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Provenance-awareness: A pre-requisite to explanation-awareness
Provenance-awareness: A pre-requisite to explanation-awareness
Provenance-awareness: A pre-requisite to explanation-awareness
Provenance-awareness: A pre-requisite to explanation-awareness
Provenance-awareness: A pre-requisite to explanation-awareness
Provenance-awareness: A pre-requisite to explanation-awareness
Provenance-awareness: A pre-requisite to explanation-awareness
Provenance-awareness: A pre-requisite to explanation-awareness
Provenance-awareness: A pre-requisite to explanation-awareness
Provenance-awareness: A pre-requisite to explanation-awareness
Provenance-awareness: A pre-requisite to explanation-awareness
Provenance-awareness: A pre-requisite to explanation-awareness
Provenance-awareness: A pre-requisite to explanation-awareness
Provenance-awareness: A pre-requisite to explanation-awareness
Provenance-awareness: A pre-requisite to explanation-awareness
Provenance-awareness: A pre-requisite to explanation-awareness
Provenance-awareness: A pre-requisite to explanation-awareness
Provenance-awareness: A pre-requisite to explanation-awareness
Provenance-awareness: A pre-requisite to explanation-awareness
Provenance-awareness: A pre-requisite to explanation-awareness
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Provenance-awareness: A pre-requisite to explanation-awareness

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Explanation-awareness in Case-Based Reasoning system development aims at making such systems smarter in interactions with their users. When using Linked Data for case acquisition from text one aspect …

Explanation-awareness in Case-Based Reasoning system development aims at making such systems smarter in interactions with their users. When using Linked Data for case acquisition from text one aspect of being smarter is the provision of evidence for the trustworthiness of the acquired cases. The Trustworthiness of such cases relies not only on the provenance of the text but also on the provenance of the used ontological knowledge. Users can only assess the quality of the case-based reasoner’s results, i.e., the cases, if the system provides provenance information and if such a system can justify its results. In fact, explanation capabilities very much rely on provenance information.

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  1. Competence Center Case-Based Reasoning PROVENANCE-AWARENESS: A PRE-REQUISITE TO EXPLANATION-AWARENESS Thomas Roth-Berghofer and Benjamin Adrian German Research Center for Artificial Intelligence DFKI GmbH Donnerstag, 5. August 2010
  2. AWARENESS OF SYSTEM, DESIGNER AND USER • Awareness – from knowledge level perspective – always means: • Explicit knowledge • Formal knowledge • Recording / storing • Book-keeping © 2010 DFKI CC CBR Donnerstag, 5. August 2010
  3. AWARENESS OF SYSTEM, DESIGNER AND USER • Awareness – from knowledge level perspective – always means: • Explicit knowledge URI • Formal knowledge RDF • Recording / storing • Book-keeping HTTP © 2010 DFKI CC CBR Donnerstag, 5. August 2010
  4. WITH PROVENANCE DATA • Answer questions on … • Where • When • Who • How •… provenance information was gathered or produced. © 2010 DFKI CC CBR Donnerstag, 5. August 2010
  5. WITH PROVENANCE DATA Trust? • Answer questions on … Quality? • Where • When Reliability? Trust- • Who worthiness? • How •… provenance information was gathered or produced. © 2010 DFKI CC CBR Donnerstag, 5. August 2010
