Why Teach History with Technology-2011
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Why Teach History with Technology-2011

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Webinar for the Orange County Social Studies Supervisors Meeting, May 2011

Webinar for the Orange County Social Studies Supervisors Meeting, May 2011

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  • 05/17/11
  • 05/17/11
  • With 30 years of history since the introduction of the personal computer, we have a pretty a good sense now of how it’s changing labor markets. 05/17/11
  • 05/17/11 Early theory that computers would complement high skilled workers and replace low skilled workers, but more complicated Computers are really good a rules-based tasks Airline check in as an example of rules based task- only a limited set of possibilities, communication ins simple and can be scripted
  • 05/17/11 This is where humans have a comparative advantage over computers…
  • 05/17/11 Big decline in routine cognitive: the filing and bookkeeping are being done to a large extent by computers and to a lesser extent work is sent off shore. The cognitive demands of the labor market are greater than at any time in U.S. history.
  • 05/17/11 Not just job composition that is changing, but the jobs them selves.
  • These ideas form the basis of the 21 st century skills movement, which argues that education needs to prepare students for the increasing cognitive demands of the workplace. 05/17/11
  • 05/17/11 Are the students in your school being prepared to provide the type of answers that the second student gave? Did schools do a better job 35 years ago?
  • 05/17/11 Are the students in your school being prepared to provide the type of answers that the second student gave? Did schools do a better job 35 years ago?
  • 05/17/11

Why Teach History with Technology-2011 Why Teach History with Technology-2011 Presentation Transcript

  • Why Teach History with Technology? Justin Reich EdTechTeacher.org Co-Director Harvard Graduate School of Education Doctoral Researcher
  • Why Change?
    • Haven’t we been doing good work for a long time?
    • Why should we invest the time and energy into learning technology when we could invest the same in refining well-established practice?
    • What are the rewards of that investment in developing technology rich teaching practices?
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  • Personal Digital Photo Archives
  • Online Archive of the Historical Record
  • Online citation and notetaking
  • Historians as bloggers
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  • Participation and Engagement
    • “ I never realized what little regard my students had for my opinion until I started having them turn their work into one another”
      • 8 th grade teacher
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  • Skills for 21 st Century Work and Life: The New Division of Labor Richard J. Murnane Harvard Graduate School of Education
  • Computerizing Routine Tasks: Self-Service Check-In
  • Types of Tasks Computers Do Not Well
    • Tasks that cannot be described well as a series of if-then-do steps because:
      • The boundaries of the problem are ill-defined
      • Solving the problem requires imagining novel solutions
      • We learn to define the task and accomplish it through social interactions
  • Economy-Wide Measures of Routine and Non-Routine Task Input: 1969-1998 (1969=0)
  • Changes in Task Mix Within Occupations: Example: Secretary
    • 1970 description of a secretary’s job:
    • “ Secretaries relieve their employers of routine duties so they can work on more important matters. . . .”
    • 2000 description of a secretary’s job:
    • “ . . . Office automation and organizational restructuring have led secretaries to assume a wide range of new responsibilities once reserved for managerial and professional staff. Many secretaries now provide training and orientation to new staff, conduct research on the Internet, and learn to operate new office technologies.”
      • Source: U.S. Department of Labor Occupational Handbook
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  • What was the date of battle of the Spanish Armada?
    • Student 1 : 1588.
    • Q. How do you know this?
    • It was one of the dates I memorized for the exam.
    • Q. Why is the event important?
    • I don’t know.
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    This example is taken from Bransford, Brown and Cocking (eds.)
  • What was the date of battle of the Spanish Armada?
    • Student 1 : 1588.
    • Q. How do you know this?
    • It was one of the dates I memorized for the exam.
    • Q. Why is the event important?
    • I don’t know.
    • Student 2 : It must have been around 1590.
    • Q. How do you know this?
      • I know the English began to settle in Virginia just after 1600, although I’m not sure of the exact date. They wouldn't have dared start overseas explorations if Spain still had control of the seas. It would have taken a little while to get expeditions organized, so England must have gained naval supremacy somewhere in the late 1500's.
    • Q. Why is the event important?
      • It marks a turning point in the relative importance of England and Spain as European powers and colonizers of the New World.
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    This example is taken from Bransford, Brown and Cocking (eds.)
  • A Homework Question
    • Examine the homework that teachers in your school typically assign:
      • Does the homework push students to develop expert thinking skills (non-routine problem solving)
      • What about communication skills?
      • Or does the homework ask students to do the kind of rules-based tasks that computers can be programmed to do?
    • The answer may tell you a lot about the types of jobs your school is preparing students to do.
  • So things are different…
    • The practice of history is changing…
    • The experience of young people is changing…
    • The demands of the labor market are changing…
    • But how do we incorporate technology in our instruction?
  • thwt.org
    • It’s the hardest work I ever undertaken in my career. We’re trying to effect change in scale, and we have to “play on two playing fields” at once. We’re still being judged by the criteria for “Adequate Yearly Progress” and state accountability standards, while we are holding ourselves to a much higher standard. We have to succeed at both. It’s hard work, but it’s the right work to be doing.
    • - Jim Merrill, Superintendent of Virginia Beach Public Schools (in Wagner, Global Achievement Gap)
  • ji Visit us at EdTechTeacher.org! [email_address]