand vs. Diminishing Supply 2010 MiaGreen threadcollaborative Renewable Water Resources source: The World’s Water by Peter H. Gleik 3,300 km3/yr 4,498 km3/yr 3,069 km3/yr 2,838 km3/yr 8,233 km3/yr
  36. 36. Distribution of Water Water Wars Rising Demand vs. Diminishing Supply 2010 MiaGreen threadcollaborative Renewable Water Resources source: The World’s Water by Peter H. Gleik 3,300 km3/yr 4,498 km3/yr .9 km3/yr .1 km3/yr 3,069 km3/yr .6 km3/yr .2 km3/yr .02 km3/yr 2,838 km3/yr 8,233 km3/yr
  37. 37. Water Wars Rising Demand vs. Diminishing Supply 2010 MiaGreen threadcollaborative Distribution Factors of Climate of of Water Disruption Conflict
  38. 38. Factors of Disruption Water Wars Rising Demand vs. Diminishing Supply 2010 MiaGreen threadcollaborative
  39. 39. Factors of Disruption Water Wars Rising Demand vs. Diminishing Supply 2010 MiaGreen threadcollaborative Sumatra Indonesia December 2004 source: Digital Globe
  40. 40. Factors of Disruption Water Wars Rising Demand vs. Diminishing Supply 2010 MiaGreen threadcollaborative Sumatra Indonesia December 2004 source: Digital Globe
  41. 41. Factors of Disruption Water Wars Rising Demand vs. Diminishing Supply 2010 MiaGreen threadcollaborative New Orleans LA August 2005
  42. 42. Factors of Disruption Water Wars Rising Demand vs. Diminishing Supply 2010 MiaGreen threadcollaborative Atlanta GA September 2009 source: MSNBC
  43. 43. Factors of Disruption Water Wars Rising Demand vs. Diminishing Supply 2010 MiaGreen threadcollaborative Lake Chad 1963 - 2001 source: NASA
  44. 44. Factors of Disruption Water Wars Rising Demand vs. Diminishing Supply 2010 MiaGreen threadcollaborative Amazon River October 2005 source: Daniel Beltra/Greenpeace
  45. 45. Factors of Disruption Water Wars Rising Demand vs. Diminishing Supply 2010 MiaGreen threadcollaborative Changes in Precipitation -50% -40% -30% -20% -10% 0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50%
  46. 46. Factors of Disruption Water Wars Rising Demand vs. Diminishing Supply 2010 MiaGreen threadcollaborative Portage Glacier source: NOAA Photo Collection and Gary Braasch 1914 2004
  47. 47. Factors of Disruption Water Wars Rising Demand vs. Diminishing Supply 2010 MiaGreen threadcollaborative Receding Glaciers source: June 2007 National Geographic Magazine - cumulative change in average thickness from 1977 to 2005 World Glaciers Name Location Change Careser Glacier Italy -35.5% Place Glacier Canada -33.6% Sarennes Glacier France -30.8% South Cascade Glacier United States -27.9% Saint Sorlin Glacier France -22.3% Gries Glacier Switzerland -22.1% Hintereisferner Glacier Austria -20.6% Gulkana Glacier United States -16.2% Tsentralniy Tuyuksuyskiy Glacier Kazakhstan -16.1% Austre Broeggerbreen Glacier Norway -15.3%
  48. 48. Factors of Disruption Water Wars Rising Demand vs. Diminishing Supply 2010 MiaGreen threadcollaborative Mount Kilimanjaro Africa 1993 source: NASA Earth Observatory Snow and Ice on Kilimanjaro via Wikimedia Commons
  49. 49. Factors of Disruption Water Wars Rising Demand vs. Diminishing Supply 2010 MiaGreen threadcollaborative Mount Kilimanjaro Africa 2000 source: NASA Earth Observatory Snow and Ice on Kilimanjaro via Wikimedia Commons
  50. 50. Factors of Disruption Water Wars Rising Demand vs. Diminishing Supply 2010 MiaGreen threadcollaborative CA Reservoirs Current Conditions: February 25, 2010 source: California Department of Water Resources Shasta Reservoir 55% | 72% Lake Oroville 48% | 62% Folsom Lake 71% | 91% Trinity Lake 49% | 58% Don Pedro Reservoir 83% | 107% New Melones Exchequer Reservoir 52% | 85% 60% | 86% Millerton Lake 93% | 132% San Luis Reservoir Pine Flat Reservoir 19% | 33% 44% | 75% Pyramid Lake Castaic Lake 97% | 103% 74% | 86%
