Lesson 33, Handout 37: Remembering YourPs and Qs – Presidential Promises andQuotable QuotationsDominick Argana, Adrian Ascencio, Arnold Ortega,Eduardo Sorto
Square Deal● President?● Key policies of his administration?● Importance?Part A: Presidential Administrations
Part A: Presidential Administrations● Theodore Roosevelt/Republican/1901-1909.● The Roosevelt Administration embraced thethree Cs: control of the corporations,consumer protection, and the conservationof the United States’ natural resources.● The Square Deal:1. Elkins Act of 1903.2. Antiquities Act of 1906.3. Hepburn Act of 1906.4. Meat Inspection Act of 1906.5. Pure Food and Drug Act of 1906.
Part A: Presidential AdministrationsDollar DiplomacyWhen?What?Where?How?Why?
- William Howard Taft Administration- 1909 - 1913 ( Republican)- Supported the Corollary to the MonroeDoctrine (dollars)- The use of a countrys financial power toextend its international influence- Latin America and East Asia- Gave out loans to nations to- Goals: To prevent foreign powers to enlargean investment in key markets (Germany)- build foreign relations- enhance American business- Increase American influence abroad and helpforeign policy
Part A: Presidential AdministrationsModern Republicanism● President?● Key policies of his administration?● Importance?
Part A: Presidential Administrations● Dwight Eisenhower/Republican/1953-1961.● The Eisenhower Administration cut thefederal budget and instituted measures toincrease states rights but at the same timeincreased Social Security and raised theminimum wage.● Modern Republicanism:1. Department of Health, Education, andWelfare.2. Interstate Highway System.3. New/Fair Deal remained/Cold War emerged.
Part A: Presidential AdministrationsNew FreedomWhen?What?Why?How?
- Woodrow Wilson ( 1913- 1917)(1st term)Democrat-concentrated onBusiness Reform, ( Federal TradeCommission, and Clayton Anti-Trust Act1914)Banking Reform (Federal Reserve System1913- provides the nations with a safermonetary system and financial system)Tariff Reform ( Underwood Tariff Act of 1913)-Panic of 1907 - stock market crashed, bankruns occurred, banks closed
Part A: Presidential AdministrationsNew Deal-President?-In response to? (Major event that happenedbefore)-"3 Rs"???
-President Franklin Roosevelt (1933)-In response to Great Depression-New Deal involved presidential executiveorders or laws passed by Congress.-"3 Rs": Relief=for unemployed and poorRecovery=of the economy to become stableReform= of the financial system to preventanother depression.
Part A: Presidential AdministrationsManifest Destiny-meaning?-president who was associated?-significance?
-Manifest Destiny was the belief that Americanswere destined by God to conquer the continentand expand.-President who was associated- James K. Polk(11th president)-Changed the shape of our nation/Polk helpedexpand America westward.
Part A: Presidential AdministrationsRugged Individualism -Who used it??Policies??Theme at the time??
Part A: Presidential AdministrationsRugged Individualism -Who used it??- President Herbert HooverPolicies?? (Example)- Hawley-Smoot TariffTheme at the time??____________________________
Part A: Presidential AdministrationsGreat Society-Who used it??Policies??Theme at the time??
Part A: Presidential AdministrationsGreat Society-Who used it??Lyndon B. JohnsonPolicies?? (Example)Elementary and Secondary Education Act.Theme at the time??_______________________________
Part A: Presidential AdministrationsFair Deal● President?● Key policies of his administration?● Importance?
Part A: Presidential Administrations● Harry Truman/Democrat/1945-1953.● The Truman Administrations most importantproposals were aid to education, universalhealth insurance, Fair Employment PracticesCommission and repeal of the Taft-HartleyAct.● Fair Deal:1. National School Lunch and Milk Act of 1946.2. National Mental Health Act of 1946.3. Employment Act of 1946.4. Housing Act of 1949.
Part A: Presidential AdministrationsNew FrontierWhen?What?Why?How?
- John F. Kennedy- (1961- 63)Democrat- Ambitions to eradicate poverty,discrimination and "move forward".- Space Race - goal to send a man onthe moon (Apollo 11- July 1969)- Supported Civil Rights- raised the minimum wage andincreased Social Security benefits- raised money for health research
Part B: Quotable Quotation“A house divided againstitself cannot stand.”Who?When?Why?
- Abraham Lincoln, debate withDouglas- Election of 1860- issue of slavery( the nation must notbe divided) either be all free or all pro-slavery- Wins and South secedes from theunion- Confederates fired on a group ofunion soldiers in Fort Sumter- First "battle" of the war- Civil War April 12, 1861 - May 9,1865
Advantages of theUnion:- Number of troops- Supply- Rail Road- Communication- Navy- Industry- MoneyAdvantages of theConfederates:- Home Field Advantage- Fighting for what theybelieve in- Robert E. Lee
Part B: Quotable Quotation“The power to tax involvesthe power to destroy.”Who?When?Why?
