2007 AIA National

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A presentation titled Hispanic Space: Architecture of Acculturation delivered at the 2007 AIA National Convention held in San Antonio, TX.

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2007 AIA National

  1. 1. Hispanic Space: Architecture of Acculturation FR85 Friday, May 4, 6-7p.m.
  2. 2. Hispanic Space | Architecture of Acculturation
  3. 3. Hello, my name is Kevin O’Donnell and I am very, very, very, very Irish.
  4. 4. Cultural Overview Acculturation Application 01 02 03 2007 AIA National Cultural Overview Acculturation Application FR85 Hispanic Space
  5. 5. 300.2 Spain (44.7) million Cuba (11.4) Dominican Republic (9.1) Mexico (108.7) Puerto Rico (3.9) Guatemala (12.5) El Salvador (6.8) Venezuela (25.3) Honduras (7.2) Nicaragua (5.4) Costa Rica (4.3) Panama (3.2) Columbia (42.9) Ecuador (13.3) 20 Peru (27.9) Paraguay (6.3) countries Bolivia (8.8) Uruguay (3.4) Chile (15.9) Argentina (39.5) 400.5 million source: Wikipedia What is Hispanic? 2007 AIA National Cultural Overview Acculturation Application FR85 Hispanic Space
  6. 6. “ You won’t find Hispanics in Latin America. You need to come to the United States to meet Hispanics. What Hispanic immigrants learn within the US is to view themselves in a new way, as belonging to Latin America entire... precisely at the moment they no longer do.” Richard Rodriguez source: Arreola - Hispanic Space, Latino Place What is Hispanic? 2007 AIA National Cultural Overview Acculturation Application FR85 Hispanic Space
  7. 7. 2007 AIA National Cultural Overview Acculturation Application FR85 Hispanic Space
  8. 8. In 2002, Hispanics became the largest minority group. Their population is now: They are the second fastest growing group between 1990 and 2000 at: 41.3 60% 13% million source: US Census Bureau Census Data 2007 AIA National Cultural Overview Acculturation Application FR85 Hispanic Space
  9. 9. 41.3 Spain (44.7) million Cuba (11.4) Dominican Republic (9.1) Mexico (108.7) Puerto Rico (3.9) Guatemala (12.5) El Salvador (6.8) Venezuela (25.3) Honduras (7.2) Nicaragua (5.4) Costa Rica (4.3) Panama (3.2) Columbia (42.9) Ecuador (13.3) Peru (27.9) Paraguay (6.3) Bolivia (8.8) Uruguay (3.4) Chile (15.9) Argentina (39.5) source: Wikipedia What is Hispanic? 2007 AIA National Cultural Overview Acculturation Application FR85 Hispanic Space
  10. 10. It is estimated that by 2050, the Hispanic population will double in size and represent 25% of the total US population. In some states, they will no longer be the largest minority group, they will be the majority. source: 2000 US Census Brief on Hispanic Population, May 2001 2007 AIA National Cultural Overview Acculturation Application FR85 Hispanic Space
  11. 11. Asian 5% Black 13% Hispanic/Latino 15% 67% White source: 2000 US Census Brief on Hispanic Population, May 2001 US Population Mix 2007 AIA National Cultural Overview Acculturation Application FR85 Hispanic Space
  12. 12. Other 17.3% Spain 0.3% South America 3.8% Central America 4.8% Dominican Republic 2.2% 58.5% Mexico Cuba 3.5% Puerto Rico 9.6% source: 2000 US Census Distribution of Hispanic/Latino subgroups Countries of Origin 2007 AIA National Cultural Overview Acculturation Application FR85 Hispanic Space
  13. 13. Hispanic Total 40 32% >25% Population (in millions) 30 put together chart for 32% 20 15% 17% stats these 12% 10 13% 25% 17% 42% 20% ia as rk a os na y ico o a se ri d ad ad rn x Yo izo ni ex r Te ev or fo Flo Illi Je ew Ar M N ali ol ew C N C ew N N source: 2000 US Census Brief on Hispanic Population, May 2001 Population by State 2007 AIA National Cultural Overview Acculturation Application FR85 Hispanic Space
