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REAL TIME VITAL SIGN
MONITORING USING NI LABVIEW
Engr. Narinder Parshad Chowdhry
M.Sc. (e-Health & Telemedicine Systems) L...
OUTLINE
 Project Overview
 Aim & objectives
 NI LabView & DAQ System
 Design of VIs & user interface
 Methodology
 R...
Project Overview
 Project deals with data acquisition & signal processing of vital
signs using NI LabVIEW
 Designed algo...
AIM & OBJECTIVES
 To acquire vital signs (physiological parameters) using
biosensors
 To interface the obtained data wit...
BLOOD PRESSURE
• Blood pressure (BP), sometimes it is called arterial blood pressure, is the pressure
exerted by circulati...
BLOOD PRESSURE
Auscultatory Method
• Need Stethoscope
• Analog Measurement
Oscillometric Method
• Electronic Pressure sens...
BLOOD PRESSURE
Ranges of Blood Pressure in different Ages
Stage Approximate age Systolic, mmHg Diastolic, mmHg
Infants 1 t...
PULSE OXIMETRY (SpO2)
Real time Vital Signs monitoring using NI LabVIEW
• Pulse Oximetry is a device used to measure the o...
PULSE OXIMETRY (SpO2)
Real time Vital Signs monitoring using NI LabVIEW
Pulsatile & Non-pulsatile Absorption factors
Oxyge...
PULSE OXIMETRY (SpO2)
Real time Vital Signs monitoring using NI LabVIEW
Principle of sensor
Current devices
Introduction |...
HEART RATE
Real time Vital Signs monitoring using NI LabVIEW
Normal Ranges
• Newborn baby - 120 to 160
• Baby aged from 1 ...
BLOOD PRESSURE MECHANISM
Real time Vital Signs monitoring using NI LabVIEW
Consist of:
• Air Bulb
• Pressure Control Valve...
Real time Vital Signs monitoring using NI LabVIEW
BLOOD PRESSURE MECHANISM
Introduction | Literature Review | Hardware |NI...
Real time Vital Signs monitoring using NI LabVIEW
SpO2 & HEART RATE MECHANISM
Consist of:
• Red Light Emitting Diode (Red ...
Real time Vital Signs monitoring using NI LabVIEW
SpO2 & HEART RATE MECHANISM
Finger Placement
IR LED
RED LED
Phototransis...
NI LABVIEW
Real time Vital Signs monitoring using NI LabVIEW
Introduction | Literature Review | Hardware |NI Software & DA...
DAQ SYSTEM
Real time Vital Signs monitoring using NI LabVIEW
Introduction | Literature Review | Hardware |NI Software & DA...
ALGORITHM CONCEPT
Real time Vital Signs monitoring using NI LabVIEW
Introduction | Literature Review | Hardware |NI Softwa...
Real time Vital Signs monitoring using NI LabVIEW
Introduction | Literature Review | Hardware |NI Software & DAQ System| M...
Real time Vital Signs monitoring using NI LabVIEW
Introduction | Literature Review | Hardware |NI Software & DAQ System| M...
Real time Vital Signs monitoring using NI LabVIEW
Introduction | Literature Review | Hardware |NI Software & DAQ System| M...
Real time Vital Signs monitoring using NI LabVIEW
Introduction | Literature Review | Hardware |NI Software & DAQ System| M...
Real time Vital Signs monitoring using NI LabVIEW
Introduction | Literature Review | Hardware |NI Software & DAQ System| M...
Real time Vital Signs monitoring using NI LabVIEW
Introduction | Literature Review | Hardware |NI Software & DAQ System| M...
Real time Vital Signs monitoring using NI LabVIEW
Introduction | Literature Review | Hardware |NI Software & DAQ System| M...
Real time Vital Signs monitoring using NI LabVIEW
Introduction | Literature Review | Hardware |NI Software & DAQ System| M...
Real time Vital Signs monitoring using NI LabVIEW
Introduction | Literature Review | Hardware |NI Software & DAQ System| M...
Real time Vital Signs monitoring using NI LabVIEW
Introduction | Literature Review | Hardware |NI Software & DAQ System| M...
