ALA Standards: 1.3.5, 3.3.7, & 4.3.4Welcome and intro.Today’s topic Cyber Bullying Cyber Bullying is a large problem today.
Cyber bullying is bullying through e-mail, instant messaging, in a chat room, on a Web site, or through digital messages or images sent to a cellular phone or personal digital assistant (PDA) (Kowalski et al, 2008)Bullying online is very different from face-to-face bullying because messages and images can be: Sent 24 hours a day, 7 days a week, 365 days a year, Shared be shared to a very wide audience and Sent anonymouslyhttp://www.stopbullyingnow.hrsa.gov/topics/cyberbullying/index.html
90% of middle school students have had their feelings hurt online. – www.wiredsafety.org
Nancy Willard with the Center for Safe and Responsible Internet Use (CSRIU) has developed useful list of various forms of cyber bullying. http://www.csriu.org/F: Using inflammatory or vulgar words to provoke an online fight; Ex and discussH:Repeatedly sending offensive, rude and insulting messages; Ex and discusshttp://www.cyberbully.org/cyberbully/docs/cbcteducator.pdf
D: Spreading rumors, lies or gossip to hurt a person’s reputation Ex and discuss I: Posting offensive or aggressive messages under another person’s name; Ex and discussO: Posting or sharing confidential or compromising information or images; Ex and discuss http://www.cyberbully.org/cyberbully/docs/cbcteducator.pdf
T: Fooling someone into sharing personal information which you then post online; Ex and discuss E: Purposefully excluding someone from a online group; Ex and discuss; Ex and discussC: Ongoing harassment and denigration that causes a person considerable fear for his/ her safety; Ex and discusshttp://www.cyberbully.org/cyberbully/docs/cbcteducator.pdf75% of middle school students have visited Web sites bashing another student.40% have had their passwords stolen and change by a bully www.wiredsafety.org
Now that you know what cyber bullying is….Lets take a poll…Instructions for Poll EverywhereAllow time for poll to updateThe National Crime Prevention Council reports cyber bullying is problem that affects almost half of all American teens. http://www.ncpc.org/cyberbullyingA 2006 survey by Harris Interactive reported that 43% of U.S. teens have experienced some form of cyber-bullying the in past year. Kids have reported being mean to each other online beginning as young as 2nd grade. According to research, boys initiate mean online activity earlier than girls do. However, by middle school, girls are more like to engage in cyber bullying than boys do. http://www.fairfaxtimes.com/cms/story.php?id=2078Discuss totals
15 % of parent polled knew what cyber bullying was. – www.wiredsaftety.orgResearch has shown that not all students perceive cyber bullying as a form of bullying behavior (Kowalski et al. 2008). Therefore, classroom lessons and discussions that focusdirectly on cyber bullying are critical to preventing it from flourishing.Unexpectedly stops using the computerAppears nervous or jumpy when an Instant Message, text message, or Email appears.Appears uneasy about going to school or outside in general.Appears to be angry, depressed, or frustrated after using the computer.Avoids discussions about what they are doing on the computer.Becomes abnormally withdrawn from usual friends and family members. http://www.cyberbullying.us/cyberbullying_warning_signs.pdf
Make sure your school has an AUP that outlines what is and is not the permitted use of the school’s technology and computer systemsHave both parents and students sign this AUPWhy? Stipulations in the AUP that deal with the safety of students from dangerous or abusive actions of other students, give the school more legal authority to take the appropriate measures in cyberbullying cases, even if the incident occurs outside of school. –Aftab; “Netbullies”Let students know that their school Internet use records and files can be searchedIf there is legitimate suspicion that a school or district policy has been broken by a student, schools have the right to search these records and files.Why? By letting students know that searches can take place, they are more likely to think twice before breaking the rules. – Nancy Willard “Cyberbulling and Cyberthreats”Provide a way for students to privately report cyber bullyingSetting this precaution in place lets students know that there is a safe place to share cyber safety violations.Would-be cyber bullies might be deterred if they know that there is a general awareness of this problem in his/her school, and if they realize there is a greater chance of being caught. – Nancy Willard: “Cyberbulling and Cyberthreats” Create a “Safe Schools” CommitteePut together a group of educators (usually administrators, counselors, school resource officers) that deal with issues of cyber security, such as cyber bullying. – Nancy Willard; “Cyberbullying and Cyberthreats”Provide Proper Student Education on Cyber safetyIntegrate cyber safety into your curriculum so that students become aware of these issues. Encourage them to mentor and pass along this information to their peers.
Districts should respond when liability concerns are raised when situations occurs through district Internet system, when students are using personal digital devices while on campus, or when the combination of off-campus and on-campus altercations is making it impossible for a students to receive an education. Simply having a policy and responding to reported incidents is not sufficient if the bullying and the harm it causes continues despite the measures.
Cyber bullying can cross legal linesCL: LibelInvasion of privacyPurposeful infliction of emotional destressCriminal LawViolent threatsHarassment and/or stalkingHate/bias crimesHarmful material for minors (sexual exploitation, pornography) Willard, N. Cyberbullying and Cyberthreats
Schools should contact parents and law enforcement whenMaking threats of violence to people or their propertyCoercionMaking obscene or harassing telephone calls (includes text messages)Harassment or stalkingHate or bias crimeCreating or sending sexually explicit images of teensSexual exploitation Taking a photo of someone in place where privacy is expectedNancy Willard- “Educator’s Guide”
Educating the students is keyResearch has shown that not all students perceive cyber bullying as a form of bullying behavior (Kowalski et al. 2008). Therefore, classroom lessons and discussions that focusdirectly on cyber bullying are critical to preventing it from flourishing.
