Presentacion polonia


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Presentacion polonia

  1. 1. How Much Can The Earth Bear?
  2. 2. GDANSK THE CITY <ul><li>459 O56 INHABITANTS </li></ul><ul><li>SITUATED ON THE BALTIC </li></ul><ul><li>SEA </li></ul><ul><li>• OCCUPIES 262 KM² </li></ul>
  3. 3. One average family anually produces litter of 1 tone Paper -> 30% Organic waste -> 23 % Glass -> 10 % Metal -> 9% Plastic -> 8% Grubbies -> 5% Dust -> 3% Other waste -> 10%
  4. 4. Sanitary severy systems discharge waste into severage systems <ul><li>In 98% households sanitary severy systems are installed </li></ul><ul><li>30 633 995 m³ annually is discharged into the largest treatment plant ‘The East’ </li></ul><ul><li>That means using 56 277 m³ / day by people and 4843,5 m³ by industry </li></ul>
  6. 6. TOTAL NUMBER OF CARS IN GDANSK IS 177 554 The most threatening for our health substances are: - sulfur dioxide - nitrogen dioxide - dust - carbon dioxide
  7. 7. People work The largest and most threatening the environment plants are: • Refinery of Gdansk -> extracts crude oil, refines it, distributes all products, such as gasoline, diesel, fuel oils, aviation fuel, gases • Port of Gdansk -> loads general cargo, coal, liquid fuels and serves passengers • Siarkopol -> processes sulphur and distributes allp roducts • Naftopol -> produces condenser liquids, lubricants and industrial oils • Phosphate Fertilizers -> produces fertilizers and sulphur acid
  8. 8. The most dangerous threats for environment are: <ul><li>litter </li></ul><ul><li>fumes </li></ul><ul><li>industrial waste </li></ul><ul><li>sewage </li></ul>
  9. 9. LITTER <ul><li>All waste from all over the city is taken to </li></ul><ul><li>dumpings, </li></ul><ul><li>There, bulldozers crush waste to save place </li></ul><ul><li>and cover it with a layer of sand in order to </li></ul><ul><li>protect it from birds and animals which </li></ul><ul><li>otherwise would spread diseases </li></ul><ul><li>The largest dumping is situated in Szadolki, </li></ul><ul><li>every day 665 tonnes of waste is brought to </li></ul><ul><li>this 72 ha dumping </li></ul>
  10. 10. THE MOST IMPORTANT PROBLEMS ARE: <ul><li>The surface it ocuppies, as all dumpings are getting larger and </li></ul><ul><li>larger </li></ul><ul><li>Since it is badly protected, toxic substances pollute ground and </li></ul><ul><li>surface waters </li></ul><ul><li>Illegal rubbish dumping of waste and household rubbish in </li></ul><ul><li>public spaces, which is both a heath and safety risk and has a </li></ul><ul><li>significant impact on animals or forestry </li></ul>
  11. 11. WHAT CAN WE DO? RECYCLE -> which means collecting materials, cleaning them, sorting, to turn them into usable raw materials to make another product REDUCE -> which means buying less REUSE -> which means using second – hand things REACT -> report illegal dumping
  12. 12. WHAT ELSE CAN BE DONE? <ul><li>Neutralization of waste </li></ul><ul><li>Modernization of waste management </li></ul><ul><li>Protecting dumping area (bushes, nets) </li></ul><ul><li>Promotion of recycling </li></ul><ul><li>Making sure that containers for recycling are avaiable everywhere </li></ul><ul><li>That should help change proportions… </li></ul>PIZZA
  13. 13. FUMES <ul><li>Pollution from cars poses threat to </li></ul><ul><li>people health, effects can include: </li></ul><ul><li>-> headache </li></ul><ul><li>-> skin rush </li></ul><ul><li>-> throat and eye irritation </li></ul><ul><li>-> allergies </li></ul><ul><li>They affect the health of plants and animals </li></ul><ul><li>They cause global warming and the ozone hole </li></ul><ul><li>They cause acid rain, </li></ul><ul><li>Other sources of air pollution are: </li></ul><ul><li>-> industrial activity </li></ul><ul><li>-> central heating </li></ul><ul><li>Sulfur dioxide and nitrogen oxides are emitted into the atmosphere and absorbed in clouds, dropping it increases the acidity of soil, water and forests </li></ul>
  14. 14. WHAT CAN WE DO? <ul><li>Use public transport instead of cars </li></ul><ul><li>Walk or cycle whenever you can, </li></ul><ul><li>there are kilometres of bicycle paths </li></ul><ul><li>in Gdansk and even more </li></ul><ul><li>under construction </li></ul>TRY TO CONVINCE OTHERS…
  15. 15. WHAT ELSE CAN BE DONE? <ul><li>Modernization of energetic trade and central heating boilers </li></ul><ul><li>that has already reduced emission of carbon dioxide by 15% </li></ul><ul><li>over few past years </li></ul><ul><li>• Changing vehicles from the old ones into modern and </li></ul><ul><li>environment - friendly </li></ul><ul><li>• Encouraging people to walking and cycling or using public transport instead of </li></ul><ul><li>sticking to their cars </li></ul>
  16. 16. In order to reduce amount of toxic gases polluting air, plants are grown which absorb carbon dioxide and produce oxygen.
  17. 17. Greenery • Woodland in Gdansk -> 4 589,00 ha • Urban green -> 592,00 ha • Allotments -> 957,00 ha that makes total: 6 138,00 ha and means that 134,4 m²falls per one habitant, including 100,5 m²of woodland and 34m²of urban green. Not bad, isn’t it?