  14. 14. Most popular US names: Male - Jacob Female - Emily Jose source: 2000 US Census: Brief on Hispanic Population, May 2001 80% live in just 8 states 2007 AIA National Cultural Overview Acculturation Application FR85 Hispanic Space
  15. 15. Alaska Hawaii New Hispanic State growth > 200% and increase > 200,000 Established Hispanic State growth < 200% and increase > 200,000 Emerging Hispanic State growth > 200% and increase < 200,000 Non-magnet State growth < 200% and increase < 200,000 source: Pew Hispanic Center People in Motion 2007 AIA National Cultural Overview Acculturation Application FR85 Hispanic Space
  16. 16. Largest female plurality Largest male plurality source: National Geographic 02/07 Single Population 2007 AIA National Cultural Overview Acculturation Application FR85 Hispanic Space
  17. 17. vs.15% Group Total Hispanic Percent House - 434 23 5.3% US Congress Senate - 100 2 2.0% State Governors 50 1 2.0% State Legislature 7,314 266 3.5% source: US Census Bureau Hispanic Elected Officials 2007 AIA National Cultural Overview Acculturation Application FR85 Hispanic Space
  18. 18. Alaska: 0 3 1 0 0 0 3 1 2 1 1 18 4 0 26% 1 2 4 0 1 6 3 1 0 6 2 12 15% 1 9 0 1 0 37 4 0 0 4% 4 3 1 18 5% 0 49 0 1 7% Hawaii: 1 0 0 3 43 0 2% 18% 21 source: US Census Bureau Hispanic State Officials 2007 AIA National Cultural Overview Acculturation Application FR85 Hispanic Space
  19. 19. Alaska: 0 Puerto Rico 3 1 0 0 0 3 1 2 1 1 18 4 0 26% 1 2 4 0 1 6 3 1 0 6 2 12 15% 1 9 0 1 0 37 4 0 0 4% 4 3 1 18 5% 0 49 0 1 7% Hawaii: 1 0 0 3 Cuba 0 43 2% South America 18% Mexico 21 Central America source: US Census Bureau Hispanic State Officials 2007 AIA National Cultural Overview Acculturation Application FR85 Hispanic Space
  20. 20. Chicago New York City Los Angeles San Diego Phoenix Dallas Houston San Antonio Miami source: 2000 US Census Population by City 2007 AIA National Cultural Overview Acculturation Application FR85 Hispanic Space
  21. 21. City Hispanic Population Percent New York City 2,160,554 27% Los Angeles 1,719,073 46% Chicago 753,744 26% Houston 730,865 37% San Antonio 671,394 59% Phoenix 449,972 34% Dallas 422,972 36% San Diego 310,752 25% Miami 238,351 66% source: 2000 US Census Bureau Population by City 2007 AIA National Cultural Overview Acculturation Application FR85 Hispanic Space
  22. 22. City Hispanic Population Percent New York City 2,160,554 27% Los Angeles 1,719,073 46% Chicago 753,744 26% Houston 730,865 37% San Antonio 671,394 59% Phoenix 449,972 34% Dallas 422,972 36% San Diego 310,752 25% Miami 238,351 66% source: 2000 US Census Bureau Population by City 2007 AIA National Cultural Overview Acculturation Application FR85 Hispanic Space
  23. 23. City Hispanic Population Percent New York City 2,160,554 27% Los Angeles 1,719,073 46% Chicago 753,744 26% Houston 730,865 37% 1,975,956 San Antonio 671,394 59% 1,137,956 Phoenix 449,972 34% Dallas 422,972 36% 1,174,922 San Diego 310,752 25% Miami 238,351 66% source: 2000 US Census Bureau Population by City 2007 AIA National Cultural Overview Acculturation Application FR85 Hispanic Space
  24. 24. Mexican Puerto Rican Cuban Other 80% 66% 59% 60% 46% 37% 40% 36% 34% 27% 26% 25% 20% rk s go on o ix as o i iam ele i eg i n on all Yo ca st oe ng M D D ou nt hi ew Ph sA C nA n H Sa N Lo Sa source: 2000 US Census Bureau Population by City 2007 AIA National Cultural Overview Acculturation Application FR85 Hispanic Space
  25. 25. Mexican Puerto Rican Cuban Other 80% 66% 59% 60% 46% 37% 40% 36% 34% 27% 26% 25% 20% rk s go on o ix as o i iam ele i eg i n on all Yo ca st oe ng M D D ou nt hi ew Ph sA C nA n H Sa N Lo Sa source: 2000 US Census Bureau Population by City 2007 AIA National Cultural Overview Acculturation Application FR85 Hispanic Space