  51. 51. Factors of Disruption Water Wars Rising Demand vs. Diminishing Supply 2010 MiaGreen threadcollaborative Folsom Lake CA November 2008 source: California Department of Water Resources
  52. 52. Factors of Disruption Water Wars Rising Demand vs. Diminishing Supply 2010 MiaGreen threadcollaborative Hoover Dam source: Lynn Betts via Wikimedia Commons
  53. 53. Factors of Disruption Water Wars Rising Demand vs. Diminishing Supply 2010 MiaGreen threadcollaborative Three Gorges Dam source: Dan Kamminga via Wikimedia Commons
  54. 54. Factors of Disruption Water Wars Rising Demand vs. Diminishing Supply 2010 MiaGreen threadcollaborative World Dams source: The World’s Water by Peter H. Gleik 5,430 31,340 8,010 979 1,269 577
  55. 55. Factors of Disruption Water Wars Rising Demand vs. Diminishing Supply 2010 MiaGreen threadcollaborative Aral Sea 2000 - 2009 source: photos by Bresson Thomas
  56. 56. Factors of Disruption Water Wars Rising Demand vs. Diminishing Supply 2010 MiaGreen threadcollaborative Aral Sea source: Staecker via Wikimedia Commons
  57. 57. Distribution of Water Water Wars Rising Demand vs. Diminishing Supply 2010 MiaGreen threadcollaborative Per Capita Water Use Per Day source: United Nations - 2006 Human Development Report US: 151 gallons
  58. 58. Distribution of Water Water Wars Rising Demand vs. Diminishing Supply 2010 MiaGreen threadcollaborative Per Capita Water Use Per Day source: United Nations - 2006 Human Development Report Australia: 130 gallons
  59. 59. Distribution of Water Water Wars Rising Demand vs. Diminishing Supply 2010 MiaGreen threadcollaborative Per Capita Water Use Per Day source: United Nations - 2006 Human Development Report Japan: 99 gallons
  60. 60. Distribution of Water Water Wars Rising Demand vs. Diminishing Supply 2010 MiaGreen threadcollaborative Per Capita Water Use Per Day source: United Nations - 2006 Human Development Report Mexico: 96 gallons
  61. 61. Distribution of Water Water Wars Rising Demand vs. Diminishing Supply 2010 MiaGreen threadcollaborative Per Capita Water Use Per Day source: United Nations - 2006 Human Development Report EU: 69 gallons
  62. 62. Distribution of Water Water Wars Rising Demand vs. Diminishing Supply 2010 MiaGreen threadcollaborative Per Capita Water Use Per Day source: United Nations - 2006 Human Development Report Brazil: 49 gallons
  63. 63. Distribution of Water Water Wars Rising Demand vs. Diminishing Supply 2010 MiaGreen threadcollaborative Per Capita Water Use Per Day source: United Nations - 2006 Human Development Report UK: 39 gallons
  64. 64. Distribution of Water Water Wars Rising Demand vs. Diminishing Supply 2010 MiaGreen threadcollaborative Per Capita Water Use Per Day source: United Nations - 2006 Human Development Report India: 36 gallons
  65. 65. Distribution of Water Water Wars Rising Demand vs. Diminishing Supply 2010 MiaGreen threadcollaborative Per Capita Water Use Per Day source: United Nations - 2006 Human Development Report China: 22 gallons
  66. 66. Distribution of Water Water Wars Rising Demand vs. Diminishing Supply 2010 MiaGreen threadcollaborative Per Capita Water Use Per Day source: United Nations - 2006 Human Development Report Water Poverty Threshold: 13 gallons