  6. flickr RKB Project Geo- Euro- wrappr Explorer Guten- Virtuoso names Pisa USING LINKED stat berg Sponger Open Calais RKB World Linked ECS Magna- Fact- MDB South- DATA FOR CASE tune book ampton RDF Book DBpedia Mashup lingvoj Freebase CiteSeer W3C DBLP GENERATION WordNet Hannover UniR GEO UMBEL Species DBLP Berlin Reactome LinkedCT UniParc o Drug PROSITE Daily Bank Med Pub GeneID Chem KEGG UniProt Pfam Disea- CAS Gene some ChEBI Ontology l OMIM UniSTS Case Inter Pro PDB HGNC MGI PubMed Model © 2010 DFKI CC CBR Donnerstag, 5. August 2010
  7. flickr RKB Project Geo- names Euro- Guten- wrappr <skos:Concept Virtuoso Pisa Explorer USING LINKED stat berg Sponger rdf:about="http://mycbr-project.net/models/ Open Calais Recipe#Shallots"> RKB Magna- World Fact- Linked MDB <skos:prefLabel> ECS South- DATA FOR CASE tune book RDF Book Shallots ampton DBpedia Mashup </skos:prefLabel> lingvoj Freebase <rdf:type rdf:resource="ingredients_vegetables"/> CiteSeer W3C </skos:Concept> DBLP GENERATION WordNet Hannover UniR GEO UMBEL Species DBLP Berlin <skos:Concept Reactome LinkedCT rdf:about="http://mycbr-project.net/models/ UniParc o Drug Daily Bank Recipe#Onions"> PROSITE Pub Med GeneID <skos:prefLabel> Chem KEGG Onions UniProt </skos:prefLabel> Pfam Disea- CAS Gene <rdf:type rdf:resource="ingredients_vegetables"/> some l OMIM ChEBI Ontology </skos:Concept> UniSTS CaseInter Pro PDB HGNC MGI PubMed Model © 2010 DFKI CC CBR Donnerstag, 5. August 2010
  8. flickr RKB Project Geo- Euro- wrappr Explorer Guten- Virtuoso names Pisa USING LINKED stat berg Sponger Open Calais RKB World Linked ECS Magna- Fact- MDB South- DATA FOR CASE tune book ampton RDF Book DBpedia Mashup lingvoj Freebase CiteSeer W3C DBLP GENERATION WordNet Hannover UniR GEO UMBEL Species DBLP Berlin Reactome LinkedCT UniParc o Drug PROSITE Daily Bank Med Pub GeneID Chem KEGG UniProt Pfam Disea- CAS Gene some ChEBI Ontology l OMIM UniSTS Case Inter Pro PDB HGNC MGI PubMed Model © 2010 DFKI CC CBR Donnerstag, 5. August 2010
  9. flickr RKB Project Geo- Euro- wrappr Explorer Guten- Virtuoso names Pisa USING LINKED stat berg Sponger Open Calais RKB World Linked ECS Magna- Fact- MDB South- DATA FOR CASE tune book ampton RDF Book DBpedia Mashup lingvoj Freebase CiteSeer W3C DBLP GENERATION WordNet Hannover UniR GEO UMBEL Species DBLP Berlin Reactome LinkedCT UniParc o Drug PROSITE Daily Bank Med Pub GeneID Chem KEGG UniProt Pfam Disea- CAS Gene some ChEBI Ontology l OMIM UniSTS Connection Case Inter Pro PDB HGNC Model MGI PubMed Model © 2010 DFKI CC CBR Donnerstag, 5. August 2010
  10. flickr flickr RKB RKB Project Project Geo- Geo- Euro- Euro- wrappr wrappr Explorer Explorer Guten- Guten- Virtuoso Virtuoso names names Pisa Pisa CORDIS USING LINKED stat stat berg berg Sponger Sponger eprints Open Open Calais Calais RKB RKB World World Linked Linked ECS ECS Magna- Magna- Fact- Fact- MDB MDB IEEE New- South- South- DATA FOR CASE tune tune book book ampton ampton castle RDF Book RDF Book DBpedia DBpedia Mashup Mashup lingvoj lingvoj Freebase Freebase LAAS- CiteSeer CiteSeer CNRS W3C W3C DBLP DBLP GENERATION IBM WordNet WordNet Hannover Hannover UniRef UniR GEO GEO UMBEL UMBEL Species Species DBLP DBLP Berlin Berlin Reactome Reactome LinkedCT LinkedCT UniParc UniParc Taxonomy o o Drug Drug owl:sameas PROSITE PROSITE Daily Daily Bank Bank Med Med Pub Pub GeneID GeneID Chem Chem KEGG KEGG UniProt UniProt Pfam Pfam ProDom Disea- Disea- CAS CAS Gene Gene some some ChEBI ChEBI Ontology Ontology l OMIM OMIM UniSTS UniSTS Connection CaseInter Inter Pro Pro PDB PDB HGNC HGNC Model MGI MGI PubMed PubMed Model As of July 2009 © 2010 DFKI CC CBR Donnerstag, 5. August 2010