- McCulloch v. Maryland (1819)- Maryland taxes the national bank- Supreme Court rules that the statecannot tax on national entity- Strengthens the federal power- Demonstrates Federal Supremacy- States that the federal power rules overthe states
Part B: Quotable Quotation“It is at the bottom of life wemust begin, not at the top.”Who?Why?How?
- Booker T. Washington- Former Slave( freed on 1865)- Emancipation Proclamation of 1863- 13th Am. - 14th Am. - 15th Am.- period of Reconstruction (1865-1877)- Compromise that states Rutherford B.Hayes would win the presidency if heremoved troops in the South- believed that African Americans mustwork and train( educate themselvesand earn a stand in society) and slowlygain equality
Part B: Quotable Quotation“Separate educationalfacilities are inherentlyunequal.”Who?When?What?Why?
- Brown v. Board of Education (1954)- rules that Plessy v. Ferguson (1896) wasunconstitutional- Plessy v. Ferguson ruled that it was legal tosegregate school, hence the term " Separatebut equal".- The case rules that separate is not equal anddesegregated schools and eventually the public- The era of Jim Crow is done
Part B: Quotable Quotation“We hold these truths to beself-evident: that all men arecreated equal.”When?What?Why?
- Declaration of Independence (1776)- A document that states that the U.S.is Independent from the British Crown- Came about from the AmericanRevolution- 13 colonies were unhappy with Britain: taxes without representation ,Proclamation of 1763, Navagation Act-
Part B: Quotable Quotation“A war to end all wars.”Who?When?Why?
- Woodrow Wilson (1913- 1921) ( Democrat)- During World War 1causes: Militarism - arms raceAlliances - agreements to protect one another"Triple Entente" "Triple Alliance" then the"Central Powers" and the "Allied Powers".Nationalism - prideImperialism - countries colonizes (competition)Assassination - Franz Ferdinand on June1914 by Gavrilo Princip- U.S. joins 1917: unrestricted submarine warfare:Zimmerman Telegram-Nov. 11, 1918Treaty of Versailles - signed on June 28, 1919
Part B: Quotable Quotation“All we ask is to be left alone”Who?When?Why?
- Jefferson Davis-February 1861, Confederates electtheir own president- South Carolina, Mississippi, Florida,Alabama, Georgia, Louisiana, Texas,Virginia, Arkansas, North Carolina,Tennessee- Believed it was their right and way oflife
Part B: Quotable Quotation“December 7, 1941 – a datethat will live in infamy.”Who?Why?Effect?
- Franklin D. Roosevelt (1933-45)Democrat- Pearl Harbor- surprise attack on U.S.military base- FDRs speech was meant to persuadeCongress to declare war on Japan- Within an hour the president got hisdeclaration of war ( Dec. 8, 1941)- U.S. joins WWII- VE- Day - May 8, 1945- VJ- Day - Sept. 2, 1945
Part B: Quotable Quotation“I have a dream that my four childrenwill one day live in a nation where theywill not be judged by the color of theirskin but by the content of theircharacter.”- When?- Where?- Why?- Effect?
- Martin Luther King Jr.- I Have Dream Speech on August 1963- He led the march on Washington for jobsand freedom- A major factor for the passage of the CivilRights Act of 1964 and the 1965 voting Act- outlawed major forms of discrimination,unequal application of voter registrationrequirements and racial segregation inschool, workplace, and public- Assassinated in 1965
Part B: Quotable Quotation“A law repugnant to theConstitution is void”
- John Marshall- Marbury v. Madison 1803- John Adams appoints 42 justices of thepeace and 16 new circuit court justices onhis last day.- The commission was signed by Adamsand sealed by Marshall but not deliveredbefore Adams term ended.- Jefferson refused to honor thecommission- Marbury takes it to court and compelsJames Madison to deliver the commission
- ruled that Marbury has its right to commissionbut the Supreme Court cannot give them theirpositions because its not their role- Judicial Review - the power of federal courts tovoid acts of Congress in conflict with theConstitution- Check and Balance system (Executive andCongress)
“To make all laws which shall be necessary andproper for carrying into execution the foregoingpowers.”
ss● What does it mean?● Why was it important?● Federalists vs. Anti-Federalists Why was it aproblem?ANSWER: US ConstitutionNecessary and ProperClause/Article One of the UnitedStates Constitution, section 8,clause 18.
“We…covenant and combine ourselvesinto a civil body politic.”