  67. 67. Distribution of Water Water Wars Rising Demand vs. Diminishing Supply 2010 MiaGreen threadcollaborative Per Capita Water Use Per Day source: United Nations - 2006 Human Development Report Africa: 5 gallons
  68. 68. Factors of Disruption Water Wars Rising Demand vs. Diminishing Supply 2010 MiaGreen threadcollaborative Water Use By Sector source: The World’s Water by Peter H. Gleik North & Central America South America Europe Africa Asia Oceania
  69. 69. Distribution of Water Water Wars Rising Demand vs. Diminishing Supply 2010 MiaGreen threadcollaborative U.S. Per Capita Water Use Per Day source: 2000 USGS Water Use Report State Use (gallons/day) Per Capita California 51,200,000,000 139 gal./day Texas 29,600,000,000 121 gal./day Florida 20,100,000,000 109 gal./day Idaho 19,500,000,000 1,272 gal./day Illinois 13,700,000,000 106 gal./day Colorado 12,600,000,000 255 gal./day Nebraska 12,300,000,000 689 gal./day New York 12,100,000,000 62 gal./day North Carolina 11,400,000,000 123 gal./day Ohio 11,100,000,000 96 gal./day
  70. 70. Distribution of Water Water Wars Rising Demand vs. Diminishing Supply 2010 MiaGreen threadcollaborative U.S. Per Capita Water Use Per Day source: 2000 USGS Water Use Report State Use (gallons/day) Per Capita California 51,200,000,000 139 gal./day Texas 29,600,000,000 121 gal./day Florida 20,100,000,000 109 gal./day Idaho 19,500,000,000 1,272 gal./day Illinois 13,700,000,000 106 gal./day Colorado 12,600,000,000 255 gal./day Nebraska 12,300,000,000 689 gal./day New York 12,100,000,000 62 gal./day North Carolina 11,400,000,000 123 gal./day Ohio 11,100,000,000 96 gal./day
  71. 71. Distribution of Water Water Wars Rising Demand vs. Diminishing Supply 2010 MiaGreen threadcollaborative U.S. Per Capita Water Use Per Day source: 2000 USGS Water Use Report State Use (gallons/day) Per Capita California 51,200,000,000 139 gal./day Texas 29,600,000,000 121 gal./day Florida 20,100,000,000 109 gal./day Idaho 19,500,000,000 1,272 gal./day Illinois Miami/Dade County 13,700,000,000 106 gal./day Colorado 143 gal./day 12,600,000,000 255 gal./day Nebraska 12,300,000,000 689 gal./day New York 12,100,000,000 62 gal./day North Carolina 11,400,000,000 123 gal./day Ohio 11,100,000,000 96 gal./day
  72. 72. Distribution of Water Water Wars Rising Demand vs. Diminishing Supply 2010 MiaGreen threadcollaborative U.S. Per Capita Water Use Per Day source: 2000 USGS Water Use Report State Use (gallons/day) Per Capita California 51,200,000,000 139 gal./day Texas 29,600,000,000 121 gal./day Florida 20,100,000,000 109 gal./day Idaho 19,500,000,000 1,272 gal./day Illinois Los Angeles County 13,700,000,000 106 gal./day Colorado 168 gal./day 12,600,000,000 255 gal./day Nebraska 12,300,000,000 689 gal./day New York 12,100,000,000 62 gal./day North Carolina 11,400,000,000 123 gal./day Ohio 11,100,000,000 96 gal./day
  73. 73. Distribution of Water Water Wars Rising Demand vs. Diminishing Supply 2010 MiaGreen threadcollaborative U.S. Per Capita Water Use Per Day source: 2000 USGS Water Use Report State Use (gallons/day) Per Capita California 51,200,000,000 139 gal./day Texas 29,600,000,000 121 gal./day Florida 20,100,000,000 109 gal./day Idaho 19,500,000,000 1,272 gal./day Illinois Phoenix 13,700,000,000 106 gal./day Colorado 200 gal./day 12,600,000,000 255 gal./day Nebraska 12,300,000,000 689 gal./day New York 12,100,000,000 62 gal./day North Carolina 11,400,000,000 123 gal./day Ohio 11,100,000,000 96 gal./day