  11. flickr flickr RKB RKB Project Project Geo- Geo- Euro- Euro- wrappr wrappr Explorer Explorer Guten- Guten- Virtuoso Virtuoso names names Pisa Pisa CORDIS USING LINKED stat stat berg berg Sponger Sponger eprints Open Open Calais Calais RKB RKB World World Linked Linked ECS ECS Magna- Magna- Fact- Fact- MDB MDB IEEE New- South- South- DATA FOR CASE tune tune book book ampton ampton castle RDF Book RDF Book DBpedia DBpedia Mashup Mashup lingvoj lingvoj Freebase Freebase LAAS- CiteSeer CiteSeer CNRS W3C W3C DBLP DBLP GENERATION IBM WordNet WordNet Hannover Hannover UniRef UniR GEO GEO UMBEL UMBEL Species Species DBLP DBLP Berlin Berlin Reactome Reactome LinkedCT LinkedCT UniParc UniParc Taxonomy o o Drug Drug owl:sameas PROSITE PROSITE Daily Daily Bank Bank Med Med Pub Pub GeneID GeneID Chem Chem KEGG KEGG UniProt UniProt Pfam Pfam ProDom Disea- Disea- CAS CAS Gene Gene some some ChEBI ChEBI Ontology Ontology l OMIM OMIM UniSTS UniSTS Connection CaseInter Inter Pro Pro PDB PDB HGNC HGNC Model MGI MGI PubMed PubMed Model <http://mycbr-project.net/models/Recipe#onions> 2009 As of July owl:sameas <http://dbpedia.org/resource/Onion> <http://mycbr-project.net/models/Recipe#green_fettuccine"> owl:sameas <http://dbpedia.org/resource/Fettucine> <http://mycbr-project.net/models/Recipe#spinach_noodles"> owl:sameas <http://dbpedia.org/resource/Noodle> © 2010 DFKI CC CBR Donnerstag, 5. August 2010
  12. flickr flickr RKB RKB Project Project Geo- Geo- Euro- Euro- wrappr wrappr Explorer Explorer Guten- Guten- Virtuoso Virtuoso names names Pisa Pisa CORDIS USING LINKED stat stat berg berg Sponger Sponger eprints Open Open Calais Calais RKB RKB World World Linked Linked ECS ECS Magna- Magna- Fact- Fact- MDB MDB IEEE New- South- South- DATA FOR CASE tune tune book book ampton ampton castle RDF Book RDF Book DBpedia DBpedia Mashup Mashup lingvoj lingvoj Freebase Freebase LAAS- CiteSeer CiteSeer CNRS W3C W3C DBLP DBLP GENERATION IBM WordNet WordNet Hannover Hannover UniRef UniR GEO GEO UMBEL UMBEL Species Species DBLP DBLP Berlin Berlin Reactome Reactome LinkedCT LinkedCT UniParc UniParc Taxonomy o o Drug Drug owl:sameas PROSITE PROSITE Daily Daily Bank Bank Med Med Pub Pub GeneID GeneID Chem Chem KEGG KEGG UniProt UniProt Pfam Pfam ProDom Disea- Disea- CAS CAS Gene Gene some some ChEBI ChEBI Ontology Ontology l OMIM OMIM UniSTS UniSTS Connection CaseInter Inter Pro Pro PDB PDB HGNC HGNC Model MGI MGI PubMed PubMed Model As of July 2009 © 2010 DFKI CC CBR Donnerstag, 5. August 2010
  13. flickr flickr RKB RKB Project Project Geo- Geo- Euro- Euro- wrappr wrappr Explorer Explorer Guten- Guten- Virtuoso Virtuoso names names Pisa Pisa CORDIS USING LINKED stat stat berg berg Sponger Sponger eprints Open Open Calais Calais RKB RKB World World Linked Linked ECS ECS Magna- Magna- Fact- Fact- MDB MDB IEEE New- South- South- DATA FOR CASE tune tune book book ampton ampton castle RDF Book RDF Book DBpedia DBpedia Mashup Mashup lingvoj lingvoj Freebase Freebase LAAS- CiteSeer CiteSeer CNRS W3C W3C DBLP DBLP GENERATION IBM WordNet WordNet Hannover Hannover UniRef UniR GEO GEO UMBEL UMBEL Species Species DBLP DBLP Berlin Berlin Reactome Reactome LinkedCT LinkedCT UniParc UniParc Taxonomy o o Drug Drug owl:sameas PROSITE PROSITE Daily Daily Bank Bank Med Med Pub Pub GeneID GeneID Chem Chem KEGG KEGG UniProt UniProt Pfam Pfam ProDom Disea- Disea- CAS CAS Gene Gene some some ChEBI ChEBI Ontology Ontology l OMIM OMIM UniSTS UniSTS Connection CaseInter Inter Pro Pro PDB PDB HGNC HGNC Model MGI MGI PubMed PubMed Model As of July 2009 Texts © 2010 DFKI CC CBR Donnerstag, 5. August 2010