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REAL TIME VITAL SIGN MONITORING USING NI LABVIEW

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Transcript of "REAL TIME VITAL SIGN MONITORING USING NI LABVIEW"

  1. 1. REAL TIME VITAL SIGN MONITORING USING NI LABVIEW Engr. Narinder Parshad Chowdhry M.Sc. (e-Health & Telemedicine Systems) London, UK Assistant Professor Dept. of Biomedical Engineering Mehran UET, Jamshoro, Sindh 4th International Conference on Transforming Healthcare with IT 6-7th September Hyderabad India
  2. 2. OUTLINE  Project Overview  Aim & objectives  NI LabView & DAQ System  Design of VIs & user interface  Methodology  Results  Conclusion
  3. 3. Project Overview  Project deals with data acquisition & signal processing of vital signs using NI LabVIEW  Designed algorithms (Virtual Instruments VIs) of heart rate (HR), blood pressure (BP)& pulse oximetry (SpO2)  Firstly, BP is measured using pressure sensor, air cuff & constant air defalting valve  Secondly, our own designed sensor to measure the oxygen saturation, heart rate by using red LED, infrared LED & photodiode  Later, sensor is connected to NI DAQ & measurements are made 
  4. 4. AIM & OBJECTIVES  To acquire vital signs (physiological parameters) using biosensors  To interface the obtained data with NI DAQ System which converts it into digital format.  To link the DAQ System with NI LabVIEW and design an algorithm to measure real time data in graphical interface.  Finally, to design & develop a graphical user interface in LabVIEW to display the outputs. Real time Vital Signs monitoring using NI LabVIEW Introduction | Literature Review | Hardware |NI Software & DAQ System| Methodology | Results | Conclusion|
  5. 5. BLOOD PRESSURE • Blood pressure (BP), sometimes it is called arterial blood pressure, is the pressure exerted by circulating blood upon the walls of blood vessels. • During each heartbeat, blood pressure varies between a maximum (systolic) and a minimum (diastolic) pressure. Measurement Techniques • Invasive (Direct measurement) • Noninvasive (Indirect measurement)  Auscultatory Method  Oscillometric Method Real time Vital Signs monitoring using NI LabVIEW Introduction | Literature Review | Hardware |NI Software & DAQ System| Methodology | Results | Conclusion|
  6. 6. BLOOD PRESSURE Auscultatory Method • Need Stethoscope • Analog Measurement Oscillometric Method • Electronic Pressure sensor • Digital Measurement Real time Vital Signs monitoring using NI LabVIEW Introduction | Literature Review | Hardware |NI Software & DAQ System| Methodology | Results | Conclusion|
  7. 7. BLOOD PRESSURE Ranges of Blood Pressure in different Ages Stage Approximate age Systolic, mmHg Diastolic, mmHg Infants 1 to 12 months 75–100 50–70 Toddlers 1 to 4 years 80–110 50–80 Preschoolers 3 to 5 years 80–110 50–80 School age 6 to 13 years 85–120 50–80 Adolescents 13 to 18 years & > 95–140 60–90 Real time Vital Signs monitoring using NI LabVIEW Introduction | Literature Review | Hardware |NI Software & DAQ System| Methodology | Results | Conclusion|
  8. 8. PULSE OXIMETRY (SpO2) Real time Vital Signs monitoring using NI LabVIEW • Pulse Oximetry is a device used to measure the oxygen level in our blood. • Our lungs have efficiency to diffuse oxygen into our blood hemoglobin to make it oxygenated hemoglobin (HbO2) and after the exchange of oxygen with Carbon-di-oxide occurs between tissue and blood then the blood becomes deoxygenated hemoglobin (Hb). Measurement Technique • Oxygenated hemoglobin  Infrared LED  940nm wavelength • Deoxygenated hemoglobin  Red LED  660nm wavelength Introduction | Literature Review | Hardware |NI Software & DAQ System| Methodology | Results | Conclusion|
  9. 9. PULSE OXIMETRY (SpO2) Real time Vital Signs monitoring using NI LabVIEW Pulsatile & Non-pulsatile Absorption factors Oxygen level (SpO2) Introduction | Literature Review | Hardware |NI Software & DAQ System| Methodology | Results | Conclusion|
  10. 10. PULSE OXIMETRY (SpO2) Real time Vital Signs monitoring using NI LabVIEW Principle of sensor Current devices Introduction | Literature Review | Hardware |NI Software & DAQ System| Methodology | Results | Conclusion|
  11. 11. HEART RATE Real time Vital Signs monitoring using NI LabVIEW Normal Ranges • Newborn baby - 120 to 160 • Baby aged from 1 to 12 months - 80 to 140 • Baby/toddler aged from 1 to 2 years - 80 to 130 • Toddler/young child aged 2 to 6 years - 75 to 120 • Child aged 7 to 12 years - 75 to 110 • Adult aged 18+ years - 60 to 100 • Adult athlete - 40 to 60 Current devices NationalHealthService,UK Introduction | Literature Review | Hardware |NI Software & DAQ System| Methodology | Results | Conclusion|
  12. 12. BLOOD PRESSURE MECHANISM Real time Vital Signs monitoring using NI LabVIEW Consist of: • Air Bulb • Pressure Control Valve • Hollow Rubber Tube • Pressure Cuff • Pressure Sensor Introduction | Literature Review | Hardware |NI Software & DAQ System| Methodology | Results | Conclusion|