Mayflower ship● what was the ships significance?Compact● what is a compact?Separatists were fleeing from religious persecution in GreatBritain.● who was the king?ANSWER:MayflowerCompact
“Fifty-four forty or fight.”
ANSWER: JAMES K.POLK● Who is James K. Polk?Dispute between US and GreatBritain over land● what land were they fightingover?US insisted that our rights to the Oregon Country extended northfrom 54 degrees 40 minutes.● That is where the slogan came from- "Fifty-four forty or fight"
“Free trade and sailors’rights.”
dANSWER: CAPTAINDAVID PORTER● Who was David Porter?Ship Banner "Free trade andsailors rights"● Why was this his slogan? Whatdoes it mean?War of 1812● why did most Americanssupport the war?
“You shall not crucify mankind upon a cross ofgold.”
● Who was William JenningsBryan?July 9, 1896- DemocraticNational Convention in Chicago● "Cross of Gold Speech"America was divided when it came to the monetary system● what is the monetary system?● what did Bryan support?ANSWER: WILLIAMJENNINGS BRYAN
“God made us neighbors. Let justicemake us friends.”
ANSWER: Franklin D. Roosevelt● Who was FDR?Good Neighbor Policy● what did the policyinclude?● who did it involve?What is the significance of thequote?
“And so, my fellow Americans: Ask not whatyour country can do for you, but what you cando for your country.”
ANSWER: John F. Kennedy● First inaugural speech that was...?● JFK was the first ________ president. (Religion)● What was going onduring this timeperiod? How does itrelate to the quote?1960s
“We must be the great arsenal ofdemocracy.”
ANSWER: Franklin D. RooseveltDecember 29, 1940Radio Broadcast-what does "arsenal of democracy"mean?FDR promised to helpthe UK fight who?A time when Germany occupied much of Europe andthreatened Britain.
“With malice toward none, with thecharity for all...”
ANSWER: Abraham LincolnAbraham Lincoln● beliefs?March 4, 1865Lincolns Second InauguralSpeech● asking all good people towork together to unite thecountry and achieve peacefor all.
“It is our policy to stay clear for permanentalliances.”
ANSWER: George WashingtonContext:Washingtons FarewellAddress, 1796● what does this quotemean?● George Washingtonsbeliefs when it came toforeign policies?Did not say US should forever stay away from foreigninvolvement.
“John Marshall has made his decision;now let him enforce it!"
Worcester v. Georgia<(---- Executive PowerJudicial Power ----)>What was the problem?Where else is somethingsimilar seen?John Marshall4.
"Liberty and Union, now and forever,one and inseparable..."
Senator Daniel Websters (MA) reply to Senator Robert Hayne (SC) in 1830 is regarded as one of thegreatest addresses ever delivered in the Senate.credit: Boston Art Commission; "Websters Reply to Hayne" by George P.A. HealySen. Daniel Webster of Massachusettsv.Robert Hayne of South Carolina"The most eloquent speechever delivered in Congress!"Why was South Carolina being a jerk? <(---- Thats the crisisWhat obvious, constantly on-going conflict does this show?
"Millions for defense, but not one centfor tribute.""Millions for defense, but not one pennyfor tribute."
The XYZ Affair!Who is who in this cartoon? (People = Countries)Any breakouts that this ledto?Who said it?John AdamsCharles Cotesworth PinckneyJohn MarshallElbridge GerryTalleyrandJohn Bull:3Rep. Goodloe Harper
“My paramount object in this struggle isto save the Union.”
" My paramount object in this struggle is to save theUnion, and is not either to save or to destroy slavery. IfI could save the Union without freeing any slave Iwould do it, and if I could save it by freeing all theslaves I would do it; and if I could save it by freeingsome and leaving others alone I would also do that.What I do about slavery, and the colored race, I dobecause I believe it helps to save the Union; and what Iforbear, I forbear because I do not believe it would helpto save the Union. I shall do less whenever I shallbelieve what I am doing hurts the cause, and I shall domore whenever I shall believe doing more will help thecause. I shall try to correct errors when shown to beerrors; and I shall adopt new views so fast as they shallappear to be true views."
A smart move for Lincoln?The Letters Heading:Executive Mansion,Washington, August 22, 1862.The Emancipation Proclamation Issued:January 1, 1863A draft was in his desk as he wrotethis letter!Horace Greeley claims thatLincoln never actuallyanswered his question, but didsomething else.
"Peace without Victory."
A little before "the war to end all wars..."The idealistic President!Mr. Woodrow WilsonWhat did he often strive for?What was his diplomacy?Step in Wilsons shoes for a moment...What was his reasoning for wanting"peace without victory?"This was what he proposed a little before thewar...What about after?..............
"Remember the Alamo."
March 2, 1836Outnumbered? You mean I can attackall sides?The Epic Battle!Why was this event soimportant?18 Minutes
"Remember the Maine."
