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Presentacion polonia
Presentacion polonia
Presentacion polonia
Presentacion polonia
Presentacion polonia
Presentacion polonia
Presentacion polonia
Presentacion polonia
Presentacion polonia
Presentacion polonia
Presentacion polonia
Presentacion polonia
Presentacion polonia
Presentacion polonia
Presentacion polonia
Presentacion polonia
Presentacion polonia
Presentacion polonia
Presentacion polonia
Presentacion polonia
Presentacion polonia
Presentacion polonia
Presentacion polonia
Presentacion polonia
Presentacion polonia
Presentacion polonia
Presentacion polonia
Presentacion polonia
Presentacion polonia
Presentacion polonia
Presentacion polonia
Presentacion polonia
Presentacion polonia
Presentacion polonia
Presentacion polonia
Presentacion polonia
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Presentacion polonia

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  • 1. How Much Can The Earth Bear?
  • 2. GDANSK THE CITY
    • 459 O56 INHABITANTS
    • SITUATED ON THE BALTIC
    • SEA
    • • OCCUPIES 262 KM²
  • 3. One average family anually produces litter of 1 tone Paper -> 30% Organic waste -> 23 % Glass -> 10 % Metal -> 9% Plastic -> 8% Grubbies -> 5% Dust -> 3% Other waste -> 10%
  • 4. Sanitary severy systems discharge waste into severage systems
    • In 98% households sanitary severy systems are installed
    • 30 633 995 m³ annually is discharged into the largest treatment plant ‘The East’
    • That means using 56 277 m³ / day by people and 4843,5 m³ by industry
  • 5. PEOPLE MOVE: 40 % USE CARS 40 % USE PUBLIC TRANSPORT 20% CYCLE OR WALK
  • 6. TOTAL NUMBER OF CARS IN GDANSK IS 177 554 The most threatening for our health substances are: - sulfur dioxide - nitrogen dioxide - dust - carbon dioxide
  • 7. People work The largest and most threatening the environment plants are: • Refinery of Gdansk -> extracts crude oil, refines it, distributes all products, such as gasoline, diesel, fuel oils, aviation fuel, gases • Port of Gdansk -> loads general cargo, coal, liquid fuels and serves passengers • Siarkopol -> processes sulphur and distributes allp roducts • Naftopol -> produces condenser liquids, lubricants and industrial oils • Phosphate Fertilizers -> produces fertilizers and sulphur acid
  • 8. The most dangerous threats for environment are:
    • litter
    • fumes
    • industrial waste
    • sewage
  • 9. LITTER
    • All waste from all over the city is taken to
    • dumpings,
    • There, bulldozers crush waste to save place
    • and cover it with a layer of sand in order to
    • protect it from birds and animals which
    • otherwise would spread diseases
    • The largest dumping is situated in Szadolki,
    • every day 665 tonnes of waste is brought to
    • this 72 ha dumping
  • 10. THE MOST IMPORTANT PROBLEMS ARE:
    • The surface it ocuppies, as all dumpings are getting larger and
    • larger
    • Since it is badly protected, toxic substances pollute ground and
    • surface waters
    • Illegal rubbish dumping of waste and household rubbish in
    • public spaces, which is both a heath and safety risk and has a
    • significant impact on animals or forestry
  • 11. WHAT CAN WE DO? RECYCLE -> which means collecting materials, cleaning them, sorting, to turn them into usable raw materials to make another product REDUCE -> which means buying less REUSE -> which means using second – hand things REACT -> report illegal dumping
  • 12. WHAT ELSE CAN BE DONE?
    • Neutralization of waste
    • Modernization of waste management
    • Protecting dumping area (bushes, nets)
    • Promotion of recycling
    • Making sure that containers for recycling are avaiable everywhere
    • That should help change proportions…
    PIZZA
  • 13. FUMES
    • Pollution from cars poses threat to
    • people health, effects can include:
    • -> headache
    • -> skin rush
    • -> throat and eye irritation
    • -> allergies
    • They affect the health of plants and animals
    • They cause global warming and the ozone hole
    • They cause acid rain,
    • Other sources of air pollution are:
    • -> industrial activity
    • -> central heating
    • Sulfur dioxide and nitrogen oxides are emitted into the atmosphere and absorbed in clouds, dropping it increases the acidity of soil, water and forests
  • 14. WHAT CAN WE DO?
    • Use public transport instead of cars
    • Walk or cycle whenever you can,
    • there are kilometres of bicycle paths
    • in Gdansk and even more
    • under construction
    TRY TO CONVINCE OTHERS…
  • 15. WHAT ELSE CAN BE DONE?
    • Modernization of energetic trade and central heating boilers
    • that has already reduced emission of carbon dioxide by 15%
    • over few past years
    • • Changing vehicles from the old ones into modern and
    • environment - friendly
    • • Encouraging people to walking and cycling or using public transport instead of
    • sticking to their cars
  • 16. In order to reduce amount of toxic gases polluting air, plants are grown which absorb carbon dioxide and produce oxygen.
