Building Dynamic Websites With Joomla CMS
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Building Dynamic Websites With Joomla CMS






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    Building Dynamic Websites With Joomla CMS Building Dynamic Websites With Joomla CMS Presentation Transcript

    • Thomas Siegers Songfuli Co., Ltd. May 20, 2010 Building dynamic websites with Joomla CMS Design, Configure, Use
    • About This presentation is publicly available at: Hosted by Chinese Culture University (PCCU) European Chamber of Commerce in Taiwan This presentation is published under the Creative Commons Attribution Share Alike License. For more information, see
    • Summary Joomla open-source content management system A tool for building and maintaining websites, low cost, easy to use, very suitable for small and medium sites, the right choice for self-made entrepreneurs.
    • Website Basics
      • Static vs. Dynamic
      • CMS Basics
      • Deployment Options
      • Managing Content
      • Enhancements
      • User Management
      • Maintenance
      • Migrating
      • Static vs. Dynamic
      • Content embedded in HTML code
      • Content and layout partly independent
      • Entering content is like programming
      • Interactive features require CGI programming
      • No special requirements on web host
      • Faster than dynamic web site
      • Content stored in database
      • Content and layout completely independent
      • Entering content is like word processing
      • Interactive features are available by software components
      • Web host must provide database and programming language
      • Slower than static web site
      • CMS Basics: What is a CMS?
      • CMS: Content Management System
      • General : computer software system for managing content
      • Here : web content management system
        • computer software system for managing content on an Internet website
        • allows users to create and manage content in a way similar to word processing
        • used to maintain a website, not to create it
      • Other : enterprise content management system also called: document management system (DMS)
      • CMS Basics: Functionality
      • Browser requests web page
      • Web server recognizes dynamic request
      • Application software retrieves content from database
      • Application software constructs web page dynamically
      • Web server delivers web page to browser
        Language Module
        Web Server
        Web Browser
        Application Software
      • CMS Basics: Products
      • Commercial
        • Prices range from some hundred Dollars to some hundred thousand Dollars
      • Open Source
        • Joomla!
        • Drupal
        • Typo3
        • phpNuke
        • XOOPS
        • Plone
        • … and many more
      • Deployment Options
      • Within own network
        • very fast access from inside
        • data inside the organization
        • security threat
      • Shared web host
        • inexpensive
        • slow response with high volume traffic
      • Dedicated web host
        • fast access from everywhere
        • very reliable operation
        • data outside the organization
      • Managing Content
      • Set-up hierarchical content structure e.g. section-category-content
      • Set-up menu structure independent from content structure
      • Create content online using WYSIWYG word processor
      • Publish content - manually (immediately) - automatically (scheduled) - workflow authorized (draft, revise, approve) - front page (yes/no)
      • Maintain content update, unpublish, archive, delete
      • Enhancements
      • Multimedia image gallery, streaming audio/video, YouTube
      • Communication newsletter, guest book, forum, chat, polls
      • Collaboration calendar, event list, project management
      • E-Commerce web shop, payment, auction, Amazon
      • Web Marketing advertising banners, classified ads, SEO
      • Data Management forms, database queries, file manager
      • User Management
      • Different user types
        • Organizational: internal, external
        • Technical: frontend, backend
      • Access rights
        • frontend, backend
        • submit, create, edit, publish content
      • Enhancements
        • Contact management
        • Mass mail
        • Newsletters
      • Maintenance
      • Backup
        • Files
        • Database
      • Updates
        • Security
        • References to third party services
      • Upgrades
        • Major releases (e.g. Joomla 1.0 -> 1.5)
        • Minor releases
        • Extensions
      • Migrating
      • Three kinds of migration
        • Upgrade from previous version
        • Clone, backup – restore, move to a new site
        • Replace existing CMS or static web site
      • Migrating from legacy CMS
        • No straightforward way
        • Analysis of data model
        • Programmatic extraction of legacy content
        • Programmatic insertion into new CMS
        • Bulk updating of missing fields
        • Manual configuration
      • Advantages
      • Limitations
      • Requirements
      • Concept
    • Advantages
      • Open Source
      • Very popular
      • Many free extensions available
      • Many inexpensive templates available
      • Relatively easy to use for website designers and users
    • Limitations
      • Very rudimentary access and permissions*
      • SEO difficult to achieve*
      • Fixed 2-stage categorization*
      • HMTL output with tables
      • Most extensions not integrated
      • *) improved in upcoming version 1.6 (currently beta)
    • Requirements
      • LAMP Linux, Apache, MySQL, PHP
      • PHP ver. 5.2 for Joomla ver. 1.6
      • Shared Web Host file upload with FTP database configuration with web host control panel
      • Apache Webserver Interface apache2handler vs. cgi-fcgi check with php_sapi_name()
      • PHP Settings register_globals = off
    • Concept Database
    • Core Features
      • Articles (content)
      • Menus
      • Categories*
      • Modules
      • Contact Form
      • Web Links
      • News Feeds
      • Polls
      • Banners
      • *) Joomla ver. 1.5 – section-category ver. 1.6 – multiple categories
    • Template
      • Configuration templateDetails.xml files, positions, etc.
      • Layout index.php HTML with PHP snippets to insert content dynamically
      • Styling template.css CSS for layout and styling
      • Images round corners, shadows, background, logo
      • JavaScript adds dynamic elements, like sliding header images
    • Customizing
      • Template layout modifications additional module positions changing colors, fonts, background, logo knowledge required: HTML, CSS
      • Styling add custom styles wherever possible override styling in own CSS knowledge required: HTML, CSS
      • Functional modifications must be reapplied after each update Joomla core should better not be modified knowledge required: PHP, MySQL, Joomla API, JavaScript
    • Search Engine Optimization
      • Scope on-site vs. off-site SEO
      • Basic search engine friendly URLs title tag meta tags XML sitemap
      • Advanced headline tags duplicate content redirects multimedia content
    • Q & A Thomas Siegers Songfuli Co., Ltd. Taipei, Taiwan 松福禮股份有限公司 [email_address]