* Our e-country offers universal access to
health care for the entire population
regardless of financial circumstances. All
residents are entitled to publicly financed
health care. Undocumented immigrants
under 18 years have the same right to
subsidized health care as asylum-seeking
children and children who are permanent
residents. Undocumented adults have the
right to receive non-subsidized.
* The country provides equity in health care
to all residents, including urban and rural
communities. The principle of our health
care system is that there should be “equal
access” to social and health services.
*It has established the fundamental human
right of all citizens to obtain adequate and
equitable health care. The patient’s need
determines access to medical care, not
their ability to pay. All residents are
entitled to use the services at subsidized
prices, which are set by each county
*Our health care policies emphasize
preventative health, not just traditional
medicine. We should have public
education campaigns that are channeled
throughout the schools.
*The healthcare system also allows freedom
for patients to choose where and by
whom they wish to be given medical
attention. Patients are able to choose the
health centre and/or family doctor. This
method promotes patient autonomy and
encourages them to be responsible for
their own health.
* The health care system could be managed at
different levels, the most important and powerful
of which is the county council. If the country is
divided into different geographical areas, the
elected county councils are responsible for each
area. Councils are responsible for providing
health services and striving to meet the health
needs of their respective populations. They plan
the services that are to be offered, such as
hospitals, as well as allocating funds to provide
these services. This makes for health delivery at
the local level, unique to each region. It is a
very organized structure with each county being
managed differently to best meet the health
needs of the people that it serves.
*What is covered?
Services: The publicly financed health system covers:
public health and preventive services, inpatient and
outpatient hospital care, primary health care,
inpatient and outpatient prescription drugs, mental
health care, dental care for children and young
people, rehabilitation services, disability support
services, patient transport support services, home
care, and long-term and nursing home care. The
benefit package for prescription drugs and dental
care is determined by a national authority and is
the same throughout the country. Priorities related
to all other services are determined at the
decentralized level by local authorities.
*Cost-sharing: Cost-sharing arrangements
exist for most publicly financed services.
Patients pay a symbolic tax per visit to a
primary care doctor, to a specialist or to
access emergency care and a small
amount per day in a hospital. Children are
exempt from cost-sharing for health
services. Limited subsidies are available
for adult dental care.
How is the health system financed?
The publicly financed system: Public funding for health
care mainly comes from central and local taxation.
County councils and municipalities have the right to levy
proportional income taxes on their residents. The
central government provides funding for prescription
drug subsidies. It also provides financial support to
county councils and municipalities through grants
allocated using a capitation formula that takes into
account average income level, demographic
characteristics, and geographical conditions across local
authorities. One-off central government grants focus on
specific problem areas such as waiting times and
geographical inequalities in access to health care, but
have also supported the development of primary care,
psychiatric care, and care of older people generally. The
county councils provide funding for mental health care,
primary care, and specialist services in hospitals.