2. The Successful Reader
• Is active and motivated
• Uses schema
• Takes a stance
• Acquires approaches to text
• Monitors reading
• Links reading to prior knowledge
• Needs time to read
Point to Ponder: How
would you describe a
3. Aspect of Reading
• Print Knowledge
– Instruction should build on prior knowledge.
– Instruction can be effective in older grades in
terms of word parts.
– Instruction can include using print referencing
during read alouds. (Zucker, Ward, & Justice)
Point to Ponder: How do you
teach the beginning aspects
of reading such as print
knowledge, fluency, and
4. Aspects of Reading
• Phonemic Awareness
– Students need to be taught the four cues.
– Students need to write.
– The purpose is not for students to memorize rules.
– Students need to practice what they learn.
5. Aspects of Reading
• Sight Words
– Students need opportunities to read and write.
– Students need to practice with a variety of texts.
– Students need to read on
the appropriate level.
Follow me for
ideas to target
6. Fluency and Technology
Point to Ponder:
iPods as a part of
or why not?
To see a video about how to
incorporate fluency and technology,
7. Aspect of Reading
– Needs to be taught across all curricula
• SQ3R is one method to encourage comprehension
during content area reading.
Point to Ponder:
Do you teach note
taking skills as a
part of your
8. Aspects of Reading
– Taught using before, during and after strategies
• Before: Brainstorming, Questioning, Connecting
• During: Questioning, Rereading, Taking notes
• After: Discussing, Presenting, Writing
• Reciprocal Teaching can incorporate several strategies
to lead to student independence (Marcell, DeCleene,
Point to Ponder: Has
How did it work?
9. Aspects of Reading
– Learning word strategies are important
• Students need to practice using context clues
– Wide reading can increase vocabulary
– Teacher read alouds can be used to enhance
– Some specific strategies that work are PAVE, The
Frayer Model, Concept Circles, Semantic Mapping,
and Analogies (Greenwood).
10. Aspects of Reading
– Strategies should be taught in all content areas.
• Pitcher, Martinez, Dicembre, Fewster, and McCormick
found that adolescents still struggle with
comprehending content area texts (2010).
– Before Reading strategies activate schema
– During Reading strategies help students to
construct meaning while reading.
– After Reading strategies can expand thinking.
Pick me for
A variety of
from All About
– Instruction uses the whole text.
– Comprehension is never mastered.
– There may be multiple answers.
– Strategies from the National Reading Panel that are
• Comprehension monitoring
• Cooperative learning
• Graphic and Semantic Organizers
• Question Answering and Question Generating
• Story Structure
Click for peer reviewed lessons from
IRA and NCTE
– Teacher is the guide.
– Examples are reader response or literature circles.
• Reader response can be conducted online (Larson).
– Students are grouped by book choice and post in an online
– The online format allows for inclusion of new literacies.
– Students need the opportunity to discuss.
• Online discussion can provide more time for students
to discuss as they can access it at home.
Point to Ponder:
What are some
that have worked
well in your
13. Works Cited
• Adolescent literacy- classroom strategies. (2010). Retrieved from http://www.adlit.org/strategy_library
• Greenwood, S. C. (2010). Conten are readers: Helping middle-level students become word aware (and enjoy it!). The
Clearing House, 83, 223-229.
• Larson, L. C. (2009). Reader response meets new literacies: Empowering readers in online learning communities. The
Reading Teacher, 62(8), 638-648.
• Marcell, B., DeCleene, J., & Juettner, M. R. (2010). Caution! Hard hat area! Comprehension under construction: Cementing a
foundation of comprehension of strategy usage that carries over to independent practice. The Reading Teacher, 63(8), 687-
• Pitcher, S. M., Martinez, G., Dicembre, E. A., Fewster, D., & McCormick, M. K. (2010). The literacy needs of adolescents in
their own words. Journal of Adolescent and Adult Literacy, 53(8), 636-645.
• Reading in the content areas: strategies for success. (2006, September). Retrieved from
• Reading methods: sq3r. (2009, September 14). Retrieved from http://www.arc.sbc.edu/sq3r.html
• Reading rockets: fluency. (2010). Retrieved from http://www.readingrockets.org/helping/target/fluency
• Readwritethink. (2010). Retrieved from http://www.readwritethink.org/
• Zucker, T. A. , Ward, A. E., & Justce, L. M. (2009). Print referencing during read-alouds: A technique for increasing emergent
readers' print knowledge. The Reading Teacher, 63(1), 62-72.