  26. 26. Mexican Puerto Rican Cuban Other 80% 66% 59% 60% 46% 37% 40% 36% 34% 27% 26% 25% 20% rk s go on o ix as o i iam ele i eg i n on all Yo ca st oe ng M D D ou nt hi ew Ph sA C nA n H Sa N Lo Sa source: 2000 US Census Bureau Population by City 2007 AIA National Cultural Overview Acculturation Application FR85 Hispanic Space
  27. 27. Mexican Puerto Rican Cuban Other 80% 66% 59% 60% 46% 37% 40% 36% 34% 27% 26% 25% 20% rk s go on o ix as o i iam ele i eg i n on all Yo ca st oe ng M D D ou nt hi ew Ph sA C nA n H Sa N Lo Sa source: 2000 US Census Bureau Population by City 2007 AIA National Cultural Overview Acculturation Application FR85 Hispanic Space
  28. 28. Mexican Puerto Rican Cuban Other 80% 66% 59% 60% 46% 37% 40% 36% 34% 27% 26% 25% 20% rk s go on o ix as o i iam ele i eg i n on all Yo ca st oe ng M D D ou nt hi ew Ph sA C nA n H Sa N Lo Sa source: 2000 US Census Bureau Population by City 2007 AIA National Cultural Overview Acculturation Application FR85 Hispanic Space
  29. 29. 2.1 million 27% of the total population Puerto Rico New York City 2007 AIA National Cultural Overview Acculturation Application FR85 Hispanic Space
  30. 30. 670,000 59% of the total population Mexico San Antonio 2007 AIA National Cultural Overview Acculturation Application FR85 Hispanic Space
  31. 31. 240,000 66% of the total population Cuba Miami 2007 AIA National Cultural Overview Acculturation Application FR85 Hispanic Space
  32. 32. 1. Their stay is temporary. 2. Geographic proximity. 3. Arriving in larger numbers. 4. Aided by technology. 5. Aided by media. Slow to Assimilate 2007 AIA National Cultural Overview Acculturation Application FR85 Hispanic Space
  33. 33. 40 32 15 28 24 22 Years 16 14 12 12 8 n n an n n ica ca ica ica ub Ri ex er er C Am Am o M ert al h Pu ut tr So en C source: 2000 US Census Distribution of Hispanic/Latino subgroups Stay is Temporary 2007 AIA National Cultural Overview Acculturation Application FR85 Hispanic Space
  34. 34. Chicago NY 1,952 miles Mexico Cuba South America Puerto Rico Central America Geographic Proximity 2007 AIA National Cultural Overview Acculturation Application FR85 Hispanic Space
  35. 35. Dublin NY 3181 miles Geographic Proximity 2007 AIA National Cultural Overview Acculturation Application FR85 Hispanic Space
  36. 36. Irish Immigration Latin American Immigration Year Immigrants Year Foreign Born Population 1.5 1845 75,000 2000 13,805,699 3.7 million million 1846 135,000 2002 1849 220,000 2003 1850 228,000 2004 1851 250,000 2005 17,539,455 source: irish-society.org & Pew Hispanic Center Arriving in Larger Numbers 2007 AIA National Cultural Overview Acculturation Application FR85 Hispanic Space
  37. 37. Aided by Technology 2007 AIA National Cultural Overview Acculturation Application FR85 Hispanic Space
  38. 38. Aided by Technology 2007 AIA National Cultural Overview Acculturation Application FR85 Hispanic Space
  39. 39. Aided by Media - Cable TV 2007 AIA National Cultural Overview Acculturation Application FR85 Hispanic Space
  40. 40. Aided by Media - Radio 2007 AIA National Cultural Overview Acculturation Application FR85 Hispanic Space
  41. 41. Aided by Media - Magazines 2007 AIA National Cultural Overview Acculturation Application FR85 Hispanic Space
  42. 42. Diarios Rumbo - San Antonio, TX Aided by Media - Newspapers 2007 AIA National Cultural Overview Acculturation Application FR85 Hispanic Space
  43. 43. elaguilanew.com Aided by Media - Web Sites 2007 AIA National Cultural Overview Acculturation Application FR85 Hispanic Space
  44. 44. $60,000 $46,971 $45,000 $33,601 $29,483 $30,000 $15,000 White Hispanic Black source: Selig Center for Economic Growth Median Household Income 2007 AIA National Cultural Overview Acculturation Application FR85 Hispanic Space