  74. 74. Distribution of Water Water Wars Rising Demand vs. Diminishing Supply 2010 MiaGreen threadcollaborative U.S. Per Capita Water Use Per Day source: 2000 USGS Water Use Report State Use (gallons/day) Per Capita California 51,200,000,000 139 gal./day Texas 29,600,000,000 121 gal./day Florida 20,100,000,000 109 gal./day Idaho 19,500,000,000 1,272 gal./day Illinois Las Vegas 13,700,000,000 106 gal./day Colorado 255 gal./day 12,600,000,000 255 gal./day Nebraska 12,300,000,000 689 gal./day New York 12,100,000,000 62 gal./day North Carolina 11,400,000,000 123 gal./day Ohio 11,100,000,000 96 gal./day
  75. 75. Factors of Disruption Water Wars Rising Demand vs. Diminishing Supply 2010 MiaGreen threadcollaborative Los Angeles Water Supply Sources source: Los Angeles Department of Water and Power Mono Lake LA Aqueduct Owens Lake Las Vegas San Francisco Colorado River Aqueduct California Aqueduct Colorado River Los Angeles Phoenix San Diego
  76. 76. Factors of Disruption Water Wars Rising Demand vs. Diminishing Supply 2010 MiaGreen threadcollaborative Domestic Water Use source: American Water Works Association Research Foundation
  77. 77. Factors of Disruption Water Wars Rising Demand vs. Diminishing Supply 2010 MiaGreen threadcollaborative Domestic Water Use source: American Water Works Association Research Foundation toilet - 11% washer - 8% shower - 7% faucet - 6% dishwasher - 1% other - 2%
  78. 78. Factors of Disruption Water Wars Rising Demand vs. Diminishing Supply 2010 MiaGreen threadcollaborative Domestic Water Use source: American Water Works Association Research Foundation toilet - 11% washer - 8% misc. outdoor - 10% leaks - 6% shower - 7% faucet - 6% dishwasher - 1% other - 2% landscaping - 49%
  79. 79. Factors of Disruption Water Wars Rising Demand vs. Diminishing Supply 2010 MiaGreen threadcollaborative Embodied Water source: gangulybiswarup via Wikimedia Commons
  80. 80. Factors of Disruption Water Wars Rising Demand vs. Diminishing Supply 2010 MiaGreen threadcollaborative Embodied Water source: Professor Arjen Y. Hoekstra, Twente Water Centre, University of Twente, the Netherlands Food Unit Liters Food Unit Liters Apple or Pear 1 kg 700 Maize 1 kg 900 Banana 1 kg 800 Mango 1 kg 1,600 Beef 1 kg 15,500 Milk 250 ml cup 250 Beer (from barley) 250 ml glass 75 Olives 1 kg 4,400 Bread 1 kg 1,300 Orange 1 kg 460 Cabbage 1 kg 200 Peach 1 kg 1,200 Cheese 1 kg 5,000 Pork 1 kg 4,800 Chicken 1 kg 3,900 Potato 1 kg 250 Chocolate 1 kg 24,000 Rice 1 kg 3,400 Coffee 125 ml cup 140 Sugar (from sugar cane) 1 kg 1,500 Cucumber or Pumpkin 1 kg 240 Tea 250 ml cup 30 Groundnuts (in shell) 1 kg 3,100 Tomato 1 kg 180 Lettuce 1 kg 130 Wine 125 ml glass 120
  81. 81. Factors of Disruption Water Wars Rising Demand vs. Diminishing Supply 2010 MiaGreen threadcollaborative Embodied Water source: Professor Arjen Y. Hoekstra, Twente Water Centre, University of Twente, the Netherlands Food Unit Liters Food Unit Liters Apple or Pear 1 kg 700 Maize 1 kg 900 Banana 1 kg 800 Mango 1 kg 1,600 Beef 1 kg 15,500 Milk 250 ml cup 250 Beer (from barley) 250 ml glass 75 Olives 1 kg 4,400 Bread 1 kg 1,300 Orange 1 kg 460 Cabbage 1 kg 200 Peach 1 kg 1,200 Cheese 1 kg 5,000 Pork 1 kg 4,800 Chicken 1 kg 3,900 Potato 1 kg 250 Chocolate 1 kg 24,000 Rice 1 kg 3,400 Coffee 125 ml cup 140 Sugar (from sugar cane) 1 kg 1,500 Cucumber or Pumpkin 1 kg 240 Tea 250 ml cup 30 Groundnuts (in shell) 1 kg 3,100 Tomato 1 kg 180 Lettuce 1 kg 130 Wine 125 ml glass 120
  82. 82. Factors of Disruption Water Wars Rising Demand vs. Diminishing Supply 2010 MiaGreen threadcollaborative Embodied Water source: Professor Arjen Y. Hoekstra, Twente Water Centre, University of Twente, the Netherlands 4,000 gallons for 2 pounds of beef
