forschungsmethodik<br /> FOSE 2010<br />
Theoretisierungsperspektive<br />Strukturblick  		Kulturblick<br /> Kognitivismus	Konstruktivismus<br /> Struktur und Gren...
3<br />Research Process II<br /> 	1.     PROJECT FRAMEWORK<br />       + problems to be clarified (what) <br />       + in...
thomas.bauer@univie.ac.at<br />4<br />How to do the research? I(a)The Linear Model<br />PROBLEM<br />define the problem! F...
thomas.bauer@univie.ac.at<br />5<br />How to do the research? I(b)The Linear Model<br />OPERATIONALISATION of the MAIN CON...
thomas.bauer@univie.ac.at<br />6<br />How to do the research? IIThe Cyclic Model<br />comparison<br />Assumption about the...
thomas.bauer@univie.ac.at<br />7<br />How to do the research? IIIAComplex Model of Research Procedure<br />social problem<...
thomas.bauer@univie.ac.at<br />8<br />How to do the research? IVASimple Model of Research<br />choice of the problem <br /...
thomas.bauer@univie.ac.at<br />9<br />References<br />Used References (in German):<br />Friedrich, Jürgen (1990): Methoden...
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Fose 10

  1. 1. forschungsmethodik<br /> FOSE 2010<br />
  2. 2. Theoretisierungsperspektive<br />Strukturblick Kulturblick<br /> Kognitivismus Konstruktivismus<br /> Struktur und Grenze Welt der Bedeutung<br /> Innensicht Umweltsicht<br /> Reduktion von Dekonstruktion von<br />Komplexität Komplexität<br /> Problemlösung Problemproduktion<br /> Leistung / Funktion Werte/Sinn<br /> Isolierte Objekte Zusammenhänge<br /> Sektorale Betrachtung Kontextuelle Betrachtung<br /> Ressource Regel Ressource Möglichkeit<br /> Organisation d. Wiss. Ökologie d. Wissens<br /> Harte Daten Weiche Daten<br /> Berechnung Erfahrung<br /> <br /> <br /> <br /> <br /> <br />
  3. 3. 3<br />Research Process II<br />  1.     PROJECT FRAMEWORK<br />       + problems to be clarified (what) <br />       + interest of knowlege(why)<br />       + research fields (where)<br />       + tools (how)<br /> <br /> 2.    SECONDARY ANALYSIS<br />      + theory (books. articles)<br />      + research (books, reports)<br /> <br /> 3.     THEORETICAL FRAMEWORK<br />       + working hypothesis<br />       + arguing hypothesis<br />       + indicators of problems to be analyzed<br /> <br /> 4.   RESEARCH FRAMEWORK<br />       + decide qualitative or quantitative research<br />       + decide research object (people, institutes,…)<br />       + decide question / tools<br />  5.     TOOLS<br />        + develop tool structure (for interview, questionnaire….)<br />      + program (plan – when, who,…)<br />        + description – protocol<br /> <br /> 6.     EVALUATION<br />        + Important (what was important)<br />        + Application (in order to verify or falsify the hypothesis<br />   7.     CONCLUSION (re-connect to starting, interests of knowledge questions: research, theories, society, education<br />thomas.bauer@univie.ac.at<br />
  4. 4. thomas.bauer@univie.ac.at<br />4<br />How to do the research? I(a)The Linear Model<br />PROBLEM<br />define the problem! From the list of problems select the right one.<br />SETTING UP THE QUESTIONS<br />What are you trying to discover? From the main, leading question you have to go in to depth. brainstorming <br />A PLAN, THEORY, MODEL<br />At thebeginningyouhave to decidewitchmodel and theoryshallyoutake – withtheargumentation.Youneed a theory also withreason to improve it.<br />HYPOTHESIS<br />prove, thatthereis link betweentwo different meanings, elements, subjects,..<br />From 20 different hypothesisselect5. Withthehelp of thetheorydefinethehypothesis.<br />
  5. 5. thomas.bauer@univie.ac.at<br />5<br />How to do the research? I(b)The Linear Model<br />OPERATIONALISATION of the MAIN CONCEPT<br />definethecategories and variables and studythoroughlythecausal – consecutiveconnection.examinecloselythefield of study.<br />DATA GATHERING<br />DATA EVALUATION<br />youneed toconnec to theleadingtheorlyoihavechosenbefore.<br />HYPOTHESIS - EVALUATION<br />confirmation or falsification, to confirm or refuse our hypothesis<br />EXPLANATION<br />We can change the hypothesis<br />THEORY – RESULTS based on theresearch<br />
  6. 6. thomas.bauer@univie.ac.at<br />6<br />How to do the research? IIThe Cyclic Model<br />comparison<br />Assumption about the problem<br />IMPLEMENTATION<br />Example x<br />RESEARCH<br />EVALUATION<br />Example 1<br />RESEARCH<br />EVALUATION<br />VALUE of THEORY<br />comparison<br />comparison<br />Example 2<br />RESEARCH<br />EVALUATION<br />
  7. 7. thomas.bauer@univie.ac.at<br />7<br />How to do the research? IIIAComplex Model of Research Procedure<br />social problem<br />theory<br />order<br />social problem<br />discovery context<br />problem<br />exploration<br />theory (+existing research)<br />hypothesis<br />definition of terms<br />relevant methods<br />isolation of relevant indicators<br />sample<br />statistical evaluation criteria and tests<br />argumentationcontext<br />(pretest)<br />operationalisation<br />survey (data collection)<br />codes indicators<br />evaluation and statisitical check<br />interpretation (description analysis explanation)<br />hypothesis<br />theory<br />lectures<br />application and action context<br />presentation<br />publications<br />social problem<br />
  8. 8. thomas.bauer@univie.ac.at<br />8<br />How to do the research? IVASimple Model of Research<br />choice of the problem <br />problem definition<br />theory- & hypothesis construction<br />determination of methods<br />term definitions & operationalisation<br />determination of sources<br />messuring<br />data collection<br />data interpretation<br />data analysis<br />presentation<br />
  9. 9. thomas.bauer@univie.ac.at<br />9<br />References<br />Used References (in German):<br />Friedrich, Jürgen (1990): Methoden empirischer Sozialforschung. Opladen: West.dt. Verlag<br />Hitzler, R. / Honer, A.: Sozialwissenschaftliche Hermeneutik. Eine Einführung<br />Lamnek, Siegfried (1995) Qualitative Sozialforschung. Weinheim: Beltz<br />Volume 1: Methodologie<br />Volume 2: Methoden und Techniken<br />OtherPossible References (in English):<br />Bryman, A. (1984):Thedebateabout Quantitative and Qualitative Research: A Question of MethodorEpistemoloy? In: Britisch Journal of Sociology, Vol. 35, S. 75-92<br />Denzin, Norman / Lincoln, Yvonna (eds.) (1998):The Landscape of Qualitative Research. Theories and Issues. ThousandOaks: Sage<br />Douglas, J.D. (1976):InvestigativeSocial Research, London<br />Gergen, Kenneth (2000): An Invitation to Social Construction. London: Sage<br />Miller, Gale / Dingwall, Roberts (eds.) (1997):Context and Method in Qualitative Researche. London: Sage<br />Seale, Clive (1999):TheQuality of Qualiativeresearch. London: Sage<br />Bohnsack, Ralf (2007): Rekonstruktive Sozialforschung. Einführung in qualitative Methoden. Opladenutb<br />

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