Lesson 36 Handout 40Points of ConflictThe Focus of HistoryMelissa OrellanaSamuel LeyvaLuigi GatuslaoKaelyn See
Woodrow Wilson v. Henry CabotLodgeCharacters:• Woodrow Wilson• Henry Cabot LodgeConflict: The League of Nations & Treaty of VersaillesTime: 1919Issues: Woodrow Wilson Henry Cabot Lodgefourteen pointsLeague of NationsFor the Treatyrefused changesappealed to the publicAgainst the treatyagainst the Leagueheld reservationsCongress have final authorityReservationistImpact: The U.S doesnt join the League of Nations & thewar ended but the treaty wasnt ratified.
Alexander Hamilton v. ThomasJeffersonCharacters:• Alexander Hamilton• Thomas JeffersonConflict: Economic goals, views for the future, style of governmentTime: 1800Issues: Hamilton Jefferson"loose" interpretation of the Constitution "strict" interpretation of the ConstitutionFederalist Party Democratic-Republican Partybelieved in the industrialist lifestyle believed in the Yeoman farmer lifestyleImpact: Jefferson won the election of 1800 which is the first time anopposing political faction rises to power through peaceful means;Revolution of 1800. Start of the fall of the Federalist Party
Richard Nixon v. Supreme CourtCharacters: Richard Nixon and the Supreme CourtConflict: Watergate ScandalTime: 1972Issues: Richard Nixon United StatesThe President has executive privilegeto keep information from otherbranches of governmentThe Presidents executive privilege isnot absoluteThis dispute should be handled by theExecutive branch, not the courtsShould be handled by the federalcourtsImpact: The court ruled that a President couldnt keep evidence from acriminal prosecution because he was President. This case ultimatelypartially limited the Presidents power and create distrust of the peopletowards the government.
Franklin Roosevelt v. SupremeCourtCharacters: Franklin D. Roosevelt and the Supreme CourtConflict: National Recovery Administration (NRA), The New Deal, Court PackingPlanTime: 1935Issues:- The National Recovery Administration was seen as unconstitutional as certainregulations conflicted with the states rights- The constitutionality of the New Deal programs- The court packing plan was viewed as hunger for power and unconstitutionalImpact:- The NRA was removed- Roosevelt gained more leeway in passing laws after the Court Packing Plan
Rutherford B. Hayes v. SamuelTildenConflict: Presidential election of 1876Time: 1876Issue: Tilden had more popular votes, and won 184 of 185 electoral votes;20 disputed votes in 4 states, 3 were in the SouthImpact: Compromise of 1877- withdrawal of the troops, one Southernerto the Hayes cabinet, control of federal patronage, internalimprovements, federal aid for the Texas and Pacific Railroad... HAYESCharacters:• Rutherford B. Hayes of Ohio-former Union army officer, governor,congressman, champion of civilservice reform; Republican• Samuel Tilden- governor of NewYork; Democrat
Gloria Steinem v. Phyllis SchlaflyCharacters: Gloria Steinem and Phyllis SchlaflyConflict: Womens rightsTime: 1970Issues: Gloria Steinem Phyllis SchlaflyStrived for men and women equality Believed in the traditional housewifeSupported the Equal RightsAmendmentOpposed the ERA along with otherconservativesImpact:- More awareness for the rights of women- The Equal Rights Amendment did not get passed
Harry S. Truman v. DouglasMacArthurCharacters: Harry S. Truman and Douglas MacArthurConflict: MacArthur insists on attacking China, but TrumanrefusesTime: 1951"Old soldiers never die, they just fade away."Douglas MacArthurIssues: Truman has avoided directconflict with China in fear ofanother world war, but MacArthurinsists on invading China or at thevery least bombing communistsforces above the Chinese border.Impact: MacArthur was relieved ofhis command on April 11, 1951.
William Jennings Bryan v. William McKinleyIssues:Characters:• William Jennings Bryan• William McKinleyConflict: Presidential election of 1896;national currencyTime: 1890sWilliam Jennings Bryan William McKinleybelieved in the silverstandard and the goldstandardbelieved in the goldstandardImpact: McKinley won the election andeventually passed the Gold Standard Actin 1900.
Abraham Lincoln v. Stephen DouglasCharacters: Abraham Lincoln and Stephen A. DouglasConflict: Popular SovereigntyTime: 1858Issues: Senator Stephen A. Douglas was the leading proponentof popular sovereignty and wanted slavery in the newterritories while Abraham Lincoln wanted to preventextension of slavery in the new territories.Impact: Douglas won the Senate seat but Lincolns strongperformance in the debate helped him win presidency in1860.
Tories v. PatriotsCharacters:• Tories (loyalists)• Patriots (nationalists)Conflict: views on independence from Great BritainTime: 1960s and 1970sIssues: Tories Patriotssupported the King supported independencemost were merchants andwealthy landowners;Pennsylvania Dutchmost were ordinary men andwomen; middle and lowerfelt colonies would be weakwithout Britain"No taxation withoutrepresentation"felt the that the mother countrywas tyrannicalImpact:Patriots were theultimate victors ofthe AmericanRevolution, andmany Tories weredriven out of thecountry.
Federalists vs. Anti-FederalistsCharacters:• Federalists: Thomas Jefferson, Alexander Hamilton• Anti-federalists: Thomas Paine, Samuel AdamsConflict: the ConstitutionTime: 1778Issues: Federalists wanted a strong central government but the Anti-federalists thought that the strong government would turn into atyrannical government where individual liberty would be put to anend.Impact: ratification proceeded and the constitution was put intoeffect.
Andrew Jackson v. Nicholas BiddleCharacters: Andrew Jackson & Nicholas BiddleConflict: War against the Bank of the United StatesTime: 1830sIssues: Jackson opposed the bill to recharter the SecondBank of the United States while Nicholas Biddle workedhard to put the institution on a prosperous basis.Impact: Jackson killed the National bank by withdrawingfederal funds and investing them in local or "pet"banks.
Herbert Hoover v. Franklin D.RooseveltCharacters: Herbert Hoover and Franklin D. RooseveltConflict: Federal government involvement in the economyTime: 1930sIssues: Hoover insisted that the needs of the unemployed and the poorwere the responsibility of local and state governments, not the federalgovernment while Roosevelt favored direct federal relief to individualsthrough the New Deal. Hoover believed in a policy of laissez-faire.Impact: People were convinced that Hoover could not solve the economiccrisis so FDR won the election of 1932 and enacted his New Deal plan.
Martin Luther King, Jr. v. Malcolm XCharacters: Martin Luther King Jr. & Malcolm XConflict: Black ResistanceTime: 1960sIssues: Dr. King was for civil disobedience while MalcolmX insisted that black people had the right to defendthemselves violently if necessary.Impact: Different approaches towards resistance.
Booker T. Washington v. W.E.B.DuboisCharacters: Booker T. Washington & W.E.B. DuboisConflict: Gaining EqualityTime: 1905Issues: Washington believed that southern blacks couldachieve economic equality with whites by learningskilled work gain economic status while Duboiss wantedfull, political, and social equality.Impact: Dubois ended up creating the NAACP, whichrejected Washingtons ideas.