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Life style diseases


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  • 1. Life Style DiseasesDr. Akheel Rizwan. DCH, MRCPCH ( UK )
  • 2. AimHealth & DiseaseLifestyle & problemsPreventionQuestion & answers
  • 3. What is changed inourLifestyle ascompared to ourgrand parents?
  • 4. 1. Minimal physical exertion in most of the jobs2. Availability of transport vehicles, so there is no need to walk
  • 5. What can you preventby choosing a betterlifestyle?
  • 6. Easy access to cigarettes, alcohol,tobacco and drugs of addiction
  • 7. entertainment which makes you sitat one place, all throughout theyeari.e. T. V, , Computer, Music systemetc
  • 8. Advances in medical field due towhich people are living up to olderage
  • 9. And many more . . . . .
  • 10. What are we getting inreturn?
  • 11. Lifestyle relateddiseases
  • 12. DiabetesHigh blood pressureHigh cholesterolHeart disease at early age
  • 13. ObesityArthritis, spondylitisCavities in teethGoutCancer
  • 14. AND MANYMORE…………………………………………
  • 15. What can we do?We are so busy.
  • 16. Simple things that can bechanged in daily life without much effort
  • 17. 1. Walk Where? To a nearby grocery shop than going on bike To a nearby department at your workplace than talking on phone
  • 18. For example I want to speak to mycolleague. I have two options1. To call on her mobile and discuss2. Walk to the department and talk directly
  • 19. 2. Switch off T.V. while eating We don’t understand whenwe are full and overeat if we donot concentrate on eating
  • 20. Avoid processed food as it contains1. Refined flours like maida2. Artificial colors and preservatives3. Most of the time , it is high in salt even though the taste is not salty
  • 21. Some exercise like walking,swimming , stretching,suryanamaskar etc , even for10 minutes a day is better thanno exercise
  • 22. At home, one can be moreactive by making simplechanges in roomEg Sitting down for mealsinstead of using a dining table
  • 23. We can choose activities thatinvolve physical exercise when wespend spare timeEgPlaying an outdoor game withfriends rather than watching it onT.V.Going out for a walk with friendrather than sitting and talking
  • 24. We do not get enough sunshineeven though plenty is available inour country Indoor job minimal outdoor activities
  • 25. How does sunshine help us?Vitamin D is produced in the skin whensun rays fall on it.Vitamin D makes your bones and muscles strongerIt is known to have other good effects like protection from various cancersand heart diseases
  • 26. Include good amount of fiber in diet
  • 27. Fibre is that portion ofvegetarian diet which ourdigestive system cannotdigest. Though it isultimately completelythrown out of our body instools, it has numeroushealth benefits.
  • 28. High fibre diet helps to preventcommon diseases of urbanpopulation like:ObesityHigh cholesterolDiabetes mellitusCardiovascular diseasesConstipationColon cancerIrritable bowel syndrome etcPiles
  • 29. I Most of the UNPROCESSED VEGETARIAN food has good fiber content
  • 30. 1. Eat fresh whole fruit instead of fruit juice2. Carry food items like an apple, a banana , a mixture of roasted peanuts etc at workplace and eat it when hungry instead of eating food available in canteen like samosa, bread, etc
  • 31. High salt intake can cause various health problems likeHigh blood pressureObesityHeart disease
  • 32. How much sodium should we eat daily?1. One to two grams2. Ten grams3. As much as we want4. None at all
  • 33. • One to two grams
  • 34. One teaspoon [ 5 grams] salt contains how much sodium?1. one gram2. two grams3. ten grams4. one milligram
  • 35. • Two grams
  • 36. Most of the salt we eat every day is "hidden".80% of the salt we eat is hiding in processed foods like bread
  • 37. Hidden saltSome foods that do not taste salty may have high sodiumEg bread tomato sauce cakes and biscuits. take-away foods, such chips, etc Chinese food processed cheese
  • 38. If you buy a packed food item e.g. bread, how will you find out how much salt it contains?1. ask the shopkeeper2. read the label3. ask your doctor4. taste it and find out
  • 39. How will you effectively read the label?Any ingredient that has sodium, salt or soda as part of its name (e.g. monosodium glutamate, baking soda) contains sodium.
  • 40. Sodium level in food [in gram per 100 gram]• Low - 0.1 or less• Medium - 0.1-0.6g• High - 0.6 or more
  • 41. • Do not get mislead by mere words like healthy cholesterol free low fat natural etc etcAsk questions to yourself and try to get correct answers
  • 42. Thank you