  • 17. Greenery • Woodland in Gdansk -> 4 589,00 ha • Urban green -> 592,00 ha • Allotments -> 957,00 ha that makes total: 6 138,00 ha and means that 134,4 m²falls per one habitant, including 100,5 m²of woodland and 34m²of urban green. Not bad, isn’t it?
  • 18. THE SOBIESZEWO ISLAND
    • The place Gdansk is especially proud of is the Sobieszewo Island, enclosed by the Gulf of Gdansk and the river Wisla, the island being totally created by a man
    • • Owing to its natural properties and unique flora and fauna the island has the lagal status of the landscape protected area
    • • There are two birds reserves open for tourists: Bird Paradise and Gull of Sandbank. 300 species of birds, such as:
    gulls waders swans ducks live here or stay during migration
  • 19. SEWAGE Water pollution is any chemical, phisical or biological change in the quality of water that has a harmful effect on any living being that drinks it or uses it
  • 20. Sewage Sources of pollution: • rivers and canals -> 292 370, 25 m³ • sewage treatment plants -> 36 006,05 m³ • industry -> 961, 41 m³ That makes total: 329 337, 71 m³ annually All this waste, icluding oxygen, phosphorus, suspensions, heavy metals and masses of bacterias flows into the Gulf of Gdansk
  • 21. THE BALTIC SEA
    • 9 countries lie on the shores of the Baltic Sea.
    • 85 million people live in the Baltic drainage basin
    • Owing to the fact that it is really commonly used sea area it is one of the most polluted seas, either
    • The key sources of pollution are:
    port and shipyards waste sea shipping oil - drilling
  • 22. HOW DO PORTS AND SHIPYARDS POLLUTE THE SEA?
    • Ships leave oil waste, slime, sanitary sewage, oiled grubbies,
    • Shipyards dispose of wastes of ship making
    • Paints which boats are covered with get directly to the water
  • 23. HOW DO PEOPLE POLLUTE THE SEA?
    • Great number of people living around and ships coming asore, means discharging lots of sewage and litter.
    • Sewage contains bacterias putting our health at risk,
    • The most common pathogenic bacterias are those dangerous for digestive, respiratory and urinal systems
  • 24. HOW DO INDUSTRY POLLUTE THE SEA?
    • Waste from plants is dicharged into the sea
    • Pesticides and fertilizers with rain water flow into the nearest rivers , which carry them and discharge into the sea
    • The most dangerous for sea water are nitro and phospho - compounds
  • 25. HOW DO SHIPS POLLUTE THE SEA?
    • They discharge waste into the sea water because it it a cheaper way of dealing with sewage and litter than their legal utilisation
    • Leaking oil from ships and oil – drilling rigs causes oil spills which are specially dangerous for birds, cleaning feathers they get poisoned by heavy metals
    an oil spill a poisoned bird
  • 26. WHAT CAN WE DO?
  • 27. WHAT ELSE CAN BE DONE?
    • Replacing some products such as paints or weedkillers with less harmful for environment means
    • Neutralization of waste
    • Decrease of inflow of pesticides and fertilizers
    • Modernization of water treatments
    • More effective biological treatment, which is accelerating natural biological processing
    • Growing mussels which filter large particules from water
  • 28. INDUSTRIAL WASTE
    • Apart from fumes and sewage industrial factories produce also toxic waste which pollutes the natural environment and contaminates groundwater
    • Toxic waste is often dumped neraby plants and places where people live causing epidemic health problems
    • Chemicals can cause:
    • -> cancer
    • -> birth defects
    • -> gentic mutations
    • -> death
    • -> behavioral changes
  • 29. WISLINKA
    • In Gdansk it is Wislinka, which poses the the biggest threat to people’s health
    • The mound has been soaring since 1972, today it is 50 metres high, occupies the area of 26 ha and is built excusively of 16 million of toxic phosphoplaster
    • It is so huge that can easily be seen at the satellite picture
  • 30. HOW DOES ‘WISLINKA’ INFLUENCE THE NATURAL ENVIRONMENT
    • It is only 50 metres distant from the bed of Martwa Wisla river and there is only leeking leeve between
    • Rain water goes through the moundand takes fluorine letting it get to the ground water and the river itself
    • The mound poses the threat to the health conditions of people living nearby
    • Asthma, allergies, skin infections, bronchitis are really common here
  • 31. CANCER MORBIDITY IN GDANSK
    • Sick rate is twice as high as in Poland itself and among people living a short distance from the mound it is even three times higher
    Cancer morbidity in the region of Gdansk versus Poland
  • 32. WHAT CAN PEOPLE DO? ‘ PHOSPHOPLASTER BREEDS THE MONSTERS’
  • 33. WHAT DO WE DO AS SCHOOL COMMUNITY?
    • We take part in Zero Carbon City , the global campaign around climate change, the environmental impact of the city living and urban industry
    • Workshops, organized for students aimed at raising their awareness and stimulate debatearound gas emissions
  • 34.
    • Students organize debates around the idea of protecting environment
    • They make projects about environment
    • They take part in contests or other events, like the ecological fashion
    • shows
    We go on trips …
  • 35. WE COLLECT PAPER BOTTLE CAPS BATERIAS TINS
  • 36. CARE PAYS OFF… Gimnazjum nr 23 Gdansk

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