  14. flickr flickr RKB RKB Project Project Geo- Geo- Euro- Euro- wrappr wrappr Explorer Explorer Guten- Guten- Virtuoso Virtuoso names names Pisa Pisa CORDIS USING LINKED stat stat berg berg Sponger Sponger eprints Open Open Calais Calais RKB RKB World World Linked Linked ECS ECS Magna- Magna- Fact- Fact- MDB MDB IEEE New- South- South- DATA FOR CASE tune tune book book ampton ampton castle RDF Book RDF Book DBpedia DBpedia Mashup Mashup lingvoj lingvoj Freebase Freebase LAAS- CiteSeer CiteSeer CNRS W3C W3C DBLP DBLP GENERATION IBM WordNet WordNet Hannover Hannover UniRef UniR GEO GEO UMBEL UMBEL Species Species DBLP DBLP Berlin Berlin Reactome Reactome LinkedCT LinkedCT UniParc UniParc Taxonomy o o Drug Drug owl:sameas PROSITE PROSITE Daily Daily Bank Bank Med Med Pub Pub GeneID GeneID Chem Chem KEGG KEGG UniProt UniProt Pfam Pfam ProDom Disea- Disea- CAS CAS Gene Gene some some ChEBI ChEBI Ontology Ontology l OMIM OMIM UniSTS UniSTS Connection CaseInter Inter Pro Pro PDB PDB HGNC HGNC Model MGI MGI PubMed PubMed Model As of July 2009 Ontology-based Texts Information Extraction © 2010 DFKI CC CBR Donnerstag, 5. August 2010
  15. flickr flickr RKB RKB Project Project Geo- Geo- Euro- Euro- wrappr wrappr Explorer Explorer Guten- Guten- Virtuoso Virtuoso names names Pisa Pisa CORDIS USING LINKED stat stat berg berg Sponger Sponger eprints Open Open Calais Calais RKB RKB World World Linked Linked ECS ECS Magna- Magna- Fact- Fact- MDB MDB IEEE New- South- South- DATA FOR CASE tune tune book book ampton ampton castle RDF Book RDF Book DBpedia DBpedia Mashup Mashup lingvoj lingvoj Freebase Freebase LAAS- CiteSeer CiteSeer CNRS W3C W3C DBLP DBLP GENERATION IBM WordNet WordNet Hannover Hannover UniRef UniR GEO GEO UMBEL UMBEL Species Species DBLP DBLP Berlin Berlin Reactome Reactome LinkedCT LinkedCT UniParc UniParc Taxonomy o o Drug Drug owl:sameas PROSITE PROSITE Daily Daily Bank Bank Med Med Pub Pub GeneID GeneID Chem Chem KEGG KEGG UniProt UniProt Pfam Pfam ProDom Disea- Disea- CAS CAS Gene Gene some some ChEBI ChEBI Ontology Ontology l OMIM OMIM UniSTS UniSTS Connection CaseInter Inter Pro Pro PDB PDB HGNC HGNC Model MGI MGI PubMed PubMed Model As of July 2009 Ontology-based Case Texts Information Extraction Base © 2010 DFKI CC CBR Donnerstag, 5. August 2010
  16. flickr flickr RKB RKB Project Project Geo- Geo- Euro- Euro- wrappr wrappr Explorer Explorer Guten- Guten- Virtuoso Virtuoso names names Pisa Pisa CORDIS USING LINKED stat stat berg berg Sponger Sponger eprints Open Open Calais Calais RKB RKB World World Linked Linked ECS ECS Magna- Magna- Fact- Fact- MDB MDB IEEE New- South- South- DATA FOR CASE tune tune book book ampton ampton castle RDF Book RDF Book DBpedia DBpedia Mashup Mashup lingvoj lingvoj Freebase Freebase LAAS- CiteSeer CiteSeer CNRS W3C W3C DBLP DBLP GENERATION IBM WordNet WordNet Hannover Hannover UniRef UniR GEO GEO UMBEL UMBEL Species Species DBLP DBLP Berlin Berlin