  45. 45. Hispanics in the US have the second highest buying power. They represent approx. $700 billion in annual spending. source: Selig Center for Economic Growth 2007 AIA National Cultural Overview Acculturation Application FR85 Hispanic Space
  46. 46. $80,000 $60,000 $50,250 $50,000 $50,000 $41,500 $38,900 $40,000 $20,000 n n an n n ica ca ica ica ub Ri ex er er C Am Am o M rt e al h Pu ut tr So en C source: Synovate Hispanic Market Report Income by Group 2007 AIA National Cultural Overview Acculturation Application FR85 Hispanic Space
  47. 47. Acculturation 02 2007 AIA National Cultural Overview Acculturation Application FR85 Hispanic Space
  48. 48. Working Class Poor Middle Class Upper Class Elite The bulk of all Smallest portion of Comprise a small portion. immigrants. immigrants. Have fled primarily for Difficult for professionals Have fled primarily for economic reasons. to transport businesses political reasons. easily. Come from rural regions. Professional reciprocity is Come from urban often difficult. regions. Mexico, Central All countries Cuba, South America America, Puerto Rico Reasons for Immigration 2007 AIA National Cultural Overview Acculturation Application FR85 Hispanic Space
  49. 49. Foreign Born Native Born 57% 37% 28% 27% 20% 12% less than $30,000 $30,000 to $50,000 $50,000 and above source: 2002 National Survey of Latinos Financial Strength 2007 AIA National Cultural Overview Acculturation Application FR85 Hispanic Space
  50. 50. 2000 2010 2020 30 22 21 20 18 18 Millions 15 14 14 11 10 10 First Generation Second Generation Third Generation source: Pew Hispanic Center Change in Population 2007 AIA National Cultural Overview Acculturation Application FR85 Hispanic Space
  51. 51. Distribution 1990 2000 2010 Hispanic-minority Neighborhoods 61% 53% 40% Hispanic-majority Neighborhoods 39% 47% 60% source: Pew Hispanic Center Distribution 2007 AIA National Cultural Overview Acculturation Application FR85 Hispanic Space
  52. 52. 1. Working class poor. 2. Come from rural settings. 3. Move to urban settings. 4. Living in hispanic-majority neighborhoods. 5. Second generation is the fastest growing. 6. Holding on to their culture longer - slower to assimilate. Overview 2007 AIA National Cultural Overview Acculturation Application FR85 Hispanic Space
  53. 53. Isolated Acculturated Assimilated First Generation First & Second Third Generation & Generation Higher Path Toward Assimilation 2007 AIA National Cultural Overview Acculturation Application FR85 Hispanic Space
  54. 54. Isolated Acculturated Assimilated Level 1 Acculturation Level 2 Acculturation Level 3 Acculturation Path Toward Assimilation 2007 AIA National Cultural Overview Acculturation Application FR85 Hispanic Space
  55. 55. Level 1 Acculturated 2007 AIA National Cultural Overview Acculturation Application FR85 Hispanic Space
  56. 56. Level 2 Acculturated 2007 AIA National Cultural Overview Acculturation Application FR85 Hispanic Space
  57. 57. Level 3 Acculturated 2007 AIA National Cultural Overview Acculturation Application FR85 Hispanic Space
  58. 58. Las Vegas Laredo source: Arreola - Hispanic Spaces, Latino Places Continuous Communities 2007 AIA National Cultural Overview Acculturation Application FR85 Hispanic Space
  59. 59. San Francisco Los Angeles San Diego source: Arreola - Hispanic Spaces, Latino Places Discontinuous Communities 2007 AIA National Cultural Overview Acculturation Application FR85 Hispanic Space
  60. 60. Reno Cleveland New York Washington DC Kansas City Duplin Co. Phoenix Hereford source: Arreola - Hispanic Spaces, Latino Places New Communities 2007 AIA National Cultural Overview Acculturation Application FR85 Hispanic Space