  83. 83. Factors of Disruption Water Wars Rising Demand vs. Diminishing Supply 2010 MiaGreen threadcollaborative Pollution Dead Zones source: Goddard Space Flight Center
  84. 84. Factors of Disruption Water Wars Rising Demand vs. Diminishing Supply 2010 MiaGreen threadcollaborative Pollution Algae Bloom source: Midwest Lakes Policy Center
  85. 85. Factors of Disruption Water Wars Rising Demand vs. Diminishing Supply 2010 MiaGreen threadcollaborative Pollution Contaminated Rivers source: Tejiendo el mundo
  86. 86. Factors of Disruption Water Wars Rising Demand vs. Diminishing Supply 2010 MiaGreen threadcollaborative Pollution Contaminated Rivers source: unknown
  87. 87. Factors of Disruption Water Wars Rising Demand vs. Diminishing Supply 2010 MiaGreen threadcollaborative Ocean Gyres North Atlantic Gyre North Pacific Gyre Indian Ocean South Gyre South Pacific Gyre Atlantic South Gyre Atlantic Gyre
  88. 88. Factors of Disruption Water Wars Rising Demand vs. Diminishing Supply 2010 MiaGreen threadcollaborative Great Pacific Garbage Patch
  89. 89. Factors of Disruption Water Wars Rising Demand vs. Diminishing Supply 2010 MiaGreen threadcollaborative Great Pacific Garbage Patch source: Chris Jordan Photography
  90. 90. Factors of Disruption Water Wars Rising Demand vs. Diminishing Supply 2010 MiaGreen threadcollaborative Great Pacific Garbage Patch source: Chris Jordan Photography
  91. 91. Factors of Disruption Water Wars Rising Demand vs. Diminishing Supply 2010 MiaGreen threadcollaborative Privatization Bottled Water
  92. 92. Factors of Disruption Water Wars Rising Demand vs. Diminishing Supply 2010 MiaGreen threadcollaborative Privatization Bottled Water
  93. 93. Factors of Disruption Water Wars Rising Demand vs. Diminishing Supply 2010 MiaGreen threadcollaborative Privatization Bottled Water source: Tapped - 2007 U.S. Bottled Water Sales 29 billion bottles
  94. 94. Factors of Disruption Water Wars Rising Demand vs. Diminishing Supply 2010 MiaGreen threadcollaborative Privatization Municipal Water International Monetary United Nations The World Bank The World Trade Fund Organization
  95. 95. Water Wars Rising Demand vs. Diminishing Supply 2010 MiaGreen threadcollaborative Distribution Factors of Climate of of Water Disruption Conflict
  96. 96. Climate of Conflict Water Wars Rising Demand vs. Diminishing Supply 2010 MiaGreen threadcollaborative “If the wars of this century were fought over oil, the wars of the next century will be fought over water - unless we change our approach to managing this precious and vital resource.” Ismail Serageldin First chairperson of the Global Water Partnership
  97. 97. Climate of Conflict Water Wars Rising Demand vs. Diminishing Supply 2010 MiaGreen threadcollaborative Consumption vs. Yemen
  98. 98. Climate of Conflict Water Wars Rising Demand vs. Diminishing Supply 2010 MiaGreen threadcollaborative Consumption vs. Yemen source: ai@ce via Flickr
  99. 99. Climate of Conflict Water Wars Rising Demand vs. Diminishing Supply 2010 MiaGreen threadcollaborative Consumption vs. Yemen source: knowledgeallianz via Wikimedia Commons
  100. 100. Climate of Conflict Water Wars Rising Demand vs. Diminishing Supply 2010 MiaGreen threadcollaborative Consumption vs. Yemen source: knowledgeallianz via Wikimedia Commons
  101. 101. Climate of Conflict Water Wars Rising Demand vs. Diminishing Supply 2010 MiaGreen threadcollaborative Urban vs. Rural