  18. 18. THE SOBIESZEWO ISLAND <ul><li>The place Gdansk is especially proud of is the Sobieszewo Island, enclosed by the Gulf of Gdansk and the river Wisla, the island being totally created by a man </li></ul><ul><li>• Owing to its natural properties and unique flora and fauna the island has the lagal status of the landscape protected area </li></ul><ul><li>• There are two birds reserves open for tourists: Bird Paradise and Gull of Sandbank. 300 species of birds, such as: </li></ul>gulls waders swans ducks live here or stay during migration
  19. 19. SEWAGE Water pollution is any chemical, phisical or biological change in the quality of water that has a harmful effect on any living being that drinks it or uses it
  20. 20. Sewage Sources of pollution: • rivers and canals -> 292 370, 25 m³ • sewage treatment plants -> 36 006,05 m³ • industry -> 961, 41 m³ That makes total: 329 337, 71 m³ annually All this waste, icluding oxygen, phosphorus, suspensions, heavy metals and masses of bacterias flows into the Gulf of Gdansk
  21. 21. THE BALTIC SEA <ul><li>9 countries lie on the shores of the Baltic Sea. </li></ul><ul><li>85 million people live in the Baltic drainage basin </li></ul><ul><li>Owing to the fact that it is really commonly used sea area it is one of the most polluted seas, either </li></ul><ul><li>The key sources of pollution are: </li></ul>port and shipyards waste sea shipping oil - drilling
  22. 22. HOW DO PORTS AND SHIPYARDS POLLUTE THE SEA? <ul><li>Ships leave oil waste, slime, sanitary sewage, oiled grubbies, </li></ul><ul><li>Shipyards dispose of wastes of ship making </li></ul><ul><li>Paints which boats are covered with get directly to the water </li></ul>
  23. 23. HOW DO PEOPLE POLLUTE THE SEA? <ul><li>Great number of people living around and ships coming asore, means discharging lots of sewage and litter. </li></ul><ul><li>Sewage contains bacterias putting our health at risk, </li></ul><ul><li>The most common pathogenic bacterias are those dangerous for digestive, respiratory and urinal systems </li></ul>
  24. 24. HOW DO INDUSTRY POLLUTE THE SEA? <ul><li>Waste from plants is dicharged into the sea </li></ul><ul><li>Pesticides and fertilizers with rain water flow into the nearest rivers , which carry them and discharge into the sea </li></ul><ul><li>The most dangerous for sea water are nitro and phospho - compounds </li></ul>
  25. 25. HOW DO SHIPS POLLUTE THE SEA? <ul><li>They discharge waste into the sea water because it it a cheaper way of dealing with sewage and litter than their legal utilisation </li></ul><ul><li>Leaking oil from ships and oil – drilling rigs causes oil spills which are specially dangerous for birds, cleaning feathers they get poisoned by heavy metals </li></ul>an oil spill a poisoned bird
  26. 26. WHAT CAN WE DO?
  27. 27. WHAT ELSE CAN BE DONE? <ul><li>Replacing some products such as paints or weedkillers with less harmful for environment means </li></ul><ul><li>Neutralization of waste </li></ul><ul><li>Decrease of inflow of pesticides and fertilizers </li></ul><ul><li>Modernization of water treatments </li></ul><ul><li>More effective biological treatment, which is accelerating natural biological processing </li></ul><ul><li>Growing mussels which filter large particules from water </li></ul>
  28. 28. INDUSTRIAL WASTE <ul><li>Apart from fumes and sewage industrial factories produce also toxic waste which pollutes the natural environment and contaminates groundwater </li></ul><ul><li>Toxic waste is often dumped neraby plants and places where people live causing epidemic health problems </li></ul><ul><li>Chemicals can cause: </li></ul><ul><li>-> cancer </li></ul><ul><li>-> birth defects </li></ul><ul><li>-> gentic mutations </li></ul><ul><li>-> death </li></ul><ul><li>-> behavioral changes </li></ul>
  29. 29. WISLINKA <ul><li>In Gdansk it is Wislinka, which poses the the biggest threat to people’s health </li></ul><ul><li>The mound has been soaring since 1972, today it is 50 metres high, occupies the area of 26 ha and is built excusively of 16 million of toxic phosphoplaster </li></ul><ul><li>It is so huge that can easily be seen at the satellite picture </li></ul>
  30. 30. HOW DOES ‘WISLINKA’ INFLUENCE THE NATURAL ENVIRONMENT <ul><li>It is only 50 metres distant from the bed of Martwa Wisla river and there is only leeking leeve between </li></ul><ul><li>Rain water goes through the moundand takes fluorine letting it get to the ground water and the river itself </li></ul><ul><li>The mound poses the threat to the health conditions of people living nearby </li></ul><ul><li>Asthma, allergies, skin infections, bronchitis are really common here </li></ul>
  31. 31. CANCER MORBIDITY IN GDANSK <ul><li>Sick rate is twice as high as in Poland itself and among people living a short distance from the mound it is even three times higher </li></ul>Cancer morbidity in the region of Gdansk versus Poland
  33. 33. WHAT DO WE DO AS SCHOOL COMMUNITY? <ul><li>We take part in Zero Carbon City , the global campaign around climate change, the environmental impact of the city living and urban industry </li></ul><ul><li>Workshops, organized for students aimed at raising their awareness and stimulate debatearound gas emissions </li></ul>
  34. 34. <ul><li>Students organize debates around the idea of protecting environment </li></ul><ul><li>They make projects about environment </li></ul><ul><li>They take part in contests or other events, like the ecological fashion </li></ul><ul><li>shows </li></ul>We go on trips …
  36. 36. CARE PAYS OFF… Gimnazjum nr 23 Gdansk