  61. 61. Application 03 2007 AIA National Cultural Overview Acculturation Application FR85 Hispanic Space
  62. 62. Los Angeles, California 2007 AIA National Cultural Overview Acculturation Application FR85 Hispanic Space
  63. 63. 2007 AIA National Cultural Overview Acculturation Application FR85 Hispanic Space
  64. 64. 2007 AIA National Cultural Overview Acculturation Application FR85 Hispanic Space
  65. 65. Korea Town East Los Angeles 2007 AIA National Cultural Overview Acculturation Application FR85 Hispanic Space
  66. 66. Mac Arthur Park Placita Olvera Belvedere Park 2007 AIA National Cultural Overview Acculturation Application FR85 Hispanic Space
  67. 67. Echo Park ado r Ava 110 Wilshire China Town 101 Mac Arthur Park Korea Town Downtown 10 2007 AIA National Cultural Overview Acculturation Application FR85 Hispanic Space
  68. 68. 2007 AIA National Cultural Overview Acculturation Application FR85 Hispanic Space
  69. 69. Civic Mixed Housing Retail Mixed Religious Central Plaza Retail Civic Retail Retail The Community Plaza 2007 AIA National Cultural Overview Acculturation Application FR85 Hispanic Space
  70. 70. 2007 AIA National Cultural Overview Acculturation Application FR85 Hispanic Space
  71. 71. Park Perimeter 2007 AIA National Cultural Overview Acculturation Application FR85 Hispanic Space
  72. 72. Park Perimeter 2007 AIA National Cultural Overview Acculturation Application FR85 Hispanic Space
  73. 73. Park Interior 2007 AIA National Cultural Overview Acculturation Application FR85 Hispanic Space
  74. 74. Spacial Associations from Home 2007 AIA National Cultural Overview Acculturation Application FR85 Hispanic Space
  75. 75. Spacial Associations from Home 2007 AIA National Cultural Overview Acculturation Application FR85 Hispanic Space
  76. 76. Spacial Associations from Home 2007 AIA National Cultural Overview Acculturation Application FR85 Hispanic Space
  77. 77. Spacial Associations from Home 2007 AIA National Cultural Overview Acculturation Application FR85 Hispanic Space
  78. 78. Spacial Associations from Home 2007 AIA National Cultural Overview Acculturation Application FR85 Hispanic Space
  79. 79. Spacial Associations from Home 2007 AIA National Cultural Overview Acculturation Application FR85 Hispanic Space
  80. 80. Retail Experiences from Home 2007 AIA National Cultural Overview Acculturation Application FR85 Hispanic Space
  81. 81. Retail Experiences from Home 2007 AIA National Cultural Overview Acculturation Application FR85 Hispanic Space
  82. 82. Retail Experiences from Home 2007 AIA National Cultural Overview Acculturation Application FR85 Hispanic Space
  83. 83. Retail Experiences from Home 2007 AIA National Cultural Overview Acculturation Application FR85 Hispanic Space
  84. 84. Retail Experiences from Home 2007 AIA National Cultural Overview Acculturation Application FR85 Hispanic Space
  85. 85. Off the books Celebration Beauty Food Finance Clothing Religion Shipping Music Isolated Acculturated Assimilated Level 1 Acculturation Level 2 Acculturation Level 3 Acculturation Path Toward Assimilation 2007 AIA National Cultural Overview Acculturation Application FR85 Hispanic Space
  86. 86. Off-the-books Retail 2007 AIA National Cultural Overview Acculturation Application FR85 Hispanic Space
  87. 87. Off-the-books Retail 2007 AIA National Cultural Overview Acculturation Application FR85 Hispanic Space
  88. 88. Off-the-books Retail 2007 AIA National Cultural Overview Acculturation Application FR85 Hispanic Space
  89. 89. Off-the-books Retail 2007 AIA National Cultural Overview Acculturation Application FR85 Hispanic Space