  102. 102. Climate of Conflict Water Wars Rising Demand vs. Diminishing Supply 2010 MiaGreen threadcollaborative Urban vs. Rural source: NOAA George E. Marsh Album
  103. 103. Climate of Conflict Water Wars Rising Demand vs. Diminishing Supply 2010 MiaGreen threadcollaborative Urban vs. Rural source: United States Department of Agriculture; Image Number: 00di0971
  104. 104. Climate of Conflict Water Wars Rising Demand vs. Diminishing Supply 2010 MiaGreen threadcollaborative Urban vs. Rural source: Highway Hogs
  105. 105. Climate of Conflict Water Wars Rising Demand vs. Diminishing Supply 2010 MiaGreen threadcollaborative Urban vs. Rural source: Fish & Wildlife Service public domain photographs by Peter Johnson
  106. 106. Climate of Conflict Water Wars Rising Demand vs. Diminishing Supply 2010 MiaGreen threadcollaborative Urban vs. Rural source: Minyoung Choi via Wikimedia Commons
  107. 107. Climate of Conflict Water Wars Rising Demand vs. Diminishing Supply 2010 MiaGreen threadcollaborative Urban vs. Rural LA Aqueduct Las Vegas San Francisco Colorado River Aqueduct California Aqueduct Colorado River Los Angeles Phoenix San Diego
  108. 108. Climate of Conflict Water Wars Rising Demand vs. Diminishing Supply 2010 MiaGreen threadcollaborative Climate vs. China
  109. 109. Climate of Conflict Water Wars Rising Demand vs. Diminishing Supply 2010 MiaGreen threadcollaborative Climate vs. China source: NASA 40% of the world’s population depends on the Himalayan watershed for water Yellow River Indus River Yangtze River Salween River Mekong River Brahmaputra River Ganges River
  110. 110. Climate of Conflict Water Wars Rising Demand vs. Diminishing Supply 2010 MiaGreen threadcollaborative Climate vs. China source: NASA
  111. 111. Climate of Conflict Water Wars Rising Demand vs. Diminishing Supply 2010 MiaGreen threadcollaborative Climate vs. China source: Edward Burtynsky Photography
  112. 112. Climate of Conflict Water Wars Rising Demand vs. Diminishing Supply 2010 MiaGreen threadcollaborative Climate vs. China source: CHina Digital Times
  113. 113. Climate of Conflict Water Wars Rising Demand vs. Diminishing Supply 2010 MiaGreen threadcollaborative Climate vs. China Neighboring Provinces 2005 source: Rueters/China News Photo
  114. 114. Climate of Conflict Water Wars Rising Demand vs. Diminishing Supply 2010 MiaGreen threadcollaborative Consumption vs. Yemen
  115. 115. Climate of Conflict Water Wars Rising Demand vs. Diminishing Supply 2010 MiaGreen threadcollaborative Privatization vs. Fryeburg source: JPL via Wunderground
  116. 116. Climate of Conflict Water Wars Rising Demand vs. Diminishing Supply 2010 MiaGreen threadcollaborative Privatization vs. Fryeburg
  117. 117. Climate of Conflict Water Wars Rising Demand vs. Diminishing Supply 2010 MiaGreen threadcollaborative Privatization vs. Bolivia
  118. 118. Climate of Conflict Water Wars Rising Demand vs. Diminishing Supply 2010 MiaGreen threadcollaborative Privatization vs. Bolivia source: Omer Koren via Wikimedia Commons
  119. 119. Climate of Conflict Water Wars Rising Demand vs. Diminishing Supply 2010 MiaGreen threadcollaborative Privatization vs. Bolivia source: Duncan Green, Head of Research for Oxfam GB
  120. 120. Climate of Conflict Water Wars Rising Demand vs. Diminishing Supply 2010 MiaGreen threadcollaborative Privatization vs. Bolivia source: Ferdinand Reus via Wikimedia Commons
  121. 121. “Whiskey is for drinking; water is for fighting over.” Mark Twain
  122. 122. ! ! kevin@threadcollaborative.com questions? thank you

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