"Remember the Maine.To hell with Spain!"
“Speak softly and carry a big stick, you will gofar.”
How was this diplomacyused to gain economicinterests?Actually Taken froman African Proverb.Roosevelt Corollary to the Monroe Doctrine?
“The ideals and traditions of our nations demanded that wecome to the aid of Greece and Turkey and that we put theworld on notice that it would be our policy to support thecause of freedom wherever it was threatened.”
CONTAINMENT!And so...What did President Truman come up with to attempt to"contain" communism?...~What did that certain thing do?...
“The only thing we have to fear is fear itself."
FDRs First Inaugural Address...Something great happened....It was depressing...Why did FDR say this during his inauguration,what exactly does it mean?
Part B: Quotable Quotation“We hold these truths to be self-evident: that allmen and women are created equal; that theyare endowed by their Creator with certainunalienable rights.”● Source?● When?● Context?● Significance?
Part B: Quotable Quotation● Elizabeth Cady Stanton.● 1848.● The Declaration of Sentiments.● The quotation sparked the Movement forWomen’s Rights, which succeeded throughthe ratification of 19thAmendment in 1920.
Part B: Quotable Quotation“The American continents, by the free andindependent condition which they haveassumed and maintained, are henceforth not tobe considered as subject for future colonizationby any European powers.”● Source?● When?● Context?● Significance?
Part B: Quotable Quotation● James Monroe/Democratic-Republican/1817-1825.● 1823.● The Monroe Doctrine.● The quotation opposed further Europeancolonization of and interference withindependent nations in the WesternHemisphere.
Part B: Quotable Quotation“And, by virtue of the power and for thepurpose aforesaid, I do order and declare thatall persons held as slaves within these saiddesignated States and parts of States are, andhenceforward shall be free.”● Source?● When?● Context?● Significance?
Part B: Quotable Quotation● Abraham Lincoln/Republican/1861-1865.● 1863.● The Emancipation Proclamation.● The quotation was given during the thirdyear of the American Civil War in an effort todeclare all slaves free in the ConfederateStates.
Part B: Quotable Quotation“We the people of the United States, inorder to form a more perfect Union...”● Source?● When?● Context?● Significance?
Part B: Quotable Quotation● Preamble.● 1787.● The United States Constitution.● The quotation suggests that the newgovernment originates from the people of theUnited States and it sets into motion aquestion as it pertains to that vast populationconcerning the individual rights and equalityamong all people.
Part B: Quotable Quotation“No one can make you feel inferiorwithout your consent.”● Source?● When?● Context?● Significance?
Part B: Quotable Quotation● Eleanor Roosevelt.● 1937.● This is My Story.● The quotation explains that in orderfor others to view you as inferior, youmust also have the feeling that youare inferior.
Part B: Quotable Quotation“Surplus wealth is a sacred trust whichits possessor is bound to administer inhis lifetime for the good of thecommunity.”● Source?● When?● Context?● Significance?
Part B: Quotable Quotation● Andrew Carnegie.● 1889.● The Best Fields for Philanthropy.● The quote implies that saving grandwealth forever is dishonorable andshould be donated to the system thatmade him rich.
Part B: Quotable Quotation“The advance of the frontier has meant asteady movement away from the influence ofEurope, a steady growth of independence onAmerican lines. And to study this advance...isto study the really American part of our history.”● Source?● When?● Context?● Significance?
Part B: Quotable Quotation● Frederick Jackson Turner.● 1893.● The Significance of the Frontier in AmericanHistory.● The quotation explained that the frontierpromoted the formation of a compositenationality for the American people.
Part B: Quotable Quotation“What hath God wrought!”● Source?● When?● Context?● Significance?
Part B: Quotable Quotation● Samuel Morse.● 1844.● Telegraph.● The quotation, "What hath God wrought?"sent by "Morse Code" from the old SupremeCourt chamber in the United States Capitolto Morses partner in Baltimore, officiallyopened the completed line.
Part B: Quotable Quotation“Government is not the solution to ourproblem. Government is the problem.”● Source?● When?● Context?● Significance?
Part B: Quotable Quotation● Ronald Reagan/Republican/1981-1989.● 1981.● Inaugural Address.● The quotation endorsed the laissezfaire economic policy and “small”government.
Part B: Quotable Quotation“Women of the world, unite! You have nothingto lose but your vacuum cleaner.”● Source?● When?● Context?● Significance?
Part B: Quotable Quotation● Betty Friedan.● 1963.● The Feminine Mystique.● The quotation argued that there was more tolife for women than the achievements of theirhusbands and children. It also sparked asecond Women’s Rights Movement in the1960s and 1970s, which succeeded throughthe advancement of women roles in society.