  90. 90. Food Retail - The Mini 2007 AIA National Cultural Overview Acculturation Application FR85 Hispanic Space
  91. 91. Food Retail - The Mini 2007 AIA National Cultural Overview Acculturation Application FR85 Hispanic Space
  92. 92. Food Retail - The Mini 2007 AIA National Cultural Overview Acculturation Application FR85 Hispanic Space
  93. 93. Food Retail - The Independent 2007 AIA National Cultural Overview Acculturation Application FR85 Hispanic Space
  94. 94. Food Retail - The Regional 2007 AIA National Cultural Overview Acculturation Application FR85 Hispanic Space
  95. 95. Food Retail - The Regional 2007 AIA National Cultural Overview Acculturation Application FR85 Hispanic Space
  96. 96. get an interior photo Religion 2007 AIA National Cultural Overview Acculturation Application FR85 Hispanic Space
  97. 97. Religion 2007 AIA National Cultural Overview Acculturation Application FR85 Hispanic Space
  98. 98. Religion 2007 AIA National Cultural Overview Acculturation Application FR85 Hispanic Space
  99. 99. Religion 2007 AIA National Cultural Overview Acculturation Application FR85 Hispanic Space
  100. 100. Religion 2007 AIA National Cultural Overview Acculturation Application FR85 Hispanic Space
  101. 101. Music 2007 AIA National Cultural Overview Acculturation Application FR85 Hispanic Space
  102. 102. Music 2007 AIA National Cultural Overview Acculturation Application FR85 Hispanic Space
  103. 103. Celebration 2007 AIA National Cultural Overview Acculturation Application FR85 Hispanic Space
  104. 104. Celebration 2007 AIA National Cultural Overview Acculturation Application FR85 Hispanic Space
  105. 105. Financial 2007 AIA National Cultural Overview Acculturation Application FR85 Hispanic Space
  106. 106. add more photos of banks or other check cashing places Financial 2007 AIA National Cultural Overview Acculturation Application FR85 Hispanic Space
  107. 107. Package Shipment 2007 AIA National Cultural Overview Acculturation Application FR85 Hispanic Space
  108. 108. Package Shipment 2007 AIA National Cultural Overview Acculturation Application FR85 Hispanic Space
  109. 109. Package Shipment 2007 AIA National Cultural Overview Acculturation Application FR85 Hispanic Space
  110. 110. Package Shipment 2007 AIA National Cultural Overview Acculturation Application FR85 Hispanic Space
  111. 111. Package Shipment 2007 AIA National Cultural Overview Acculturation Application FR85 Hispanic Space
  112. 112. Phone Home 2007 AIA National Cultural Overview Acculturation Application FR85 Hispanic Space
  113. 113. Beauty Retail 2007 AIA National Cultural Overview Acculturation Application FR85 Hispanic Space
  114. 114. Beauty Retail 2007 AIA National Cultural Overview Acculturation Application FR85 Hispanic Space
  115. 115. Closing Thoughts 2007 AIA National Cultural Overview Acculturation Application FR85 Hispanic Space
  116. 116. The size and economic strength of the emerging Hispanic market is considerable, but this wave of immigration is different than any of those this country has experienced in the past. 2007 AIA National Cultural Overview Acculturation Application FR85 Hispanic Space
  117. 117. The Hispanic population is changing, and patterns of acculturation common to all immigration will influence their attitudes and behaviors. 2007 AIA National Cultural Overview Acculturation Application FR85 Hispanic Space
  118. 118. There is a connection between the degree of acculturation, spacial organization, place making and architecture. 2007 AIA National Cultural Overview Acculturation Application FR85 Hispanic Space
  119. 119. Q+A 2007 AIA National FR85 Hispanic Space

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