100 Years War and BlackDeathScientific Advances whichcontradicted the ChurchThe Corruption within theCatholic Church
Prior to the Reformation allChristians were Roman CatholicThe [REFORM]ation was an attemptto REFORM the Catholic ChurchPeople like Martin Luther wanted toget rid of the corruption and restorethe people’s faith in the church
In the end the reformers, likeLuther, established their ownreligionsThe Reformation caused a split inChristianity with the formation ofthese new Protestant religions
Lived from 1483-1546 inGermanyFather encouraged himto study lawA sudden religiousexperience inspired him tobecome a monk
He became troubled over thepossibility of not going toheavenHe turned to the Bible, andconfession for comfortIn the Bible he found theanswer he was looking for
“The righteous shall by hisfaith.”Luther realized that only faith (inthe ultimate goodness of Jesus), notgood deeds, could save a person. Nogood works, rituals, etc. would save aperson if they did not believe.
A list of things he thoughtwere wrong with the CatholicChurch (95 Complaints)He criticized:The Power of the PopeThe Extreme Wealth of theChurchIndulgences (Catholicconcept of Salvation)
Gutenberg’s Printing Press made itpossible for Luther to spread hisbeliefsPosted his 95 Theses on Churchdoors in GermanyGained support from people andcriticism from Church
•The first thingprinted onGutenberg’spress was theBible.•This is apicture of apage from oneof Gutenberg’sBibles.
Some Local German Churchesaccepted Luther’s ideasSupported by German Princeswho issued a formal “protest”against the Church for suppressingthe reformsThe reformers came to be knownas [PROTEST]ants - Protestants
Started in Switzerland –CalvinistsEngland = PuritansScotland = PresbyteriansHolland = Dutch ReformFrance = HuguenotsGermany = Reform Church