There are several important things that you can teach students to do to avoid being a target of cyber bullying:• Protect yourself. Never provide any information or images in electronic form that could be used against you.• Examine how you are communicating. If you find that people are frequently attacking you, look closely at how you are communicating with them. You might be communicating in a way that is irritating others or hurting their feelings.• Find some new friends. If you are trying to fit into a group of people who are treating you badly, it might be easier to simply find some nicer friends. Life’s too short to waste time trying to be friends with mean people.
Messages to give students about beating bullies:Bullies want to achieve power and be seen by others as stronger and better. If you lose your cool or respond in another way that shows lack of strength, a bully can boast about it to others—and will probably keep bullying you. So the key to handling bullies is to stay calm and not make it fun to harass you. A bully wants you to get upset. If you get mad and strike back in an attempt to hurt the bully as badly as you were hurt, it just won’t work. All it does is give the bully a “win.” Retaliating can also make you look bad. You could also set yourself up for trouble. People who see your post may think you are the one who is causing the problem, not the bully. If someone shows your message to an adult, you could be the one who gets into trouble.Nancy Willard “Cyberbullying and Cyberthreats”
Things you can tell your students about how to stop cyber bullying:Send the bully a message stating “Stop sending me messages” or “Remove the material you posted” . Make sure it is a strong not emotional message. Tell the bully that if it doesn’t stop other steps will be taken.Don’t visit groups where you are cyber bullied. Remove the bully from friends lists.Your parents could talk to the parents of the bully or send a letter. Most sites and services prohibit bully behavior. Contact them through e-mail and explain the situation. Attached material of the bullying and request the material be removed and the account be terminated. If the bully goes to your school, tell your principal, school counselor, or school resource officer. Give them copies of the material. Sometimes the bullying is so bad that your parents can sue the parents of the cyber bully. Or the cyber bullying could be a crime.Nancy Willard- “Cyberbullying and Cyberthreats”
Cyber bullying is harmful to our students and it happens more than we know.We need to teach children Cyber Safety from an early age so that they can safely interact with other onlineCommunication is important in deterring and detecting cyber bullying make sure to let the students know you are there to listen! Cyber Bullying DELETE IT!
Recognizing the Signs Isolation Poor Grades Change in Behaviors or Routines http://office.microsoft.com/en-us/images/results.aspx?qu=Signs&ctt=1#ai:MP900407571|
What Can Schools Do? http://office.microsoft.com/en-us/images/results.aspx?qu=school+building&ctt=1#ai:MP900433198| Acceptable Use Policy (AUP) Inform students of searches Private reporting “Safe Schools” committee Education
When to Get Involved… http://office.microsoft.com/en-us/images/results.aspx?qu=meeting&ctt=1#ai:MP900422855|
Legal Implications of Cyber Bullying Civil Law Standards Criminal Law http://office.microsoft.com/en-us/images/results.aspx?qu=Legal&ctt=1#ai:MP900395954|
Teach Students to Prevent Cyber Bullying Protect Yourself Examine Your Communication Find New Friends http://office.microsoft.com/en-us/images/results.aspx?qu=Teaching&ctt=1#ai:MP900439377|
Beating Bullies Step Away Clam Down Never Retaliate http://office.microsoft.com/en-us/images/results.aspx?qu=Laptop&ctt=1#ai:MP900433172|
Ways to Stop Cyber Bullying Tell the cyber bully to stop Ignore the cyber bully Have your parents contact the cyber bully’s parents. File a complaint with the Web site or service Talk to someone at school Contact an attorney or the police http://office.microsoft.com/en-us/images/results.aspx?qu=Stop+Sign&ctt=1#ai:MC900434805|
Web Sites to Help With Cyber Bullying WiredSafety www.wiredsafety.org www.stopcyberbully.org Media Awareness Network www.media-awareness.ca Bully Online www.bullyonline.org/related/cyber.htm Internet Super Heroes www.internetsuperheroes.org/cyberbullying/ NetSamrtz Workshop Real Life Stories www.netsamrtz.org/resources/reallife.htm National Crime Prevention Council: Cyberbullying www.ncpc.org/parents/cyberbullying.php iSafe www.isafe.org
Works Cited Aftab, Parry. "Net Bullies...preventing and Handling Cyberbullying and Harassment." Net Bullies. Web. 26 Apr. 2011. <http://www.netbullies.com/pages/4/index.htm>. CSRIU: Center for Safe and Responsible Internet Use. Web. 26 Apr. 2011. <http://www.cyberbully.org/>. "Cyberbullying | StopBullying.gov." StopBullying.gov. U.S. Government Department of Health and Human Service. Web. 25 Apr. 2011. <http://www.stopbullyingnow.hrsa.gov/topics/cyberbullying/index.html>. Hinduja, Ph D., Sameer, and Justin W. Patchin, Ph D. "Cyberbullying Warning Signs Red Flags That Your Child Is Involved in Cyberbullying." Cyberbullying. Cyberbullying Research Center. Web. 20 Apr. 2011. <http://www.cyberbullying.us/cyberbullying_warning_signs.pdf>. Kowalski, Robin M., Patricia W. Agatston, and Susan P. Limber. Cyber Bullying: Bullying in the Digital Age. Malden: Blackwell, 2008. Print. Willard, Nancy E. Cyberbullying and Cyberthreats: Responding to the Challenge of Online Social Aggression, Threats, and Distress. Champaign, IL: Research, 2007. Print. Willard, Nancy. "Educator’s Guide to Cyberbullying, Cyberthreats & Sexting." Cyberbully.org. Center for Safe and Responsible Use of the Internet. Web. 26 Apr. 2011. <http://www.cyberbully.org/cyberbully/documents/educatorsguide.pdf>.