  13. 13. Real time Vital Signs monitoring using NI LabVIEW BLOOD PRESSURE MECHANISM Introduction | Literature Review | Hardware |NI Software & DAQ System| Methodology | Results | Conclusion|
  14. 14. Real time Vital Signs monitoring using NI LabVIEW SpO2 & HEART RATE MECHANISM Consist of: • Red Light Emitting Diode (Red LED) • Infrared Light Emitting Diode (IR LED) • Photodiode / Phototransistor  BPX43 Introduction | Literature Review | Hardware |NI Software & DAQ System| Methodology | Results | Conclusion|
  15. 15. Real time Vital Signs monitoring using NI LabVIEW SpO2 & HEART RATE MECHANISM Finger Placement IR LED RED LED Phototransistor Introduction | Literature Review | Hardware |NI Software & DAQ System| Methodology | Results | Conclusion|
  16. 16. NI LABVIEW Real time Vital Signs monitoring using NI LabVIEW Introduction | Literature Review | Hardware |NI Software & DAQ System| Methodology | Results | Conclusion| • National Instruments Corporation, or NI is an American Company which produces automated test equipment and virtual instrumentation software like LabVIEW. • LabVIEW (short for Laboratory Virtual Instrumentation Engineering Workbench) is a system design platform and development environment for a visual programming language from National Instruments.  Block Diagram  Front panel VI
  17. 17. DAQ SYSTEM Real time Vital Signs monitoring using NI LabVIEW Introduction | Literature Review | Hardware |NI Software & DAQ System| Methodology | Results | Conclusion| • DAQ or Data acquisition System convert analog waveforms into digital values for processing with minimum noise/artifacts.  Sensors that convert physical parameters to electrical signals.  Analog-to-digital converters that convert electrical signals into digital values. • Components  NI Compact DAQ: USB based  Input / Output modules  Touch Screen Display
  18. 18. ALGORITHM CONCEPT Real time Vital Signs monitoring using NI LabVIEW Introduction | Literature Review | Hardware |NI Software & DAQ System| Methodology | Results | Conclusion| START Enter the NAME and AGE Inflate the cuff up to 180mmHg Wait until Cuff is deflated up to 30mmHg Signal is acquired & send for computation SYSTOLIC DIASTOLIC STORE 1)2)3)Name&AgeBP 30seconds Red LED ON Photo detector detects the data Red LED OFF IR LED ON Photo detector detects the data IR LED OFF FurtherComputations HEARTRATESpO2Level 5sec5sec SpO2&HR Displayed&SavedinMSExcel TryAgain YESNO FINISH
  19. 19. Real time Vital Signs monitoring using NI LabVIEW Introduction | Literature Review | Hardware |NI Software & DAQ System| Methodology | Results | Conclusion| USER INTERFACE PURPOSE • To get the Name and Age of the user or patient • Prompt User for input
  20. 20. Real time Vital Signs monitoring using NI LabVIEW Introduction | Literature Review | Hardware |NI Software & DAQ System| Methodology | Results | Conclusion| BLOOD PRESSURE • Pumping up to 180 mmHg • Acquiring data until pressure drops up to 30 mmHg • Further computations on acquired data
  21. 21. Real time Vital Signs monitoring using NI LabVIEW Introduction | Literature Review | Hardware |NI Software & DAQ System| Methodology | Results | Conclusion| BLOOD PRESSURE Whole VI
  22. 22. Real time Vital Signs monitoring using NI LabVIEW Introduction | Literature Review | Hardware |NI Software & DAQ System| Methodology | Results | Conclusion| SpO2 & HEART RATE 1. Turn ON Red Led 2. Acquire & Compute data 3. Turn OFF Red LED & Turn ON IR LED 4. Acquire & Compute data 5. Turn OFF IR LED HEART RATE
  23. 23. Real time Vital Signs monitoring using NI LabVIEW Introduction | Literature Review | Hardware |NI Software & DAQ System| Methodology | Results | Conclusion| SpO2 & HEART RATE Whole VI
  24. 24. Real time Vital Signs monitoring using NI LabVIEW Introduction | Literature Review | Hardware |NI Software & DAQ System| Methodology | Results | Conclusion| SAVING IN EXCEL 1. Acquiring data from VI & Displaying it. 2. Saving Data in MS Excel 3. Option to Try Again
  25. 25. Real time Vital Signs monitoring using NI LabVIEW Introduction | Literature Review | Hardware |NI Software & DAQ System| Methodology | Results | Conclusion| FRONT PANEL
  26. 26. Real time Vital Signs monitoring using NI LabVIEW Introduction | Literature Review | Hardware |NI Software & DAQ System| Methodology | Results | Conclusion| EXPERIMENTS Whole Appended signal of Blood Pressure
  27. 27. Real time Vital Signs monitoring using NI LabVIEW Introduction | Literature Review | Hardware |NI Software & DAQ System| Methodology | Results | Conclusion| EXPERIMENTS Result saved in MS Excel
  28. 28. Real time Vital Signs monitoring using NI LabVIEW Introduction | Literature Review | Hardware |NI Software & DAQ System| Methodology | Results | Conclusion| CONCLUSION • Low cost Real time vital sign monitoring and easy to share and store • Can be used in user friendly / home environment • Can be used in rural/remote Areas • No need for particular atmosphere • User (patient) can check vital sign routinely or in case any abnormality occurs • User may contact with available expert doctor using Telemedicine
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