Reactome Reactome LinkedCT LinkedCT UniParc UniParc Taxonomy o o Drug Drug owl:sameas PROSITE PROSITE Daily Daily Bank Bank Med Med Pub Pub GeneID GeneID Chem Chem KEGG KEGG UniProt UniProt Pfam Pfam ProDom Disea- Disea- CAS CAS Gene Gene some some ChEBI ChEBI Ontology Ontology l OMIM OMIM UniSTS UniSTS Connection CaseInter Inter Pro Pro PDB PDB HGNC HGNC Model MGI MGI PubMed PubMed Model As of July 2009 ECS South- ampton Sem- BBC Surge LIBRIS Web- Playcount Radio Central Data Doap- Music- space brainz Audio- Flickr Ontology-based Case MySpace Scrobbler QDOS exporter Wrapper Texts Information Extraction BBC Music Jamendo BaseBBC Later + TOTP BBC John Peel Crunch Base FOAF profiles SIOC Sites © 2010 DFKI CC CBR Project flickr Pub Geo- Euro- wrappr Guten- Guide names stat berg BBC Programmes Open Calais riese World Linked Magna- Fact- MDB Donnerstag, 5. August 2010
  17. flickr flickr RKB RKB Project Project Geo- Geo- Euro- Euro- wrappr wrappr Explorer Explorer Guten- Guten- Virtuoso Virtuoso names names Pisa Pisa CORDIS USING LINKED stat stat berg berg Sponger Sponger eprints Open Open Calais Calais RKB RKB World World Linked Linked ECS ECS Magna- Magna- Fact- Fact- MDB MDB IEEE New- South- South- DATA FOR CASE tune tune book book ampton ampton castle RDF Book RDF Book DBpedia DBpedia Mashup Mashup lingvoj lingvoj Freebase Freebase LAAS- CiteSeer CiteSeer CNRS W3C W3C DBLP DBLP GENERATION IBM WordNet WordNet Hannover Hannover UniRef UniR GEO GEO UMBEL UMBEL Species Species DBLP DBLP Berlin Berlin Reactome Reactome LinkedCT LinkedCT UniParc UniParc Taxonomy o o Drug Drug owl:sameas PROSITE PROSITE Daily Daily Bank Bank Med Med Pub Pub GeneID GeneID Chem Chem KEGG KEGG UniProt UniProt Pfam Pfam ProDom Disea- Disea- CAS CAS Gene Gene some some ChEBI ChEBI Ontology Ontology l OMIM OMIM Connection CaseInter Inter Pro Pro UniSTS UniSTS HGNC HGNC Model MGI MGI PubMed PubMed Model PDB PDB myCBR As of July 2009 ECS South- ampton Sem- BBC Surge LIBRIS Web- Playcount Radio Central Data Doap- Music- space brainz Audio- Flickr Ontology-based Case MySpace Scrobbler QDOS exporter Wrapper Texts Information Extraction BBC Music Jamendo BaseBBC Later + TOTP BBC John Peel Crunch Base FOAF profiles SIOC Sites © 2010 DFKI CC CBR Project flickr Pub Geo- Euro- wrappr Guten- Guide names stat berg BBC Programmes Open Calais riese World Linked Magna- Fact- MDB Donnerstag, 5. August 2010
  18. USING LINKED DATA FOR CASE GENERATION • Where is the data coming from? Can I trace the source? • What is the quality of the data? How does the used data affect the quality of the generated cases? • Isthe used data trustworthy (enough)? Will the generated cases be trustworthy (enough)? •… © 2010 DFKI CC CBR Donnerstag, 5. August 2010
  19. DELEGATE AWARENESS TO SYSTEM! • Let system do the book-keeping! • What you get: • Opportunity to trigger maintenance of (CBR) system. • Collected provenance information good source for explaining provenance related issues to the user! • System can use provenance information for assessment of data, thus explaining to itself. © 2010 DFKI CC CBR Donnerstag, 5. August 2010
  20. Competence Center Case-Based Reasoning Thank you! PROVENANCE-AWARENESS: A PRE-REQUISITE TO EXPLANATION-AWARENESS Thomas Roth-Berghofer and Benjamin Adrian German Research Center for Artificial Intelligence DFKI GmbH © 2010 DFKI CC CBR Donnerstag, 5. August 2010

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