How to cite your sources. Today we are going to focus on howto cite a source within an essay. You need to let the reader knowwhere the information came from in apaper, because often the informationyour are using is not your own. If you do not do this it is calledplagiarism and the penalty can beextreme.
How to cite your sources. There are 2 times that you are to cite asource: 1) If you take something and use it wordfor word in your paper, you must place it inquotation marks “ and “ then you mustplace a reference with it. In MLA you needto put a ( after the quote, then fill in somevaluable information about where thequotation came from, then end with a ).
How to cite your sources. 2) If you take information from asource and put it into your ownswords – this still does not mean it isyour idea. Although you are notdirectly quoting you must stillacknowledge that this is not yourwork. Again in MLA you need to puta ( after the quote, then fill in somevaluable information about where theidea came from, then end with a ).
How to cite your sources. Each type of source you use requires you touse a little different information in thebrackets. With a book with authors or editors thename of the first author or editor of yoursource will be put in brackets. In a directquote you would also include the page theinformation came from – BUT not with aparaphrase. WHY NOT?
How to cite your sources. Here is an example of how to cite asource in MLA from a book with anauthor or editor:During World War II the Germanarmy simply would not give up. “TheGermans were collapsing but thefighting went on for months as theAllies fought their way into Germany”(Reynoldson 41).
How to cite your sources. When you take that some information anduse it in your own words it is stillsomeone else’s idea so you need to notethat:During World War II the German armysimply would not give up. They continuedto retreat, destroying everything as theywent. The Allies just kept pushing themback to Germany (Reynoldson).
How to cite your sources. If there is no author or editor in abook/manual or magazine, you usethe first few words of the article.“Safe Kids Canada is a national injuryprevention program of The Hospitalfor Sick Children, working to translateresearch into best practices,…”(Today’s Parent Turns… 113).
How to cite your sources. Sometimes you may use the authorsname in the quote, then the page numberonly is needed:As Reynoldson points out “The Germanswere collapsing but the fighting went onfor months as the Allies fought their wayinto Germany” (41).In this case, if you mention the author thenparaphrased, no reference is needed.
How to cite your sources. If you are quoting directly from awebsite or database on the web – usethe author as you would with a printsource. Depending on the source youmay or may not have a page number.If you do, provide it and if you don’thave one, then leave it out. See the examples on the next slide.
How to cite your sources. “Canadians were physically andpsychologically unprepared for war in 1939 -inadequate military preparations werematched by a psychological reticence”(Hillman).In the case of on-line material you are onlyto provide the first few words of whatever willappear first in the Works Cited Sheet you arecreating. You no longer include the URL inany of the actual information – UNLESS yourteacher says to.
How to cite your sources. “The role of the First Canadian Armychanged as well. After the first few monthsof intense preparation for an expectedimminent invasion which fortunately did notcome, the troops were forced to settledown to a long period of waiting” (The FirstCanadian Army…). Again, everything will be a little differentbased on what material you have availableto you.
How to cite your sources. No matter what you do – quoting andparaphrasing TOO much is alwaysbetter than not doing it enough. Also note that your Works Cited sheetand/or Works Consulted Sheet needto have every sources you have usedin your paper clearly displayed inalphabetical order.
How to cite your sources.Here is what a Works Cited Sheet wouldlook like under today’s new MLArules.Add, Paul. Life on Mars. Toronto: U of Toronto P., 2008. PrintDonut, John, and Theresa Price. The Astronomers Guide to the Universe. Ed. Chrissy McComb.Cambridge: Cambridge UP, 2009. Print.Langmead, Brad. “Pluto”. The New Encyclopaedia Britannica. 16thEd. 2009. Print.Szarak, J.P. “Love in the Stars”. Space. 14.3 (2006):16-19. Web. 22 Sept 2010.Zimic, Mike. “The Man on the Moon” Movie. YouTube. 22 Sept. 2010.